ENG/mostafa مهندس تحت الاختبار
عدد المساهمات : 12 التقييم : 24 تاريخ التسجيل : 20/10/2013 العمر : 30 الدولة : egypt العمل : student الجامعة : ALAZHAR
 موضوع: كتاب Shigley’s Mechanical Engineering Design  Tenth Edition الأحد 18 يناير 2015, 7:52 pm  

أخواني في الله أحضرت لكم كتاب Shigley’s Mechanical Engineering Design Tenth Edition Richard G. Budynas Professor Emeritus, Kate Gleason College of Engineering, Rochester Institute of Technology J. Keith Nisbett Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology
و المحتوى كما يلي :
Brief Contents Preface xv Part Basics Introduction to Mechanical Engineering Design Materials Load and Stress Analysis Deflection and Stiffness Part Failure Prevention Failures Resulting from Static Loading Fatigue Failure Resulting from Variable Loading Part Design of Mechanical Elements Shafts and Shaft Components Screws, Fasteners, and the Design of Nonpermanent Joints Welding, Bonding, and the Design of Permanent Joints Mechanical Springs RollingContact Bearings Lubrication and Journal Bearings Gears—General Spur and Helical Gears Bevel and Worm Gears Clutches, Brakes, Couplings, and Flywheels Flexible Mechanical Elements Power Transmission Case Study Brief Contents ix Part Special Topics FiniteElement Analysis Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing Appendixes A Useful Tables B Answers to Selected Problems Index Contents Preface xv Part Basics Introduction to Mechanical Engineering Design – Design – Mechanical Engineering Design – Phases and Interactions of the Design Process – Design Tools and Resources – The Design Engineer’s Professional Responsibilities – Standards and Codes – Economics – Safety and Product Liability – Stress and Strength – Uncertainty – Design Factor and Factor of Safety – Reliability and Probability of Failure – Relating the Design Factor to Reliability – Dimensions and Tolerances – Units – Calculations and Significant Figures – Design Topic Interdependencies – Power Transmission Case Study Specifications Problems Materials – Material Strength and Stiffness – The Statistical Significance of Material Properties – Strength and Cold Work – Hardness – Impact Properties – Temperature Effects – Numbering Systems – Sand Casting – Shell Molding – Investment Casting – PowderMetallurgy Process – HotWorking Processes – ColdWorking Processes – The Heat Treatment of Steel – Alloy Steels – CorrosionResistant Steels – Casting Materials – Nonferrous Metals – Plastics – Composite Materials – Materials Selection Problems Load and Stress Analysis – Equilibrium and FreeBody Diagrams – Shear Force and Bending Moments in Beams – Singularity Functions – Stress – Cartesian Stress Components – Mohr’s Circle for Plane Stress – General ThreeDimensional Stress – Elastic Strain – Uniformly Distributed Stresses – Normal Stresses for Beams in Bending – Shear Stresses for Beams in Bending – Torsion – Stress Concentration Contents xi – Stresses in Pressurized Cylinders – Stresses in Rotating Rings – Press and Shrink Fits – Temperature Effects – Curved Beams in Bending – Contact Stresses – Summary Problems Deflection and Stiffness – Spring Rates – Tension, Compression, and Torsion – Deflection Due to Bending – Beam Deflection Methods – Beam Deflections by Superposition – Beam Deflections by Singularity Functions – Strain Energy – Castigliano’s Theorem – Deflection of Curved Members – Statically Indeterminate Problems – Compression Members—General – Long Columns with Central Loading – IntermediateLength Columns with Central Loading – Columns with Eccentric Loading – Struts or Short Compression Members – Elastic Stability – Shock and Impact Problems Part Failure Prevention Failures Resulting from Static Loading – Static Strength – Stress Concentration – Failure Theories – MaximumShearStress Theory for Ductile Materials – DistortionEnergy Theory for Ductile Materials – CoulombMohr Theory for Ductile Materials – Failure of Ductile Materials Summary – MaximumNormalStress Theory for Brittle Materials – Modifications of the Mohr Theory for Brittle Materials – Failure of Brittle Materials Summary – Selection of Failure Criteria – Introduction to Fracture Mechanics – Important Design Equations Problems Fatigue Failure Resulting from Variable Loading – Introduction to Fatigue in Metals – Approach to Fatigue Failure in Analysis and Design – FatigueLife Methods – The StressLife Method – The StrainLife Method – The LinearElastic Fracture Mechanics Method – The Endurance Limit – Fatigue Strength – Endurance Limit Modifying Factors – Stress Concentration and Notch Sensitivity – Characterizing Fluctuating Stresses – Fatigue Failure Criteria for Fluctuating Stress – Torsional Fatigue Strength under Fluctuating Stresses – Combinations of Loading Modes – Varying, Fluctuating Stresses; Cumulative Fatigue Damage – Surface Fatigue Strength – Road Maps and Important Design Equations for the StressLife Method Problems xii Mechanical Engineering Design Part Design of Mechanical Elements Shafts and Shaft Components – Introduction – Shaft Materials – Shaft Layout – Shaft Design for Stress – Deflection Considerations – Critical Speeds for Shafts – Miscellaneous Shaft Components – Limits and Fits Problems Screws, Fasteners, and the Design of Nonpermanent Joints – Thread Standards and Definitions – The Mechanics of Power Screws – Threaded Fasteners – Joints—Fastener Stiffness – Joints—Member Stiffness – Bolt Strength – Tension Joints—The External Load – Relating Bolt Torque to Bolt Tension – Statically Loaded Tension Joint with Preload – Gasketed Joints – Fatigue Loading of Tension Joints – Bolted and Riveted Joints Loaded in Shear Problems Welding, Bonding, and the Design of Permanent Joints – Welding Symbols – Butt and Fillet Welds – Stresses in Welded Joints in Torsion – Stresses in Welded Joints in Bending – The Strength of Welded Joints – Static Loading – Fatigue Loading – Resistance Welding – Adhesive Bonding Problems Mechanical Springs – Stresses in Helical Springs – The Curvature Effect – Deflection of Helical Springs – Compression Springs – Stability – Spring Materials – Helical Compression Spring Design for Static Service – Critical Frequency of Helical Springs – Fatigue Loading of Helical Compression Springs – Helical Compression Spring Design for Fatigue Loading – Extension Springs – Helical Coil Torsion Springs – Belleville Springs – Miscellaneous Springs – Summary Problems RollingContact Bearings – Bearing Types – Bearing Life – Bearing Load Life at Rated Reliability – Reliability versus Life—The Weibull Distribution – Relating Load, Life, and Reliability – Combined Radial and Thrust Loading – Variable Loading – Selection of Ball and Cylindrical Roller Bearings – Selection of Tapered Roller Bearings – Design Assessment for Selected RollingContact Bearings Contents xiii – Lubrication – Mounting and Enclosure Problems Lubrication and Journal Bearings – Types of Lubrication – Viscosity – Petroff’s Equation – Stable Lubrication – ThickFilm Lubrication – Hydrodynamic Theory – Design Considerations – The Relations of the Variables – SteadyState Conditions in SelfContained Bearings – Clearance – PressureFed Bearings – Loads and Materials – Bearing Types – Thrust Bearings – BoundaryLubricated Bearings Problems Gears—General – Types of Gears – Nomenclature – Conjugate Action – Involute Properties – Fundamentals – Contact Ratio – Interference – The Forming of Gear Teeth – Straight Bevel Gears – Parallel Helical Gears – Worm Gears – Tooth Systems – Gear Trains – Force Analysis—Spur Gearing – Force Analysis—Bevel Gearing – Force Analysis—Helical Gearing – Force Analysis—Worm Gearing Problems Spur and Helical Gears – The Lewis Bending Equation – Surface Durability – AGMA Stress Equations – AGMA Strength Equations – Geometry Factors I and J (ZI and YJ) – The Elastic Coefficient C p (ZE) – Dynamic Factor Kv – Overload Factor K o – Surface Condition Factor C f (ZR) – Size Factor K s – LoadDistribution Factor K m (KH) – HardnessRatio Factor CH (ZW) – StressCycle Factors YN and ZN – Reliability Factor KR (YZ) – Temperature Factor KT (Yu) – RimThickness Factor KB – Safety Factors SF and SH – Analysis – Design of a Gear Mesh Problems Bevel and Worm Gears – Bevel Gearing—General – BevelGear Stresses and Strengths – AGMA Equation Factors – StraightBevel Gear Analysis – Design of a StraightBevel Gear Mesh – Worm Gearing—AGMA Equation – WormGear Analysis – Designing a WormGear Mesh – Buckingham Wear Load Problems Clutches, Brakes, Couplings, and Flywheels – Static Analysis of Clutches and Brakes – Internal Expanding Rim Clutches and Brakes xiv Mechanical Engineering Design – External Contracting Rim Clutches and Brakes – BandType Clutches and Brakes – FrictionalContact Axial Clutches – Disk Brakes – Cone Clutches and Brakes – Energy Considerations – Temperature Rise – Friction Materials – Miscellaneous Clutches and Couplings – Flywheels Problems Flexible Mechanical Elements – Belts – Flat and RoundBelt Drives – V Belts – Timing Belts – Roller Chain – Wire Rope – Flexible Shafts Problems Power Transmission Case Study – Design Sequence for Power Transmission – Power and Torque Requirements – Gear Specification – Shaft Layout – Force Analysis – Shaft Material Selection – Shaft Design for Stress – Shaft Design for Deflection – Bearing Selection – Key and Retaining Ring Selection – Final Analysis Problems Part Special Topics FiniteElement Analysis – The FiniteElement Method – Element Geometries – The FiniteElement Solution Process – Mesh Generation – Load Application – Boundary Conditions – Modeling Techniques – Thermal Stresses – Critical Buckling Load – Vibration Analysis – Summary Problems Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing – Dimensioning and Tolerancing Systems – Definition of Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing – Datums – Controlling Geometric Tolerances – Geometric Characteristic Definitions – Material Condition Modifiers – Practical Implementation – GD&T in CAD Models – Glossary of GD&T Terms Problems Appendixes A Useful Tables B Answers to Selected Problems Index Axis, defined, Axle, defined, BB life, Backlash, Bainite, Bairstow, L., Ball bearings, – Ball bushings, Bandtype clutches and brakes, – Barth, Carl G., Barth equation, Base circle, – Base pitch, Basic dimension, , , Basic Dynamic Load Rating, Basic size (limits and fits), – Basic static load rating, – Bauschinger’s theory, Beach marks, – , Beams with asymmetrical sections, – in bending, normal stresses for, – in bending, shear stresses for, – curved beams in bending, – deflection due to bending, – deflection methods, – deflections by singularity functions, – deflections by superposition, – shearforce and bending moments in, – shear stress in rectangular, twoplane bending, – Bearing characteristic, Bearing characteristic number, See Sommerfeld number Bearing fatigue failure criteria. Bearing film pressure, – , , , – Bearing pressure (rope), Bearing housing heat dissipation, Bearing life life measure, , rating life, recommendations for various classes of machinery, reliability versus life, Bearing load life at rated reliability, – Bearings, journal alloy characteristics, boundarylubricated, – material choice for, – thrust bearings, – types of, – A Abrasion, Absolute system of units, Absolute tolerance system, Absolute viscosity, – , – Acme threads, – , Actual mating envelope, – , – Addendum, , – , , Adhesive bonding, – joint design, – stress distributions, – types of adhesive, – Admiralty metal, AGMA equation factors allowable bending stress numbers, – , – allowable contact stress, – , – bending strength geometry factor, , – , – crowning factor for pitting, dynamic factor, , , , , – elastic coefficient, , , , , geometry factors, – , – hardnessratio factor, – , – lengthwise curvature factor for bending strength, loaddistribution factor, , – , overload factor, , , – , pitting resistance geometry factor, , , – , – reliability factor, – , – reversed loading, rimthickness factor, , – safety factors, , size factor, , , stresscycle factor, – , – , – surface condition factor, , surfacestrength geometry factor, – temperature factor, , AGMA gear method bevel gears, , – helical gears, – spur gears, – worm gears, – AGMA quality numbers, AGMA transmission accuracylevel number, Alignment (bearings), Allowable stress numbers (spur gears), Allowance, Alloy cast irons, Alloy steels, – Alternating and midrange von Mises stresses, , Alternating stresses, , , equivalent reversing stress (Ex. – ), Aluminum, – , Aluminum brass, Aluminum bronze, American Bearing Manufacturers Association (ABMA), , American Chain Association (ACA), American Gear Manufacturers Association (AGMA), , , , , nomenclature, – , – strength equations, – , stress equations, – , , American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC), , – American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI), , American National (Unified) thread standard, American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), , , , American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), , – , , American Welding Society (AWS), , – Amplitude ratio (stress), Anaerobic adhesives, Analysis and optimization, Angle of action, Angle of approach, Angle of articulation, Angle of recess, Angle of twist, – , Angularity control, – , Angularvelocity ratio, , , Annealing, – Anodizing, Antifriction bearing. See Rollingcontact bearings Arc of action, Arc of approach, Arc of recess, Area principal axes, Arrow side (weld symbol), Ashby, M. F., ASMEelliptic line, – , , , , , , Associated Spring, Austenitic chromiumnickel steels, , Automotive valvespring surge, , Average life (bearings), Axial clutches, – Axial layout, for shaft components, Axial pitch, , Index Mechanical Engineering Design Catalog load rating, rollingcontactbearings, Catastrophic failure, buckling, Centrifugal castings, , Centrifugal clutch, Centrifugal force, belts, Centroidal axis columns, , , curved beams, – straight beams, , Ceramics, , Cermet pads, CES Edupack software, Chain dimensioning, Chain drives, – Chain velocity, Charpy notchedbar test, – Chordal speed variation, Choudury, M., Chromesilicon wire, , Chromevanadium wire, , Chromium, , Chromiumnickel steels, , Circular pad caliper brake, – Circular runout control, , – Circularity control, – , – Circular pitch, – , , – , Clamshell marks, Clearance, journal bearings, , – preferred fits, spur gears, straight bevel gears, , Clearance circle, Close running fit, Closed ends, springs, – Closewound extension springs, Clough, R. W., , Clutches bandtype, – cone clutches, – energy considerations, – external contracting rim, – friction, frictionalcontact axial, – friction materials, – internal expanding rim, – miscellaneous clutches and couplings, – static analysis of, – temperature rise, – torque capacity, , uniform pressure, , – uniform wear, – Codes, – Coefficient of friction clutches and brakes, , , , , flat and roundbelt drives, interference fits, threaded fasteners, journal bearings, – , – , power screws, ,  V belt, worm and wormgears, , , – Coefficient of speed fluctuation, – static analysis of, – symmetrical pivoted shoe, – temperature rise, – wear, – , – Brass, – Breakeven points, – Brinell hardness, , , BrittleCoulombMohr (BCM) theory, – Brittle materials BrittleCoulombMohr (BCM) theory, – failure summary, fatigue failure criteria, – fracture criteria, maximumnormalstress theory for, modified Mohr (MM) theory, , – , SmithDolan fatigue criteria, – stressconcentration factor, static loading, – Bronze, – B life, Bubble chart, , , – Buckingham, E., – Buckingham (pi) method, Buckingham wear load, – Burnishing, of gears, Bushing, , , wear, – Button pad caliper brake, – Butt welds, , – C CAD software, – , Calculations and significant figures, – Caliper brakes, – Cap screws, , Carbon content, , , – Cartesian stress components, – Cartridge brass, – Case hardening, Case study (power transmission) bearing selection, – deflection check, – design for stress, final shaft design, – gear specification, – key design, – problem specification, – , – shaft layout, speed, torque, and gear ratios, – Castigliano’s theorem, – curved beam deflections, – flat triangular spring deflection, helical spring deflection, , statically indeterminate problems, – Casting alloys, Casting materials, – Cast irons, – endurance limits, fatigue test data, minimum strength, numbering system for, stress concentration and, Cast steels, – Bearings, rollingcontact bearing life, – boundary dimensions for, – combined radial and thrust loading, – lubrication, – mounting and enclosure, – parts of, relating load and life at rated reliability, – relating load and life at other than rated reliability, – reliability, – tapered roller bearings. See Tapered roller bearings types of, – variable loading, – Bearing stress, , , Belleville springs, – Belt drives Flat and round belts, – Flat metal belts, Timing belts, – V belts, – Belts, – Bending moments in beams, – Bergsträsser factor, Beryllium bronze, Bevel gears, , – AGMA equation factors, – AGMA symbols for bevel gear rating equations, – bevel gearing, general, – bevelgear stresses and strengths, – design of a straightbevel gear mesh, – straightbevel gear analysis, – Bilateral tolerance, Blake, J. C., Bolt preload, , , – Bolts, – , . See also Joints relating bolt torque to bolt tension, – strength, – Bonus tolerance, – , Bottom land, Boundary conditions, – Boundary elements, Boundarylubricated bearings, – bushing wear, – linear sliding wear, – temperature rise, – Boundary lubrication, , , – Boundary representation (Brep), Bowman Distribution, , Boyd, John, – Brakes bandtype, – cone, – disk brakes, – energy considerations, – external contracting, – friction materials, – internal expanding, – properties of brake linings, selfenergizing/deenergizing, Index Derived median line, – , Derived median plane, , Derived unit, Design Assessment for Selected RollingContact Bearings, – Design basics calculations and significant figures, – case study specifications, – categories, considerations, design factor/factor of safety, – dimensions and tolerances, – economics, – in general, – information sources, – phases and interactions of, – relating design factor to reliability, – reliability and probability of failure, – safety/product liability, standards and codes, – stress and strength, tools and resources, – topic interdependencies, uncertainty in, – units, – Design engineer communication and, , – professional responsibilities of, – Design factor, , – Deviation (limits and fits), Diametral pitch, Die castings, , Dimensions and tolerances. See also Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing choice of, – terminology of, – systems of, , – Dimensionseries code (ABMA), Direct load, Direct mounting of bearings, – Direct shear, , , – Discrete distributions, Discrete mean, Discrete standard deviation, Discretization errors, – Disk brakes, – circular pad caliper, – uniform pressure, – uniform wear, – Disk clutch, – Displacement, Castigliano’s theorem, Distortionenergy (DE) failure theory, – , Distribution Gaussian (normal), Weibull, – Doubleenveloping worm gearsets, Doublerow bearings, Doublethreaded screw, Dowel pin, Dowling, M. E., Drawing (tempering), – Drive pin, Drum brake, Ductilebrittle transition, Ductile (nodular) cast iron, – Courant, R., Crack growth, – , – Crack modes and stress intensity factor, – Creep, – Critical buckling load, – Critical frequency of helical springs, – Critical load, Critical speeds for shafts, – Critical stress intensity factor, – Critical unit load, Crowned pulleys, , C load rating, – , – , , Cumulative fatigue damage, – Curvature effect, – Curved beams in bending deflections, – stresses, – Cylindrical contact, – Cylindrical roller bearings, , – Cylindrical worm gear. See Singleenveloping worm gearset Cylindricity control, – , , D Datsko, Joseph, Datum, – , Datum axis, – , , Datum feature, – , – , Datum feature symbol, – Datum feature simulator, – , , , Datum of size, Datum reference frame, – , Decisionmaking, – Dedendum, Deflection beam deflection methods, – beam deflections by singularity functions, – beam deflections by superposition, – Castigliano’s theorem, – , – , , , columns with eccentric loading, – compression members, general, deflection due to bending, theory, – deflection of curved members, – elastic stability, intermediatelength columns with central loading, long columns with central loading, – shock and impact, – spring rates, – statically indeterminate problems, – strain energy, – struts or short compression members, – tension, compression, and torsion, Deflection considerations, shafts, – DEASME elliptic equation, DEGerber equation, DEGoodman equation, DESoderberg equation, Degrees of freedom (dof’s), Coefficients of variance, Cold forming, Cold rolling, Cold working, – Coldworking processes, – Collins, J. A., Columns critical load, with eccentric loading, – Euler column formula, intermediatelength with central loading, long columns with central loading, – parabolic formula, secant column formula, – slenderness ratio, unstable bending, Commercial bronze, Commercial seal, Communication of design (presentation), – skills, , – Completely reversed stress, , , , , Composite materials, – Compound gear train, – Compound reverted gear train, Compression members, struts or short compression members, – Compression springs. See Helical coil compression springs Compression tests, – Compressive stress, Computational errors, Computational tools, – Computeraided design (CAD) software, – , Computeraided engineering (CAE), Concentricity control, , , Concept design, – Cone angle, , – Cone clutch, – uniform pressure, uniform wear, – Conical spring, , (Prob. – ) Conjugate action, Constantforce spring, Constructive solid geometry (CSG), Contact adhesives, Contact fatigue strength, , Contact ratio, – Contact stresses, – cylindrical contact, – spherical contact, – Continuing education, Continuous probability distributions, Copperbase alloys, – Corrosion, Corrosionresistant steels, – Cost considerations. See Economics CoulombMohr theory for ductile materials, – , , , CoulombMohr theory for brittle materials. See BrittleCoulombMohr (BCM) theory Couplings, – Mechanical Engineering Design for threaded elements, for welds, Fazekas, G. A., Feature, GD&T definition of, , Feature control frame, – , Feature of size, , – , , Featurerelating tolerance zone framework (FRTZF), – , Felt seals, Ferritic chromium steels, – Field, J., Filler, Fillet welds, – . See also Welds Filling notch, Film pressure, – Finite element, Finiteelement analysis (FEA), , – about, – boundary conditions, – critical buckling load, – element geometries, – element library, finiteelement method, – finiteelement solution process, – load application, – mesh generation, – modeling techniques, – thermal stresses, types of errors in, – vibration analysis, – Finiteelement analysis (FEA) programs, , , Finiteelement method, – Finiteelement solution process, – Finite life, Finitelife region, – Firbank, T. C., Fit, Fits interference fits, – preferred limits and fits, – types of, Fitted bearing, Flat belts, – Flatbelt drives, – Flatness control, – , – Flexible mechanical elements belts, – flatand roundbelt drives, – flat metal belts, – flexible shafts, – roller chain, – timing belts, – V belts, – wire rope, – Flexible shafts, – Flexural endurance limit, Floating caliper brake, Fluctuating simple loading, – Fluctuating stresses, characterization of, – combinations of loading modes, – fatigue failure criteria for, – torsional fatigue strength under, varying, cumulative fatigue damage, – Fluid lubrication, Equivalent radial load, Equivalent vonMises stress, Euler column formula, , Eutectoid steel, Evaluation, Expandingring clutch, Extension springs. See Helical coil extension springs External contracting rim clutches and brakes, – Extremepressures (EP) lubricants, Extrusion, , F Facecontact ratio, , – Facetoface mounting (DF), Face width, Factor of safety, Failure, probability of, – Failure theories, static loading, brittle materials, – ductile materials, – fracture mechanics, – selection of failure criteria, – Fasteners, – stiffness, – threaded, – Fatigue failure, defined, Fatigue failure from variable loading characterizing fluctuating stresses, – combinations of loading modes, – crack formation and propagation, – cumulative damage, – endurance limit, – endurance limit modifying factors, – fatigue failure criteria for fluctuating stress, – fatiguelife methods, fatigue strength, – fluctuating stresses, – , introduction to fatigue in metals, – linearelastic fracture mechanics method, – road maps and important design equations, – stages of, – strainlife method, – stress concentration and notch sensitivity, – stresslife method, – surface fatigue strength, – torsional fatigue strength under fluctuating stresses, Fatigue limit, . See also Endurance limit Fatigue loading of helical compression springs, – of tension joints, – of welded joints, – of wire rope, – Fatigue problem categories, Fatigue strength, , – Fatigue stressconcentration factor. See also Stress concentration defined, – application to fluctuating stresses, for gear teeth, , Ductile materials CoulombMohr theory for, – , distortionenergy theory for, – , Dowling method for, failure summary, – maximumshearstress theory for, – , selection of failure criteria, – stressconcentration factor, – , yield criteria, Ductility, Dunkerley’s equation, Duplexing (bearings), Durability (life) correlations, Dynamic loading, stress concentration effect, , – Dynamic viscosity, Dyne, E Eccentricity ratio, , , – Economics, – breakeven points, – cost estimates, large tolerances, – standard sizes, Effective arc, Effective slenderness ratio, Effective stress, Efficiency belt drives, screw thread, – wormgearing, , , Eigenvalues, Eigenvectors, Elastic coefficient, , , , , – Elastic creep, Elastic instability, , Elasticity, modulus of, Elastic limit, , Elastic strain, – Elastohydrodynamic lubrication, , Elastomers, , Electrolytic plating, Elimination approach, Enclosures (bearings), – Endcondition constant, , Endurance limit, , , – Endurance limit modifying factors, – loading factor, – miscellaneouseffects factor, – reliability factor, – size factor, – surface factor, – temperature factor, – Engineering stress and strength, Engineering stressstrain diagrams, Engineers’ Creed (NSPE), Engraver’s brass, Envelope principle, , Epicyclic gear trains, Equilibrium, Equilibrium and freebody diagrams, – Equivalent bending load, , Equivalent diameter, Index extension springs, – fatigue loading of, – materials used for, – maximum allowable torsional stresses for, stability (buckling), – for static service, – stresses in. See Helical springs setremoval, Helical coil extension springs, – ends for, fatigue analysis, – loaddeflection relation, – maximum allowable stresses for, maximum tensile stress, – static applications, – Helical coil torsion springs, – bending stress, deflection and spring rate, – end location description, – fatigue strength, – static strength, Helical gears, , – , – . See also Spur and helical gears, AGMA Helical springs. See also Helical coil extension, compression, or torsion springs critical frequency of, – the curvature effect, – deflection of, spring rate, stresses in, – Helix angle, , – Hertz, H., , Hertzian endurance strength, – Hertzian stresses, , , . See also Contact stresses Hertz theory, Hexagonhead bolt, Hexagonhead screw, Hexagon nuts, – Highcycle fatigue, – Highleaded brass, Hobbing, Holding power, Hole basis (limits and fits), Hooke’s law, , , – Hoop stress, Hotworking processes, – Hrennikoff, A., Hydraulic clutches, Hydrodynamic lubrication, , – , Hydrostatic lubrication, Hypoid gears, , I Idle arc, Impact, – Impact load, Impact properties, – Impact value, Inchpoundsecond system (ips), Indirect mounting, – Infinitelife region, – Influence coefficients, Injection molding, milling, shaping, – Gear tooth bending, , , , Gear tooth wear, , , , Gear train value, Gear trains, – Gear wear, , , – General threedimensional stress, – Generating line, Geometric attributes, – , Geometric characteristics, – , Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing (GD&T), , – basic dimension, , , definition of, , datum, – , feature control frame, – , geometric characteristics, – , glossary of terms, – material condition modifiers, – , standards, symbolic language, – tolerance zone, – , Geometric stressconcentration factor, . See also Stress concentration factor Geometry factors, – Gerber fatiguefailure criterion, – , , , – , , , , Gerber failure line, – Gibhead key, Gilding brass, Global instabilities, Goodman fatigue failure criterion, , – , , , , – , , Goodman failure line, – Government information sources, Gravitational system of units, Gravity loading, Gray cast iron, Green, I., Griffith, A. A., – Grip, Grooved pulleys, Grossman, M. A., Guest theory, H HagenPoiseuille law, Ham, C. W., Harddrawn steel spring wire, – Hardness, – Hardnessratio factor, , – , – Harmonic frequencies, Harmonics, Haringx, J. A., Heading, Heat transfer analysis (FEA), Heat treatment of steel, – Helical coil compression springs, – critical frequency of, – deflection of. See Helical springs design for fatigue loading, – design for static service, – endcondition constants for, ends, types of, – Flywheels, , – Footpoundsecond system (fps), Force analysis bevel gearing, – case study, helical gearing, – method, – spur gearing, – worm gearing, – Force fit, Forging, Form, in GD&T, – , , , Form controls, – Form cutters, Fracture mechanics, – , crack modes and stress intensity factor, – fracture toughness, – quasistatic fracture, – Fracture toughness, – Freebody diagrams, – Freecutting brass, Free running fit, Frettage corrosion, and flywheels, Frictionalcontact axial clutches, – Friction materials, for brakes and clutches, – Friction variable, Full bearing, Fullfilm lubrication, , Fundamental contact stress equation, Fundamental deviation (limits and fits), G Gamma function, Gasketed joints, Gaussian (normal) distribution, GD&T. See Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing Gear bending strength, – Gear mesh design, – Gears, general, – AGMA factors. See AGMA equation factors conjugate action, contact ratio, – force analysis, bevel gearing, – force analysis, helical gearing, – force analysis, spur gearing, – force analysis, worm gearing, – fundamentals, – gear teeth formation, – gear trains, – interference, – involute properties, nomenclature, – parallel helical gears, – straight bevel gears, – tooth systems, – types of gears, – Gear strength spur and helical gears, – bevel gears, , , , – Gear teeth formation, – finishing, hobbing, Mechanical Engineering Design lubricant flow, – lubricant temperature rise, – Petroff’s equation, – pressurefed bearings, – relations of the variables, – stable lubrication, steadystate conditions in selfcontained bearings, – thickfilm lubrication, – thrust bearings, – types of lubrication, – viscosity, – Lubrication failure, Lüder lines, – Lundberg, M Macaulay functions, , Machinescrew head styles, – Magnesium, Magnetic clutches, Major diameter, Malleable cast iron, Manganese, – Manson, S. S., MansonCoffin equation, , Manson’s method, – Margin of safety, Marin factors, – Marin, Joseph, Martensite, – Martensitic stainless steels, Martin, H. C., Material condition modifiers, – , Material efficiency coefficient, Material index, Materials. See also specific materials alloy steels, – casting materials, – coldworking processes, – composite materials, – corrosionresistant steels, – families and classes of, – hardness, – heat treatment of steel, – hotworking processes, – impact properties, – investment casting, nonferrous metals, – numbering systems, – plastics, – powdermetallurgy process, sand casting, selection of, – shell molding, – statistical significance of properties of, – strength and cold work, – strength and stiffness, – temperature effects, – Materials selection charts, – Mathematical models, Matrix, Maximum material boundary, , Maximum material condition (MMC), , , – , Lewis form factor, Limits, , – Linear damage hypothesis, , Linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM), Linearelastic fracture mechanics method, , – Linear sliding wear, – Linear spring, Line elements, Line of action, , , Line of contact, Little, R. E., Load and stress analysis Cartesian stress components, – contact stresses, – curved beams in bending, – elastic strain, – equilibrium and freebody diagrams, – general threedimensional stress, – Mohr’s circle for plane stress, – normal stresses for beams in bending, – press and shrink fits, – shear force and bending moments in beams, – shear stresses for beams in bending, – singularity functions, – stress, stress concentration, – stresses in pressurized cylinders, – stresses in rotating rings, – temperature effects, torsion, – uniformly distributed stresses, – Load application, – Load application factors, Load factor, – Loading factor, Load intensity, – Loadlifereliability relationship, , Load line, Loadsharing ratio, Loadstress factor, Load zone, Location, in GD&T, – , , , Location controls, – Locational clearance fit, Locational interference fit, Logarithmic strain, Loose running fit, Looseside tension, Low brass, – Lowcontactratio (LCR) helical gears, Lowcycle fatigue, , Lower deviation (limits and fits), Lowleaded brass, L life, Lubrication, of roller bearings, – Lubrication and journal bearings bearing types, – boundarylubricated bearings, – clearance, – design considerations, – hydrodynamic theory, – loads and materials, – Interference fits, – , – gear teeth, – of stress and strength, – Internal expanding rim clutches and brakes, – drum torque, shoe forces, – shoe geometry, – shoe pressure distribution, – Internal friction theory, Internal gear, Internalshoe brake, International System of Units (SI), International tolerance (IT) grade numbers (limits and fits), Internet information sources, Interpolation equation for lubrication charts, – Invention of the concept, – Investment casting, , Involute helicoid, Involute profile, Involute properties, Isotropic materials, IT numbers (limits and fits), Ito, Y., – Izod notchedbar test, – J J. B. Johnson formula, , , Joerres, R. E., Joints, bolted and riveted bolted and riveted joints loaded in shear, – fastener stiffness, – fatigue loading of tension joints, – gasketed, member stiffness, – shear joints with eccentric loading, statically loaded tension joint with preload, – tension joints with external loads, – Jominy test, Journal bearing, – K Karelitz, G. B., – Keys and keyways, , – Kinematic viscosity, Kips, Kurtz, H. J., L Labyrinth seal, Laminates, Landgraf, R. W., Langer criterion, – Langlay ropes, Lap joints, , , Lead, Least Material Boundary (LMB), , , Least Material Condition (LMC), , , – , Leibensperger, R. L., Lewis, Wilfred, Lewis bending equation, – Index Perpendicularity control, – , – Peterson, R. E., Petroff’s equation, – Phosphor bronze, Phosphorbronze wire, Piecewisecontinuous periodic loading cycle, – Pilkey, W. D., Pillowblock bearings, Pinion, Pinion cutter, Pinion tooth bending, , , , Pinion tooth wear, , , , Pins, – Pitch, , Pitch circle, , , Pitch diameter, , , , – Pitch length, Pitchline velocity, , Pitch point, , Pitch radius, Pitting, , Pitting resistance, AGMA stress equation, – Pittingresistance geometry factor, – Plain end springs, Plane of analysis, Plane slider bearing, Plane stress, – , Mohr’s circle shear convention, – transformation equations, Planetary gear trains, , Planet carrier (arm), , Planet gears, Plastics, – Pneumatic clutches, Poise (P), Poisson’s ratio, , Polymers, – , Poritsky, Position control, , – Positivecontact clutch, – Potential energy, – , Poundforce (lbf), Powdermetallurgy process, , , Power screws, – Power transmission case study about, bearing selection, , – deflection check, design for stress, design sequence for power transmission, – final analysis, , force analysis, , gear specification, , – key and retaining ring selection, , – key design, power and torque requirements, , problem specification, – shaft design for deflection, , – shaft design for stress, , shaft layout, , – shaft material selection, , specifications, – speed, torque, and gear ratios, – Muntz metal, Music wire, – N Natural frequency, , , Naval brass, Needle bearings, , Neuber constant, Neuber equation, Neutral axis, – , Neutral plane, Newmark, N. M., Newtonian fluids, Newton (N), Nickel, , Nodes, Nodular cast iron, – Noise, vibration and harshness (NVH), Nominal mean stress method, Nominal size, Nominal stresses and strengths, Nonferrous metals, – Nonlinear softening spring, Nonlinear stiffening spring, Normal circular pitch, Normal diametral pitch, Normalizing, – Normal stress, Norris, C. H., Notchedbar tests, – Notch sensitivity, – Numbering systems, – Nuts, – , O Octahedral shear stresses, Octahedralshearstress theory, – Offset method, Oil flow, , Oiliness agents, Oiltempered wire, Opening crack propagation mode, Orientation, in GD&T, – , , Orientation controls, – Osgood, C. C., Other side (weld symbol), Overconstrained system, Overload factors, , , – , Overload release clutch, – Overrunning clutch or coupling, P PalmgrenMiner cycleratio summation rule, – , Parabolic formula, Parallelaxis theorem, , Parallel helical gears, – Paris equation, Parallelism control, – , Partial bearing, Partitioning approach, Patternlocating Tolerance Zone Framework (PLTZF), – , Pearlite, Pedestal bearings, Peel stresses, , Performance factors, Permanentmold casting, Maximumnormalstress theory for brittle materials, Maximumshearstress theory (MSS), – , , , Maxwell’s reciprocity theorem, McHenry, D., McKee, S. A., McKee, T. R., McKee abscissa, Mean coil diameter, Mechanical efficiency, Mechanical springs. See Springs Median life, Medium drive fit, Mesh, Mesh density, Mesh generation, – fully automatic, manual, – semiautomatic, Mesh refinement, Metalmold castings, Metals, , nonferrous, – Metals Handbook (ASM), Metal spraying, Metric fastener specifications, – , Milling, Mindlin, Miner’s rule, – Minimum film thickness, – , Minimum life, Minor diameter, Misalignment, , , , Miscellaneouseffects factor, – MisesHencky theory, Mises stresses, , – Mixedfilm lubrication, – Modal analysis, – Mode I, plane strain fracture toughness, Modeling techniques, – Modern Steels and Their Properties Handbook, Modified Goodman diagram, – Modified Goodman failure line, – Modified Goodman fatigue failure criterion. See Goodman fatigue failure criterion Modified Mohr (MM) theory, – , Module, Modulus of elasticity, , , – , , , Modulus of elasticity of wire rope, Modulus of resilience, Modulus of rigidity, , , Modulus of rupture, Modulus of toughness, Mohr’s circle for plane stress, – Mohr theory of failure, , – Moldedasbestos linings and pads, Molybdenum, , Moment connection, Moment load (secondary shear), Monte Carlo computer simulations, Multiple of rating life, Multiplethreaded product, , Multipoint constraint equations, Mechanical Engineering Design supporting axial loads, torque transmission provisions, – Shafts and shaft components about, bearings, couplings, critical speeds for shafts, – defined, deflection considerations, – flexible, – keys and pins, – layout, – limits and fits, – materials for, – retaining rings, setscrews, – shaft design for stress, – Shaping, – Shearenergy theory, Shear force in beams, – Shearlag model, , Shear loaded bolted and riveted joints, – Shear modulus, , Shear stresscorrection factor, Shear yield strength, , , , Sheaves, Shell molding, – , Shock, – Shot peening, , , Shoulders, – , – , – , , Shrink fits, – Significant figures, – Silicon, Silicon bronze, Sines failure criterion, , Singleenveloping (cylindrical) worm gearset, , . See also Worm gears Singlerow bearing, – Singularity functions, , – , – Sinteredmetal pads, Size factor, – , , Slenderness ratio, , Sliding fit, , Sliding mode, Sliding velocity, – Slug, SmithDolan locus, – Smith, G. M., Smith, James O., SmithLiu, SN diagram. See Strengthlife diagram Snugtight condition, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), , Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME), Socket setscrews, Soderberg line, – , Software CAD, – CES Edupack, engineeringbased, FEA programs, , , nonengineeringspecific, Solid elements, Residual stress method, Resilience, Resistance welding, Retaining rings, , , , Reynolds equation, , – Reynolds, Osborne, – Righthand rule, threads, Rigid elements, Rimthickness factor, – Ring gear, , Rivet joint, – Roark’s Formulas for Stress and Strain, Rockwell hardness, Roller chain, – Rollingcontact bearings. See Bearings, rollingcontact Roll threading, Rolovic, R. D., Root diameter, Rotary fatigue, Rotatingbeam test, , Rotating rings, stresses in, – Rotation factor, , Roundbelt drives, , – Rule # , , Runout control, , – Russell, Burdsall & Ward Inc., Ryan, D. G., S Safety, , , – SaintVenant’s principle, Salakian, A. G., Samónov, C., Sand casting, , Saybolt Universal viscosity (SUV), Scoring, Screws machine screws, – power screws, – selflocking, thread standards and definitions, – Sealants. See Adhesive bonding Seals for bearings, – Seam welding, Secant column formula, – Secondary shear, , Section modulus, Selfacting (selflocking) phenomenon, Selfadaptive mesh refinement, Selfaligning bearings, , , , Selfcontained bearings, – Selfdeenergizing brake shoe, Selfenergizing brake shoe, Selflocking screw, Series system, Set removal, Setscrews, – Shaft basis (limits and fits), Shaft design for stress, – critical locations, – estimating stress concentrations, – shaft stresses, – Shaft layout, – assembly and disassembly, – axial, Preload (bolts), , , – Preloading (bearings), Presentation, – Presetting, Press and shrink fits, – , Pressure angle, , , Pressurefed bearings, – Pressure line, Pressuresensitive adhesives, Pressurized cylinders, stresses in, – Pretension, bolt preload, , , – Primary shear, , , Principal directions, , Principal secondarea moments, Principal stresses, , – Probability density function (PDF), Probability of failure, – Problem definition, , Problemsolving, – , Product liability, Professional societies, , Profile controls, – Profile of a line, , Profile of a surface, , Proof load, Proof strength, , Propagation of dispersion, Propagation of error, Propagation of uncertainty, Proportional limit, Puck pad caliper brake, – Pulley correction factor, – , Punchpress torque demand, – Pure compression, Pure shear, Pure tension, Q Quality numbers (AGMA), , Quasistatic fracture, – Quenching, R R. R. Moore highspeed rotatingbeam machine, Rack, Rack cutter, Radial clearance, , , , Radial clearance ratio, Radius of gyration, Raimondi, Albert A., – RaimondiBoyd analysis, – , – , – , , Rainflow counting technique, Rate of shear, Rating life, – Rayleigh’s model for lumped masses, Red brass, – Redundant supports, Regardless of feature size (RFS), , Regular lay, Relatively brittle condition, Reliability, , , – Reliability factors, , – , – , – Reliability method of design, , Repeated stresses, , Index stressconcentration factor, techniques for reducing, Stressconcentration factor, , – . See also Stress concentration Stresscorrection factor, Stresscycle factor, – , – Stresses, , , Cartesian stress components, – contact stresses, – general threedimensional, – normal stresses for beams in bending, – normal stresses for curved beams in bending, – in pressurized cylinders, – in rotating rings, – shear stresses for beams in bending, – shear stresses for torsion, – stress concentration, – thermal, uniformly distributed stresses, – Stress intensity factor, – Stress intensity modification factor, Stresslife method, – Stress numbers, – , , – Stress raisers, Stress ratio, , Stress relieving, Stressstrain diagram, – , , , Stress yield envelope, – , Strict liability concept, Structural instabilities (buckling), Structural adhesives, – Struts, – Studs, Sun gear, Superposition, – Surface compressive stress, Surface condition factor, Surface elements, Surface endurance shear, Surface endurance strength, Surface factor, – Surface fatigue failure, , – , – Surface fatigue strength, – Surfacestrength geometry factor, – Symmetry control, , , T Tandem mounting (DT), Tangential shear stress, Tapered fits, Tapered roller bearings, – . See also Bearings, rollingcontact catalog data, – equivalent radial load, – fit, induced thrust load, , mounting, direct and indirect, – nomenclature, selection of, – Tearing mode, Temperature effects on deflection and stress, on material properties, – Standard sizes, Statically indeterminate problems, – Static equilibrium, Static load, , Static loading, failures resulting from about, BrittleCoulombMohr (BCM) and modified Mohr (MM) theories, – , CoulombMohr theory for ductile materials, – design equations summary, – distortionenergy theory for ductile materials, – failure of brittle materials summary, failure of ductile materials summary, – failure theories, summary, , fracture mechanics, introduction to, – maximumnormalstress theory for brittle materials, maximumshearstress theory for ductile materials, – selection of failure criteria, – static strength, – stress concentration, , – Statistical tolerance system, Steel castings, – Steels alloy steels, – cast steels, – corrosionresistant, – heat treatment of, – modulus of elasticity, numbering system for, – strength relation to hardness, Stereolithography, Stiffness of a bolt, of materials, , , of the members in a bolted joint, – Stiffness constant of a bolted joint, Stochastic analysis, , Stock sizes, Straight bevel gears. See Bevel gears Straight roller bearings. See Cylindrical roller bearings Straightness control, – , Strain energy, – Strainhardened, Strainlife method, , – Strength, , Strengthlife (SN) diagram, , – , – Stress concentration, – , – . See also Fatigue stressconcentration factor adjustment for notch sensitivity, – estimating for shafts, – FEA analysis of, , – in keyseats, in sharp cracks, Solidfilm lubricant, Sommerfeld, A., Sommerfeld number, , , , Sorem, J. R., Specific modulus, Specific stiffness, Specific strength, Speed ratio, Spherical contact stress, – Sphericalroller thrust bearing, , Spinning, Spiral angle, Spiral bevel gears, , Spiroid gearing, Splines, Spot welding, Spring constant, Spring index, , , Spring rates, – , , Springs, , – . See also Helical springs about, Belleville springs, – mechanical properties of some spring wires, miscellaneous springs, – spring materials, – Spring surge, , Sprockets, Spur gears. See also Spur and helical gears, AGMA described, force analysis, – minimum teeth on, – tooth systems, Spur and helical gears, AGMA AGMA nomenclature, – AGMA strength equations, – AGMA stress equations, – analysis, – dynamic factor, – elastic coefficient, gear mesh design, – geometry factors, – hardnessratio factor, – Lewis bending equation, – loaddistribution factor, – overload factor, , – reliability factor, – rimthickness factor, – roadmap summaries, – safety factors, , – size factor, stresscycle factors, – surface condition factor, surface durability, – symbols, – temperature factor, Squarejaw clutch, Square key, Square threads, Stable lubrication, Stainless steels, , – Stamping, Standards and codes, – defined, organizations with specific, – Mechanical Engineering Design W Wahl, A. M., Wahl factor, Washers, , – , , Wear from contact fatigue, of boundarylubricated bearings, – of clutches and brakes, – , , – , – of gears, , , , of wire rope, Wear factor, , , – Wear factor of safety, , , Weibull distribution, , , – , Weibull parameters, , , Weld bonding, Welded joints butt and fillet welds, , – fatigue loading, – references, resistance welding, static loading, – welded joints, strength of, – welded joints in bending, stresses in, – welded joints in torsion, stresses in, – welding symbols (AWS), – White cast iron, Wileman, J., Wire rope, – Wolford, J. C., Woodruff key, – Worm gears, AGMA equation, – analysis, – Buckingham wear load, – efficiency, , examples, , force analysis, – mesh design, – nomenclature, – standard tooth form, thrust, rotation, and hand relations, Wovenasbestos lining, Wovencotton lining, Wrought alloys, Y Yellow brass, – Yield point, , , , , Yield strength, , , , , , Young’s modulus of elasticity, , , – , Z Zerol bevel gear, Zimmerli, F. P., Zimmerli data, – , , Transmission error, Transmitted load, – , , , Transverse circular pitch, , Transverse shear stress, – in square threads, strainenergy correction factors for, Tresca theory, True strain, True stress, True stressstrain diagram, – , , Trumpler, P. R., – Trumpler’s design criteria, – Truss element, Tungsten, Turner, M. J., – Turnofthenut method, Twobearing mountings, – Twoplane bending, – U Ultimate strength, , , , – , Uncertainty, – Uncorrected torsional stress, Undercutting, – , , Unified Numbering System for Metals and Alloys (UNS), – Uniform pressure, clutches and brakes, – , Unified thread series, – Uniform wear, clutches and brakes, – , – , – Unilateral tolerance, Unit load, , , Unit second polar moment of area, – Units, – Unstable equilibrium, Unstable lubrication, Upper deviation (limits and fits), – U.S. customary unit system, , V Vanadium, Variable loading, of bearings, – Variable stresses, , V belts, , – , – Velocity factor, – , – , Vibration analysis (FEA), – Virtual condition, Virtual number of teeth, , Viscosity, – , – Volkersen, O., , Volute spring, von Mises, R., von MisesHencky theory, von Mises theory, von Mises stress, , in a static failure theory, – in combined fatigue loading, , in FEA models, – , in shafts, , in welds, Temperature factor, , , Temper carbon, Tempered martensite, Tempering, – Tensile strength, . See also Ultimate strength Tensile stress, Tensilestress area, – Tensile test, – Tensiontest specimens, – Theoretical stressconcentration factor, . See also Stressconcentration factor Thermal stresses, , – , – Thermoplastics, , – Thermoset, – , – Thickfilm lubrication, – Thinfilm lubrication, , , – Thinwalled pressure vessels, Threaded fasteners, – Thread standards, definitions, – Threedimensional stress, – Thrust bearings, – , – Timing belts, , , – , Timken Company, , , – Tipton, S. M., Titanium, Tolerance position letters, – Tolerances. See also Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing, and Limits and Fits bilateral, choice of, cost considerations, – definition of, , , tolerance stackup, – unilateral, Tolerance zone, – , Tooth systems, – Tooth thickness, – , Top land, Topp, L. J., Torque coefficient, Torque transmission, – Torquetwist diagram, Torque vector, Torsion, – buckling of thinwalled beam, closed thinwalled tubes, – deflection, open thinwalled sections, – strain energy, of welded joints, Torsional fatigue strength, , – Torsional strengths, Torsional yield strength, , , Torsion springs, – Total runout control, , – Toughness, Tower, Beauchamp, Train value, – , , Transmission accuracy number, ,
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