كتاب Shigley’s Mechanical Engineering Design Eleventh Edition
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منتدى هندسة الإنتاج والتصميم الميكانيكى
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الرئيسيةالبوابةأحدث الصورالتسجيلدخولحملة فيد واستفيدجروب المنتدى

شاطر
 

 كتاب Shigley’s Mechanical Engineering Design Eleventh Edition

اذهب الى الأسفل 
كاتب الموضوعرسالة
rambomenaa
كبير مهندسين
كبير مهندسين
rambomenaa

عدد المساهمات : 2041
التقييم : 3379
تاريخ التسجيل : 21/01/2012
العمر : 46
الدولة : مصر
العمل : مدير الصيانة بشركة تصنيع ورق
الجامعة : حلوان

كتاب Shigley’s Mechanical Engineering Design Eleventh Edition Empty
مُساهمةموضوع: كتاب Shigley’s Mechanical Engineering Design Eleventh Edition   كتاب Shigley’s Mechanical Engineering Design Eleventh Edition Emptyالأربعاء 20 يونيو 2012 - 6:22

أخواني في الله
أحضرت لكم كتاب
Shigley’s Mechanical Engineering Design
Eleventh Edition
Richard G. Budynas
Professor Emeritus, Kate Gleason College of Engineering,
Rochester Institute of Technology
J. Keith Nisbett
Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering,
Missouri University of Science and Technology

كتاب Shigley’s Mechanical Engineering Design Eleventh Edition S_m_e_15
و المحتوى كما يلي :


Preface xv
Part
Basics
Introduction to Mechanical Engineering Design
Materials
Load and Stress Analysis
Deflection and Stiffness
Part
Failure Prevention
Failures Resulting from Static Loading
Fatigue Failure Resulting from Variable Loading
Part
Design of Mechanical Elements
Shafts and Shaft Components
Screws, Fasteners, and the Design of Nonpermanent Joints
Welding, Bonding, and the Design of Permanent Joints
Page ix
Mechanical Springs
Rolling-Contact Bearings
Lubrication and Journal Bearings
Gears—General
Spur and Helical Gears
Bevel and Worm Gears
Clutches, Brakes, Couplings, and Flywheels
Flexible Mechanical Elements
Power Transmission Case Study
Part
Special Topics
Finite-Element Analysis
Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing
Appendixes
Useful Tables
Answers to Selected Problems
Index
Preface xv
Part
Basics
Chapter
Introduction to Mechanical Engineering Design
Design
Mechanical Engineering Design
Phases and Interactions of the Design Process
Design Tools and Resources
The Design Engineer's Professional Responsibilities
Standards and Codes
Economics
Safety and Product Liability
Stress and Strength
Uncertainty
Design Factor and Factor of Safety
Reliability and Probability of Failure
Relating Design Factor to Reliability
Dimensions and Tolerances
Units
Calculations and Significant Figures -
Design Topic Interdependencies
Power Transmission Case Study Specifications
Problems
Chapter
Materials
Material Strength and Stiffness
The Statistical Significance of Material Properties
Plastic Deformation and Cold Work
Cyclic Stress-Strain Properties
Hardness
Impact Properties
Temperature Effects
Numbering Systems
Sand Casting
Shell Molding
Investment Casting
Powder-Metallurgy Process
Hot-Working Processes
Cold-Working Processes
The Heat Treatment of Steel
Alloy Steels
Corrosion-Resistant Steels
Casting Materials
Nonferrous Metals
Plastics
Composite Materials
Materials Selection -
Page xi
Problems
Chapter
Load and Stress Analysis
Equilibrium and Free-Body Diagrams
Shear Force and Bending Moments in Beams
Singularity Functions
Stress
Cartesian Stress Components
Mohr's Circle for Plane Stress
General Three-Dimensional Stress
Elastic Strain
Uniformly Distributed Stresses
Normal Stresses for Beams in Bending
Shear Stresses for Beams in Bending
Torsion
Stress Concentration
Stresses in Pressurized Cylinders
Stresses in Rotating Rings
Press and Shrink Fits
Temperature Effects
Curved Beams in Bending
Contact Stresses
Summary
Problems
Chapter -
Deflection and Stiffness
Spring Rates
Tension, Compression, and Torsion
Deflection Due to Bending
Beam Deflection Methods
Beam Deflections by Superposition
Beam Deflections by Singularity Functions
Strain Energy
Castigliano's Theorem
Deflection of Curved Members
Statically Indeterminate Problems
Compression Members–General
Long Columns with Central Loading
Intermediate-Length Columns with Central Loading
Columns with Eccentric Loading
Struts or Short Compression Members
Elastic Stability
Shock and Impact
Problems
Part
Failure Prevention
Chapter
Failures Resulting from Static Loading
Static Strength -
Stress Concentration
Failure Theories
Maximum-Shear-Stress Theory for Ductile Materials
Distortion-Energy Theory for Ductile Materials
Coulomb-Mohr Theory for Ductile Materials
Failure of Ductile Materials Summary
Maximum-Normal-Stress Theory for Brittle Materials
Modifications of the Mohr Theory for Brittle Materials
Failure of Brittle Materials Summary
Selection of Failure Criteria
Introduction to Fracture Mechanics
Important Design Equations
Problems
Chapter
Fatigue Failure Resulting from Variable Loading

Introduction to Fatigue
Chapter Overview
Crack Nucleation and Propagation
Fatigue-Life Methods
The Linear-Elastic Fracture Mechanics Method
The Strain-Life Method
The Stress-Life Method and the S-N Diagram
The Idealized S-N Diagram for Steels
Endurance Limit Modifying Factors
Stress Concentration and Notch Sensitivity -
Page xii
Characterizing Fluctuating Stresses
The Fluctuating-Stress Diagram
Fatigue Failure Criteria
Constant-Life Curves
Fatigue Failure Criterion for Brittle Materials
Combinations of Loading Modes
Cumulative Fatigue Damage
Surface Fatigue Strength
Road Maps and Important Design Equations for the Stress-Life Method

Problems
Part
Design of Mechanical Elements
Chapter
Shafts and Shaft Components
Introduction
Shaft Materials
Shaft Layout
Shaft Design for Stress
Deflection Considerations
Critical Speeds for Shafts
Miscellaneous Shaft Components
Limits and Fits
Problems -
Chapter
Screws, Fasteners, and the Design of
Nonpermanent Joints
Thread Standards and Definitions
The Mechanics of Power Screws
Threaded Fasteners
Joints–Fastener Stiffness
Joints–Member Stiffness
Bolt Strength
Tension Joints–The External Load
Relating Bolt Torque to Bolt Tension
Statically Loaded Tension Joint with Preload
Gasketed Joints
Fatigue Loading of Tension Joints
Bolted and Riveted Joints Loaded in Shear
Problems
Chapter
Welding, Bonding, and the Design of Permanent
Joints
Welding Symbols
Butt and Fillet Welds
Stresses in Welded Joints in Torsion
Stresses in Welded Joints in Bending
The Strength of Welded Joints -
Static Loading
Fatigue Loading
Resistance Welding
Adhesive Bonding
Problems
Chapter
Mechanical Springs
Stresses in Helical Springs
The Curvature Effect
Deflection of Helical Springs
Compression Springs
Stability
Spring Materials
Helical Compression Spring Design for Static Service
Critical Frequency of Helical Springs
Fatigue Loading of Helical Compression Springs
Helical Compression Spring Design for Fatigue Loading
Extension Springs
Helical Coil Torsion Springs
Belleville Springs
Miscellaneous Springs
Summary
Problems
Chapter -
Page xiii
Rolling-Contact Bearings
Bearing Types
Bearing Life
Bearing Load Life at Rated Reliability
Reliability versus Life–The Weibull Distribution
Relating Load, Life, and Reliability
Combined Radial and Thrust Loading
Variable Loading
Selection of Ball and Cylindrical Roller Bearings
Selection of Tapered Roller Bearings
Design Assessment for Selected Rolling-Contact Bearings
Lubrication
Mounting and Enclosure
Problems
Chapter
Lubrication and Journal Bearings
Types of Lubrication
Viscosity
Petroff's Equation
Stable Lubrication
Thick-Film Lubrication
Hydrodynamic Theory
Design Variables
The Relations of the Variables
Steady-State Conditions in Self-Contained Bearings
Clearance -
Pressure-Fed Bearings
Loads and Materials
Bearing Types
Dynamically Loaded Journal Bearings
Boundary-Lubricated Bearings
Problems
Chapter
Gears–General
Types of Gears
Nomenclature
Conjugate Action
Involute Properties
Fundamentals
Contact Ratio
Interference
The Forming of Gear Teeth
Straight Bevel Gears
Parallel Helical Gears
Worm Gears
Tooth Systems
Gear Trains
Force Analysis–Spur Gearing
Force Analysis–Bevel Gearing
Force Analysis–Helical Gearing
Force Analysis–Worm Gearing
Problems -
Chapter
Spur and Helical Gears
The Lewis Bending Equation
Surface Durability
AGMA Stress Equations
AGMA Strength Equations
Geometry Factors I and J (ZI and YJ)
The Elastic Coefficient C
p (ZE)
Dynamic Factor Kv
Overload Factor K
o
Surface Condition Factor C
f (ZR)
Size Factor K
s
Load-Distribution Factor K
m (KH)
Hardness-Ratio Factor CH (ZW)
Stress-Cycle Factors YN and ZN
Reliability Factor KR (YZ)
Temperature Factor KT (Yθ)
Rim-Thickness Factor KB
Safety Factors SF and SH
Analysis
Design of a Gear Mesh
Problems
Chapter
Page xiv
Bevel Gearing–General
Bevel-Gear Stresses and Strengths
AGMA Equation Factors
Straight-Bevel Gear Analysis
Design of a Straight-Bevel Gear Mesh
Worm Gearing–AGMA Equation
Worm-Gear Analysis
Designing a Worm-Gear Mesh
Buckingham Wear Load
Problems
Chapter
Clutches, Brakes, Couplings, and Flywheels
Static Analysis of Clutches and Brakes
Internal Expanding Rim Clutches and Brakes
External Contracting Rim Clutches and Brakes
Band-Type Clutches and Brakes
Frictional-Contact Axial Clutches
Disk Brakes
Cone Clutches and Brakes
Energy Considerations
Temperature Rise
Friction Materials
Miscellaneous Clutches and Couplings
Flywheels
Problems -
Chapter
Flexible Mechanical Elements
Belts
Flat- and Round-Belt Drives
V Belts
Timing Belts
Roller Chain
Wire Rope
Flexible Shafts
Problems
Chapter
Power Transmission Case Study
Design Sequence for Power Transmission
Power and Torque Requirements
Gear Specification
Shaft Layout
Force Analysis
Shaft Material Selection
Shaft Design for Stress
Shaft Design for Deflection
Bearing Selection
Key and Retaining Ring Selection
Final Analysis
Problems -
Special Topics
Chapter
Finite-Element Analysis
The Finite-Element Method
Element Geometries
The Finite-Element Solution Process
Mesh Generation
Load Application
Boundary Conditions
Modeling Techniques
Thermal Stresses
Critical Buckling Load
Vibration Analysis
Summary
Problems
Chapter
Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing
Dimensioning and Tolerancing Systems
Definition of Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing
Datums
Controlling Geometric Tolerances -
-
-
-
-
A B
Geometric Characteristic Definitions
Material Condition Modifiers
Practical Implementation
GD&T in CAD Models
Glossary of GD&T Terms
Problems
Appendixes
Useful Tables
Answers to Selected Problems
Index
AAb
rasion,
Absolute stability,
Absolute tolerance system,
Absolute viscosity,
Acme threads,
Actual mating envelope, – ,
Actual strain,
Actual stress,
Addendum a,
Adhesive bonds
application of, –
joint design and, –
references for,
stress distributions and, –
types of adhesives and, –
Admiralty metal, –
AGMA equation factors. See also American Gear Manufacturers Association (AGMA)
allowable bending stress numbers, –
allowable contact stress, –
bending-strength geometry factor,
bevel and worm gears, –
contact stress and,
crowning factor for pitting,
dynamic factor, – ,
elastic coefficient for pitting resistance, –
geometry factors, –
hardness-ratio factor, – , –
lengthwise curvature factor for bending strength,
load-distribution factor, – ,
overload factor, pitting resistance geometry factor,
reliability factors, – , –
reversed loading,
rim-thickness factor, –
safety factor,
size factor,
stress, –
stress-cycle factor, – ,
surface condition factor,
surface-strength geometry factor, –
temperature factor,
worm gearing, –
AGMA quality numbers,
ALGOR,
Alignment (bearings),
Allowable bending stress numbers, –
Allowable contact stress, –
Allowable stress numbers,
Allowance,
Alloy cast irons,
Alloy steels, – ,
Alternating stress,
Aluminum
characteristics of, –
numbering system for,
Aluminum alloys,
Aluminum brass,
Aluminum bronze,
American Bearing Manufacturers Association (ABMA),
American Chain Association (ACA),
American Gear Manufacturers Association (AGMA), . See also AGMA equation factors
approach of,
nomenclature, –
standards, –
strength equations, –
stress equations, – American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) building construction code,
American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI),
American National (Unified) thread standard,
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), – ,
bolt strength standards,
lap joint stress,
viscosity standards,
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME),
American Welding Society (AWS),
Anaerobic adhesives,
Angle of action,
Angle of approach,
Angle of articulation,
Angle of recess,
Angle of wrap,
Angularity control, –
Angular-velocity ratio,
Annealing,
ANSI/AGMA standards,
ANSYS,
Antifriction bearings,
Arc of action,
Arc of approach,
Arc of recess,
Arrow side of joint,
Ashby, M. F.,
ASME. See American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ASME-elliptic line,
ASME Y . - ,
ASME Y . - Dimensioning and Tolerancing (American Society of Mechanical
Engineers),
ASME Y . - standard,
Associated Spring,
ASTM. See American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
Austenitic chromium-nickel steels,
Automatic self-adaptive mesh refinement programs, – Page
Automeshing,
Average life,
AWS. See American Welding Society (AWS)
Axial clutch, frictional contact, –
Axial layout, for shaft components, –
Axial loads, –
Axial pitch,
Axial stresses, on shafts,
Axle,
BBa
cklash,
Back to back mounting (DB),
Bainite,
Ball bearings. See also Bearings
selection of, –
thrust and, –
types of,
Ball bushings,
Band-type clutches and brakes, –
Barth, Carl G.,
Barth equation,
Base circle,
Base pitch, –
Basic dimension,
Basic Dynamic Load Rating,
Basic static load rating,
Basquin’s equation,
Bauschinger effect, –
Beach marks,
Beam deflections
due to bending, –
methods for,
by singularity functions, –
by superposition, –
Beamswith asymmetrical sections, –
bending in curved, –
bending moment and curvature of, –
normal stresses and beams in bending, –
shear force and bending moments in, –
shear stresses for beams in bending, –
two-plane bending and, –
Bearing alloys, –
Bearing characteristic number,
Bearing life, – ,
Bearing pressure,
Bearing reliability, –
Bearings. See also Journal bearings; Rolling-contact bearings; specific types of bearings
alignment of,
alloys for, –
antifriction,
ball and cylindrical roller, – , –
big-end connecting rod, –
boundary-lubricated, –
collar,
combined radial and thrust loading in, –
double-row,
life of, – ,
load life at rated reliability and, –
lubrication of, –
material choice for, –
mounting and enclosure of, –
needle,
overview of,
related load, life, and reliability and, –
reliability vs. life of, –
rolling-contact, –
screw,
selection of, –
self-aligning,
self-contained, – sleeve,
tapered roller, –
thrust and,
types of, –
variable loading in, –
Bearing stress,
Belleville springs, –
Belting equation,
Belts
flat metal, –
timing, – , –
types of, –
V, –
Bending moments
in beams, – , – , – , – (See also Beams)
fundamental equations for,
on shafts,
in springs,
Bending-strength geometry factor,
Bending stress, – , – , – , – , . See also Lewis
bending equation
Bergsträsser factor,
Beryllium bronze,
Beryllium copper,
Bevel and worm gears. See also Gears; Worm gears
AGMA equation factors for, – , –
AGMA symbols for bevel gear rating equations, –
Buckingham wear load and, –
classification of, –
straight-bevel gear analysis and, –
straight-bevel gear mesh design and, –
stresses and strengths of, –
worm-gear mesh design and, –
Bevel gears. See also Bevel and worm gears
analysis of straight, –
description of, force analysis and, –
hypoid,
spiral,
straight, – ,
stresses and strengths of, –
zerol, –
Big-end connecting rod bearings, –
Bilateral tolerance,
Blake, J. C.,
Blanking,
Bolted joints
loaded in shear, –
tension-loaded,
Bolts. See also Joints
function of,
preload and,
relating bolt torque to bolt tension, –
stiffness and,
strength of, –
thread length of,
torquing of,
Bonds, adhesive. See Adhesive bonds
Bonus tolerance,
Booker, J. F.,
Bottom land,
Boundary conditions,
Boundary elements,
Boundary-lubricated bearings
bushing wear and, –
description of, –
linear sliding wear and,
temperature rise and,
Boundary lubrication, –
Boundary representation (B-rep),
Bowman Distribution,
Boyd, John, Page
Brakes
band-type, –
cone, –
disk, –
energy considerations for, –
external contracting rim, –
friction materials for, –
internal expanding rim, –
linings for,
static analysis of, –
temperature rise for, –
Brake shoe,
Brass, –
Breakeven points,
Brinell hardness,
Brittle-Coulomb-Mohr (BCM) theory,
Brittle-ductile transition temperature,
Brittle materials
Brittle-Coulomb-Mohr (BCM) theory,
classification of,
failure of, –
fatigue failure criteria for, –
modifications of Mohr theory for, –
relatively,
Smith-Dolan fracture criteria for, –
stress-concentration factor and,
Broghamer, E. I.,
Bronze,
Bubble chart,
Buckingham, E.,
Buckingham load-stress factor,
Burnishing, gear,
Bushings, –
Bushing wear, –
Button pad caliper brake, –
Butt welds, – CCA
D software
applications for, –
GD&T and,
Caliper brakes, –
Cap screws, –
Carbon steels,
Cartesian stress components, –
Cartridge brass,
Case hardening, –
Case study (power transmission). See Power transmission (case study)
Castigliano’s theorem, – , – ,
Casting
centrifugal,
die,
of gear teeth,
investment,
materials for, –
permanent-mold,
sand,
Casting alloys,
Cast irons
hardness,
numbering system for, –
shafts and,
stress concentration and,
types of, –
Cast steels,
Catalog load rating,
Centrifugal casting,
Centrifugal clutch,
Cermet pads,
CES Edupack software,
Chain dimensioning, –
Chains,
Chains for Power Transmissions and Materials Handling (American Chain Association), Charpy notched-bar test,
Chevron lines,
Chordal speed variation,
Choudury, M.,
Chrome-silicon wire,
Chrome-vanadium wire,
Chromium,
Circularity control, –
Circular pad caliper brake, –
Circular pitch p,
Circular runout, –
Classical method of design,
Clearance,
journal bearings and, –
Clearance c,
Clearance circle,
Close-wound extension springs,
Clough, R. W.,
Clutches
band-type, –
cone, –
energy considerations for, –
external contracting rim, –
friction,
frictional-contact axial, –
friction materials for, –
internal expanding rim, –
miscellaneous, –
static analysis of, –
temperature rise for, –
uniform pressure in,
uniform wear in, –
Codes, –
Coefficient of friction
journal bearings and,
in screw threads, torque and,
Coefficients of variance,
Coining,
Cold-drawn steel,
Cold rolling,
Cold-work factor,
Cold working, – , –
Cold-working processes, –
Collins, J. A.,
Columns
classification of,
with eccentric loading, –
intermediate-length with central loading, –
long with central loading, –
Commercial bronze,
Commercial seal,
Complete journal bearing,
Completely reversed stress,
Completely reversing simple loading, –
Composite materials,
Compound gear train,
Compound reverted gear train,
Compression,
Compression members, analysis and design of,
Compression springs
description of, –
extension springs vs.,
helical, –
Compression tests, stress-strain relationships from,
Compressive stress,
Computational errors,
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) programs,
Computation frame,
Computer-aided design (CAD) software, – ,
Computer-aided engineering (CAE),
Concentrated force function, Page
Concentrated moment function,
Concentricity control,
Concept design, –
Cone angle, –
Cone clutch
description of, –
uniform pressure in,
uniform wear in, –
Conical springs,
Conjugate action, –
Constant amplitude loading,
Constant-force springs,
Constant-life approach,
Constant-life curves, –
Constructive solid geometry (CSG),
Contact adhesives,
Contact ratio, –
Contact strength (contact fatigue strength),
Contact stresses
cylindrical, –
description of, – ,
spherical, –
Continuing education,
Coordinate dimensioning system, . See also Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing
(GD&T)
Copper-base alloys,
Corrosion (endurance limit),
Corrosion-resistant steels,
Cost considerations. See Economics
Cost estimates,
Coulomb-Mohr theory, – ,
Couplings, –
Courant, R.,
Crack growth,
Crack modes, stress intensity factor and, –
Crack nucleation, fatigue failure from, – Crack propagation, fatigue failure from,
Cracks, . See also Fracture mechanics
Creep,
Creep test,
Creep-time curve,
Critical buckling load,
Critical deflection, of springs,
Critical speeds, for shafts, –
Critical stress intensity factor,
Critical unit load,
Crossed belts,
Crowned pulleys,
Crowning factor for pitting,
Cumulative fatigue damage, –
Curvature effect,
Curve-beam theory,
Curved beams, bending in, –
Curved members, deflection in, –
Curve-fit equations,
Curve-fit polynomials, –
Cyclic frequency,
Cyclic hardening,
Cyclic-minimum film thickness,
Cyclic Ramberg-Osgood,
Cyclic softening,
Cyclic strain strengthening exponent,
Cyclic strength coefficient,
Cyclic stress-strain curve, –
Cyclic stress-strain properties, –
Cyclic yield strength,
Cylindrical contact stresses, –
Cylindrical roller bearings, – , –
Cylindricity control,
DDa
mage-tolerant design, Datum features, – , – , – ,
Datum feature simulator,
Datum reference frame,
Datums. See also Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing (GD&T)
actual mating envelopes and, –
description of, –
feature symbol for, –
immobilization of part and,
nonplanar features of,
order of, –
Dedendum b,
Deflection analysis,
shafts and, – , –
in springs, –
Deflection and stiffness, . See also Stiffness
beam deflection methods and,
beam deflections by singularity functions and, –
beam deflections by superposition and, –
bending and, –
Castigliano’s theorem and, –
columns with eccentric loading and, –
compression members and,
deflection of curved members and, –
elastic stability and, –
helical springs and,
intermediate-length columns with central loading and, –
long columns with central loading and, –
shock and impact and, –
spring rates and, –
statically indeterminate problems, –
strain energy and, –
struts or short compression members and, –
tension, compression, and torsion and,
Deflection equations,
Deformation equation,
DE-Gerber criteria, Page
Degrees of freedom (dof’s),
DE-Morrow criteria,
Derived unit,
Design basics
calculations and significant figures, –
case study specifications, –
considerations,
design factor/factor of safety, –
dimensions and tolerances, –
economics, –
in general, –
information sources, –
phases and interactions of, –
relating design factor to reliability, –
reliability and probability of failure, –
safety/product liability,
standards and codes, –
stress and strength,
tools and resources, –
topic interdependencies,
uncertainty in, –
units, –
Design engineer
communication and, –
professional responsibilities of, –
Design factor,
Design Manual for Cylindrical Wormgearing,
DE-SWT,
Deterministic design factor method,
Deviation,
Diametral interference, between shaft and hub,
Diametrical pitch P,
Die castings,
Dimensioning. See Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing (GD&T)
Dimensions
choice of, – terminology of, –
Dimension-series code, –
Direct load,
Direct mounting,
Discrete distributions,
Discretization errors, –
Disk brakes
description of, –
uniform pressure in,
uniform wear in,
Disk clutches, . See also Disk brakes
Dislocations,
Distortion-energy (DE) theory, – ,
yield strength in shear and, –
Dolan, T. J.,
Doorstops,
Double-row bearings,
Dowling, N.,
Drawing (tempering),
Drum brake,
Ductile cast iron,
Ductile materials
classification of,
Coulomb-Mohr theory for, –
distortion-energy theory for, –
failure of, –
maximum-shear-stress theory for, –
selection of failure criteria for,
static loading and, –
stress-strain diagram of, –
Ductility,
Dunkerley’s equation,
Duplexing,
Duplex mounting,
Dynamically loaded journal bearings, –
Dynamic factor, spur and helical gears and, – , Dynamic loads
as element loads,
journal bearings and, –
stress concentration effect and,
Dynamic viscosity,
Dyne,
EEc
centricity, centrifugal force deflection in shafts and,
Eccentricity rate, –
Eccentricity ratio,
Eccentric loading
columns with, –
shear joints with, –
Economics
breakeven points,
cost estimates,
large tolerances, –
standard sizes,
Edge shearing, –
Effective arc,
Effective slenderness ratio,
Effective stress,
Effective viscosity,
Eigenvalues,
Eigenvectors,
Elastic coefficient, – ,
Elastic creep,
Elastic deformation,
Elastic instability,
Elasticity,
Elastic limit,
Elastic stability, –
Elastic strain, –
Elastic-strain Basquin equation,
Elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL), Electrolytic plating,
Element geometries, –
Element library,
Element loads,
Elimination approach,
Enclosures (bearings), –
End-condition constant,
Endurance limit modifying factors
application of, –
corrosion,
cyclic frequency,
electrolytic plating,
frettage corrosion,
loading factor,
metal spraying,
miscellaneous-effects factor, –
reliability factor, –
size factor, –
surface factor, –
temperature factor, –
Endurance limits
estimation of, –
flexural,
Energy absorption, properties of, –
Energy considerations, for brakes and clutches, –
Engineering stress-strain diagrams,
Engineers’ Creed (NSPE),
Engraver’s brass,
Envelope principle,
Epicyclic gear trains,
Equilibrium,
unstable,
Equivalent bending load,
Equivalent radial load,
Euler column formula,
Euler equation, Euler’s method, – , – ,
Evaluation,
Expanding-ring clutch,
Extension springs
close-wound,
compression springs vs.,
correction stresses for, –
description of, –
ends for,
fatigue and, –
function of,
initial tension in,
Extreme-pressure (EP) lubricants, –
Extrusion,
FFa
ce-contact ratio,
Face load distribution factor, –
Face-to-face mounting (DF),
Factor of safety, – , . See also Safety
Fail-safe design,
Failure. See also Fatigue failure; Fatigue failure from variable loading; Static loading, failures
resulting from
examples of, –
meaning of,
Mohr theory of, – ,
probability of, –
selection of criteria for,
theories of,
Failure prevention, knowledge of,
Failure theory flowchart,
Fasteners. See also specific types of fasteners
eccentric loading of,
overview of,
stiffness of, –
threaded, – Page
Fatigue damage, cumulative, –
Fatigue ductility coefficient,
Fatigue ductility exponent,
Fatigue failure
background on,
examples of, –
low-cycle, –
mechanisms of, –
shaft materials and,
stages of, –
Fatigue failure criteria
applications of, –
ASME-Elliptic,
for brittle materials, –
Gerber,
Goodman, – , –
Morrow,
in pure shear case,
recommendations, –
Smith-Watson-Topper,
Soderberg, –
Walker,
Fatigue failure from variable loading
characterizing fluctuating stresses and, –
combinations of loading modes and, –
constant-life curves and, –
crack formation and propagation and, –
cumulative fatigue damage and, –
endurance limit modifying factors and, –
fatigue failure criteria and, –
fatigue failure criterion for brittle materials and, –
fatigue-life methods and, –
fluctuating-stress diagram and, –
idealized S-N diagram for steels and, –
linear-elastic fracture mechanics method and, –
road maps and important design equations for the stress-life method and, – strain-life method and, –
stress concentration and notch sensitivity and, –
stress-life method and, –
surface fatigue strength and, –
Fatigue-life methods, –
Fatigue loading
of helical compression springs, –
of tension joints, –
of welded joints, –
Fatigue strength
data for, –
estimated at cycles,
nature of,
of springs, –
Fatigue strength coefficient,
Fatigue strength exponent,
Fatigue stress-concentration factor, – ,
Fazekas, G. A.,
FEA. See Finite-element analysis (FEA)
Feature,
Feature control frame, – ,
Feature of size,
Felt seals,
Ferritic chromium steels,
Field, J.,
Filler,
Fillet welds, –
bending properties of, –
steady loads and size of,
torsional properties of,
Filling notch,
Film pressure, –
Finite element,
Finite-element analysis (FEA)
applications for, –
beam deflections and, boundary conditions and,
critical buckling load and,
element geometries and, –
load application and, –
mesh generation and, –
method of, –
modeling techniques and, –
software programs for,
solution process and, –
stress-concentration factors and,
stress interactions and,
summary of,
thermal stresses and, –
vibration analysis and, –
Firbank, T. C.,
Fits
description of shaft, –
interference, –
using basic hole system,
Fitted bearing,
Flat-belt and round-belt drives
analysis of, –
description of,
flat metal belts and, –
function of, –
materials for,
pulley size and, –
tension and, –
theory of, –
Flat belts,
Flat metal belts, –
Flatness control, –
Flat springs, . See also Springs
Flexible mechanical elements
belts as, –
flat-and round-belt drives as, – flexible shafts as,
roller chains as, –
timing belts as, – , –
V belts as, –
wire rope as, –
Flexible shafts,
Flexural endurance limit,
Floating caliper brake, –
Fluctuating simple loading, –
Fluctuating-stress diagram, –
Fluctuating stresses
fatigue cracks and,
fatigue failure criterion and,
issues characterizing, –
Fluctuating-stress values,
Fluid lubrication,
Flywheels, –
Foot-pound-second system (fps),
Force analysis
of bevel gearing, –
free-body diagrams for, –
guidelines for,
of helical gearing, –
of spur gearing, –
of worm gearing, –
Forging,
Forming,
Fracture mechanics
background on, –
crack modes and stress intensity factor and, –
equation for,
fatigue failure and, –
fracture toughness and, –
quasi-static fracture and, –
Fracture toughness,
Free-body diagrams, for force analysis, – Page
Free-body force analysis,
Free-cutting brass,
Frettage corrosion,
Frictional-contact axial clutches
description of,
uniform pressure in, –
uniform wear in, –
Friction clutch,
Friction materials, –
Friction variable,
Full-film lubrication,
Functions, singularity, –
Fundamental contact stress equation, –
Fundamental deviation, for shafts,
GGa
mma function,
Gasketed joints,
Gaskets, soft,
Gates Rubber Company,
Gaussian (normal) distribution,
GD&T (Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing). See Geometric Dimensioning and
Tolerancing (GD&T)
Gear bending strength, –
Gear mesh
analysis of, –
design of, – , –
Gears. See also Bevel and worm gears; Spur and helical gears; specific types of gears
AGMA approach and, –
conjugate action in, –
contact ratio and, –
fundamentals of, –
interference in, –
involute properties of, –
nomenclature for, –
parallel helical, – selecting appropriate, –
straight bevel, – ,
tooth systems for, –
types of,
worm, – ,
Gear strength, –
Gear teeth
bending stress in, –
conjugate action and, –
contact ratio and, –
formation of, –
helical, –
interference and, –
terminology of, –
Gear tooth bending,
Gear tooth wear,
Gear train force analysis
bevel gearing, –
helical gearing, –
notation for,
spur gearing, –
worm gearing, –
Gear trains
axes rotation and,
description of, –
train value and, –
two-stage compound,
Gear wheel,
Generating line,
Geometric characteristic controls and symbols,
Geometric controls
form, –
location, –
orientation, –
profile, –
runout, – Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing (GD&T),
CAD models and,
control of, –
datums and, –
defined, –
geometric attributes of features for, –
geometric characteristic definitions and, –
glossary of terms for, –
material condition modifiers and, –
overview of, –
practical implementation of, –
standards for,
symbolic language for, –
Geometric stress-concentration factor,
Geometry factor, –
Gerber fatigue-failure criterion,
Gerber line,
Gib-head key,
Gilding brass,
Glasses,
Global instabilities,
Goodman, John,
Goodman diagram,
Goodman failure criterion,
Goodman failure line,
Goodman-Haigh diagram,
Goodman line, – ,
Government information sources,
Gravitational mass of units,
Gravity loading,
Gray cast iron, – ,
Green, I.,
Griffith, A. A.,
Grip l,
Grooved pulleys,
Grossman, M. A., Guest theory. See Maximum- shear-stress theory (MSS)
HHa
gen-Poiseuille law,
Haigh diagram,
Ham, C. W.,
Hard-drawn steel spring wire,
Hardness,
Hardness-ratio factor, – , –
Hardness testing,
Haringx, J. A.,
Haugen, E. B.,
Heading,
Heat transfer analysis, –
Heat transfer rate,
Heat treatment, of steel, –
Helical coil torsion springs
bending stress in, –
deflection and spring rate in, –
description of, –
end location of, –
fatigue strength in, –
static strength in, –
Helical compression spring design, for static service, –
Helical compression springs
design for fatigue loading, –
fatigue loading of, –
Helical gears. See also Gears; Spur and helical gears
crossed,
description of,
force analysis and, –
parallel, –
standard tooth proportions for,
Helical rollers,
Helical springs
critical frequency of, – Page
deflection of,
fatigue loading of, –
maximum allowable torsional stresses for,
for static service, –
stresses in, –
Hertz, H.,
Hertzian contact pressure,
Hertzian endurance strength,
Hertzian field, –
Hertzian stress,
Hertz theory,
Hexagonal-head bolts,
Hexagon-head cap screws,
Hexagon nuts,
Hobbing,
Holding power,
Hole basis,
Hooke’s law,
Hoop stress,
Hot melts, –
Hot rolling, – ,
Hot-working processes, –
Hrennikoff, A.,
Hydraulic clutches,
Hydrodynamic lubrication, –
Hydrostatic lubrication,
Hypoid gears,
IId
le arc,
Impact, shock and, –
Impact load,
Impact properties, –
Impact value,
Inch-pound-second system (ips),
Indirect mounting, Infinite-life design,
Influence coefficients,
Information sources, –
Injection molding,
Interference
diametral,
gear teeth and, –
nature of,
Interference fits, –
Interference of strength,
Interference of stress,
Internal-friction theory,
Internal gear,
Internal-shoe brake, –
International Committee of Weights and Measures (CIPM),
International System of Units (SI),
International tolerance grade numbers (IT),
Internet information sources,
Interpolation equation,
Investment casting,
Involute helicoid,
Involute profile,
Involute properties, of gears, –
Irons
alloy cast,
ductile and nodular cast,
gray cast, –
malleable cast, –
white cast,
Ito, Y.,
Izod notched-bar test,
JJ.
B. Johnson formula, – ,
Joerres, R. E.,
Joints. See also specific types of jointsarrow side of,
bolted,
bolted and riveted, –
eccentric loading in shear, –
fastener stiffness and, –
fatigue loading of, –
gasketed,
lap, –
member stiffness and, –
statically loaded, – , –
stiffness constant of,
strength of welded, –
tension, –
tension-loaded bolted,
welded, – , –
Jominy test,
Journal bearings. See also Bearings; Lubrication and journal bearings
alloys for, –
big-end connecting rod, –
boundary-lubricated, –
design variables for, –
dynamically loaded, –
fitted,
material choice for, –
nomenclature of complete,
partial,
pressure-fed, –
self-contained, –
Trumpler’s design criteria for, –
types of, –
Journal orbit, –
Journal translational velocity, –
KKa
relitz, G. B.,
Keys (shafts), – , – Kinematic viscosity,
Kuhn, P.,
Kurtz, H. J.,
LLa
byrinth seal,
Lamont, J. L.,
Langer lines,
Lang-lay rope,
Lap joints, –
Law of action and reaction (Newton),
Least material condition (LMC), – ,
Leibensperger, R. L.,
Lengthwise curvature factor for bending strength,
Lewis, Wilfred,
Lewis bending equation, – ,
Lewis form factor,
Limits,
Limits (shaft), –
Linear-elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM) method, –
Linear sliding wear,
Linear springs,
Linear stress analysis,
Linear transverse line loads,
Lined bushing,
Line elements,
Line of action,
Line of contact,
Lipson, C.,
Little, R. E.,
Load and stress analysis
Cartesian stress components and, –
contact stresses and, –
curved beams in bending, –
elastic strain and, –
general three-dimensional stress and, – Page
Mohr’s circle for plane stress and, –
normal stresses for beams in bending and, –
press and shrink fits and, –
shear stresses for beams in bending and, –
singularity functions and, –
stress and, –
stress concentration and, –
stresses in pressurized cylinders and, –
stresses in rotating rings and, –
temperature effects and, –
torsion and, –
uniformly distributed stresses and, –
Load-application factor,
Load-distribution factor, – ,
Load factor,
Loading factor (endurance limit),
Loading modes, – ,
Load intensity,
Load-life-reliability relationship,
Load-sharing ratio,
Loads/loading
critical unit,
dynamic,
element,
fatigue, –
impact,
nodal,
reversed,
static, – , (See also Static loading, failures resulting from; Static
loads/loading)
surface, –
variable, – (See also Fatigue failure from variable loading)
Load-stress factor,
Load zone,
Location controls
concentricity, position, –
symmetry, –
Loose-side tension,
Loss-of-function parameter,
Low brass,
Low-contact-ratio (LCR) helical gears,
Low-cycle fatigue, –
Low-leaded brass,
Lubricant flow,
Lubricant temperature rise, – ,
Lubrication
boundary, –
elastohydrodynamic,
function of,
hydrodynamic, –
hydrostatic,
mathematical theory of,
mixed-film,
roller chain,
rolling bearing, –
solid-film,
splash,
stable, –
temperature rise and, – ,
thick-film, –
unstable,
Lubrication and journal bearings
bearing types and,
boundary-lubricated bearings and, –
clearance and, –
design variables for, –
dynamically loaded journal bearings and, –
hydrodynamic theory and, –
loads and materials and, –
lubrication types and, –
Petroff’s equation and, – pressure-fed bearings and, –
relationship between variables and, –
stable lubrication and, –
steady-state conditions in self-contained bearings and, –
thick-film lubrication and, –
viscosity and, –
Lüder lines, –
MMa
bie, H. H.,
Macaulay functions. See Singularity functions
Magnesium,
Magnetic clutches,
Major diameter, of screw threads,
Malleable cast iron, –
Manganese,
Manson, S. S.,
Manson-Coffin equation,
Map frame,
Margin of safety,
Marin, Joseph,
Marin’s equation,
Martensite,
Martensitic stainless steel,
Martin, H. C.,
Master fatigue diagram,
Material condition modifiers (MMC), – ,
Material efficiency coefficient,
Material index, –
Materials. See also specific materials
alloy steel and, –
casting, –
cold-working processes and, –
composite,
corrosion-resistant steel and,
cyclic stress-strain properties and, – energy absorption properties of, –
hardness and,
heat treatment of steel and, –
hot-working processes and, –
impact properties and, –
investment casting and,
nonferrous metals and, –
numbering systems and, –
plastic deformation and cold work and, –
plastics and,
powder-metallurgy process and,
sand casting and,
selection of, –
for shafts, –
shell molding and,
statistical significance of properties of, –
strength and stiffness, –
temperature effects and, –
Materials selection charts, –
Matrix,
Maximum load, – , – ,
Maximum material condition (MMC),
Maximum-normal-stress theory for brittle materials, – ,
Maximum shear stress,
Maximum-shear-stress theory (MSS), ductile materials and, – ,
Maximum shear theory,
Maxwell’s reciprocity theorem,
McHenry, D.,
McKee, S. A.,
McKee, T. R.,
McKee abscissa,
McKelvey, S. A.,
Mean coil diameter,
Mean stress,
fatigue failure and, – ,
fluctuating stresses and, – Page
loading mode and,
nonzero,
Mechanical springs. See Springs
Mesh,
Mesh density,
Mesh design
for straight-bevel gears, –
for worm gears, –
Mesh generation
fully automatic,
manual,
semiautomatic,
Mesh refinement,
Metal-mold castings,
Metals, nonferrous, –
Metals Handbook (ASM),
Metal spraying,
Metric threads, –
Milling, gear teeth,
Miner’s rule,
Minimum film thickness,
Minimum life,
Minor diameter, of screw threads,
Mischke, Charles R.,
Mitchiner, R. G.,
Mixed-film lubrication,
MMC. See Material condition modifiers (MMC)
Mobility map,
Mobility method, –
Mobility vector,
Modal analysis,
Mode I, plane strain fracture toughness,
Modeling techniques, –
Moderate applications,
Modern Steels and Their Properties Handbook (Bethlehem Steet),
Modified-Goodman diagram, Modified-Goodman line, –
Modified Mohr (MM) theory, –
Modified Mohr (plane stress),
Module m,
Modulus of elasticity,
Modulus of elasticity of rope,
Modulus of resilience, –
Modulus of rigidity,
Modulus of rupture,
Modulus of toughness,
Mohr’s circle diagram,
Mohr’s circle for plane stress, – ,
Mohr’s circle shear convention, –
Mohr theory for brittle materials, –
Mohr theory of failure, – , . See also Coulomb-Mohr theory
Molded-asbestos linings,
Molded-asbestos pads,
Molding,
Molybdenum,
Moment connection,
Moment load,
Monte Carlo computer simulations,
Morrow fatigue-failure criterion,
Morrow line,
MSC/NASTRAN,
Multiple of rating life,
Multiple-threaded product,
Multipoint constraint equations,
Muntz metal,
Music wire,
NNa
val brass,
Necking,
Needle bearings,
Neuber, H., Neuber constant,
Neutral plane,
Newmark, N. M.,
Newtonian fluids,
Newton (N),
Newton’s cooling model, –
Newton’s third law,
Nickel,
Nodal loads,
Nodes,
Nodular cast iron,
Noll, C. J.,
Nominal size,
Nominal stress,
Nonferrous metals, –
Nonlinear softening spring,
Nonlinear stiffening spring,
Nonplanar datum features,
Nonprecision bearings,
Normal circular pitch,
Normal diametrical pitch,
Normalizing process,
Normal strain,
Normal stress,
Norris, C. H.,
Notched-bar tests,
Notch sensitivity, stress concentration and, –
Numbering systems, –
Nuts
grade of,
hexagon,
OOc
tahedral shear stress, –
Octahedral-shear-stress theory,
Offset method, Oil outlet temperature,
Oil-tempered wire,
Opening crack propagation mode,
Orientation control, –
Osgood, C. C.,
Overconstrained systems,
Overload factor,
Overrunning clutch or coupling,
PPa
lmgren linear damage rule,
Palmgren-Miner cycle-ratio summation rule (Miner’s rule),
Parabolic formula, –
Parallel-axis theorem,
Parallel helical gears, –
Parallelism control, –
Paris equation,
Partial journal bearing,
Partitioning approach,
Pedestal bearings,
Performance factors,
Permanent joint design
adhesive bonding and, –
butt and fillet welds and, –
resistance welding and, –
welded joints and, – , –
welding symbols and, –
Permanent-mold casting,
Permissible contact stress number (strength) equation,
Peterson, R. E.,
Petroff’s equation, –
Phosphor bronze,
Pilkey, W. D.,
Pillow-block bearings,
Pinion,
Pinion bending, Page
Pinion cutter,
Pinion tooth bending,
Pinion tooth wear,
Pins (shafts), –
Pitch
of bevel gears,
of screw threads,
timing belt, –
Pitch circle,
Pitch diameter
of screw threads,
of spur-gear teeth,
Pitch length,
Pitch-line velocity,
Pitch point,
Pitch radius,
Pitting,
Pitting resistance, – ,
Pitting-resistance geometry factor,
Plane slider bearing,
Plane strain,
Plane stress,
Mohr’s circle for, – , –
Plane-stress transformation equations,
Planetary gear trains,
Planet carrier (arm),
Planet gears,
Plastic deformation, –
Plastics,
Plastic strain,
Plastic-strain Manson-Coffin equation,
Pneumatic clutches,
Poisson’s ratio,
Position control, –
Positive-contact clutch,
Potential energy. See Strain energyPound-force (lbf),
Powder-metallurgy process,
Power curve equation,
Power screws, –
Power transmission (case study)
background of,
bearing selection, –
design sequence for, –
final analysis,
force analysis,
gear specification, –
key and retaining ring selection, –
power and torque requirements,
shaft design for deflection, –
shaft design for stress,
shaft layout, –
shaft material selection,
Precipitation-hardenable stainless steels,
Preload
bolt,
considerations for,
statically loaded tension joint with, –
Presetting,
Press fits, – , –
Pressure angle,
Pressure-fed bearings, –
Pressure line,
Pressure-sensitive adhesives,
Pressure-strength ratio,
Pressurized cylinders, stresses in, –
Pretension, –
Primary shear,
Principal stresses,
Probability density function (PDF),
Probability of failure, –
Product liability, Professional societies,
Profile control, –
Profile of a line,
Profile of a surface,
Proof load, bolt,
Proof strength, bolt,
Propagation of dispersion,
Propagation of error,
Propagation of uncertainty,
Proportional limit,
Puck pad caliper brake, –
Pulleys
flat-belt and round-belt, –
forces and torque on,
Pure shear,
QQu
ality numbers (AGMA),
Quasi-static fracture, –
Quenching, –
RR.
R. Moore high-speed rotating-beam machine, –
Radial clearance ratio,
Radial loading/thrust loading combined, –
Radial stress, – ,
Radius of gyration,
Raimondi, Albert A.,
Raimondi-Boyd analysis, –
Rain-flow counting technique,
Ramberg-Osgood relationship,
Ramp function,
Rating life, –
Rayleigh’s equation,
Redundant supports,
Reemsnyder, Harold S., Regular-lay rope,
Related actual mating envelope, –
Relative velocity,
Reliability factor, – , – , –
Reliability method of design, –
Repeated stress,
Residual stress,
Resilience, –
Resistance welding, –
Retaining rings, – , –
Reynolds, Osborne,
Reynolds equation,
Right-hand rule,
Rim clutches
external contracting, –
internal expanding, –
Rim-thickness factor, –
Ring gear,
Riveted joints, loaded in shear, –
Roark’s formulas,
Roark’s Formulas for Stress and Strain (Young, Budynas & Sadegh),
Rockwell hardness,
Roller chains, –
Rolling bearings
description of,
lubrication and, –
types of, –
Rolling-contact bearings
ball and cylindrical roller bearing selection and, – , –
bearing load life at rated reliability and, –
combined radial and thrust loading of, –
description of,
design assessment for, –
fit and,
life of, –
lubrication of, – Page
mounting and enclosure of, –
relating load, life and reliability and, –
reliability of, –
reliability vs. life of, –
tapered roller bearings selection and, –
types of, –
variable loading and, –
Roll threading,
Ropes,
Rotary fatigue,
Rotating-beam specimen,
Rotating-beam test,
Rotating rings, stresses in, –
Rotscher’s pressure-cone method,
Round-belt drives. See Flat-belt and round-belt drives
Round belts,
Runge-Kutta method,
Runout controls, –
Russell, Burdsall & Ward Inc. (RB&W), –
Ryan, D. G.,
SSa
fe-life design,
Safety, – , . See also Factor of safety
Salakian, A. G.,
Samónov, C.,
Sand casting,
Saybolt Universal viscosity (SUV),
Screws
cap, –
elongation of,
power, –
self-locking,
stiffness and,
Screw threads
efficiency of, square,
terminology of and standards for, –
Sealants. See Adhesive bonds
Sealings, –
Seam welding,
Secant column formula,
Secondary shear,
Self-acting (self-locking) phenomenon,
Self-aligning bearings,
Self-contained bearings, –
Self-deenergizing brake shoe,
Self-energizing brake shoe,
Self-locking screw,
Series system,
Set removal,
Setscrews, –
Shaft basis,
Shaft components
keys and pins as, –
retaining rings as, –
setscrews as, –
Shaft coupling, –
Shaft design, for deflection, –
Shaft design for stress
critical locations and,
estimating stress concentrations and, –
first iteration estimates for,
shaft stresses and, – ,
Shaft layout
about, – , –
assembly and disassembly and, –
axial,
supporting axial loads,
torque transmission provisions and, –
Shaft material
fatigue failure and, selection of,
Shafts,
bearings in,
bending moments on,
couplings, –
critical speeds for, –
defined,
deflection analysis and, –
flexible,
fundamental deviation for,
layout of, –
limits and fits for, –
materials for, –
misalignment in,
Shallow drawing,
Shear-energy theory,
Shear force
bending moments in beams and, –
welded joints in torsion and,
Shearing edge, –
Shear-lag model,
Shear loading, bolted and riveted joints and, –
Shear modulus,
Shear stress
for beams in bending, –
maximum,
tangential,
torsion in shaft and, –
transverse, –
Shear stress-correction factor,
Shear yield strength,
Sheaves, – , –
Shell molding,
Shock,
Short compression members, struts as, –
Shrink fits, – , – Significant figures, –
Silicon,
Silicon bronze,
Simple loading
completely reversing, –
fluctuating, –
Sines failure criterion,
Single-row bearings,
Singularity functions
application of, – ,
beam deflections by, –
description of, –
Sintered-metal pads,
Size factor, – ,
Sleeve bearings,
Slenderness ratio,
Sliding fit,
Sliding mode,
Slip,
Slip lines, –
Slip planes,
Slug,
Smith, G. M.,
Smith-Dolan locus, –
Smith-Watson-(SWT) criterion,
Smith-Watson-Topper (SWT) fatigue-failure criterion,
S-N diagram. See Stress-life (S-N) diagram
Snug-tight condition,
torque and,
Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE),
bolt strength standards,
Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME),
Socket setscrews, –
Soderberg line, –
Software
CAD, – , Page
engineering-based,
engineering-specific,
Solid elements,
Solid-film lubricant,
Sommerfeld, A.,
Sommerfeld number,
Special-purpose elements,
Specific modulus (specific stiffness),
Speed ratio,
Spherical contact stresses, –
Spherical-roller thrust bearing,
Spinning,
Spiral bevel gears,
Spiroid gearing,
Splash lubrication,
Splines,
Spot welding,
Spring brass,
Spring constant,
Spring index,
Spring rate, –
Springs. See also specific types of springs
Belleville, –
classification of,
compression, –
conical,
constant-force,
critical frequency of helical, –
curvature effect in,
deflection in helical,
extension, –
fatigue loading of helical compression, –
function of,
helical coil torsion, –
helical compression spring design for fatigue loading, –
helical compression spring design for static service, – linear,
materials used for, –
nonlinear softening in,
nonlinear stiffening in,
scale of,
stability of, –
stresses in helical, –
volute,
Spring surge,
Sprockets,
Spur and helical gears. See also Gears; Helical gears
AGMA nomenclature, –
AGMA strength equations and, –
AGMA stress equations and, –
analysis of, –
description of,
dynamic factor and, – ,
elastic coefficient and, –
force analysis and, –
gear mesh analysis and, –
gear mesh design and, –
geometry factors and, –
hardness-ratio factor and, –
Lewis bending equation and, –
load-distribution factor and, –
overload factor and,
reliability factor and, –
rim-thickness factor and, –
safety factors and,
size factor and,
spur gears analysis and, –
stress-cycle factors and, –
surface condition factor and,
surface durability of, –
temperature factor and,
Square-jaw clutch, Square threads,
Squeeze-film action,
Stable cyclic hysteresis loop,
Stable lubrication, –
Stainless steels,
Stamping,
Standard Handbook of Machine Design (Shigley et al.),
Standards and codes, –
defined,
organizations with specific, –
Standard sizes,
Statically indeterminate problems, –
Statically indeterminate systems,
Static equilibrium,
Static loading, failures resulting from
Brittle-Coulomb-Mohr (BCM) and modified Mohr (MM) theories, –
brittle materials failure and, –
Coulomb-Mohr theory for ductile materials and, –
design equations and, –
distortion-energy theory for ductile materials, –
ductile materials and, –
failure theories and,
fracture mechanics and, –
maximum-normal-stress theory for brittle materials and, – ,
maximum-shear-stress theory for ductile materials and, –
selection of failure criteria and,
static strength and, –
stress concentration and, –
Static loads/loading
background of,
basic rating,
defined,
helical coil compression spring design flowchart for, –
stress-concentration factors and,
welding and, –
Static strengthin helical coil torsion springs, –
static loading and, –
Statistical tolerance system,
Steels
alloy, – ,
cast,
cold-drawn,
corrosion-resistant,
hardness,
heat treatment of, –
modulus of elasticity,
numbering system for, –
quantitative estimation of properties of heat-treated,
for springs,
stress-life (S-N) diagram for, –
temperature and, –
Stereolithography (STL),
Stiffness. See also Deflection and stiffness
bolt,
fastener, –
joint, –
procedure to find fastener,
Stiffness constant of the joint,
Stochastic methods,
Stock sizes,
Straight-bevel gears. See also Bevel and worm gears; Bevel gears
analysis of, –
description of, – ,
mesh design for, –
standard tooth proportions for,
Straightness control,
Straight roller bearings,
Straight-tooth bevel gears,
Strain
elastic, –
shear, Page
true, –
Strain energy, –
Strain hardening,
Strain-life method, –
Strain-life relation,
Strain-strengthening equation,
Strain-strengthening exponent,
Strength
nature of, –
static loading and, (See also Static loading, failures resulting from)
Strength equations (AGMA), –
Stress-concentration factor (SCF)
application of elastic,
estimation of, –
fatigue, – ,
gear teeth and,
geometric,
static loading and, – ,
theoretical,
Stress concentrations
estimation of, –
load and stress analysis and, –
mesh and, –
notch sensitivity and, –
shafts and,
static loading and, –
Stress-correction factor,
Stress-cycle factor, – ,
Stress distributions, adhesives and, –
Stress equations (AGMA), –
Stresses/stress analysis
bearing,
bending, – , – , – , – ,
Cartesian stress components and, –
compressive,
contact, – elastic strain and, –
fluctuating, – ,
in helical springs, –
hoop,
in interference fits, –
Mohr’s circle for plane, –
nature of, –
nominal,
normal, –
press and shrink fits and, –
in pressurized cylinders, –
principal,
radial, –
residual,
in rotating rings, –
shaft design for, – ,
shear, – ,
temperature effects on, –
tensile,
three-dimensional, –
torsion and, – , –
true, –
uniformly distributed, –
Stress intensity factor, –
Stress intensity modification factor,
Stress-life method, – , –
Stress-life (S-N) diagram
description of, –
high-cycle, –
mean stress and,
for steels, –
Stress numbers,
Stress raisers,
Stress ratio,
Stress relieving,
Stress-strain diagram, – , of ductile materials, –
for hot-rolled and cold-drawn steel,
stable cycle, –
strain rate in, –
Stress yield envelope,
Strict liability concept,
Structural adhesives,
Structural instabilities (buckling), –
Struts, –
Studs, –
Sun gear,
Superposition, beam deflections by, – ,
Surface compression stress,
Surface condition factor,
Surface elements,
Surface endurance shear,
Surface endurance strength,
Surface factor (endurance limit), –
Surface fatigue strength, –
Surface loads, –
Surface-strength geometry factor, –
Symmetry control, –
TTa
ndem mounting (DT),
Tangential stress, – ,
Tapered fits,
Tapered roller bearings
advantages of,
components of, –
nomenclature for, –
radial load on,
selection of, –
single-row straight bore, –
Taper pins,
Tearing mode, Temperature effects
on impact values,
load and stress analysis and, –
on materials, –
Temperature factor, – ,
Temperature rise
boundary-lubricated bearings and,
brakes and, –
clutches and, –
lubricant, – ,
Tempered martensite,
Tempering,
Tensile strength,
Tensile stress,
Tensile tests
application of, –
stress-strain relationships from, –
of threaded rods,
Tension,
loose-side,
tight-side,
Tension joints
external load and, –
fatigue loading of, –
statically loaded, –
Tension-loaded bolted joint,
Tension-test specimen, –
Theoretical stress-concentration factor,
Thermal loading,
Thermal stresses, –
Thermoplastics,
Thermoset,
Thin-film lubrication, –
Threaded fasteners, –
Threads, screw, – . See also Screws
Three-dimensional printing, Page
Three-dimensional stress, –
-D truss element,
Three-parameter Weibull distribution,
Thrust load,
Thrust loading/radial loading combined, –
Tight-side tension,
Timing belts, – , –
Timken Company, –
Tin bronze,
Titanium, –
Tolerances/tolerancing. See also Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing
(GD&T)
bilateral,
choice of,
cost considerations, –
defined,
modifiers and symbols,
position letters,
shaft,
tolerance stack-up, –
unilateral,
Tolerance zones, – ,
Toothed wheels,
Tooth systems, –
Tooth thickness,
Top land,
Topp, L. J.,
Torque, – ,
Torque capacity, –
Torque transmission, –
Torque-twist diagram,
Torque vector, –
Torque wrench,
Torsion
closed thin-walled tubes in, –
function of, – open thin-walled sections in, –
stresses in welded joints in, –
Torsional loading,
Torsional strengths,
Torsional yield strength,
Torsion springs, helical coil, –
Torsion tests, stress-strain relationships from,
Total runout, –
Toughness,
Tower, Beauchamp, –
Train value, –
Transmission accuracy umber,
Transmission error,
Transmitted load,
Transverse circular pitch,
Transverse shear stress, –
Tredgold’s approximation,
Tresca theory. See Maximum-shear-stress theory (MSS)
True fracture strain,
True fracture strength,
True strain, –
True stress, –
True stress-strain diagram,
Trumpler, P. R., –
Truss element,
Tungsten,
Turner, M. J.,
Turn-of-the-nut method,
Two-bearing mountings,
Two-plane bending, –
UUl
timate strength,
Ultimate tensile strength,
Uncertainty, –
Undercutting, Unified Numbering System for Metals and Alloys (UNS), – ,
Unified thread series,
Uniform transverse line loads,
Unilateral tolerance,
Unit step function,
UNS. See Unified Numbering System for Metals and Alloys (UNS)
Unstable equilibrium,
Unstable lubrication,
VVa
nadium,
Variable loading, – . See also Fatigue failure from variable loading
V belts, –
Velocity
journal translational, –
pitch-line,
relative,
Velocity factor, – ,
Vibration analysis, –
Virtual number of teeth,
Viscosity, – ,
Viscosity-temperature trends,
Volkersen, O.,
Volute springs,
von Mises, R.,
von Mises stresses, – ,
WWa
hl, A. M.,
Wahl factor,
Walker fatigue-failure criterion,
Washers,
Wave equation,
Wear,
Wear factor,
Weibull distribution, Weibull probability density function,
Weld bonding,
Welded joints
fatigue loading of, –
strength of, –
stresses in bending, –
stresses in torsion, –
Welds/welding
butt and fillet, –
resistance, –
symbols for, –
Wheel,
White cast iron,
Whole depth h,
Width of space,
Wileman, J.,
Wire diameter,
Wire rope
selection of, –
types of, –
Wire springs, . See also Springs
Wirsching, P. H.,
Wöhler, Albert,
Wöhler curve,
Wolford, J. C.,
Woodruff key,
Work hardening, . See also Cold working
Worm gears. See also Bevel and worm gears; Gears
AGMA equation factors for, –
analysis of, –
description of,
force analysis and, –
mesh design for, –
nomenclature of,
pitch diameter of, –
pressure angle and tooth depth for, Worms,
Worm wheel,
Woven-asbestos lining,
Woven-cotton lining,
Wrought alloys,
YYe
llow brass,
Yield design equation,
Yield point,
Yield strength,
Young’s modulus,
ZZe
rol bevel gear,
Zimmerli, F. P.,
Zinc, brass with, –


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