كتاب High-Security Mechanical Locks - An Encyclopedic Reference
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 كتاب High-Security Mechanical Locks - An Encyclopedic Reference

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كتاب High-Security Mechanical Locks - An Encyclopedic Reference  Empty
مُساهمةموضوع: كتاب High-Security Mechanical Locks - An Encyclopedic Reference    كتاب High-Security Mechanical Locks - An Encyclopedic Reference  Emptyالإثنين 11 يناير 2021, 7:01 pm

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High-Security Mechanical Locks - An Encyclopedic Reference
Graham W. Pulford  

كتاب High-Security Mechanical Locks - An Encyclopedic Reference  H_s_m_10
و المحتوى كما يلي :


Contents
Acknowledgments xi
Preface xiii
1 Introduction 1
1.1 Prologue . 1
1.2 Security Versus Obscurity . 5
1.3 Innovation in the Lock Industry 8
1.4 Administrative Matters 22
2 Pin-Tumbler Locks 31
2.1 Introduction 31
2.2 Inline . 64
2.3 Inline with Passive Profile Pins . 79
2.4 Inline Horizontal Keyway . 86
2.5 Twin Inline . 91
2.6 Inline with Active Profile Pins . 99
2.7 Cruciform 111
2.8 Multiple Inline . 115
2.9 Tubular 138viii  
2.10 Concentric Pin . 153
2.11 Rotating Pin 160
2.12 Pin Matrix . 163
2.13 Key-Changeable 168
3 Wafer Locks 173
3.1 Introduction 173
3.2 Conventional 186
3.3 Contoured 190
3.4 Three-sided . 194
3.5 Inline Push Type . 196
3.6 Bell Locks 199
3.7 Axial . 205
3.8 Key-Changeable 217
4 Side-Bar Locks 223
4.1 Introduction 223
4.2 Disc Side-bar 234
4.3 Lever Side-bar . 252
4.4 Driverless-Pin Side-bar . 264
4.5 Wafer Side-bar . 279
4.6 Dual-action Side-bar 287
5 Lever Locks 313
5.1 Introduction 313
5.2 Conventional 349
5.3 Double-Throw . 375  ix
5.4 Axial . 379
5.5 Radial . 387
5.6 Cylindrical . 394
5.7 Geared 409
5.8 Trap-Door 414
5.9 Twin 416
5.10 Variable . 420
5.11 Dual-Control 430
6 Magnetic Locks 435
6.1 Introduction 435
6.2 Miwa Magnetic 448
6.3 Anker . 450
6.4 MagLok . 454
6.5 Miracle Magnetic . 457
6.6 EVVA MCS . 459
6.7 Schlage CorKey 463
7 Car Locks 469
7.1 Introduction 469
7.2 Double-Sided 476
7.3 Holden Commodore . 478
7.4 Ford Tibbe . 479
7.5 Ford Chubb . 482
7.6 General Motors 484
7.7 Mercedes Two-Track 487x  
7.8 BMW Two-Track . 489
7.9 Mercedes Four-Track 491
7.10 Mitsubishi 493
7.11 Porsche 495
7.12 Alpha Romeo . 497
7.13 Volvo . 499
7.14 Citro¨en Simplex 501
8 Conclusion 505
Bibliography 511
Figure and Table Credits 521
Appendices 525
Appendix A1: Permutations and Combinations . 525
Appendix A2: Lock Permutations and Fractals 530
Appendix B: Translations of Lock Vocabulary 535
Appendix C: Terminology and Abbreviations . 546
Appendix D: Lock Patents 548
Appendix E: Brief History of the Bramah Lock . 558
Appendix F: Key Code Computations 561
Appendix G: Security Gradings for Cylinder Locks . 573
Index 57
Index
2-in-1 pick
see Hobbs pick, 15, 54
3-in-1 pick, 379
5-pin cylinder, 38
6-pin cylinder, 42
7-pin cylinder, 52
999 key, 76
A2P
see standards, 12
A2P-rated, 84, 134, 255, 424
ABA, 156
axial, 199
Pagoda, 196
abbreviations, definition of, 547
Abloy
Classic, 234
Disklock Pro, 240
Ford Tibbe, 479
Profile, 234
Protec, 240
ABUS
EC, 86
Plus, 245
TS 5000, 101
ABUS KG, 245
ACE, 138, 144, 170, 207, 277
active key element, 61
see mobile element, 60
after-market, 10, 53, 470
Age, 154
alarm, 371, 473, 481, 496, 509
Allen key, 142, 421, 423
Alnico, 437
Alpha, 86–88
Alpha Romeo, 497
American Lock Company, 173, 190,
225
American Locker Company, 63, 140,
454
anchor point, 238, 452
Andrews, Dr. S., 337
Anker, 450
Ankerslot, 448
antidrill
see drill resistance, 50
antigravity lock, 441
antipicking feature
lever lock, 351, 355, 362, 379, 386,
421
pin-tumbler lock, 57, 65, 80, 100,
107
side-bar lock, 295, 307
wafer lock, 181, 196, 207, 477, 487,
493
antithrust bolt, 166
Apex, 140
armature, 170, 466
Arnheim axial, 208
array
see bolt stump array, 332
Arrow 39, 69
ASSA
Desmo, 275
Twin, 292
Twin Combi, 297, 308
Twin V-10, 297
ASSA Abloy AB, 64, 84, 115–116, 160,
232, 292, 299, 349, 510576 INDEX
asymmetric key, 112, 231, 247, 260,
364, 376, 408, 449, 461
Aubin’s lock, 390
Audi, 476
Australian Lock Company, 267
auto-dialer, 26
automotive lock
see car lock, 469
AVA
see Chubb AVA, 394
axial lock, 138, 205
Azbe, 89
balance lever, 321, 405
Banham, 302
bank, 6, 8, 31–33, 224, 252, 322, 331,
338, 345, 399, 420, 430, 508
bar-tumbler, 151
bar-wafer, 183, 199, 281, 283, 304, 489,
493
barrel
see pin-tumbler lock, 34
barrel and curtain
see curtain, 341
Barron lock, 317, 375
Barron, R., 317, 349
Bauche Monopole, 390
Bauche, Auguste, 252
Bauer
see Bauer Kaba, 117
Bauer Central, 332
Bauer Kaba AG, 117, 120, 121, 332
Bauer Sphinx, 332
Bell lock, 183, 199, 286, 489, 493
belly
see lever belly, 340
belly grouping, 342, 355, 356
Best IC, 39, 71
bicentric lock, 221
bidirectional dynamics, 251
Bierhaus, Josef, 404
bilateral key, 92, 184, 189, 232, 267,
441
BiLock
conventional, 267
New Generation, 272
QCC, 271
TriLock, 270
binary, 22, 60, 167, 226, 439, 463, 475
Binary Plus, 106
biometric, 22, 508
bitting angle, 235, 244, 289, 291
bitting depth, 79, 103, 291, 303
bitting matrix, 251, 500
bitting pair, 486
bitting pattern, 112, 267, 298
bitting point, 193, 201, 285, 311, 477,
491, 495, 497, 500
bitting rules, 25, 42–43, 51, 87–88, 160,
177, 353, 354, 372, 419, 471,
477, 486
pull-out, 43
bitting surface, 231, 251
BKS Company, 129–131
BKS Janus, 129
BKS Multipin, 92
blank tumbler, 453
blind code
see indirect code, 13
blind pin, 119, 125
blocking
bar, 82, 244, 413
lever, 406, 426, 427
magnet, 435, 439, 443
pin, 462
see pin, 61
plate, 146
ring, 215
rod, 274
stump, 323
wafer, 492
BMW, 472, 474, 497
BMW two-track, 489
Bode-Panzer, 322, 405
bolt-step, 321, 325, 343, 351, 361, 365,
368, 375, 378, 409, 419, 423,
427
bolt stump, 321, 325, 327, 338, 343,
352, 361, 368, 372, 381, 384,
386, 416, 426, 430, 432
bolt-stump array, 332, 338, 421, 424,
430INDEX 577
bolt tail, 362, 416, 420
bolt talon
see talon, 320
bolt throw, 325, 349, 356
bore pattern, 119, 125
borescope, 344
boring, 34, 53, 86, 88, 100, 116, 119,
125, 129, 167, 278, 295
bottom pin
see pin-tumbler lock, 34
Bournisien Beau et Companie, 395
bow to tip, 349, 378
Bramah C17, 205
Bramah history, 558
Bramah lock, 145, 183, 205, 384
Bramah, Joseph, 5, 183
Bramah-Chubb, 215, 328
Doppel, 215
breakage
cylinder coupling, 50, 129, 133
key
see key breakage, 11
breech, 208, 401
Brennan’s lock, 224
Bricard
14-wafer, 188
Bloctout, 188
Chifral, 131
SuperSˆ uret´e, 194
Briggs and Stratton, 229, 276, 470,
484
broaching, 10, 11, 34, 45, 49, 59, 64, 80,
86, 88, 93, 98, 105, 157, 187,
193, 199, 270, 273, 278, 296,
306, 471, 482, 493
BS
see standards, 12
bullet, 176, 273
bump-key, 15, 26, 58, 76
burglar, 8, 125, 188, 459, 487,
507
burglary resistance, 14, 349
burning bar, 16
bushing, 261
Butter’s system, 224, 324, 330,
344, 355, 370, 379
Butter, F. J., 330
bypass, 15, 27, 49, 82, 188, 196,
315, 329, 456, 481, 487,
507
C-clip, 263, 396, 456
cam
see pin-tumbler lock, 34
cam lock, 34, 87, 138, 141, 173, 191,
196, 199, 232, 264, 275, 278,
279, 287, 305, 394, 441
captive key, 420
car lock
Alpha Romeo, 497
Briggs and Stratton, 484
Citro¨en Simplex, 501
classification, 475
double-sided, 476
Ford Chubb, 482
Ford Tibbe, 479
four-track, 491
General Motors, 484
history, 469
Holden Commodore, 478
key box, 208
Mercedes, 487, 491
Mitsubishi, 493
Porsche, 495
side-bar, 484
side-track, 493
two-track, 478, 487
Volvo, 499
card-in-slot lock, 39, 439, 442
Carl K¨ astner, 215, 227, 238
Carl Wittkopp, 405
cast brass, 75, 351, 361, 388, 432
cast bronze, 380, 383
cast iron, 224
cast steel, 247
cast zinc, 151, 210, 217, 279, 416, 476,
484, 487, 489, 495
Cavers, 143, 150
Cavith
see Zenith Cavith, 149
CAWI, 321, 405
Central, 146, 148578 INDEX
ceramic, 259, 340, 437, 442
Cerberus, 322
chain of balls lock, 63
challenge
see reward, 183
chamber
see pin-tumbler lock, 34
Champion
see Miller lock, 379
Champions
see Mottura Champions, 257
change key, 37, 72, 88, 210, 221, 298,
330, 332, 421, 468
chapter organization, 28
Chatwood, 324, 330, 399
Chatwood Impregnable, 358
Chatwood, Samuel, 343
Chatwood-Milner, 349
check pin, 108–109, 136, 307
Chicago Lock Company, 138, 140, 278
child labor, 321
Chrysler, 472
Chrysler 7-wafer, 472
Chubb,
3K77, 356
3G110, 370
3G114, 342, 349
3G117, 349, 356
3G135, 372
3G222, 445
3G227, 356
3K277, 356
5-lever lock, 349
6K75, 342, 358
7-lever lock, 349, 356
Ava, 327, 394
Company, 324, 349, 399
detector lock, 317
dissertation, 7, 317, 341
Eloctro, 360
lever lock, 349
magnetic lock, 445
quadruple lever lock, 6, 322
SMI, 245
twin 7-lever lock
see safe deposit lock, 429
Chubb, Charles, 319
Chubb, Jeremiah, 317
Chubb, John, 6, 319
Chubb-Lips 6K207, 327, 360
circular shift, 143, 210
CISA S.p.A., 131
Citro¨en, 372
Citro¨en Simplex, 501
cl´e de force (forcing key), 255
classification
car locks, 475
lever locks, 348
locks, 22
magnetic locks, 439
pin-tumbler locks, 62
side-bar locks, 233
wafer locks, 184
click lock, 345
clicker
see click lock, 345
Climax Co., J. H. W., 225
climax detector lock
see Cotterill lock, 387
clip
see spring clip, 175
Club lock, 137
clutch, 253, 332, 382, 439
CNPP, 12, 424
coaxial pick, 54, 238, 246, 379
coaxial pin, 140, 153–154, 157
coaxial plug, 37, 75
Cobra Axira
see Central, 148
code book, 13, 261, 472
code-change key, 128, 221
code disc, 243–246
Code lock, 168
Codem, 89
codes
5-pin, 42–44, 51
6-pin, 43, 44, 51, 87
7-pin, 51, 66
adjacent, 37
angular, 291
bitting, 13, 24, 261, 472, 497
blind, 13, 40INDEX 579
block, 126
changing, 128, 171, 465
country, 23
cryptographic, 475
dealer, 125
definition of, 23
digital, 463
direct, 13, 40
disc, 235, 243, 244
duplication, 52
encrypted, 136
equivalent, 44
exhausting of, 11
increased, 21, 52, 60
indirect, 13, 40, 235, 261
inductive, 360
key
see key codes, 25
keypad, 22
lever lock, 353, 357, 372
magnetic, 436, 453, 456, 459
memorized, 12, 429
multiplier, 45
number of, 14
permutation, 125
pin-tumbler, 40
plate wafer, 191
progression step, 43
progressive, 245
registration, 52
ridge, 295
side-bar, 295, 296
side-pin, 295
signaling, 5
single-sided, 261
system, 45, 52, 81, 84, 86, 201, 436,
442, 447, 467, 484, 486, 509
unique, 44, 245
usable, 354, 355
user, 131
wafer lock, 177
with bitting rules, 43
with MACS, 42
coding rules
see bitting rules, 42
cog wheel, 83
collar, 12, 148, 351, 466, 468
comb pick, 15
combination
freezing of, 245, 413, 414
combination lock, 26, 32, 332, 345, 398,
420, 508
combinations
theoretical, 25, 40, 51, 86–87
usable, 13, 25, 51
Commodore VN
see Holden Commodore, 478
compensated pin stack, 37, 55, 71,
97–98, 296, 301
computer key, 178, 477
computer numerical control, 61, 248,
285, 306
computer program
see program, 25
conning, 352, 356
constant offset, 283
constant-width bitting, 189, 190, 324,
325, 327, 343, 378, 395, 397,
428, 482
construction keying, 11, 128
consumer goods and services, 8
contact angle, 243
contact point, 54, 179, 207, 223, 243,
249, 256, 329, 362, 400, 403,
483, 488, 500
contact surface, 145, 158, 247, 251, 343,
351, 397
continuum, 421
contouring, 344, 352, 364
control card, 166
control key, 39, 70, 272
control shear line, 69
convenience key
cruciform, 472
double-sided, 86–87, 179, 470
conventions
lever lock, 318
lock descriptions, 23
pin-tumbler lock, 24, 34
wafer lock, 176
Corbin
see Emhart, 160580 INDEX
Corbin 5-pin cylinder, 34
Corbin IC, 39
core
see pin-tumbler lock, 34
CorKey, 463
TriSec mechanism, 464
CorKey Control Systems, 463
corrosion, 14, 173, 301, 437
Cotterill lock, 387
Cotterill, E., 387
countermeasure, 344
counter-milling, 295
counter-pin, 124, 133
country codes, 23
crank, 372, 381, 383
Crepinsek, A., 92, 116
crime wave, 188
cruciform lock, 111
curtain, 351, 359, 362, 403, 404
curtain lever, 359
curtain pick, 340, 355, 358
curved shear line, 93, 116, 159
customer
see requirements, 8, 11
cut
angled, 288, 383, 388, 400, 403
double, 289, 290
inverted, 157
numbering, 25, 37, 70, 119, 125,
139, 160, 176, 235, 278, 296,
301, 311, 352, 397, 450
offset, 290
pitted, 385, 403, 408
radiused, 244, 351, 403, 408, 419
twin, 392
cut angle, 40, 41, 62, 235, 266, 288
cut depth
see depth of cut, 25
cut root, 40
cylinder
see pin-tumbler lock, 34
Daimler & Maybach, 469
damping, 191, 249, 261, 383, 462
date
see filing date or issue date, 10
Davis, G., 414
Day & Newell, 336
dead-lift lever, 389, 483
dead-lift pin, 102
deadlatch, 114, 373
deadlock, 73, 255, 259, 274, 349, 370
dealer code
see dealer permutation, 125
dealer perm
see dealer permutation, 125
dealer permutation, 125, 230, 286, 296,
301, 307
decoder, 17, 26, 56, 140, 231, 291, 355,
420, 468, 487
decoding, 15, 55, 210, 217, 238, 291,
338, 341–343, 362, 369, 379,
414, 450, 453, 454
degree of freedom, 162, 288, 304, 339,
392, 406
D´eny, 414
depth and space, 41
depth increment, 37, 40, 71, 86, 124,
177, 191, 353, 365, 389, 421
depth of cut, 25, 37, 40, 44, 55, 113,
115, 120, 139, 194, 207, 221,
251, 261, 266, 268, 277, 289,
296, 310, 325, 353–355, 372,
373, 383, 389, 413, 417, 419,
421, 429, 457, 471, 476, 486,
497
design patent, 10
destructive opening, 13, 14–16, 481
detainer, 371, 374
detector lock
see lever lock, 365
dial, 322, 345, 401
Dickens, Charles, 559
die-cast, 115, 170, 173, 191, 217, 260,
421, 424
Diebold 175, 430
digital lock, 22, 421, 508
dimple
see boring, 86
dimple key, 52, 59, 60, 79, 85, 86, 90,
93–94, 99, 103, 116–117, 128,
131, 133, 137, 264, 272, 472,
497INDEX 581
DIN
see standards, 12
direct drive, 201, 275
disc tumbler lock
see wafer lock, 173
dissertation
Bramah, 558
Chubb, 6, 317, 341, 510
Yale, 7, 339
DOM
D, 92
Diamant, 247
iX-10, 91–93
iX-5, 86, 93
S, 64
DOM Sicherheitstechnik, 64, 92, 247,
302
Donovan, W. F., 45
Doppel Bramah-Chubb, 215
double-bitted key, 96, 231, 324–325,
327, 332, 343, 345, 365, 376,
380, 395, 398, 405, 415, 419,
424, 480
double-entry lock, 137, 313, 325, 352,
354, 373
double-nosed lock, 431
double-sided key, 179, 186, 190, 224,
231, 281, 472, 476
doubly broached
see multiplex master-keying, 46
doubly-cut key, 290
dovetail, 339, 412
drill resistance, 49–50, 75, 82–84, 93,
97, 124, 129, 133, 191, 214,
241, 247, 252, 259, 270, 296,
307, 308, 364, 420, 450
drill-pin, 115, 148, 205, 388, 403, 406,
426, 428
driver disc, 243
driver pin
see pin-tumbler lock, 34–35
driver spring
see pin-tumbler lock, 34
driverless pin-tumbler lock, 229, 232,
257, 264, 275, 287, 504
Drumm Geminy, 50
dual-control lock
see safe deposit lock, 345, 429
Dudley lock, 183, 199, 280, 491
Dudley Lock Corporation, 472
DUO, 191
dust guard, 469
Eagle Lock Company, 199, 441
Egyptian lock, 32
electric motor, 34, 207, 461
electrical contact, 128, 360, 474
electromagnet, 437
electromagnetic, 436, 450, 457, 466
electromechanical, 4, 10, 22, 245, 442,
474, 509
electronic lock, 12, 22, 39, 61, 111, 128,
131, 136, 168, 313, 360, 386,
421, 429, 436, 463, 475, 504,
508, 509
elevation, 295, 304
Elzett magnetic lock, 445
Emhart, 160
energy, 76, 437
entrance set
see key-in-knob lock, 34
ENV rated, 420, 424
Eras, V. J. M., 49, 340, 345, 404
European Certification Board
see ENV rated, 420
Europrofile cylinder, 13, 33, 39, 77
Everest
see Schlage Everest, 108
Everest Primus,
see Schlage Primus, 307
EVVA
3KS, 283
5 pin, 64
DPS
see EVVA DPX, 81
DPX, 81
ECS, 463
ELMO, 286
GPI, 65582 INDEX
MCS, 459
EVVA-Werk, 64, 283, 302, 445, 459
FAC, 52
Falcon IC, 39, 69
Falle Safe Securities, 56, 414
false depth
gate, 237, 243, 246, 255, 283
groove, 296, 502
hole, 267, 270
notch, 207, 249, 252, 277, 281
slot, 291
Faraday, M., 436
Federlos
see springless lock, 324
Felter, P. S., 173, 190, 225
fence, 230, 268, 277, 289, 295, 308, 412
fence-bar, 225
ferrite, 437, 442
ferromagnetic, 441
Fichet, 252, 395
click, 345
NS pompe, 153, 224, 382
Fichet, Alexandre, 252
Fichet-Bauche, 231
484, 252
666, 281
787, 27, 409
M2B, 392
M2i, 392
Monopole, 390
Sans Souci, 373
figure credits, 521
filing date, 10, 440, 521
finger pin, 297, 304, 307, 309
fire resistance, 13, 252
Fitz Gerald, J. W., 413, 484
flange, 141, 144, 166, 351, 372, 467
flaw
see security flaw, 8
flipping, 171, 236, 339
floating
ball, 61, 95, 105, 136, 196, 258, 302
cam, 344
pin, 158
flush mounting, 454
fob, 475
Fontaine, 210
footprint, 424
forced entry, 12, 15, 255
Ford 10-cut, 471
Ford Chubb, 482
Ford Motor Company, 469
Ford Tibbe, 474, 479
foreigner-proof lock, 188
forend, 347, 351, 361, 363
formula
combination, 528
MACS, 41
permutation, 528
Fort Lock Corporation, 139, 140
fractal, 44
Fraigneux Liega, 231
Fraigneux, Emile, 231 ´
friction, 207, 255, 383, 398, 459
FTH Thirard, 86, 145
fulcrum, 330, 343
function
dependence, 51, 177
mathematical, 41
of lock, 8, 33, 34, 175, 221, 349,
419, 509
program, 561–562
functionality, 10
gate
array, 332, 424
complementary, 378
disc, 236, 243, 481
false, 237, 310, 372, 384, 417
lever, 231, 260, 316, 324, 330, 340,
351, 352, 355, 364, 366, 372,
377, 380, 384, 415, 417, 421,
432
multiple, 345
offset, 251, 278
rocker, 255
rotor, 445, 462
slider, 207, 303
wheel, 345
gauge, 55, 481, 487
gear, 222, 332, 412INDEX 583
Gege AP 3000, 82
GEM
see ACE, 138
Genakis, J. M., 162, 292
General Motors, 229, 469, 472, 474, 484
Genii
see MagLok, 442
German levers, 324, 358, 426
GM Holden, 484
gradings for locks, 26
Great Exhibition, 6, 183, 320, 321,
337, 389
Great Lock Controversy, 560–561
Gretsch-Unitas Group, 129
grouping of lever bellies
see belly grouping, 342
guard key, 27, 345, 431, 432
guardian key
see guard key, 27
Gunnebo AB, 231, 252, 349, 365
gunpowder, 16, 343
Hall effect sensor, 22, 459
handedness, 116, 125, 240, 249, 251,
297, 403
hardplate, 51, 351
Head, 98
Helason, 114
Henriksson, Emil, 226
Henry, J., 436
hierarchy
see profile hierarchy, 45
high-security lock
definition, 12
Hobbs Hart and Co., 337, 349
Hobbs lock, 336, 421
Hobbs pick, 15, 54, 238, 246, 340,
355, 365, 378
Hobbs, A. C., 6, 183, 320, 336, 389
Holden Commodore, 476
horizontal keyway, 86
hotel lock, 11, 38, 163, 168, 221,
442
Huf-Ymos, 472, 474, 489, 495
Hunter, Ebenezer, 319
hybrid lock, 439, 442, 447, 450,
457
hysteresis, 437
IC
see interchangeable core, 39
ignition lock, 470, 474, 488, 499
IKON
5-pin, 64
System M, 459
IKON AG, 64, 307
Illinois Lock Company, 191
impressioning, 7, 15, 54, 189, 316, 341,
459
difficulty grading, 26
inactive lever, 432
indirect code, 13, 24, 40, 235, 245, 295
industrial revolution, 2, 5, 315
industry standards
see standards, 12
Ingersoll, 259
Ingersoll-Rand, 131
innovation, 8, 11, 60, 558
insurance standards
see standards, 12
interchange
see key interchange, 37
interchangeable core, 11, 38, 69, 108,
307, 308
Internet, 3, 5
invention, 16, 31, 329, 349
inventor, 223, 304, 332, 548, 558
ISEO
R11, 103
R6, 150
ISEO Serrature, 103
issue date, 10, 440
Italian levers, 325
Izis Arnov, 143
Jack in the box, 6
jail lock, 224, 445
Janus
see BKS, 129
Japan, 188
jiggler key, 178, 477584 INDEX
John Tann
see Tann, 365
Johnson’s rotary lock, 142
Josiah Parkes and Sons, 330, 349
JPM 505, 145
JPM 2002, 118
Junkunc Bros.
see American Lock Company, 66
K¨ astner lock, 227, 332
K¨ astner, Carl
see Carl K¨astner, 215
K¨ uhne
Panzer, 405
K¨ uhne, Hermann, 405
Kaba, 92, 115, 188
20, 116
Elolegic, 128
ExperT, 125
Gemini
see KESO, 118
Nova, 128
Quattro, 122
Star, 117
Vario, 128
Kaba AG, 82, 115, 116, 120, 128, 429,
505, 510
Kaba Ilco, 431
KESO
1000 S, 119
2000 Omega, 120
2002, 118
KESO AG, 116
Kettering, C., 469
key
999, 76
asymmetric
see asymmetric key, 231
bilateral
see bilateral key, 92
blank, 10, 25, 34, 45, 46, 49, 51–55,
61, 86, 106, 125, 191, 492, 498
bolt-step
see bolt-step, 321
breakage, 11, 43, 240, 246, 253
bump, 15, 58, 76
change, 37, 71, 88, 142, 210, 221,
298, 330, 332, 421, 468
code change, 128, 221
code computations, 42–44, 178,
354, 355, 497, 500, 561–562
codes, 28, 40, 42, 46, 177, 178, 191,
201, 285, 419, 442, 447, 457,
463, 467, 471, 484, 486, 504
comb, 226
computer
see computer key, 178
construction, 11, 128
control, 49, 52, 59, 108, 244, 272,
307, 459
cruciform, 112, 474, 502
detachable-bit, 227, 339, 424
dimple
see dimple key, 90
double-bitted
see double-bitted key, 231
double-sided
see double-sided key, 179
doubly cut, 290
end-bitted, 149, 207, 215, 224, 255,
278, 380, 382
flat lever, 431
folding, 424
forcing, 255
guard
see guard key, 27
guardian
see guard key, 27
handedness
see handedness, 125
internal cut, 209, 478, 488,
495, 499
jiggler
see jiggler key, 178
kit, 217
make-up
see make-up key, 55
movable element, 60, 90, 95, 122,
134, 274
pipe
see pipe key, 115
programming, 217INDEX 585
prong, 31, 140, 143, 255
quadruple-bitted
see quadruple-bitted key, 6
rearrangeable-bit, 338, 339
registration, 13
regulating, 319, 365
removable-bit, 337
renter
see renter key, 27
reversible
see reversible key, 87
series, 42, 177, 353
side-track
see side-track key, 183
skeleton
see skeleton key, 45
split
see split key, 95
try-out
see try-out key, 178
twin-bitted, 373
wave
see side-track key, 201
key and combination lock, 345
key cutting, 13, 41, 55, 229, 301,
477, 479
key guide, 420, 431
key interchange, 37, 43, 49, 51–52,
125, 177, 301
key safe, 208
key switch, 87, 174, 196
key-changeable lock, 142, 170,
217, 221, 421, 424
key-drive lock, 75
key-in-knob lock, 34, 40, 123, 308, 463
key-retaining
ball, 448, 463
pin, 452
keypad, 22, 509
keyway
corrugated, 33, 49
insert, 273
mezzanine, 87
obverse, 307
overhang, 101, 108
paracentric, 33, 49, 53
see pin-tumbler lock, 34
knob set
see key-in-knob lock, 34
Kromer
Central, 332
Differential, 329
Integral, 332
Novum, 324
Protector, 231, 327, 398
Reling, 325, 416
Kromer, Theodor, 216, 327, 398
La Gard 2200, 239, 332, 399
ladder, 452
lafette, 322, 401
see plunger lock, 208
lamination, 187, 259, 383, 414, 426
Lancia, 472, 497
Laperche, 210
Diam, 90
latchbolt, 340, 349, 356, 509
lathe, 173, 558, 560
laundromat, 191
leading edge, 36, 274, 301, 356, 362,
388, 406
LeFebure lock, 332
letter combination padlock, 224, 506
lever
actuator, 380
balance, 321, 405
belly, 340, 343, 352, 355, 366, 371,
378, 412, 421, 426, 432
closed, 264, 343
contouring, 352
dead-lift, 389, 481
gate
see gate, 315
German, 324
high-lift, 353
inactive, 432
Italian, 325
low-lift, 353, 364
meshing, 332
monitor, 352, 360
pair, 403
quadruple, 322586 INDEX
scoop-type, 385
split, 329, 400
lever lock, 313
axial, 379
Bell Labs, 344
Butter’s system, 370
CAWI, 405
changeable, 330, 332
Chubb 3G110, 370
Chubb 3G114, 349
Chubb Ava, 394
classification, 348
clicker, 345
conventional, 349
Cotterill, 387
cylindrical, 394
D´eny, 414
Day & Newell, 336
decoding, 340
detector lock, 365
double-acting, 316
double-bitted, 324, 375
double-throw, 325, 375
dual-control, 429
Fichet-Bauche 787, 409
Fichet-Bauche Monopole, 390
Fichet-Bauche Sans Souci, 373
geared, 409
history, 314
Hobbs, 336
Italian, 375
Kromer Protector, 398
master-keying, 329, 330
Mauer Variator, 424
Miller, 379
Mottura, 375
Muel, 384
NS Fichet, 382
operating principle, 313
radial, 387
Ross 102, 360
Ross 600, 363
Ross 700, 416
S&G 6804, 420
safe deposit, 345
security, 340
terminology, 319
trap-door, 414
twin, 327, 416
two-stump, 327, 360
variable, 420
Yale Magic Infallible, 339
leverage, 330
limousine, 469, 480
Lips, 50, 116, 207, 327, 345, 349
Lips Vago, 207
Liquidonics Industries, 439, 442, 457
loading sequence, 180, 187, 193, 264,
417, 419, 500
lock
car, 467
lever, 313
magnetic, 435, 439
pin-tumbler, 31
side-bar, 223
wafer, 173
lock gradings, 26
lock-out, 16
lock-pick, 178
feeler, 95
rake, 54
snake, 54, 487
umbrella, 207
lockpicking, 15, 17, 27, 53, 148, 337,
358, 372
lock sports, 17
locker, 87, 199, 279
locksmithing, 4
Lockwood
7-pin, 66
7, 99
Twin, 299
V7, 97
logical operation
and, 430
either/or, 222
loiding, 166
look-up table, 245
Lori, 279
Louis XVI, 1, 131
Lowe & Fletcher, 174, 179INDEX 587
LPS
see standards, 12
Lynx, 217
M&C, 76–78
MacKinnon’s lock, 337
MACS, 25, 40, 51, 139, 177, 201, 301,
472, 476, 486, 497, 501
asymmetric, 354, 365
unrestricted, 207, 237, 255, 268,
354
variable, 162, 290
magazine, 8
MagLok, 442, 454
Magnet-Regeltechnik, 445
magnetic field, 436
magnetic lock
Anker, 450
attraction based, 440
classification, 439
EVVA MCS, 459
history, 439
IKON System M, 459
MagLok, 454
magnetic materials, 436
master-keying, 447
Miracle Magnetic, 457
Miwa 14-magnet, 448
Miwa 3800, 450
Miwa 8-magnet, 450
Miwa EC, 448
rotating tumbler, 445
Schlage CorKey, 463
sliding tumbler, 441
magnetic materials, 436
Alnico, 437
ceramic, 438
Cunife, 442
rare earth, 438
samarium-cobalt, 438
magnetic stripe card
see swipe card, 436
magnetic tumbler
binary, 439
multipole, 439
magnetism, 436
magnetization pattern, 466
maison-keying, 38, 51, 447
make-up key, 55, 338, 358
manipulation resistance, 14, 26, 45, 56,
68, 90, 97, 108, 113, 133, 144,
153, 174, 180, 199, 204, 270,
301, 318, 344, 453, 468, 476,
484, 494
manual labor, 3, 321
manufacturing, 3, 9, 53, 61, 186, 236,
364, 439
manufacturing tolerances
see tolerances, 27
mapping the lock, 7
marking, 315, 344, 356, 360, 419, 424,
481
Marlock, 168
master pin, 37–38, 71, 270, 289, 296,
301, 307
master ring cylinder, 37, 69, 75
master-keying
ABA, 198
Abloy, 237, 244, 245
ASSA Desmo, 277
ASSA Twin, 296, 298
axial lock, 140
BiLock, 270
Bramah, 207
Bricard, 196
car lock, 472, 475, 500
codes, 43, 44
complex, 8
cruciform lock, 113
design, 4
differing, 37
Emhart, 162
IC lock, 72
Ingersoll, 261
Kaba, 119, 124, 128
KESO, 116
lever lock, 329, 330, 355, 371
Lockwood Twin, 301
magnetic lock, 435, 439, 447, 450,
453, 468
Medeco, 266, 289, 291
Mul-T-Lock, 157588 INDEX
multiplex, 45, 64
permutation, 525
pickability, 27, 72
positional, 447, 468
profile pin, 88, 108
recombination, 39
safe lock, 348
scale, 11, 97, 229
Schlage Primus, 307
SEA, 204
side-bar lock, 229
terminology, 46
Tover, 153
wafer lock, 174, 178
matrix, 22, 163, 442, 467, 531
Maudslay, Henry, 558
Mauer Variator, 424
Maurold, Ulrich, 405
Max Zahn, 215, 324
Maxis, 68
mechanically reprogrammable,
168, 184, 217, 255
mechatronic lock, 128, 286
Medeco
3, 291
Biaxial, 290
cam lock, 264, 287
Mercedes, 469, 474, 491
four-track, 491
two-track, 487
mezzanine keyway, 87
microprocessor, 442
microswitch, 345, 371, 379
Miller lock, 379, 382
Miller Lock Company, 224, 379
Milner, 324, 330, 345, 399
minimum depth difference, 43
Miracle lock
see Chubb Ava, 398
Miracle Magnetic, 457
Mitsubishi, 493
Miwa
14-magnet, 448
3800, 450
8-magnet, 450
EC, 448
PR, 264
U9, 188, 262
wafer lock, 186
MLA
Binary Plus, 106
V7, 97
mobile element
see movable element, 60
monitor lever, 352, 360
monoblock cylinder, 252
Moreaux, 112
mortice cylinder, 23, 32, 33, 39
mortice lock, 96, 205, 259, 302, 349,
352, 370, 378
Mosler, 424
Mosler 5700, 431
Mossman, J. M., 50, 330
motor
see electric motor, 34
motor car, 469
motor vehicle, 469
Mottura
Champions, 257
double-bitted, 375
end-bitted, 255
Mottura S.p.A., 255
movable element, 60, 90, 95, 120, 134,
264, 274, 393
Muel, 384
Mul-T-Lock, 90, 156, 188
conventional, 156
Gamma, 158
interactive, 158
multiple broaching, 45
multiplex master-keying, 11, 38, 45
museum, 131
mushroom driver
see spooled driver, 56
negative
angle, 240
magnetization, 437
offset, 251, 483
Neiman, 472, 474
Newell lock, 336
Newell, R., 337INDEX 589
nickel silver, 66, 93, 126, 125, 157, 193,
260, 293, 296, 301, 449, 459
nickel-plated, 68, 77, 419, 424
nitroglycerin, 16
nondestructive opening, 12, 16, 26,
365, 420, 456, 507
nonsymmetric key
see asymmetric key, 112
nonuniform bitting, 297
Norman Lock Company, 63
Nova Acytra, 375
numbering
Abloy lock, 235
Anker lock, 450
ASSA lock, 296
Ava lock, 397
axial lock, 139
Kaba lock, 119, 124
lever lock, 352
Lockwood lock, 37
Lockwood Twin, 301
Mul-T-Lock, 157
pin-tumbler lock, 25, 37
position, 25
Scorpion lock, 311
Tubar lock, 278
wafer lock, 176
obverse keyway, 307
Oersted, H., 436
off-axis pin, 93, 106, 295
offset
angle, 251
bore, 310
gate, 355, 417, 421, 424
height, 421
value, 14
variable, 482
variable depth, 257
vertical, 325, 427
Ogden Industries, 97, 99, 247
operating groove, 295
operating shear line, 70
organization of chapters, 28
organization of subject matter, 22
ornamental cut, 153, 196, 423
overlift, 108, 132, 177, 182, 281, 320,
345, 368, 379, 396, 408
overraise, 54, 100, 106, 111, 317, 319,
369, 384, 392, 494
override, 22, 508
overrotate, 226, 237
oxy-acetylene torch, 16
Pacific Interactive
see Central, 148
padlock, 27, 32, 39, 66, 68, 79, 84, 111,
116, 140, 154, 157, 169, 191,
223, 238, 245, 259, 321, 379,
395, 442, 457
Champion, 380
hook lever, 380
pairing constraint, 419
pancake padlock, 379
Panzer
see Bode-Panzer, 322
paracentric keyway, 33, 34, 49, 53,
79, 83
parautoptic lock, 336
parking meter, 199, 279
Parnis magnetic lock, 445
Parsons, T., 321, 405
pass card, 166
patent, 5, 6, 9–11, 17, 28, 440
tables, 549–557
permutation, 330, 525
permutation equivalence matrix, 532
permutation lock, 330
Peugeot, 474
Philips Corporation, 438
Picard
see Vigie Picard, 210
Picardie Interactive
see Mul-T-Lock, 158
pick gun, 57
picking
difficulty grading, 26
see lockpicking, 53
pillar, 246
pin
ball deflection, 95
blocking, 61, 91, 95, 100, 102, 108,
120, 126, 131, 134590 INDEX
bottom
see pin-tumbler lock, 34
check, 108, 136, 307
dead-lift, 102
driver
see pin-tumbler lock, 34
flanged, 69, 76, 124
fore and aft, 290
off-axis
see off-axis, 93
top
see pin-tumbler lock, 34
trap
see trap pin, 77
pin-and-cam tool, 55, 338, 358
pin chamber
see pin-tumbler lock, 34
pin spacing, 40
pin stack, 37, 45, 55, 71, 296
pin-tumbler
coaxial, 140, 157
concentric, 51, 153, 156
geometry, 59
pin-tumbler lock, 31
5-pin, 34, 40, 64
6-pin, 51
7-pin, 51
ABUS TS 5000, 101
ACE, 138
active key element, 61
active profile pin, 60, 99
AGE, 154
Alpha, 87
American Lock Company
(Junkunc Bros.), 66
axial, 138
Azbe, 89
Binary Plus, 106
BKS Janus, 129
Bricard Chifral, 131
Central, 146
classification, 63
Code lock, 168
Codem, 89
codes, 40
concentric pin, 153
cruciform, 111
depth and space, 41
DOM iX-10, 91
DOM S, 64
Emhart, 160
EVVA, 64
EVVA DPX, 81
Gege, 82
GEM, 138
Head, 98
Helason, 114
history, 31
horizontal keyway, 86
IKON, 64
inline, 64
interchangeable core, 38, 69
ISEO R11, 103
ISEO R6, 150
Izis Arnov, 143
JPM 505, 145
Kaba, 115
Kaba ExperT, 125
Kaba Gemini, 118
Kaba Nova, 128
Kaba Quattro, 122
KESO, 116
KESO 1000 S, 119
KESO 2000 Omega, 120
KESO 2002, 118
key-changeable, 168
Laperche Diam, 90
lock-picking, 53
Lockwood 7, 99
Lockwood V7, 97
M&C, 76
master-keying, 45
Maxis, 68
Mul-T-Lock, 156
Mul-T-Lock interactive, 158
multiple inline, 115
operating principle, 34
passive profile pin, 59, 79
pin design, 59
pin geometry, 59
pin matrix, 163
Pollux, 146INDEX 591
Rivers, 73
rotating pin, 160
Schlage Everest, 108
security, 49
spooled driver, 56
Tover 27A, 151
Tover 2F30, 96
tubular, 138
twin inline, 91
Vachette 2000, 105
Vachette Radial, 133
Vachette VIP, 84
Van Lock, 140
Vingcard, 163
Winkhaus Titan, 110
Winkhaus VS, 79
Wiselock, 154
YBU, 137
Zenith Cavith, 149
pinion, 332
pipe key, 115, 146, 215, 227, 380, 388,
403
pivoting key element, 61, 95, 131, 274
pivoting key step, 329
pivoting lever, 224, 231, 260, 325, 372,
380, 389
pivoting pin, 440
plasto-ferrite magnet, 438, 464
plate wafer, 190, 225, 395
plug
coaxial, 75
see pin-tumbler lock, 34
plug-spinner, 78
plugless lock, 414
plunger lock, 208, 322
Polhem, C., 223
Pollux
conventional
see Central, 146
Interactive
see Central, 148
Porsche, 474, 491, 495
positive
angle, 240
location, 112, 242, 366, 455
locking, 190, 489
offset, 251, 482
post office, 66, 404
powder-proof lock, 16, 339, 343
Preddey, B., 267, 273
Price, G., 7, 320, 345
Primus
see Schlage Primus, 304
prison lock
see jail lock, 224
production
see manufacturing, 3
profile control pin
see profile pin, 49
profile cylinder, 23, 34, 39, 50, 77, 129,
286
profile hierarchy, 45–47, 99
profile pin, 49, 79
active, 60, 99, 204
passive, 59, 87
profile plate, 241, 396, 403
program, 25, 42–44, 166, 221, 354, 532,
561–562
programming key, 217, 221
Progr`es Fontaine
see Fontaine, 210
progression step, 43, 44, 51, 139
progressioning, 356, 472, 476, 486,
500
protection
against attack, 12, 50, 150, 257,
340, 363, 487
against copying design, 9, 10, 52
against drilling
see drill resistance, 75
against key duplication, 120, 134,
150, 196, 229, 232, 244, 248,
297, 307, 329, 383, 386, 400
against picking
see manipulation resistance, 13
against punching, 384
against rapping, 468
fire, 349
of assets, 8
of ideas, 9
of information, 5
prototype, 10, 442592 INDEX
proximity card, 4, 508
Prunbauer, K., 82, 283, 286, 302, 445,
459
public domain, 9, 26, 548
push-button, 22, 208
push-key lock, 205, 213, 255, 379, 382,
469
push-wafer, 210
quadrant, 249, 481
quadruple-bitted key, 6, 322
quadruple-throw lock, 375
quadruplex lock, 31
quotation, 6, 7, 12, 15, 231, 317, 328,
329, 339, 559
R´eaumur, R. A. F., 7
rack, 170, 182, 184, 220, 222, 332, 412,
426
rack and pinion, 332
radio frequency (RF), 128, 475, 508
raking, 54
rapping, 15, 76, 204, 454, 468
rare earth, 438
ratchet, 345
ratings for locks, 26
ratio
cost to performance, 508
strength to weight, 438
Ratner, 330
real estate, 208
rear-anchored plug, 487, 499
rearrangeable-bit key, 338, 339
rearrangement, 338, 525
recombinatable lock, 170, 183, 184,
217, 221
recombinate, 11, 38, 39, 66, 128, 168,
171, 332, 421, 468, 509
redundant bitting, 153, 196, 423
reed switch, 436, 442, 459
references, 10
registered design, 9
registration, 9–10, 53, 55, 83, 98, 106,
126, 261, 267, 288, 301
regulating key, 319, 365
reliability, 3, 12, 58, 61, 171, 173, 217,
301, 324, 352, 467, 508
relocker, 16
removable-bit key, 337
removable core, 39, 66, 271
see interchangeable core, 38–39
Renault TS, 115, 474
renter key, 27, 345, 430–432
reprogram, 39, 168, 255, 463
reprogrammable
see mechanically reprogrammable,
168
requirements, 8, 11–13, 44, 66, 77, 168,
177, 301, 352, 361, 430, 472,
476, 477, 495
resettable
see mechanically reprogrammable,
217
see recombinatable lock, 168
resistance unit, 14
restricted blank, 55, 86, 98, 209, 217,
235, 278, 281, 306
restricted keyway shape
see paracentric keyway, 140
retrofit, 122, 188, 299, 307, 308, 457
return bar, 240, 244
reversible key, 87, 89, 97, 116, 129, 158,
179, 201, 240, 257, 283, 416,
468, 471, 472, 476, 482, 491,
500, 502
reward
for lockpicking, 17, 183, 291, 318,
321, 338, 340, 399, 404
RF induction, 22, 245, 360, 436, 473,
510
ridge code, 295
Rielda, 217
Rielda Serrature S.R.L., 217
rim cylinder, 23, 33, 39, 394, 448
Rivers, 73, 502
rivet, 189, 330
roller bolt, 356
Romer & Co., 225
Romer lock, 225, 332
Rosengrens-Tann, 365INDEX 593
Ross
102, 360
600, 363
700, 416
Ross Security Locks, 313, 360
rotary lock, 142
rotating disc lock, 239, 332
rotor, 34, 407, 445, 459
rubber, 249, 261, 406, 466
Russell, W., 559
S&G
4440, 430
4500, 347
6700, 332
6804, 420
6860, 332
combination lock, 332
disc lock, 238
keyed combination lock, 332
recombinatable lock, 184
safe deposit lock, 345, 430
safe, 6, 12, 16, 224, 252, 313, 340, 349,
365, 382, 401
safe deposit box, 95, 252, 327, 332, 345,
360, 405, 430
safe deposit lock
Chubb, 429
Diebold 175, 430
DOM, 95
dual control, 345
LeFebure, 332
Mosler 5700, 431
S&G 4440, 430
safe lock
Arnheim, 207
Bauche, 390
Bode-Panzer, 322
Bramah-Chubb, 215
CAWI, 405
Chubb, 342, 358, 394
cruciform, 113
Fichet, 382
Fichet click, 345
Fraigneux, 231
Italian, 379
K¨ astner, 227
Kromer, 398
manipulation, 508
Mauer, 424
Ross, 360, 416
S&G, 420
standards, 13
twin-lever, 327
UK manufacturers, 330
samarium-cobalt, 438
Sargent, 47, 116
Sargent & Greenleaf
see S&G, 420
Sargent, James, 420
sashlock, 349, 356
Scandinavian padlock, 223, 332
Schlage
CorKey, 463
Everest, 108
Primus, 304
Schulte-Schlagbaum, 442
scope, 4, 22, 60, 436, 475
Scorpion CX-5, 308
SEA
2, 204
3, 204
Normal, 202
SEA Schliess-Systeme AG, 203
seal, 34, 401
Sears, Roebuck & Company, 380
security breach, 5
security flaw, 8, 49, 435
security versus obscurity, 5
Sedley, B. S., 442, 463
segmented pin stack, 37
Sellin, Otto, 329, 404
serrated
gate, 327, 337, 364, 365, 372
pin, 140
slider, 395
tumbler, 21
wafer, 182, 220, 472, 490, 496
wedge, 170
servo-motor, 128, 287594 INDEX
SFIC
Small-format interchangeable
core, 39, 69
shackle, 68, 156, 191, 224, 259, 380
shear line, 37, 69
control, 70
inner, 37
operating, 69
outer, 37, 76
shear line vulnerability, 53
shear plane, 139, 144, 151, 153
Shepardson, H. S., 173
Sherlock, 226
shield, 50
shim, 15, 55, 158, 166, 175, 487
shoulder
disc, 246
key, 25, 36, 43, 112, 144, 170, 198,
242, 247, 255, 374, 428
pin, 151
slider, 206, 215, 396
wafer, 176, 193, 476, 478, 494, 499
wafer lock, 175
shouldering, 112, 175, 177, 209, 481,
489
shuffling, 339
side-bar code, 295, 310
side-bar lock, 220, 223
Abloy, 234
Abloy Disklock Pro, 240
Abloy Protec, 240
ABUS Plus, 245
ASSA Desmo, 275
ASSA Twin, 292
ASSA Twin V-10, 297
ASSA Twin Combi, 297, 308
Banham, 302
BiLock, 267
Chubb SMI, 245
classification, 233
disc, 234
DOM Diamant, 247
driverless, 264
dual-action, 287
EVVA 3KS, 283
Fichet-Bauche 484, 252
Fichet-Bauche 666, 281
Genakis, 292
Ingersoll, 259
lever, 252
Lockwood Twin, 299
Lori, 279
Medeco Biaxial, 290
Medeco cam lock, 264, 287
Miwa U9, 262
Mottura, 255
New Generation BiLock, 272
Schlage Primus, 304
Scorpion CX-5, 308
Tubar, 277
wafer, 279
Yale 5000, 302
side-bit milling, 306
side-milling, 108, 193, 293, 297, 302,
304, 306–307, 310, 409, 492
side-track key, 183, 199, 201, 203, 277,
280, 283, 309, 474, 487, 489,
493, 506
side-winder
see side-track key, 201
Silca, 49
Sima
see MagLok, 442
Simplex, 474, 501
single-entry lock, 313
skeleton key, 45, 49, 82, 311, 315, 415,
454
skirt, 142, 144, 341, 351
slide-hammer, 476, 496, 499
slideable fence, 339, 421
slider, 56, 145, 183, 199, 205–208, 210,
215, 255, 303, 322, 329, 387,
394, 397, 399, 450, 462, 463,
482
sliding ball lock, 441
slim jim, 476
smart card, 22
smoking a key blank, 7, 315
software, 463, 486
spacing, 37, 40, 115, 125, 190, 473, 477
Spain, Roy, 230, 264
spline, 92, 139, 288, 291INDEX 595
split key, 95, 345, 430
split lever
see lever, 329
split-wafer
see wafer, 184
spooled driver, 56, 65, 80, 95, 102, 103,
125, 133, 151, 277, 295, 301
spot weld
see weld, 153
spring
internally shouldered, 193
spring bar, 225
spring chamber, 176, 180
spring clip, 175, 272, 396, 427, 456, 467,
496
spring constant, 153
spring tension, 37, 58, 98, 132, 157, 198
springless lock, 203, 275, 324
Sputnik, 15, 21, 56, 291, 358, 485
staggered cuts, 79, 97, 129, 189, 207,
255, 260
staggered edges, 477
staggered rows, 91, 310
stainless steel, 50, 133, 157, 205, 296,
416, 454, 456, 464
standards, 12
A2P, 12
AS 4145, 12
BHMA, 14
BS 3621, 12, 349
DIN 18252, 12, 129
EN 1143, 13
EN 1300, 13
EN 1303, 13
LPS 1175, 13
LPS 1183, 13
LPS 1242, 13
Reich Poste, 404
SKG, 77
UL 437, 14
UL 768, 14
VdS, 12
Star Lock Works, 224
stator, 34, 170, 207, 329, 400, 409
steering lock, 137, 470, 477, 487, 493,
499
Stenman, August, 292
stepped disc, 226, 332
stump
see bolt stump, 321
Supra, 208
swipe card, 186, 436, 442, 466, 508
symmetry constraint, 261, 285, 352,
356, 361, 373, 479, 493
tail-piece, 34, 63, 71, 123, 151, 241, 253,
256, 383, 412, 455, 466, 489,
502, 503
talon, 320, 321, 343, 351, 352, 366, 372,
378, 419, 421, 427, 432
Tangential, 322
Tann, 330
detector lock, 365
Taylor, W. H., 49
telephone, 138, 264, 344, 386
tensioner, 54, 56, 69, 138, 487
terminology
ASSA locks, 296
equivalent terms, 23, 546
foreign, 536
Kaba locks, 124
lever lock, 313, 319
master-keying, 46
pin-tumbler lock, 24, 34
see conventions, 23
thermic lance, 16
thief, 8, 27, 51, 481, 484
throw
see bolt throw, 325
thumb-turn, 188
Tibbe
see Ford Tibbe, 474
tilting pin, 440, 442, 454
time lock, 420
tip to bow, 296
tolerances, 27, 51, 61, 86, 153, 173, 178,
190, 267, 301, 308, 311, 340,
421, 454, 481, 487
top pin
see pin-tumbler lock, 36
toroidal magnet, 456596 INDEX
Tover
27A, 151
2F30, 96
Tower of London, 365
Towne, Henry, 33
Toyota 8-cut, 477
trade-off, 505, 509
trailing edge, 352, 355, 362, 406
translation, 7, 12, 13, 212
translational motion, 194, 226, 441,
456, 499
transponder, 4, 22, 61, 111, 128, 131,
136, 245, 475, 481, 489, 495,
504, 509
trap-door lock, 414
trap pin, 76
trap spring, 108
trial and error, 457, 472
Trioving, 163
trip disc, 225
triple-control lock, 345
try-out key, 178, 477, 487
Tubar, 277
tube lock, 153, 154
tubular lock, 140, 205
tumbler
chamber, 453
lever, 314
magnetic, 439
pin, 31
wafer, 173
turn-push-turn lock
see D´eny, 414
turret, 388, 392
twin-lever lock, 327, 360
UL rated, 14, 140, 191, 267, 279, 287,
296, 307–308
undercut, 40, 82, 108, 181, 308, 395,
398, 483
underlift, 182, 281, 295, 321, 396, 408
underrotate, 226
Underwriters Labs, 14, 16
unintended operability, 49, 51
Union Locks, 330, 349, 371, 380
unpickable lock, 27, 318, 329, 338, 384,
390, 404
utility patent, 9
Vachette, 47, 84, 472, 502
2000, 105
Radial, 133
Radial NT, 134
Radial Si, 133
VIP, 84
Vago, 207
Vak Genius
see Muel, 386
valet key, 472, 500
Van Lock, 140, 210
Vanmatic, 142
VATS, 474
vault
see safe, 8
VdS
see standards, 12
VdS rated, 247, 360, 400, 405, 420, 424
vending machine, 87, 138, 141, 191,
264, 278, 454
vertical-lift
lever, 364, 372, 416
side pin, 308
vibrating guard lock
see Aubin’s lock, 390
Vigie Picard, 210
Vingcard, 39, 163
Volvo, 474, 499
Voss, Joseph, 64
vulnerability, 6, 53, 167, 355
wafer
bar, 183, 199, 202, 281, 283, 304,
489, 493, 494
contoured, 190
double-throw, 174, 179
dual-profile, 178
flanged, 198
paired, 193
plate, 190, 225
push, 210
serrated, 182
single-throw, 174, 470INDEX 597
slider, 199
split, 491, 495
variable-height, 219
wafer lock, 173
ABA Pagoda, 196
American Lock Company, 190
antipicking features, 181
axial, 205, 208
Bell, 183, 199
Bramah, 183, 205
Bramah-Chubb, 215
Bricard 14-wafer, 188
Bricard SuperSˆ uret´e, 194
classification, 184
codes, 177
Commodore VN, 478
contoured, 183, 190
conventional, 186
double-sided, 179, 476
Dudley, 199
DUO, 191
Fontaine, 210
General Motors, 484
history, 173
key-changeable, 217
Laperche, 210
master-keying, 178
Mercedes, 487, 491
Mitsubishi, 493
Miwa, 186
operating principle, 174
plate, 183, 190
Porsche, 495
push-type, 196
Rielda, 217
SEA, 201
Supra, 208
three-sided, 194
Vigie Picard, 210
Winfield, 221
Wake, K., 443
ward
bridge, 316
sash, 1, 317, 329
wheel, 316
warded lock, 2, 6, 9, 45, 49, 224, 314,
414
warding
see pin-tumbler lock, 34
wave key
see side-track key, 201
wear pattern, 145, 343, 351, 364, 379
Web site, 28, 149, 507
Weiss, P., 436
weld, 153, 189, 351
Widen, B. G., 292, 304, 306–307
Willenhall, 259, 349
Winfield, 221
Winkhaus
Blue Chip, 111
Titan, 110
VS, 79
Wiselock, 154
Wolter, H., 95, 302
Wolverhampton, 318, 349
World War II, 168, 171, 186, 228, 322,
325, 400, 405, 437, 442, 470
Yale
Magic Infallible bank lock, 32, 339
paracentric keyway, 33, 49
Yale 5000, 302
Yale and Towne Manufacturing Co.,
33, 45, 49, 230, 265, 501
Yale Lock Manufacturing Company,
33, 173
Yale, Linus
Junior, 7, 31, 173
Senior, 31, 68
YBU, 137
Zahn, Max
see Max Zahn, 215
zamac
see die-cast, 260
Zeiss IKON
see IKON, 64
Zeiss, Carl, 64
Zenith Cavith, 149


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