كتاب Plasticity Fundamentals and Applications
منتدى هندسة الإنتاج والتصميم الميكانيكى
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

أهلا وسهلاً بك زائرنا الكريم
نتمنى أن تقضوا معنا أفضل الأوقات
وتسعدونا بالأراء والمساهمات
إذا كنت أحد أعضائنا يرجى تسجيل الدخول
أو وإذا كانت هذة زيارتك الأولى للمنتدى فنتشرف بإنضمامك لأسرتنا
وهذا شرح لطريقة التسجيل فى المنتدى بالفيديو :
http://www.eng2010.yoo7.com/t5785-topic
وشرح لطريقة التنزيل من المنتدى بالفيديو:
http://www.eng2010.yoo7.com/t2065-topic
إذا واجهتك مشاكل فى التسجيل أو تفعيل حسابك
وإذا نسيت بيانات الدخول للمنتدى
يرجى مراسلتنا على البريد الإلكترونى التالى :

Deabs2010@yahoo.com


-----------------------------------
-Warning-

This website uses cookies
We inform you that this site uses own, technical and third parties cookies to make sure our web page is user-friendly and to guarantee a high functionality of the webpage.
By continuing to browse this website, you declare to accept the use of cookies.
منتدى هندسة الإنتاج والتصميم الميكانيكى
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

أهلا وسهلاً بك زائرنا الكريم
نتمنى أن تقضوا معنا أفضل الأوقات
وتسعدونا بالأراء والمساهمات
إذا كنت أحد أعضائنا يرجى تسجيل الدخول
أو وإذا كانت هذة زيارتك الأولى للمنتدى فنتشرف بإنضمامك لأسرتنا
وهذا شرح لطريقة التسجيل فى المنتدى بالفيديو :
http://www.eng2010.yoo7.com/t5785-topic
وشرح لطريقة التنزيل من المنتدى بالفيديو:
http://www.eng2010.yoo7.com/t2065-topic
إذا واجهتك مشاكل فى التسجيل أو تفعيل حسابك
وإذا نسيت بيانات الدخول للمنتدى
يرجى مراسلتنا على البريد الإلكترونى التالى :

Deabs2010@yahoo.com


-----------------------------------
-Warning-

This website uses cookies
We inform you that this site uses own, technical and third parties cookies to make sure our web page is user-friendly and to guarantee a high functionality of the webpage.
By continuing to browse this website, you declare to accept the use of cookies.



 
الرئيسيةالبوابةالتسجيلدخولحملة فيد واستفيدجروب المنتدى

شاطر
 

 كتاب Plasticity Fundamentals and Applications

اذهب الى الأسفل 
كاتب الموضوعرسالة
Admin
مدير المنتدى
مدير المنتدى
Admin

عدد المساهمات : 17034
التقييم : 30092
تاريخ التسجيل : 01/07/2009
الدولة : مصر
العمل : مدير منتدى هندسة الإنتاج والتصميم الميكانيكى

كتاب Plasticity Fundamentals and Applications  Empty
مُساهمةموضوع: كتاب Plasticity Fundamentals and Applications    كتاب Plasticity Fundamentals and Applications  Emptyالأربعاء 08 سبتمبر 2021, 12:24 am

أخواني في الله
أحضرت لكم كتاب
Plasticity Fundamentals and Applications
P.M. Dixit, U.S. Dixit

كتاب Plasticity Fundamentals and Applications  P_f_a_10
و المحتوى كما يلي :


Contents
Preface .xv
Authors xvii
1. Solid Mechanics and Its Applications 1
1.1 Introduction .1
1.2 Continuum Hypothesis 2
1.3 Elasto-Plastic Solids 4
1.4 Applications of Solid Mechanics 5
1.5 Scope of This Textbook .8
Exercises 8
2. Review of Algebra and Calculus of Vectors and Tensors 9
2.1 Introduction .9
2.2 Index Notations . 10
2.3 Kronecker Delta and Levy-Civita Symbols . 16
2.4 Vectors 20
2.4.1 Norm of a Vector 21
2.4.2 Addition of Vectors 24
2.4.3 Dot Product .25
2.4.4 Cross Product .25
2.4.5 Derivative of a Vector Function .27
2.4.6 Gradient of a Scalar Field 27
2.4.7 Divergence and Curl of a Vector Field 30
2.4.8 Green’s Theorem in a Plane 33
2.4.9 Divergence Theorem of Gauss .35
2.4.10 Integral Theorem of Stokes . 37
2.5 Transformation Rules for Vector Components under the
Rotation of Cartesian Coordinate System . 41
2.6 Tensors 44
2.6.1 Transformation Rules for Tensor Components under
the Rotation of Cartesian Coordinate System 44
2.6.2 Contraction and Quotient Laws 47
2.6.3 Some Important Definitions and Properties of Tensor 48
2.6.4 Eigenvalues of a Tensor . 51
2.6.5 Polar Decomposition of Tensors 55
2.6.6 Tensor Calculus 60
2.6.7 Divergence Theorem . 62
2.6.8 Stokes’ Theorem . 62
2.6.9 Norm of a Tensor . 62viii Contents
2.7 Tensors and Vectors in Curvilinear Coordinates .69
2.7.1 Scale Factors for Cylindrical and Spherical
Coordinates . 70
2.7.2 Gradient of a Vector .72
2.7.3 Divergence of a Vector .73
2.7.4 Laplacian of a Scalar 75
2.7.5 Curl of a Vector . 76
2.7.6 Volume of an Infinitesimal Element .78
Exercises 79
3. Stress .85
3.1 Introduction .85
3.2 Stress at a Point 87
3.3 Surface Forces and Body Forces 90
3.4 Momentum Balance Laws .92
3.5 Theorem of Virtual Work .94
3.6 Cauchy’s Theorem .95
3.7 Transformation of Stress Components . 103
3.8 Stresses on an Oblique Plane . 105
3.9 Principal Stresses 107
3.10 Maximum Shear Stress 111
3.11 Octahedral Stresses 113
3.12 Hydrostatic and Deviatoric Stresses 114
3.13 Mohr’s Circle 116
3.13.1 Two-Dimensional Case . 116
3.13.2 Three-Dimensional Case 120
Exercises 120
4. Measures of Deformation and Rate of Deformation 127
4.1 Introduction . 127
4.2 Deformation . 127
4.2.1 Linear Strain Tensor 130
4.2.2 Infinitesimal Rotation Tensor . 136
4.3 Deformation Gradient 139
4.4 Green Strain Tensor 144
4.5 Almansi Strain Tensor 148
4.6 Logarithmic Strain Tensor . 152
4.7 Strain–Displacement Relation in Curvilinear Coordinate 153
4.8 Transformation of Strain Components 156
4.9 Principal Strains 158
4.10 Maximum Shear Strain 158
4.11 Octahedral Strain 159
4.12 Volumetric Strain 162
4.13 Mean and Deviatoric Strain . 162
4.14 Mohr’s Circle for Strain 163Contents ix
4.15 Incremental Strain Tensor 165
4.15.1 Introduction 165
4.15.2 Incremental Linear Strain Tensor 166
4.15.3 Incremental Infinitesimal Rotation Tensor 168
4.16 Material and Local Time Derivative . 169
4.17 Rate of Deformation Tensor . 172
4.18 Spin Tensor . 176
4.19 On Relation between Incremental Strain and Strain
Rate Tensors . 177
4.20 Compatibility Conditions 178
Exercises 180
5. Incremental and Rate Type of Elastic–Plastic Constitutive
Relations for Isotropic Materials, Objective Incremental Stress
and Stress Rate Measures . 187
5.1 Introduction . 187
5.2 Elastic Stress–Strain Relations for Small Deformation . 188
5.2.1 One-Dimensional Experimental Observations . 188
5.2.2 Generalized (i.e. Three-Dimensional) Stress–Strain
Relations 190
5.2.3 Stress–Strain Relations for Isotropic Materials . 191
5.3 Experimental Observations on Elastic–Plastic Behavior 194
5.3.1 1-D Experimental Observations on Plasticity 195
5.3.1.1 Elastic Region 197
5.3.1.2 Yield Stress 197
5.3.1.3 Plastic Region 197
5.3.1.4 Strain Hardening 198
5.3.1.5 Temperature Softening 200
5.3.1.6 Viscoplasticity .200
5.3.1.7 Isochoric Deformation .200
5.3.1.8 Large Deformation .200
5.3.1.9 Hysteresis 202
5.3.1.10 Bauschinger Effect . 202
5.3.1.11 Effect of Hydrostatic Stress on Yielding .203
5.3.1.12 Anisotropy 203
5.4 Criteria for Initial Yielding of Isotropic Materials .204
5.4.1 von Mises Yield Criterion .204
5.4.2 Tresca Yield Criterion 209
5.4.3 Geometric Representation of Yield Criteria . 211
5.4.4 Convexity of Yield Surfaces 214
5.4.5 Experimental Validation . 214
5.5 Modeling of Isotropic Hardening or Criterion for
Subsequent Isotropic Yielding 215
5.5.1 Strain-Hardening Hypothesis for Mises Material 217
5.5.2 Work-Hardening Hypothesis for Mises Material . 219x Contents
5.5.3 Criterion for Subsequent Yielding for Mises Material
Based on Strain-Hardening Hypothesis 219
5.5.4 Experimental Validation of Isotropic Hardening .223
5.6 Elastic–Plastic Stress–Strain and Stress–Strain Rate
Relations for Isotropic Materials .223
5.6.1 Drucker’s Postulate for Stable Plastic Material 224
5.6.2 Associated Flow Rule 228
5.6.3 Elastic–Plastic Incremental Stress–Strain Relation for
the Mises Material .233
5.6.4 Elastic–Plastic Stress–Strain Rate Relation for the
Mises Material 234
5.6.5 Viscoplasticity and Temperature Softening . 237
5.7 Objective Incremental Stress and Objective Stress
Rate Tensors .238
5.7.1 Relation between Cauchy Stress Tensors When the
Increment Is Pure Rotation . 240
5.7.2 Piola–Kirchoff Stress Tensors . 242
5.7.3 Increment of Second Piola–Kirchoff Stress Tensor
(Objective Incremental Stress Tensor) .244
5.7.4 Relation between Finite and Infinitesimal
Incremental Rotation Tensors for Small Increment 246
5.7.5 Jaumann Stress Tensor (Objective Stress Rate Tensor) . 247
5.8 Unloading Criterion 248
Exercises 250
6. Eulerian and Updated Lagrangian Formulations 253
6.1 Introduction .253
6.2 Equation of Motion in Terms of Velocity Derivatives 254
6.3 Incremental Equation of Motion .255
6.4 Eulerian Formulation .256
6.4.1 Governing Equations (Elasto-Plastic Material) . 257
6.4.2 Governing Equations (Rigid-Plastic Material) 258
6.4.3 Boundary Conditions 260
6.4.4 Initial Conditions . 261
6.5 Example of Eulerian Formulation: A Wire Drawing Problem . 261
6.5.1 Inlet and Exit Boundaries AB and EF . 262
6.5.2 Stress-Free Boundaries BC and DE .263
6.5.3 Plane of Symmetry AF 263
6.5.4 Die Interface CD .263
6.5.5 Location of Plastic Boundaries .265
6.6 Updated Lagrangian Formulation 266
6.6.1 Governing Equations 266
6.6.2 Boundary Conditions 268
6.6.2.1 Initial Conditions . 269
6.6.2.2 Updating Scheme . 269Contents xi
6.7 Example on Updated Lagrangian Formulation: Forging of a
Cylindrical Block . 269
6.7.1 Stress-Free Boundary BC 270
6.7.2 Plane of Symmetry DC . 271
6.7.3 Plane of Symmetry AD . 271
6.7.4 Platen Interface AB 271
Exercises 272
7. Calculus of Variations and Extremum Principles 275
7.1 Introduction . 275
7.2 Functional 278
7.3 Extremization of a Functional .283
7.3.1 Functional Containing the Form F(x,y,y′) .283
7.3.2 Alternate Form of Euler–Lagrange Equation 289
7.3.3 Functional Containing the Form
F x = ( , , y y y 1 1, , , 2 2 y y ., n n , ) y . 291
7.3.4 Functional Containing the Function of n
Independent Variables 293
7.3.5 Functional Dependent on the Functions and Its
Derivatives up to Order n . 296
7.4 Solution of Extremization Problems Using δ Operator .299
7.4.1 Variational Operator 299
7.4.2 Properties of Variational Operator 300
7.4.3 Converting Variational Form to Differential Equation 302
7.5 Obtaining Variational Form from a Differential Equation .305
7.6 Principle of Virtual Work . 312
7.7 Principle of Minimum Potential Energy . 314
7.8 Solution of Variational Problems by Ritz Method 315
Exercises 317
8. Two-Dimensional and Axisymmetric Elasto-Plastic Problems 323
8.1 Introduction . 323
8.2 Symmetric Beam Bending of a Perfectly Plastic Material
(1-D Problem) . 323
8.2.1 Pure Bending 324
8.2.1.1 Elastic Analysis . 324
8.2.1.2 Plastic Analysis . 327
8.2.2 Bending in the Presence of Shear Force 331
8.3 Hole Expansion in an Infinite Plate (Plane Stress and
Axisymmetric Problem) .336
8.3.1 Initial Yielding 337
8.3.2 Elasto-Plastic Analysis for a Perfectly Plastic Material .339
8.3.2.1 Stresses in the Elastic Region .339
8.3.2.2 Stresses in the Plastic Region .339
8.3.3 Elasto-Plastic Analysis for a Hardening Material .343
8.4 Analysis of Plastic Deformation in the Flange of Circular
Cup during Deep Drawing Process (Plane Stress and
Axisymmetric Problem) . 351
8.4.1 Determination of Stresses .353
8.4.2 Determination of Strains 355
8.4.2.1 Determination of Logarithmic Hoop Strain .356
8.4.2.2 Determination of Logarithmic Thickness
Strain 359
8.5 Necking of a Cylindrical Rod 361
8.5.1 Analysis in the Plane of Symmetry (z = 0) .363
8.5.1.1 Simplification of Differential Equation .365
8.5.1.2 Solution of the Modified Differential Equation . 369
Exercises 371
Appendix A 380
Appendix B . 382
9. Contact Mechanics .385
9.1 Introduction .385
9.2 Hertz Theory 386
9.2.1 Geometry of Unstressed Surface in the
Region of Contact . 387
9.2.2 Boussinesq Solution . 392
9.2.3 Pressure and Deflections in the Contact Region . 395
9.2.4 Two Spheres in Contact . 397
9.2.5 Two Cylinders in Contact along a Line Parallel to
Their Axes .400
9.2.6 Alternate Derivation for the Contact between
Two Cylinders .402
9.2.7 Stresses in Contact Problem .405
9.3 Elastic–Plastic Indentation .407
9.3.1 Solution of Flat Plate Indentation Problem by Upper
Bound Method .409
9.3.1.1 Power Dissipation along AB . 411
9.3.1.2 Power Dissipation along BC . 411
9.3.1.3 Power Dissipation along BD . 412
9.3.1.4 Power Dissipation along CD . 412
9.3.1.5 Power Dissipation along DE . 412
9.3.2 Solution of Flat Plate Indentation by Slip Line
Field Method . 413
9.3.3 Solution of Flat Plate Indentation by
Numerical Methods . 416
9.4 Cavity Model . 418
9.4.1 Determination of Elastic–Plastic Boundary Radius .422
9.4.2 Determination of Plastic Strain 424
9.4.3 Typical Results 425
9.5 Sliding of Elastic–Plastic Solids 427
9.6 Rolling Contact 428
9.7 Principle of Virtual Work and Discretization of
Contact Problems 431
Exercises 433
10. Dynamic Elasto-Plastic Problems . 437
10.1 Introduction . 437
10.2 Longitudinal Stress Wave Propagation in a Rod (1-D Problem) 437
10.2.1 Method of Characteristics 439
10.2.2 Conditions at the Surfaces of Discontinuity in
Wave Propagation 441
10.2.3 Elastic Solution of 1-D Wave Equation 442
10.2.4 1-D Wave Equation for Unloading 444
10.2.5 Plastic Solution of 1-D Wave Equation in Rod
Impacted against Rigid Support 445
10.3 Taylor Rod Problem (Impact of Cylindrical Rod against
Flat Rigid Surface, 1-D Problem) .450
10.3.1 Governing Equations 452
10.3.1.1 Kinematic Relations . 452
10.3.1.2 Equation of Motion 452
10.3.1.3 Volume Constancy Condition 453
10.3.2 Determination of x as a Function of e .453
10.3.3 Determination of h as a Function of e .456
10.3.4 Determination of t as a Function of e 457
10.3.5 Energy Method .459
Exercises 459
11. Continuum Damage Mechanics and Ductile Fracture . 461
11.1 Introduction . 461
11.2 Motivation 462
11.2.1 Failure of the Titanic 462
11.2.2 Failure of Liberty Ships . 462
11.2.3 Failure of Comet Passenger Aircraft . 462
11.2.4 Failure of the Space Shuttle Challenger 463
11.3 Objective and Plan of the Chapter 463
11.4 Classification of Fracture .464
11.5 Global and Local Approaches to Fracture .465
11.5.1 Limitations of Global and Local Approaches
to Fracture .466
11.6 Ductile Fracture . 467
11.6.1 Void Nucleation or Initiation 468
11.6.2 Void Growth . 470
11.6.2.1 Analytical Models for Void Growth 470
11.6.3 Void Coalescence 472
11.7 Models of Fracture Initiation . 474
11.7.1 Porous Plasticity Model (Gurson and GTN Model) 475
11.7.2 CDM-Based Model: Review of Literature 477
11.7.3 Other Models of Fracture Initiation 478
11.8 Thermodynamics of Continuum 481
11.8.1 Thermodynamic Process with Internal Variables .482
11.8.2 Thermo-Elastic–Plastic Process .483
11.9 Continuum Damage Mechanics .485
11.9.1 Length Scales of Damage 485
11.9.2 Representative Volume Element 487
11.9.3 Requirements of Damage Modeling .488
11.9.4 Definition of a Scalar Damage Variable 488
11.9.5 Effective Stress Concept 490
11.9.6 Crack Initiation Criterion 491
11.9.7 Strain Equivalence Principle 491
11.9.8 Elastic Strain Energy Equivalence Principle 492
11.9.9 Thermodynamic Force Corresponding to Damage 493
11.9.10 Constitutive Equations for Thermo-Elasto–Plastic
Process in a Damaged Material . 497
11.9.11 Damage Growth Laws 499
11.9.12 Microcrack Closure Effect 502
11.10 Techniques for Damage Measurement 504
11.11 Application of a CDM Model 506
11.11.1 Procedure for Determining Damage Law
Coefficients in Equation 11.122 .507
11.11.2 Tensile Testing and Ductile Fracture of
Cylindrical Specimen 508
11.12 Closure and Further Reading 513
Exercises 513
12. Plastic Anisotropy 515
12.1 Introduction . 515
12.2 Normal and Planar Anisotropy 515
12.3 Hill’s Anisotropic Yield Criteria . 519
12.4 Plane Stress Anisotropic Yield Criterion of Barlat and Lian 529
12.5 Three-Dimensional Anisotropic Yield Criteria of Barlat
and Coworkers .533
12.6 Plane Strain Anisotropic Yield Criterion . 537
12.7 Constitutive Relations for Anisotropic Materials 539
12.8 Kinematic Hardening .542
Exercises 545
References


كلمة سر فك الضغط : books-world.net
The Unzip Password : books-world.net
أتمنى أن تستفيدوا من محتوى الموضوع وأن ينال إعجابكم

رابط من موقع عالم الكتب لتنزيل كتاب Plasticity Fundamentals and Applications
رابط مباشر لتنزيل كتاب Plasticity Fundamentals and Applications

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
 
كتاب Plasticity Fundamentals and Applications
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة 
صفحة 2 من اصل 1

صلاحيات هذا المنتدى:لاتستطيع الرد على المواضيع في هذا المنتدى
منتدى هندسة الإنتاج والتصميم الميكانيكى :: المنتديات الهندسية :: منتدى الكتب والمحاضرات الهندسية :: منتدى الكتب والمحاضرات الهندسية الأجنبية-
انتقل الى: