كتاب Tutorial Guide to AutoCAD 2024 - 2D Drawing, 3D Modeling
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منتدى هندسة الإنتاج والتصميم الميكانيكى
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وتسعدونا بالأراء والمساهمات
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 كتاب Tutorial Guide to AutoCAD 2024 - 2D Drawing, 3D Modeling

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مُساهمةموضوع: كتاب Tutorial Guide to AutoCAD 2024 - 2D Drawing, 3D Modeling    كتاب Tutorial Guide to AutoCAD 2024 - 2D Drawing, 3D Modeling  Emptyالإثنين 19 فبراير 2024, 1:19 am

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أحضرت لكم كتاب
Tutorial Guide to AutoCAD 2024 - 2D Drawing, 3D Modeling
Shawna Lockhart

كتاب Tutorial Guide to AutoCAD 2024 - 2D Drawing, 3D Modeling  A_t_g_10
و المحتوى كما يلي :


BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS Table of Contents iii
GS-1 Preparing for the Tutorials GS1-1
Introduction to the Tutorials GS1-1
Basic Mouse Techniques GS1-1
Objectives GS1-1
Recognizing Typographical Conventions GS1-2
Creating a Work Folder GS1-4
Installing Data Files for the Tutorials GS1-5
Configuring AutoCAD for the Tutorials GS1-5
User Profiles GS1-8
Backing Up AutoCAD Defaults GS1-11
Customizable Support Files GS1-12
GS-2 AutoCAD® Basics GS2-1
Introduction GS2-1
Starting the AutoCAD 2024 Software GS2-1
Objectives GS2-1
Microsoft Windows Conventions GS2-2
Navigating in Windows GS2-2
Basic Elements of the AutoCAD Graphics Window GS2-2
Minimizing and Restoring an Application GS2-3
Microsoft Windows Multitasking Options GS2-3
Clicking Commands and Menu Options GS2-4
Entering Points GS2-4
Dragging GS2-4
Object Selection GS2-4
AutoCAD Commands and Options GS2-5
Typing Commands GS2-5
Switching the Workspace GS2-6
Using the Ribbon GS2-7
Backing Up and Backing Out of Commands GS2-10
Repeating Commands GS2-10
Working with the Ribbon GS2-10
Working with Dialog Boxes GS2-11
Accessing On-Line Help GS2-13
Working with Documents GS2-14
Exiting an AutoCAD Session GS2-15
GS-3 Studying for the AutoCAD®
Certification Exam G3-1
General Study Tips G3-1
Objectives G3-1
Certification Exam G3-2
In this book G3-2
Certified Associate Exam Categories G3-2
1 Introduction to AutoCAD® 1
Introduction 1
Starting 1
The AutoCAD Screen 1
Objectives 1
The Quick Access Toolbar 5
The Ribbon 6
Showing a Ribbon Panel 8
Canceling Commands 9
Typing Commands 9
Dynamic Entry 10
Starting a New Drawing 12
Naming Drawing Files 13
Working with Multiple Drawings 14
Using Grid 17
Using Zoom 17
Using Snap Mode 18
Drafting Settings 19
Using Line 20
Entering Coordinates 20
Using Absolute Coordinates 20
Drawing Using Grid and Snap 21
Using Last Point 22
Using Relative X- andY-Coordinates 22
Using Polar Coordinates 23
Using Help 25
Using Save 27
Using Erase 28
Erasing with Window or Crossing 28
Using Undo 30
Using Redo 31
Drawing a Plot Plan 32
TABLE OF CONTENTSiv Table of Contents
Setting the Units 32
Sizing Your Drawing 35
Using Limits 36
Using Rectangle 37
Drawing Circles 38
Adding Text 39
Copying Text 41
In PlaceText Editing 42
Moving and RotatingText 43
Setting theText Style 43
Setting a Style Current 47
Using Mtext 47
Spell CheckingYour Drawing 50
Saving Your Drawing 52
Transferring Files 52
Exercises 54
2 Basic Construction Techniques 57
Introduction 57
Starting 57
Opening an Existing Drawing 57
Objectives 57
Saving as a New File 59
Using Layers 60
Current Layer 60
Controlling Layers 60
Controlling Colors 61
Layer Visibility 62
Freezing Layers 63
Locking Layers 64
Making Object’s Layer Current 64
Using Layer 65
Using Object Snap 69
Using Arc 72
Using Zoom 77
Using the ScrollWheel to Zoom 80
Zoom Dynamic 81
Using Pan Realtime 82
Using Circle Options 82
Circle Tangent, Tangent, Radius 85
Using Ellipse 85
Exercises 89
3 Basic Editing and Plotting Techniques 93
Introduction 93
Starting 93
Starting from aTemplate Drawing 93
Objectives 93
Using Trim 96
Using Offset 99
Changing Object Properties 101
Using the Properties Panel 102
The Properties Palette 103
Using Fillet 104
Using Chamfer 106
Using Polyline 107
Using Spline 110
Using Blend 111
Getting Information about Your Drawing 112
Using List 112
Locating Points 113
Measuring Geometry 114
Area 114
Using Multilines 115
The Plot Dialog Box 119
Exercises 126
4 Geometric Constructions 133
Introduction 133
Starting 133
Setting the Units and Limits 133
Objectives 133
Drawing theWrench 134
Using Copy Object 134
Effective Use of Layers 136
Changing Properties 138
Setting the Global Linetype Scaling Factor 139
Changing an Object’s Linetype Scale 140
Using Polygon 143
Using Polar Tracking 145
Using Object Snaps 148
Showing a Floating Toolbar 148
Object Snap Overrides 149
More Object Snaps 154
Object Tracking 156Table of Contents v
Using Break 156
Using Extend 158
Using Rotate 160
Using Move 160
Methods of SelectingObjects 161
Select Similar 163
Using Selection Filters 164
Using Quick Select 165
Creating the Geneva Cam 166
Using Construction Line (Xline) 168
Using Mirror 170
Using Array 172
Editing Associative Arrays 173
Making Changes using Grips 174
Noun/Verb Selection 177
Using the Path Array 178
Editing an Associative Path Array 180
Using the Count Command 182
Using 2D Parametric Constraints 184
Exercises 195
5 Template Drawings and More Plotting 201
Introduction 201
Starting 201
Using a Standard Template 201
Objectives 201
Paper Space Layouts 203
Printer Area 204
Viewport 204
Switching to Model Space 206
Inserting an Existing Drawing 206
Showing the Drawing in the Layout 209
Setting theViewport Zoom Scale 210
Using Pan to Position the Drawing 213
Locking theViewport Scale 214
Creating a Second Floating Viewport 214
Making aViewport Active 216
Attributes and Fields 217
Using Irregularly Shaped Viewports 220
Plotting from Paper Space 221
Sheet Sets 222
Creating aTemplate Drawing 229
Creating Default Layers 230
Using the Drafting Settings Dialog Box 238
Selecting the Default Text Font 239
Setting theViewres Default 240
Switching to a Paper Space Layout 240
Adding aTitle Block and Text to Paper Space 241
Hide/Show Lineweight on Status Bar 242
Using Divide 243
Setting Point Style 243
Adding theTitles 244
Beginning a New Drawing from aTemplate Drawing 246
Changing theTitle Block Text 247
Exercises 248
6 2D Orthographic Drawings 253
Introduction 253
The Front, Top, and Right-Side
Orthographic Views 253
Objectives 253
View Location 254
Starting 254
Switching to Model Space 256
Deciding the Model Space Limits 256
Viewing the Model Space Limits 256
Using Ortho 257
Drawing Construction Lines 257
Hidden Lines 260
Drawing Hidden Lines 261
Line Precedence 264
Slanted Surfaces 264
Top-View to Side-View Projection 266
Drawing the Miter Line 266
Using Object Snap Tracking 266
Sizing and Positioning the Drawing 270
Locking theViewport Scale 270
Showing Holes 271
Drawing Centerlines and Centermarks 272
Adding the Centerline 274
Setting the Global Linetype Scaling Factor 276
Projecting Slanted Surfaces on Cylinders 277
Exercises 281vi Table of Contents
7 Dimensioning 287
Introduction 287
Terminology and Conventions 287
Objectives 287
Semiautomatic Dimensioning 288
Starting 289
Dimensioning a Shape 289
Setting the Dimension Layer 290
Dimension Standards 290
Associating Dimensions 291
Annotation Scaling 291
The Dimension Panel 292
Using Dimension Styles 292
Creating a Named Dimension Style 293
Scaling Dimension Features 294
Lines tab 295
Symbols and Arrows tab 296
Text tab 298
Fit Tab 299
Setting the Current Style 305
Checking Your Dimension Settings 306
Associative Dimensioning 307
Adding Dimensions to the Layout or the Model 307
Adding Dimensions 308
Creating a Diameter Dimension 309
Baseline Dimensioning 311
Using Xplode 314
Adding Text with Special Characters 314
Using Quick Dimension 316
Saving As a Template 316
Dimensioning the Adapter 317
Using the Continue Option 318
Angular Dimensions 318
Centering the Views 320
Adding the Tolerance Note 320
Updating Associative Dimensions 321
Using Stretch 321
Modifying Dimensions 322
Updating a Dimension Style 323
Changing the Drawing Scale 324
The Annotation Property 327
Synch the Annotative and Viewport Scales 328
Creating an Annotative Text Style 328
Exercises 331
8 Advanced Dimensioning 335
Tolerance 335
Objectives 335
Tolerance Formats 336
Starting 337
Automatic Bilateral Tolerances 337
Using Limit Tolerances 344
Creating Feature Control Frames 346
Using Leader with Tolerances 350
Creating Datum Flags 352
Creating an Annotative Dimension Style 354
Exercises 356
9 Section and Auxiliary Views 359
Introduction 359
Section Views 359
Objectives 359
Starting 361
Creating 2D Section Views 361
Cutting Plane Lines 362
Changing Hidden Lines to Visible 367
Using Hatch 367
Adding the Hatch Pattern 373
Creating the Side Section View 374
Solid Fill 377
Using Draworder 378
Changing Associative Hatches 379
Auxiliary Views 382
Drawing Auxiliary Views Using 2D 382
Aligning the UCS with the Angled Surface 384
Adding Visual Reference Lines 388
Linetype Conventions 388
Curved Surfaces 389
Drawing the Ellipse 394
Exercises 396Table of Contents vii
10 Blocks, DesignCenter, and Tool Palettes 401
Introduction 401
Objectives 401
Starting 402
Using the Block Command 402
Inserting a Block 405
Using Explode 407
Using Write Block 407
Using DesignCenter andTool Palettes 409
Drawing the Half-Adder Circuit 414
Using Donut 415
Freezing the TEXT2 Layer 416
Creating Object Groups 416
Creating Custom Interfaces 419
Creating a Toolbar 422
Using Special Characters in Programmed Commands 424
Exercises 429
11 Introduction to Solid & Surface Modeling 435
Introduction 435
Objectives 435
Starting 436
The 3D Modeling Workspace 436
3D Coordinate Systems 437
Creating 3D Objects 437
Setting the Viewpoint 438
User Coordinate Systems 442
The UCS Icon 443
Dynamic UCS System Variable 444
Using Layers 444
Creating Multiple Viewports 445
Viewports Using Different UCSs 448
Creating Cylinders 450
Selection Cycling 450
Setting Isolines 453
Building Complex Solid Models 454
Using the Viewport Controls 455
Creating Wedges 456
Creating Cones 457
Creating User Coordinate Systems 458
Plotting Solid Models from Paper Space 461
Saving Your Multiview Setup as a Template 463
Creating Solid Models with Extrude
and Revolve 464
Region Modeling 466
Extruding a Shape 467
Creating Solids by Revolution 469
Aligning the Views 469
Using the Boolean Operator Intersection 471
Dynamic UCS 474
Creating Surface Models 476
Using Loft 478
Creating a Patch (SURFPATCH) 478
Creating Mesh Models 480
Creating an Edge Mesh 481
Using the Steering Wheel 481
Creating a Network Surface 483
Creating 3D Mesh Primitives 484
Exercises 486
12 Changing and Plotting Solid Models 491
Introduction 491
Starting 491
Objectives 491
Using Fillet on Solids 492
Using Chamfer on Solids 492
Using Slice 493
Creating the Hole 500
Placing Views to Create a Drawing 502
Adding the Centerlines 506
Exercises 508
13 Creating Assembly Drawings from
Solid Models 513
Introduction 513
Attaching Solid Models 513
Objectives 513
Starting 514
Using External References 515
Layers and External References 518
Inserting the Solid Part Drawings 519
Checking for Interference 523viii Table of Contents
Determining Mass Properties (MASSPROP) 525
Creating an Exploded Isometric View 526
Creating a Dynamic Block for the Ball Tags 528
Defining Attributes 531
Defining the Parameters 535
Defining the Actions 536
Inserting the Ball Tags 537
Changing an Attribute Value 540
Changing an Externally Referenced Drawing 540
Creating the Parts List 542
Extracting Attribute Information 542
Exercises 548
14 Solid Modeling for Section & Auxiliary Views 555
Introduction 555
Creating Sections from a Solid Model 555
Objectives 555
Adding a Section View 557
Using Section Plane 560
Using Live Section 561
Section Settings 562
Creating an Auxiliary View from a 3D Model 563
Orienting theView 564
3 Point UCS 564
Using Plan 565
Using 3D Dynamic View 566
Exercises 569
15 Rendering 573
Introduction 573
Starting 573
Objectives 573
The Render Panel 574
Adding Lights 581
Choosing Materials 585
Creating a New Material 587
Adjusting Mapping 590
Adding Backgrounds 591
Rendering to a File 592
Using Sun Properties 593
Geographic Location 594
Exporting AutoCAD Files 599
Exercises 602
Glossary 609
AutoCAD® Command Summary 623
Index 651INTRODUCTION TO THE TUTORIALS GS1-1
G1
Objectives
This chapter describes
how to prepare your
computer system and the
AutoCAD 2024 software
for use with the tutorials
in this manual. As you
read this chapter, you will
1. Understand how to
use a mouse during the
completion of these
tutorials.
2. Recognize the typographical conventions
used in this book.
3. Create and prepare
data file and working
directories.
4. Configure your copy of
AutoCAD for use with
these tutorials.
INDEX
Symbols
@ 22
2D constraint based modeling 184
3D Dynamic View 566
3D Mesh command 484
3D solid models 435–490
3D UCS icon 443, 444, 479
.dwg 13
.dwt 32
.X, specifying x coordinate 495
.Y, specifying y-coordinate 495
A ab
solute coordinates 20
acad.dwt 13, 32, 133, 145, 166, 201,
229, 428, 436, 443
adding backgrounds 591
aerial viewer 81
alias 10
align 520
attribute 534
section 560
text alignment 298
UCS 384
view alignment 469
aligned
aligned dimensional constraint 186
alignment 529
alternate units 303
and gate 403, 404, 405, 417, 427, 429
angle brackets 17, 18, 533
angular
angular dimensional constraint 186
angular dimension 301, 319
annotation scale 291
annotation scaling 291, 327
ANSI-C template 201
ANSI standards 201, 290, 295
arc 72, 77
arc 3 points 72
arc command 72
arc continue 76
arc start center end 73
arc start center length 74
arc start end angle 74
arc start end radius 76
area 114
array 172
copy command option 41
dynamic grips and array 528
editing 173
path 172
polar 172
rectangular 172
arrows 290, 296, 297, 323
ASME standards 201, 290, 295
attribute alignment 534
auxiliary view 382
auxiliary view from 3D model 563
B ba
ck option
undo command 31
backspace to erase text 40
ball tags 528, 537
base grip 109, 174, 175, 176, 177, 194,
275
baseline dimension 311, 312
baseline spacing for dimensions 295
basic dimension 339
bilateral tolerance 336
blend 111
block 206, 321, 401, 403
authoring palette 536
command 402
defining attributes 531
dynamic 528
editor 529
insert block 206, 405, 538
insert blocks using designcenter 409
insert drawing 461, 519
save block 537
title block 241
using block with leaders 365
write block 403, 407
boolean operators 435, 437, 454, 456,
460, 466, 471, 485, 586
box
box command 437, 438
box mapping 590
bump map 601
buttons
creating new commands 423
special programming characters 424
c ca
lculator 497, 508, 497
cancel 9
Cartesian coordinate 20, 53
cascade drawings 15
case-sensitive, commands are NOT 9
celtscale 140
centerlines 84, 85, 136, 138, 139, 233,
264, 271, 272, 506
breaking the centerline 274
centerlines in 3D drawings 506
centerlines used as extension lines
287
circular view 272
line precedence for centerlines 264
using LTScale with centerlines 139
centermarks 272
chained dimensioning 311
chamfer
chamfer 3D solids 492
chamfer button 106
chamfer command 106
chamfer on rectangle 37
choosing materials 585
chord length 74, 75, 88
circle
circle 2 point 82, 88
circle 3 point 82, 83, 88
circle flyout 83
circle tangent tangent radius 84, 85
circle tangent tangent tangent 85
command 11
command options 82
drawing circles 38
circular view 271, 272, 280
circumscribed 143
circumscribed hexagon 144
circumscribed polygon 143
close button 4
drawing window close button 16
coincident
coincident constraint 186
collinear
collinear constraint 186652 Index
color
books 62
color in layers 66, 231
color in layers 67
controlling colors 61
controlling dimension color 296
ground plane color 599
index color 62, 66
layer colors for tutorials 233, 559
lighting color 598
material color 588
object color 230
select color dialog box 62, 66, 67,
232, 506
select similar 164
command
aliasing 10
cancelling 9
command options with underscore 425
creating new commands 423
prompt 9
typing command option letters 12
concave arc 73, 88
concentric constraint 186
cone command 457
constraints 184
(parameters) 186
construction line command 168
context-sensitive help 110
continue an arc 76
convex arc 73, 88
coons patch mesh 481, 485
coordinates
absolute 20
coordinates panel 459
entering coordinates 20
polar coordinates 23
relative coordinates 22
right-hand rule 20
toggle coordinate display 425
world coordinates 20, 439, 501
world UCS button 501
copy
array option 41
copy command 134, 391
copy icon 41
copying text 41
copy option with move command
175
copy to clipboard 48
countarea 183
count command 182
crosshairs
graphics cursor or crosshairs 3
rotated crosshairs 391
crosshatching 360
current layer 60
custom
custom hatch patterns 368
custom interfaces 419
customize command 413
customize workspace button 421
custom toolbar 425, 426, 427
support files 10
customize
dialog 413
workspace button 421
cutting plane
adding leader arrows to
cutting plane line 364
cutting plane in 3d slice 493
cutting plane lines 272, 360, 362
cylinder command 450
D da
shed lines 139, 362
datum flags 352
ddedit 47
default 17
text font 239
define attributes command 531
defpoints 288, 291
delobj 475
delta angle 74, 88
designcenter , 401, 409, 410, 411, 413,
419, 429, 405, 522, 316
deviation tolerances 338, 345, 355
diameter
diameter dimensional constraint 186
symbol 315
diameter dimension
adding a centermark 297
creating a diameter dimension 309
dimassoc variable 307
dimcen 272, 280, 297
dimension 308
alternate units 303
fit tab 325
measurement scale 302
standards 290
style 292, 293, 294
tolerances 301, 304, 305, 311, 335
values 288
variables 292
zero suppression 302, 303
dimensional constraints 186
dimensioning 287–334
primary units 302
dimension lines 287, 288, 290, 295
radial 297
dimension scaling factor 287, 294
disk intensity 599
disk scale 599
display tab 442
divide command 243
donut command 415
drafting settings 11, 19
dynamic input tab 11
drawing
centerlines 272
naming files 13
save 13
starting new 12
window 3
working with multiple 14
draworder command 378
dynamic
input 10, 11, 134
input tab 11
dynamic blocks 528
dynamic view 566, 567, 569
E ea
ttedit 540
edge mesh 480, 481
edit
hatching 381
polyline 108, 395
text 246, 247
edit attribute command 540
elements, multiline 117
elevation, setting for sun calculator 595
ellipse command 85, 86
using ellipse in projection 278
engineering units 32, 53
enhanced attribute editor 217, 218, 540
entering coordinates 20
enter key 11
equal constraint 186
erase command 28
escape key 9
explode 407
explode command , 109
exploded views 526
exporting autocad files 599
extend command 158
extension line 287, 290, 295
centerlines used as 287
dimension lines crossing 288
offset 287, 331
external reference (xref ) 515
attach external reference dialog 520
layers 518
mass properties do not work 525653
extract
attributes 542
data 542
extrude command 464, 467
F fa
cetres 453, 485
favorites 14, 58
feature control frames 336, 348
fields, using to store information 533
file extension 13, 53, 93, 94, 229,
227, 14
file name 14, 27, 52
fillet command 104
filter
new group filter 230
new property filter 230
point filters 495
selection filters 164
fit tab (dimension) 325
fixed constraint 186
flip parameter 535, 548
floating viewports 214, 247, 445
flyouts 7, 9, 17
fonts 43
shape-compiled 43
special characters 40
using fonts 44
formats 12
fractional units 32
freehand trim 98
freeze 237
layers 63
front view 448
function key
grid [F7] 147
ortho 257
polar tracking [F10] 146
running object snap [F3] 154
snap [F9] 176
text window [F2] 306
G ge
ographic location 593, 594
geometric characteristic symbol 347,
355
geometric tolerances 336, 347
global linetype scale 139
glow intensity 599
graphics cursor 3
grid 17
group
group filter 230, 236
select group 162
group command 401, 416
H ha
tch
3D section 562
annotation scale and hatch 292
boundary 371
changing associative 379
pattern 368
scale 369
hatch command 367
help, context-sensitive 110
help command 25
hexagons 144
hidden lines 260
hide data column 545
hot grips 174
I i
mage tile 296
implied
crossing 28, 177
stretch and crossing box 321
windowing 28
inscribed polygon 143
insert block 206, 405
interfere command 523
intersect
snap to apparent intersection 154
snap to intersection 152
intersect command 476
isocircle 158
isolines command 453
isometric 158
J jo
in polyline 109
join command 466
justify
justify Mline 118
justify text 39, 46
L la
st point
closing to first point 21
using @ 22
layer 136, 230
color in layers 67
control 60, 101, 233
filter 234
layer color 66
properties manager 204, 230
layout
paper space layout 203, 240
showing drawing in layout 209
leader
annotation scaling and leaders 292
dimension child style 342
dimension fit tag and leaders 300
drawing leader with tolerance 350
multileader 363
quick leader 363
quick leader command 350
radial line leader 309
limit
drawing limits 17
tolerances 336, 339, 344
limits command 36
line
precedence 264
using the line command 20
linear dimension
constraint 186
linear constraint 191
zero suppression for 302
line command 6, 7, 9
command allias for line (l) 10
linetype
linetype scale 139
loading linetypes 137
setting the linetype 136
list command 112
location
add new location 227
geographic location picker 594
lock
layers 64
locking viewport scale 214
M ma
ke
layer non-plotting 234
object layer current 64
mapping 590
mass properties 525
materials 585
maximize window 3
measure
geometry 114
quick 115
measurement scale 302
mesh
3D 480
mesh command 484
midpoint between two points (MTP)
snap 155
minimize window 3
mirror command 170
miter line 266654 Index
model space 36, 201
model space command (MS) 206
move command 160
multiline 118
elements 117
multiline text 48
multiline command 115
multiple
drawings, working with 14
viewports 445
N na
med UCS 459
nominal dimension 336
non-plotting 204, 205
layer 234
noun/verb selection 177
NURBS 467, 477
O ob
ject snap 69, 148
object tracking 500
offset command 99
oops command 28
open command 57
options dialog box 70
origin 442
ortho 148
ortho command 257
P pa
n 213
pan command 160, 213
paper size 120, 123
paper space
layout 240
plotting from 221
parametric constraints 184
partial auxiliary views 390
parts list 542
path array 172
array, path 178
editing 180
pen assignments 121
perspective icon 444
plan command 498, 565
plot command 119
plus/minus tolerances 336
point parameter 535
point style 243
polar array 172
polar coordinates 20, 22, 23, 53, 425,
439, 459, 471, 501, 527, 565
polar tracking 24, 145
polygon 143
polyline 107
precedence 264
line precedence 264
preferences 425
primary units 301, 302
dimensioning using 301
profile
setup profile (solprof) 502
projection
view projection 266
properties
editing dimensions using 322
layer properties manager 65
palette 102
panel 61
Q qu
adrant object snap 150
quick measure 115
quick calculator 497
quick dimension 316
quick leader (Qleader) 350, 352, 363
quick select 165
R ra
dius dimensional constraint 186
radius dimension 310
ray 168
ray command 168
real-world units 35
rectangle 37
rectangle command 37
rectangular array 172
redo button 4
redo command 31
reference dimension 320
reference edit 540
region, mass properties 525
region command 466
relative coordinates 22
rendering 573–608
resolution 69, 240, 573
restarting commands 22, 29
revision cloud 8
revolve command 469
right-click
to show options 10
to show short cut menu 43
right-hand rule 20
rotate 43
rotate command 160
running mode object snap 69
S sa
ve
drawing 52
multiline style 117
save as 60
template 229
save as command 59, 60
savetime variable 375
scale
setting the viewport scale 210
scaling factor
dimension scaling factor 287, 294
scientific units 32
section views 359–400
from a 3D model 555
SE isometric view 501
selectable groups 401, 416
selection
cycling 450
filters 164
methods for selecting objects 161
noun/verb 177
settings for selection 28
select similar 164
setup profile 502, 508, 568
sheet set manager 222
single line text 39
size constraints 186
slice command 493
smart blocks 528
snap 18
drawing using snap 21
object snap modes 154
tip 69
snap command 18
snap from 155
solid modeling 435
changing solid models 491
for section and auxiliary views 555
solprof 502, 568
spacebar 11, 48
special characters 314, 424
spell checking 50
sphere command 438
spherical mapping 590
spline, fit 110
spline command 110
standard template 12, 201, 202
starting from a template 93
status bar 4
stretch with grips 174
stretch command 321655
style
creating a dimension style 292
text styles 44
updating dimension style 323
style command 43
subtract command 454
sun properties 598
support files 10
surface modeling 435
surveyor units 32
symmetrical tolerances 339
symmetric constraint 186
T ta
ngent
circle tangent tangent radius 84
snap to tangent 151
templates
data extraction templates 542
select template dialog 12
standard templates 201
tessellation lines 453
text
attribute text 533
styles 43
text command 39
through point 99
tiled viewports 214
title bar 3
toggles 18
tolerance 304, 335
geometric 348
tool palettes
customizing tool palettes 412
turning on tool palettes 411
tracking
object tracking 156
polar tracking 19, 145
using object tracking 500
transparent 370
transparent command 79
transparent commands 424
transparent view 458
trim
freehand 98
trim command 96
U U
CS
3D UCS appearance 479
aligning the UCS 384
creating user coordinate systems 458
icon appearance 443
UCS parallel to view 471
UCS alignment 384
UCSicon command 443
undo command 30
back option 31
undo option
line command undo option 21
unilateral tolerances 336
union 460
units command 32
user coordinate system (UCS) 4, 442
V vi
ew alignment 469
viewport controls 455
W we
dge command 456
world coordinate system (WCS) 20,
437
button 501
write block 403, 407
X xaxis 437
x-coordinate 5, 12
Xplode command 314
XREF 513, 515
Y ycoordinate 5
Z zcoordinate 5
zero suppression 302
zoom command 17

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» كتاب Technical Drawing 101 with AutoCAD 2024 - A Multidisciplinary Guide to Drafting Theory and Practice
» كتاب AutoCAD 2024 3D Modeling
» كتاب AutoCAD 2024 - A Power Guide for Beginners and Intermediate Users
» كتاب Up and Running with AutoCAD - 2D and 3D Drawing, Design and Modeling
» كتاب Up and Running with AutoCAD 2023 - 2D and 3D Drawing, Design and Modeling

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