كتاب Safety Professional’s Reference and Study Guide
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منتدى هندسة الإنتاج والتصميم الميكانيكى
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وهذا شرح لطريقة التسجيل فى المنتدى بالفيديو :
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وشرح لطريقة التنزيل من المنتدى بالفيديو:
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 كتاب Safety Professional’s Reference and Study Guide

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Safety Professional’s Reference and Study Guide
W. David Yates

كتاب Safety Professional’s Reference and Study Guide  S_p_r_10
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Contents
Preface .xxxiii
Acknowledgments . xxxv
Author xxxvii
1. Safety Profession and Preparing for the ASP/CSP Examination .1
Board of Certifi ed Safety Professionals (BCSP) .1
Definitions .2
Minimum Qualifi cations to Sit for the CSP Examination 3
Academic Requirements 3
Professional Safety Experience Requirements 4
Associate Safety Professional Process .4
Certifi ed Safety Professional Process 4
Safety Fundamentals Examination Blueprint 5
Domain 1: Recognizing Safety, Health, and Environmental
Hazards (35.4% of examination) 5
Domain 2: Measuring, Evaluating, and Controlling Safety,
Health, and Environmental Hazards (30.9% of
examination) .5
Domain 3: Safety, Health, and Environmental Training and
Management (20.6% of examination) .6
Domain 4: Business Principles, Practices, and Metrics in
Safety, Health, and Environmental Practice (13.1% of
examination) .8
Comprehensive Practice Examination Blueprint 8
Domain 1: Collecting Safety, Health, Environmental, and
Security Risk Information (28.6% of examination) .8
Domain 2: Assessing Safety, Health, Environmental, and
Security Risk (36.6% of examination) 9
Domain 3: Managing Safety, Health, Environmental, and
Security Risk .9
Preparing for the ASP/CSP Examinations 10
Knowing Your Strengths and Weaknesses . 10
Developing an Examination Preparation Plan 10
References and Resources . 11
Test Taking Strategy . 11
Registering for and Taking the ASP/CSP Examinations 13
Locating a Pearson VUE Test Center 13
Purchasing an Examination Authorization 14
Receiving Your Examination Authorization Letter . 14
Scheduling an Examination Appointment . 14viii Contents
Taking the Examination 15
Arrival and Preliminary Procedures 15
Presenting Your Identification . 15
Final Sign-in Procedures 16
Examination Security 16
Examination Tutorial 17
Examination Duration 17
Examination Format . 17
Examination Environment . 18
Completing the Examination, Getting Your
Unoffi cial Result, and Postexamination
Surveys . 18
Reporting Problems with Your Examination Experience 18
Late Arrivals and Missed Appointments . 19
Canceling and Rescheduling Examination Appointments 19
For Candidates Testing in the United States or Canada Only 19
Examination Authorization Extensions (For
Candidates Testing in the United States
and Canada Only) 19
Retesting 20
Other Testing Arrangements 20
Taking the Comprehensive Practice Examination for Continuance
of Certification Credit .20
Key Information to Remember on the Safety Profession and
Preparing for the ASP/CSP Examination 21
Reference . 21
2. Regulations and OSHA Record Keeping 23
Occupational Safety and Health Act .23
Who Is Covered Under the Occupational Safety and
Health Act? . 24
Horizontal and Vertical Standards 24
General Duty Clause . 24
Employer Rights and Responsibilities 25
Employee Rights and Responsibilities 25
Communications and Correspondence with OSHA .25
OSHA Inspections and Process 26
OSHA Citations 27
OSHA Citation Penalties .27
Appeals 29
Employee Appeals 29
Employer Appeals .29
Petition for Modification of Abatement 30
Notice of Contest 30
Review Procedure 30Contents ix
Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200) 31
Purpose . 31
Scope and Application 31
Written Hazardous Communication Program 32
Label and Other Forms of Warning . 32
Material Safety Data Sheets 32
Employee Information and Training .33
Training .33
Bloodborne Pathogen Standard (29 CFR 1910.1030) 33
Scope, Application, and Definitions .33
Exposure Control Plan 34
Record Keeping 35
Medical Records 35
Training Records .35
Control of Hazardous Energy Standard (29 CFR 1910.147) .35
Scope, Application, and Purpose 35
Definitions 36
Energy Control Program . 37
Periodic Inspection 37
Training and Communication 38
Confi ned Space Entry Standard (29 CFR 1910.146) 38
Scope and Application 38
Definitions 38
General Requirements .40
Confi ned Space Entry Program .40
Entry Permits 40
Training . 41
Personal Protective Equipment (29 CFR 1910.132) . 41
Application . 41
Employee-Owned Equipment . 41
Hazard Assessment and Equipment Selection 42
Training .42
Respiratory Protection Standard (29 CFR 1910.134) .42
Purpose .42
Definitions 43
Respiratory Protection Program 43
Training and Information .44
Fall Protection Standard (29 CFR 1926.500–503) (Subpart M) .44
Scope and Application 44
Definitions 45
Duty to Have Fall Protection 46
Training .46
Record Keeping 47
OSHA 300, 300-A, and 301 Forms (29 CFR 1910.29) 47x Contents
How Quickly Must Each Injury or Illness Be
Recorded? 47
How Do “Privacy Cases” Listed on the Forms? 47
Annual Summary 48
Providing Records to Government Representatives 48
Reporting Fatalities and Multiple Hospitalizations (29 CFR 1904.39) .48
Determining Recordable Injuries or Illnesses .49
Calculating Total Case Incident Rates (TCIR) 49
Calculating Days Away, Restricted, or Transfer Rates 50
Calculating Severity Rates 50
Key Information to Remember on Regulations . 51
References . 52
3. Math Review 53
Order of Operations .53
PEMDAS: “Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally” .53
Basic Rules of Positive and Negative Numbers 54
Understanding Exponents 54
Scientific Notation 55
Multiplication and Division Using Scientific Notation 55
Engineering Notation 56
Absolute Values 57
Logarithms 57
Formula or Equation Transpositions .58
Factorials .59
Common Geometric Equations 59
Area .60
Distance 60
Volume 60
Pythagorean Equation .60
Basic Trigonometric Functions . 61
Sine 62
Cosine .63
Tangent .63
Arcsine, Arccosine, and Arctangent 64
Quadratic Equation .65
Calculator 66
Summary . 67
Key Information to Remember on Math Review 67
4. Particulates and Gases .69
Periodic Table of the Elements .69
Atomic Number 69
Atomic Mass 69
Atoms 70Contents xi
Chemical Bonding 71
Moles .71
Molecules and Compounds .72
Mixtures 72
Chemical Formulas .73
Atomic Weight of Compounds .73
Percentage of Element in a Compound . 74
Acids, Bases, and pH’s . 74
Gas Laws .75
Boyle’s Law 75
Charles’ Law 76
Ideal Gas Law 76
Conversion Factors for Converting Pressure Units to
Atmospheric Pressure Units .77
Conversion Factors for Converting Units of Volume
to Liters 77
Converting Grams to Moles .78
Universal Gas Constant 78
Combined Gas Law .78
Concentrations of Vapors, Gases, and Particulates 79
Standard Temperature and Pressure 80
Standards and Regulations 80
Time-Weighted Average . 81
Calculating PELs/TLVs for Periods Greater than 8 h 82
Gaseous Mixtures 82
Liquid Mixtures .83
Percentage of TLV Mixture 84
Calculating PEL/TLV for Silica .84
Converting mg/m3 to ppm 85
Converting ppm to mg/m3 85
Lower Flammability Limit of Mixtures .86
Referenced Equations 87
Boyle’s Law 87
Charles’ Law 87
Ideal Gas Law 87
Combined Gas Law 88
Time-Weighted Average .88
Calculating PELs/TLVs for Periods Greater than 8 h 88
Gaseous Mixtures 88
Liquid Mixtures .88
Percentage of TLV for Mixtures 89
Calculating PEL/TLV for Silica .89
Converting mg/m3 to ppm 89
Converting ppm to mg/m3 89
Lower Flammability Limits of Mixtures 90xii Contents
Key Information to Remember on Particulates and Gases 90
References . 91
5. Toxicology .93
Definitions .93
Routes of Entry .94
Inhalation .94
Ingestion .95
Absorption .95
Percutaneous and Intravenous Injections 95
Dose-Response Relationship 96
Exposures to Chemical Combinations 96
Stages of Cancer .97
Initiation .98
Latency Period .98
Promotion .98
Progression .98
Types of Poisons .98
Ames Testing 98
Cohort Study 99
Advantages .99
Disadvantages 99
Case Control Study 99
Cross-Sectional Study 100
Common Occupational Diseases and Disorders Caused by a
Contributing Agent or Substance .100
Asbestosis and Asbestos-Related Illnesses 100
Brucellosis 101
Benzene-Related Illnesses 101
Byssinosis . 101
Arsenic-Related Illnesses . 102
Berylliosis and Beryllium-Related Illnesses 102
Copper-Related Illnesses 103
Cadmium-Related Illnesses . 103
Chromium-Related Illnesses . 104
Coal Dust-Related Illnesses . 104
Cobalt-Related Illnesses . 105
Formaldehyde-Related Illnesses . 105
Lead-Related Illnesses 106
Manganese-Related Illnesses . 107
Mercury-Related Illnesses 108
Pneumoconiosis . 108
Silica-Related Illnesses 109
Zinc-Related Illnesses . 109
Aluminum-Related Illnesses . 110Contents xiii
Antimony-Related Illnesses . 110
Dust-Related Illnesses 111
Common Environments for Contracting Dust-Related
Illnesses 111
Thallium-Related Illnesses . 112
Pesticide-Related Illnesses . 112
Key Information to Remember on Toxicology 113
References . 113
6. Industrial Hygiene . 115
Anticipation of Hazards 115
Recognition of Hazards . 116
Evaluation of Hazards . 116
Control of Hazards 116
Definitions . 116
Air Sampling . 117
Sampling Methodology 118
Equipment Selection . 118
Air Sampling Pumps . 118
Piston and Bellows Air Pumps 119
Direct-Reading Instruments . 119
Cyclones . 120
Sampling Media 120
Filters .120
Sorbent Tubes . 121
Sample Collection Bags or Canisters . 121
Passive Samplers 122
Sampling Pump Calibration 122
Determining Minimum and Maximum Sample Volumes 125
Determining the Minimum Number of Samples to Collect . 126
Sampling Process 126
Key Information to Remember on Industrial Hygiene 128
References . 129
7. Ventilation 131
Purpose for Using Ventilation 131
Types and Selection of Ventilation . 131
General Ventilation . 132
Dilution Ventilation 132
Local (Exhaust) Ventilation 132
General Concepts of Ventilation Notes 132
Principles of Air Movement . 133
Calculating for Volumetric Airflow 133
Calculating Static Pressure, Velocity Pressure, and Total Pressure .133
Calculating Velocity of Air . 134xiv Contents
Contaminant Generation 134
Calculating Purge Rates 136
Steady State Concentration 138
Calculating Rate of Generation for Liquid Solvents . 139
Calculating Vapor or Gaseous Concentrations 139
Calculating Room Air Changes . 140
Calculating Concentration of a Contaminant with Dilution
Ventilation .141
Local Exhaust Ventilation . 142
Canopy Hood 142
Down Draft Hood . 142
Enclosure Hood . 142
Receiving Hood . 143
Openings 143
Calculating Hood Entry Losses . 143
Calculating Airflow Velocity 145
Calculating Capture Velocity for Plain Opening Hood 146
Ducts 147
Fans 148
Calculating Static Pressure of the Fan 148
Air Cleaning Devices . 148
Ventilation Measurement Equipment . 148
Pitot Tubes 149
Rotating Vane Anemometers . 149
Thermal Anemometers . 149
Key Information to Remember on Ventilation 149
Reference . 150
8. Noise and OSHA’s Hearing Conservation Program . 151
OSHA’s Hearing Conservation Program . 151
Who Is Included in Hearing Conservation Program? .151
Monitoring . 152
Sound Measuring Instruments 152
Employee Notification 152
Audiometric Testing . 153
Standard Threshold Shift . 153
Training Program 153
Record Keeping . 154
Noise-Related Definitions . 154
Noise .154
Continuous Noise . 154
Intermittent Noise . 154
Sound 154
Frequency . 155
Period 155Contents xv
Speed or Velocity of Sound 155
Wavelength 155
Anatomy and Physiology of the Ear . 155
Types of Hearing Loss . 156
Major Causes of Hearing Loss 157
OSHA Permissible Noise Exposures . 157
Entities of Noise . 158
Sound Power 158
Sound Pressure 158
Sound Intensity . 158
Noise Calculations . 158
Calculating Permissible Noise Exposures . 158
Calculating Noise Dosage 159
Converting Noise Dosage into Time-Weighted Average 160
Combining Noise Levels 161
Calculating Sound Levels at Various Distances . 162
Calculating Sound Power Levels 163
Calculating Sound Pressure Levels (SPL) 164
Calculating Sound Intensity Levels 164
Calculating Room Absorption . 165
Calculating Absorption along a Transmission Path . 166
Key Information to Remember on Noise . 166
References . 167
9. Biological Hazards . 169
Bacterial Diseases . 169
Anthrax . 169
Brucellosis 170
Leptospirosis 170
Plague 171
Tetanus 171
Tuberculosis . 171
Tularemia 172
Cat Scratch Fever (Cat Scratch Disease) 172
Viral Diseases 173
Hepatitis A 173
Hepatitis B 173
Orf (Sore Mouth Disease) . 174
Rabies 175
Rickettsial and Chlamydia Diseases . 176
Psittacosis (Ornithosis) . 176
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever 176
Q Fever 177
Fungal Diseases 178
Aspergillosis 178xvi Contents
Candidiasis . 179
Coccidioidomycosis 180
Histoplasmosis 180
Biological Safety . 181
Laboratory Practice and Technique 181
Safety Equipment 181
Class II, Type A . 182
Class II, Type B1 . 182
Class II, Type B2 . 182
Class II, Type B3 . 183
Class III (Gas Tight, Negative Pressure) . 183
Facility Design and Construction . 183
Biosafety Levels 183
Biosafety Level I 183
Biosafety Level II . 184
Biosafety Level III 184
Biosafety Level IV . 184
Key Information to Remember on Biological Hazards 184
References . 185
10. Fire Protection and Prevention 187
Definitions . 187
Transfer of Heat 188
Heat Transfer by Radiation 188
Heat Transfer by Convection . 188
Heat Transfer by Conduction 189
Fire Tetrahedron . 189
Classification of Fires . 190
Class A Fires . 190
Class B Fires . 190
Class C Fires . 190
Class D Fires . 190
Class K Fires . 190
Portable Fire Extinguishers 190
Hydrostatic Testing (Portable Fire Extinguishers) . 191
Fire Extinguisher Inspections and Service Requirements . 192
Automatic Sprinkler Systems . 193
Dry Pipe Systems 193
Wet Pipe Systems 194
Deluge Systems . 194
Preaction Systems . 194
Water Spray Systems 195
Foam Water Sprinkler Systems . 195
Fire Hydrants 195
Fire Detection 195Contents xvii
Heat Detectors . 195
Rate-of-Rise Heat Detectors . 196
Rate-Compensation Detectors . 196
Smoke Detectors 196
Fire Hydrants 197
Flammable and Combustible Liquids . 197
Flash Point 198
Vapor Pressure . 198
Fire Point 198
Flammable and Explosive Limit Ranges . 198
Autoignition Temperature .200
Specific Gravity .200
Vapor Density 200
Evaporation Rate .200
Water Solubility . 201
Boiling Point 201
Storage Requirements for Flammable and
Combustible Liquids 201
Inside Storage Rooms for Flammable or
Combustible Liquids .201
Key Information to Remember on Fire Protection and Prevention 202
References .203
11. Thermal Stressors .205
Heat Stress .205
Sources of Heat Stress .205
Human Body Reaction to Heat .206
Safety-Related Issues of Heat 206
Health-Related Issues of Heat . 207
Heat Rash 207
Heat Cramps . 207
Heat Syncope 207
Dehydration 208
Heat Exhaustion .208
Heat Stroke 208
Control Methods 209
Engineering Controls 209
Administrative and Work Practice Controls . 210
Acclimation or Acclimatization . 210
Fluid Replacement . 210
Work/Rest Cycles 210
Personal Protective Equipment 214
Training .214
Prevention of Heat Stress Injuries . 215
Cold Stress 215xviii Contents
Safety Problems Related to Cold . 216
Cold-Related Injuries and Illnesses . 216
Chilblains 216
Immersion Injuries (Trench Foot) 217
Hypothermia 218
Frostbite .218
Wind Chill Factor . 219
Personal Protective Clothing 220
Nutrition and Activity .220
Fluid Replacement . 221
Training and Discipline . 221
Susceptible Groups 221
Treatment of Cold-Related Injuries . 221
Key Information to Remember on Thermal Stressors 221
References .222
12. Personal Protective Equipment .223
Hazard Assessment .223
Head Protection (29 CFR 1910.135) . 224
Classification . 224
Proper Fit and Wear of Head Protection 224
Inspection and Maintenance 224
Training .225
Eye and Face Protection (29 CFR 1910.133) 226
Fitting .226
Inspection and Maintenance 226
Hearing Protection (29 CFR 1910.95) 228
Hearing Protector Attenuation 228
Training .229
Respiratory Protection (29 CFR 1910.134) 230
Purpose 230
Definitions . 231
Respiratory Protection Program 231
Training and Information . 232
Torso Protection 232
Arm and Hand Protection (29 CFR 1910.138) 233
Glove Selection Chart 234
Foot and Leg Protection (29 CFR 1910.136) 238
Key Information to Remember on Personal Protective Equipment .238
References . 239
13. Statistics for the Safety Professional 241
Descriptive Statistics 241
Mean 241
Mode 242Contents xix
Median . 242
Variance . 243
Normal Distribution 244
Calculating Correlation Coefficient . 245
Spearman Rank Coefficient of Correlation 247
Calculating the t-Test for Comparing Means . 248
Chi-Square (χ2) Statistic . 249
Degrees of Freedom .250
p-values 250
Permutations and Combinations . 251
Permutations with Repetition 251
Permutations without Repetition 251
Combinations . 252
Z-Score .253
Coefficient of Determination and Coefficient of Correlation 254
Probability Content from −00 to Z 255
Reliability 256
Component Reliability .256
Probability of Failure (Component) . 257
System Reliability 257
Series Reliability 258
Parallel Reliability .258
Probability of Failure (System) 259
Key Information to Remember for Statistics 259
References .260
14. Electrical Safety 261
Electricity Basics . 261
Voltage 261
Current 261
Resistance . 261
Series and Parallel Circuits 262
Series Circuits . 262
Parallel Circuits 262
Direct and Alternating Currents .263
Direct Currents .263
Alternating Currents .263
Calculating Values of Voltage, Current, and Resistance
(Ohm’s Laws) .263
Calculating Voltage in Direct Current Circuits .263
Calculating Voltage in Alternating Current Circuits .263
Calculating Power in Direct Current Circuits .264
Calculating Power in Alternating Current Circuits .264
Calculating Resistance in Direct Current Circuits 264
Calculating Resistance in Alternating Current Circuits 265xx Contents
Resistors 265
Calculating the Resistance in a Series Circuit .265
Calculating the Resistance in a Parallel Circuit 266
Capacitors .266
Calculating Capacitance in a Series Circuit . 267
Calculating Capacitance in a Parallel Circuit 267
Inductors .268
Calculating Inductance in a Series Circuit .268
Calculating Inductance in a Parallel Circuit .268
Electrical Shock Hazard 269
Burns Caused by Electricity . 270
Arc Blasts . 270
Electrical Fires . 271
Controlling Electrical Hazards . 271
Exposed Electrical Parts 271
Overhead Power Lines 271
Inadequate Wiring .272
Defective or Damaged Cords and Wires 272
Use of Flexible Cords .272
Improper Grounding . 273
Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters . 273
Assured Equipment Grounding Conductor Program 273
Overloaded Circuits 274
Safety Related Work Practices 274
Planning 274
Training .274
Key Information to Remember on Electrical Safety 275
References . 275
15. Mechanics .277
Energy 277
Kinetic Energy 277
Potential Energy . 278
Elastic Potential Energy 279
Force .280
Contact Forces 280
Action-at-a-Distance Forces . 281
Defining Mass and Weight . 281
Amount of Force 281
Frictional Force . 282
Force and Distance .283
Momentum .284
Work 284
Modified Work .285
Newton’s Laws of Motion 286Contents xxi
Speed .286
Velocity .286
Calculating Final Velocity . 287
Calculating Displacement .288
Key Information to Remember on Mechanics .288
Reference .289
16. Hydrostatics and Hydraulics 291
Water Properties . 291
Hydrostatic Pressure . 292
Torricelli’s Law . 293
Head Pressure . 294
Velocity Head . 295
Velocity Pressure at Constant Laminar Velocity 296
Flow Rates and Pressure Drops . 297
Flow Rates and Pressures .299
Calculating Pressure Loss Due to Friction .299
Bernoulli’s Principle 300
Key Information to Remember on Hydrostatics and
Hydraulics 302
References .302
17. Training 303
Principles of Adult Learning 303
Adult Learners Are Autonomous and Self-Directed .303
Adult Learners Have a Foundation of Life Experiences and
Knowledge 304
Adult Learners Are Goal Oriented .304
Adult Learners Are Relevancy Oriented .304
Adult Learners Are Practical .304
Adult Learners Need to Be Respected .304
Safety Training Program .304
Delivery Methods 305
Instructor-Led Training 306
Self-Paced Learning 306
Structured On-The-Job Training .307
Training Needs Analysis .307
Type of Needs Analysis 307
Techniques 308
Training Program Development 308
Written Performance Objectives .309
Developing Course Outline .309
Selection of Training Delivery Method 310
Development of Course Materials 310
Testing and Evaluation . 310xxii Contents
Pretests .310
Review Tests . 310
Posttests .310
Media Presentations 311
Powerpoint Presentations 311
Charts and Graphs . 312
Key Information to Remember on Training . 312
References . 312
18. Engineering Economics . 313
Simple Interest 313
Compound Interest 314
Future Value of Money 315
Loan Balance . 316
Time Value of Money . 317
Series Compound Amount Factor . 318
Sinking Fund Factor 319
Capital Recovery Factor 319
Series Present Worth Factor 320
Summary . 321
Key Information to Remember on Engineering Economics 321
Reference .322
19. Management Theories . 323
Management Theories . 323
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs . 323
Physiological Needs 323
Safety Needs . 324
Love and Belonging . 324
Esteem 325
Self-Actualization . 325
McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y . 325
Theory X 325
Theory Y 326
Herzberg Motivational Theory 327
The Deming Cycle . 327
Management by Objectives 328
Contingency Theory 328
Systems Theory 329
Chaos Theory 329
Management Styles 329
Directive Democrat .330
Directive Autocrat .330
Permissive Democrat 330
Permissive Autocrat 330Contents xxiii
Key Information to Remember on Management
Theories 330
References . 331
20. Accident Causation and Investigation Techniques .333
Domino Theory 334
Heinrich’s Axioms of Industrial Safety 336
Human Factors Theory . 337
Accident/Incident Theory 338
Epidemiological Theory 340
Systems Theory 341
Energy Release Theory 341
Behavior Theory .342
Combination Theory .343
Modern Causation Model .343
Operating Errors .343
Systems Defects .344
Command Error 344
Safety Program Defect 344
Safety Management Errors 345
Seven Avenues 345
Safety Management Error Countermeasures 345
Safety Program Defect Countermeasures 345
Command Error Defect Countermeasures 345
System Defects Countermeasures 346
Operating Errors Countermeasures .346
Mishap Countermeasures 346
Result Countermeasures 346
Near-Miss Relationship .346
Accident Investigation Procedures 346
Purpose of the Investigation 347
Investigation Procedures 347
Fact Finding 348
Interviews .349
Problem Solving Techniques (Accident Investigation Techniques) 349
The Scientific Method .350
Gross Hazard Analysis .350
Job Safety Analysis 351
Failure Mode and Effect Analysis . 351
Fault Tree Analysis . 351
Multilinear Events Sequencing Method . 352
Report of Investigation 354
Key Information to Remember on Accident Causation and
Investigation Techniques .355
References .356xxiv Contents
21. Worker’s Compensation 357
History of Worker’s Compensation in the United States . 357
Current Worker’s Compensation Laws 358
Coverage Exemptions .359
Worker’s Compensation Premiums 360
Calculating EMRs 360
Waiver of Subrogation . 361
Safety Professional’s Role and Responsibilities in Worker’s
Compensation 361
Reporting of Injuries and Claims . 362
Case Management .363
Prompt Reporting 363
Return-to-Work/Light Duty Program 363
Key Information to Remember on Worker’s
Compensation 364
Reference .365
22. Ergonomics . 367
Definitions . 367
Recommended Weight Limit . 367
Lifting Index 367
Lifting Task .368
Load Weight (L) .368
Horizontal Location (H) .368
Vertical Location (V) .368
Vertical Travel Distance (D) .368
Asymmetry Angle (A) 368
Neutral Body Position 368
Lifting Frequency (F) 368
Lifting Duration . 369
Coupling Classification 369
Significant Control 369
NIOSH Lifting Equation . 369
Horizontal Component . 371
Metric (H-Value) Estimation Equation (All Distances
in Centimeters) . 371
U.S. System (H-Value) Estimation Equation (All
Distances in Inches) 371
Horizontal Multiplier 372
Vertical Component . 372
Vertical Multiplier 373
Distance Component . 373
Distance Multiplier 374
Asymmetry Component . 374
Asymmetric Multiplier . 374Contents xxv
Frequency Component 375
Lifting Duration . 375
Frequency Multiplier . 375
Coupling Component 376
Coupling Multiplier .377
Lifting Index .377
Job Analysis Worksheet .377
Example Problems . 378
Problem #1 378
Problem #2 380
Key Information to Remember on Ergonomics .382
References .382
23. Construction Safety .383
Excavation .384
Soil Classifications .385
Protective Systems 386
Sloping .386
Shoring 387
Shields (Trench Boxes) . 387
Registered Professional Engineer Designed
Protective Systems 387
Safe Entry and Exit 387
Most Commonly Cited Trenching Violations . 387
Electrical Safety in Construction 388
Electrical Definitions .388
Electrical Injuries .388
Electrical Shock 389
Burns 389
Falls 389
Controlling Electrical Hazards 389
Exposed Electrical Parts 389
Overhead Power Lines 390
Inadequate wiring 390
Defective or Damaged Cords and Wires 390
Use of Flexible Cords . 391
Grounding . 391
Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters . 392
Assured Equipment Grounding Conductor
Program .392
Overloaded Circuits 392
Safety Related Work Practices 393
Planning 393
Training .393
Summary . 393xxvi Contents
Static Electricity . 394
Bonding and Grounding . 395
Humidification . 395
Static Controllers (Collectors) 395
Additives . 395
Scaffolds 396
Fall Hazards 396
Falling Object (Struck By) Protection 396
Elements of Safe Scaffold Construction 397
Training Requirements 398
Fall Protection and Prevention in Construction 398
Physics of a Fall 399
Fall Prevention and Protection 399
Guardrails (29 CFR 1926.502) .400
Positioning Device System (29 CFR 1926.502(e)) 400
Restraint Systems .400
Positioning Devices: Construction Work 400
Warning Line Systems (29 CFR 1926.502(f)) 401
Controlled Access Zone System (29 CFR 1926.502(g)) . 403
Safety Monitoring System (29 CFR 1926.502(h)) .403
Personal Fall Arrest System (29 CFR 1926.502(d)) 403
Suspension Trauma Related to Fall Personal Fall
Arrest Systems 404
Safety Net Systems (29 CFR 1926.502(c)) 405
Cranes and Derrick Safety (29 CFR 1926.550) 406
Welding, Cutting, and Brazing (29 CFR 1926.350–353) 408
Oxygen–Fuel Gas Welding and Cutting 408
Fuel Gas and Oxygen Manifolds (29 CFR 1926.350(e)) 410
Hoses (29 CFR 1926.350(f)) . 410
Torches (29 CFR 1926.350(g)) 410
Regulators and Gauges (29 CFR 1926.350(h)) 411
Oil and Grease Hazards (29 CFR 1926.350(i)) 411
Arc Welding and Cutting . 411
Manual Electrode Holders (29 CFR 1926.351(a)) . 411
Welding Cables and Connectors (29 CFR 1926.351(b)) .411
Ground Returns and Machine Grounding (29 CFR
1926.351(c)) 412
Resistance Welding . 412
Fire Prevention (29 CFR 1926.352) . 412
Ventilation and Protection in Welding, Cutting, and
Heating (29 CFR 1926.353) 412
Hand and Power Tool Safety (29 CFR 1910 Subpart P) 413
Abrasive Grinders (29 CFR 1910.243) 414
Wheel Testing . 415
The Ring Test 415Contents xxvii
The Vibration Test 415
Portable Circular Saws (29 CFR 1910.243) . 416
Compressed Air Systems (29 CFR 1910.242) . 417
Housekeeping (29 CFR 1926.25) 417
Key Information to Remember on Construction Safety . 418
References . 419
24. Risk Management . 421
Definitions . 421
Risk Management Process 421
Hazard Identification 422
Hazard Assessment .423
Probability .423
Severity 424
Risk Assessment Scenario .425
Controls Development and Decision Making 426
Types of Controls .427
Criteria for Controls 427
Decision Making 429
Implement Controls 429
Supervise and Evaluate 429
Key Information to Remember on Risk Management 429
References .430
25. Hazardous Materials Management 431
Hazardous Materials . 431
Hazardous Waste . 431
Basic Chemistry Review . 432
Solid .432
Liquid 432
Gas 432
Plasma 433
Atomic Mass 433
Atoms 433
Definitions Related to Matter .433
Periodic Table of the Elements .434
Measurements of Concentrations 434
Hazardous Materials/Hazardous Waste Properties .434
Physical Hazards 434
Engulfment .435
Overpressurization .435
Other Physical Safety Hazards 435
Fires and Explosions .435
Corrosion 436
Thermal Decomposition .436xxviii Contents
Water Reactive Material Hazards .436
Health Hazards Associated with Hazardous Materials . 437
Key Regulations Governing Hazardous Materials and Hazardous
Wastes .437
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (1970) . 437
Hazardous Waste Generators .438
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation,
and Liability Act (CERCLA) (1980) .438
Superfund Amendment and Reauthorization Act of 1986
(SARA) .439
Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) (1976) 440
Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act
(EPCRA) (1986) .440
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA)
(1972) 440
Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act (1986) 441
Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200) .441
Classification of Hazardous Materials 441
Hazardous Waste Operations .445
Planning and Organization .446
Training .446
Medical Program .446
Site Characterization .447
Air Monitoring 447
Personal Protective Equipment .448
Site Control .448
Decontamination .448
Key Information to Remember on Hazardous Materials Management . 448
References .450
26. Radiation Safety .453
Ionizing Radiation .453
Particle Radiation .453
Alpha (α) Radiation .453
Beta (β) Radiation 454
Neutron (n) Radiation .454
Electromagnetic Radiation 454
Gamma (γ) Radiation 454
X-Rays 455
Radiation Basics .455
Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation 456
General 456
Acute Somatic Effects 456
Delayed Somatic Effects 456
Critical Organs .456Contents xxix
Description of Ionizing Radiation Units . 457
Types of Radioactive Decay 457
Calculating Radioactive Decay .458
Radioactive Half-Life 459
Radiation Control Methods 461
Time .461
Distance .462
Source Strength for Gamma (γ) Radiation .463
Shielding 463
Personal Protective Equipment 465
OSHA Exposure Standards 465
Nonionizing Radiation 465
Ultraviolet Radiation 466
Visible Light Radiation .466
Infrared (IR) Radiation . 467
Microwave Radiation . 467
Calculating Microwave Radiation (Near Field) 467
Calculating Microwave Radiation (Far Field) .468
Radio Frequency Radiation .469
Lasers 469
Laser Safety—Control Measures . 470
Effective Irradiance . 470
Speed of Light Equation . 471
Key Information to Remember on Particulates and Gases 471
References . 473
Appendix A BCSP Supplied Equations . 475
Mechanics 475
Ergonomic (Revised NIOSH Lifting Equations) .477
Heat Stress and Relative Humidity .477
Concentrations of Vapors and Gases 478
Ventilation . 479
Engineering Economy . 481
Reliability 483
Noise 483
Radiation .485
Ionizing .485
Nonionizing .486
Hydrostatics and Hydraulics .487
Statistics and Probability .488
Appendix B OSHA Regional and Area Offices 491
OSHA Regional Offices . 491
Region 1 (ME, NH, MA, RI, CT, VT) 491
Region 2 (NY, NJ, PR, VI) . 491xxx Contents
Region 3 (DC, DE, MD, PA, VA, WV) 491
Region 4 (KY, TN, NC, SC, GA, AL, MS, FL) 491
Region 5 (IL, IN, MI, MN, OH, WI) 492
Region 6 (AR, LA, NM, OK, TX) . 492
Region 7 (IA, KS, MO, NE) 492
Region 8 (CO, MT, ND, SD, UT, WY) . 492
Region 9 (CA, NV, AZ) . 492
Region 10 (AK, ID, OR, WA) . 493
OSHA Area Offices 493
Alabama 493
Alaska .493
American Samoa . 494
Arizona . 494
Tucson Office 494
Arkansas . 495
California 495
Colorado . 496
Connecticut 496
Delaware . 497
District of Columbia . 497
Florida .497
Georgia . 498
Guam .498
Hawaii .499
Idaho .499
Illinois .499
Indiana 500
Iowa .500
Kansas .501
Kentucky 501
Louisiana 501
Maine 501
Maryland 502
Massachusetts 502
Michigan .503
Minnesota .503
Mississippi 503
Missouri 503
Montana 504
Nebraska .504
Nevada 504
New Hampshire 505
New Jersey .505
New Mexico .506
New York 506Contents xxxi
North Carolina .507
North Dakota .507
Ohio .508
Oklahoma .508
Oregon 508
Pennsylvania 509
Puerto Rico . 510
Rhode Island 510
South Carolina . 510
South Dakota . 510
Tennessee 511
Texas 511
Utah .512
Vermont 513
Virginia . 513
Virgin Islands . 513
West Virginia 514
Wisconsin . 514
Wyoming 515
Appendix C Conversions and Standards . 517
Length 517
Area 517
Volume . 517
Time .518
Mass and Weight 518
Energy 518
Velocity 518
Density . 519
Pressure . 519
Heat Capacity . 520
Concentration . 520
SI Conversion Factors 520
Standards and Constants 521
Physical Constants 521
Radiation 521
Density of Water 522
Angles .522
Light 522
Magnetic Fields .522
Energy .522
Standards .522
Appendix B
OSHA Regional and Area Offices
OSHA Regional Offices
Region 1 (ME, NH, MA, RI, CT, VT)
JFK Federal Building, Room E340
Boston, MA 02203
(617) 565-9860
(617) 565-9827 FAX
Region 2 (NY, NJ, PR, VI)
201 Varick Street, Room 670
New York, 10014
(212) 337-2378
(212) 337-2371 FAX
Region 3 (DC, DE, MD, PA, VA, WV)
U.S. Department of Labor/OSHA
The Curtis Center-Suite 740 West
170 S. Independence Mall West
Philadelphia, PA 19106-3309
(215) 861-4900
(215) 861-4904 FAX
Region 4 (KY, TN, NC, SC, GA, AL, MS, FL)
61 Forsyth Street, SW, Room 6T50
Atlanta, GA 30303
(404) 562-2300
(404) 562-2295 FAX492 Safety Professional’s Reference and Study Guide
Region 5 (IL, IN, MI, MN, OH, WI)
230 South Dearborn Street, Room 3244
Chicago, IL 60604
(312) 353-2220
(312) 353-7774 FAX
Region 6 (AR, LA, NM, OK, TX)
525 Griffin Street, Suite 602
Dallas, TX 75202
(972) 850-4145
(972) 850-4149 FAX
(972) 850-4150 FSO FAX
Region 7 (IA, KS, MO, NE)
Two Pershing Square Building
2300 Main Street, Suite 1010
Kansas City, MO 64108-2416
(816) 283-8745
(816) 283-0545
(816) 283-0547 FAX
Region 8 (CO, MT, ND, SD, UT, WY)
1999 Broadway, Suite 1690
Denver, CO 80202
720-264-6550
720-264-6585 FAX
Region 9 (CA, NV, AZ)
90 7th Street, Suite 18100
San Francisco, CA 94103
(415) 625-2547 (Main Public - 8:00 AM–4:30 PM Pacific)
(800) 475-4019 (For Technical Assistance)
(800) 475-4020 (For Complaints - Accidents/Fatalities)
Note: The 800 number for Complaints - Accidents/Fatalities is Regional only.OSHA Regional and Area Offices 493
(800) 475-4022 (For Publication Requests)
(415) 625-2534 FAX
Region 10 (AK, ID, OR, WA)
1111 Third Avenue, Suite 715
Seattle, Washington DC 98101-3212
(206) 553-5930
(206) 553-6499 FAX
OSHA Area Offices
Alabama
Birmingham Area Office
Medical Forum Building
950 22nd Street North, Room 1500
Birmingham, AL 35203
(205) 731-1534
(205) 731-0504 FAX
Mobile Area Office
1141 Montlimar Drive, Suite 1006
Mobile AL 36609
(251) 441-6131
(251) 441-6396 FAX
Alaska
Anchorage Area Office
Scott Ketcham, Area Director
U.S. Department of Labor - OSHA
222 W. 8th Avenue, Room A14
Anchorage, AK 99513
Mailing Address:
Anchorage Area Office
Scott Ketcham, Area Director
U.S. Department of Labor - OSHA494 Safety Professional’s Reference and Study Guide
222 W. 7th Avenue, Box 22
Anchorage, AK 99513
(907) 271-5152
(907) 271-4238 FAX
American Samoa
Region IX Federal Contact Numbers
90 7th Street, Suite 18100
San Francisco, CA 94103
(415) 625-2547 (Main Public - 8:00 AM–4:30 PM Pacific)
(800) 475-4019 (For Technical Assistance)
(800) 475-4022 (For Publication Requests)
(415) 625-2534 FAX
(800) 475-4020 (For Complaints - Accidents/Fatalities)
Note: The 800 number for Complaints - Accidents/Fatalities is Regional only.
Arizona
Industrial Commission of Arizona (ICA)
800 W. Washington Street
Phoenix, AZ 85007
Laura L. McGrory, Director and State Designee
Arizona Division of Occupational Safety and Health (ADOSH)
Phoenix Office
800 W. Washington Street, 2nd floor
Phoenix, AZ 85007
(602) 542-5795
(602) 542-1614 FAX
Darin Perkins, Director
Bill Wright, Assistant Director
Babak Emami, Consultation and Training Manager
(602) 542-1769
Tucson Office
2675 E. Broadway Blvd. #239
Tucson, AZ 85716
(520) 628-5478OSHA Regional and Area Offices 495
(520) 322-8008
Mark Norton, Assistant Director
Arkansas
Little Rock Area Office
10810 Executive Center Dr
Danville Bldg #2; Ste 206
Little Rock, AR 72211
501-224-1841
501-224-4431 FAX
California
Department of Industrial Relations
Office of the Director
455 Golden Gate Avenue
San Francisco, CA 94102
(415) 703-5050
John Duncan, Director and State Designee
Division of Occupational Safety and Health
1515 Clay Street Suite 1901
Oakland, CA 94612
(510) 286-7000
(510) 286-7037 FAX
Len Welsh, Chief
Chris Lee, Deputy Chief of Enforcement
Cal/OSHA Consultation Services
2424 Arden Way, Suite 485
Sacramento, CA 95825
(916) 263-5765
1 (800) 963-9424 FAX
Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board
2520 Venture Oaks Way, Suite 350
Sacramento, CA 95833
(916) 274-5721
(916) 274-5743 FAX
Send mail to the OSHSB496 Safety Professional’s Reference and Study Guide
Occupational Safety and Health Appeals Board
2520 Venture Oaks Way, Suite 300
Sacramento, CA 95833
(916) 274-5751
(916) 274-5785 FAX
Send mail to Appeals Board
Michael Wimberly, Executive Officer
Division of Labor Standards Enforcement
Discrimination Complaint Investigation Unit
2031 Howe Avenue, Suite 100
Sacramento, CA 95825
(916) 263-1811
(916) 916-5378 FAX
Angela Bradstreet, Labor Commissioner
Colorado
Denver Area Office
1391 Speer Boulevard, Suite 210
Denver, Colorado 80204-2552
(303) 844-5285
(303) 844-6676 FAX
The Denver Area Office also oversees the federal program for Utah.
Contact: Herb Gibson, Area Director, Denver Area Office, (303)
844-5285, Ext. 106.
Englewood Area Office
7935 East Prentice Avenue, Suite 209
Englewood, CO 80111-2714
(303) 843-4500
(303) 843-4515 FAX
Connecticut
Bridgeport Area Office
Clark Building
1057 Broad Street, 4th Floor
Bridgeport, CT 06604OSHA Regional and Area Offices 497
(203) 579-5581
(203) 579-5516 FAX
Hartford Area Office
Federal Building
450 Main Street, Room 613
Hartford, CT 06103
(860) 240-3152
(860) 240-3155 FAX
Delaware
Wilmington Area Office
Mellon Bank Building, Suite 900
919 Market Street
Wilmington, DE 19801-3319
(302) 573-6518
(302) 573-6532 FAX
District of Columbia
Baltimore/Washington DC Area Office
OSHA Area Office
U.S. Department of Labor-OSHA
1099 Winterson Road, Suite 140
Linthicum, MD 21090
(410) 865-2055/2056
(410) 865-2068 FAX
Florida
Fort Lauderdale Area Office
8040 Peters Road, Building H-100
Fort Lauderdale, FL 33324
(954) 424-0242
(954) 424-3073 FAX
Jacksonville Area Office
Ribault Building, Suite 227498 Safety Professional’s Reference and Study Guide
1851 Executive Center Drive
Jacksonville, FL 32207
(904) 232-2895
(904) 232-1294 FAX
Tampa Area Office
5807 Breckenridge Parkway, Suite A
Tampa, FL 33610-4249
(813) 626-1177
(813) 626-7015 FAX
Georgia
Atlanta East Area Office
LaVista Perimeter Office Park
2183 N. Lake Parkway, Building 7, Suite 110
Tucker, GA 30084-4154
(770) 493-6644
(770) 493-7725 FAX
Atlanta West Area Office
2400 Herodian Way, Suite 250
Smyrna, GA 30080-2968
(770) 984-8700
(770) 984-8855 FAX
Savannah Area Office
450 Mall Boulevard, Suite J
Savannah, GA 31406
(912) 652-4393
(912) 652-4329 FAX
Guam
Region IX Federal Contact Numbers
90 7th Street, Suite 18100
San Francisco, CA 94103
(415) 625-2547 (Main Public - 8:00 AM – 4:30 PM Pacific)
(800) 475-4019 (For Technical Assistance)
(800) 475-4022 (For Publication Requests)OSHA Regional and Area Offices 499
(415) 625-2534 FAX
(800) 475-4020 (For Complaints - Accidents/Fatalities)
Note: The 800 number for Complaints - Accidents/Fatalities is Regional only.
Hawaii
Department of Labor and Industrial Relations
830 Punchbowl Street, Suite 321
Honolulu, HI 96813
(808) 586-8844
Darwin Ching, Director of Department of Labor & Industrial Relations
James Hardway, Special Assistant to the Director
HIOSH (Enforcement & Consultation)
830 Punchbowl Street, Suite 425
Honolulu, HI 96813
Jamesner A. Dumlao, Operations Manager
(808) 586-9078
Consultation
(808) 586-9100
Accident Reporting Line
(808) 586-9102
Complaints
(808) 586-9092
(808) 586-9104 FAX
Idaho
Boise Area Office
1150 North Curtis Road, Suite 201
Boise, ID 83706
(208) 321-2960
(208) 321-2966 FAX
Illinois
Calumet City Area Office
1600 167th Street, Suite 9500 Safety Professional’s Reference and Study Guide
Calumet City, IL 60409
(708) 891-3800
(708) 862-9659 FAX
Chicago North Area Office
701 Lee Street - Suite 950
Des Plaines, IL 60016
(847) 803-4800
(847) 390-8220 FAX
Fairview Heights District Office
11 Executive Drive, Suite 11
Fairview Heights, IL 62208
(618) 632-8612
(618) 632-5712 FAX
North Aurora Area Office
365 Smoke Tree Plaza
North Aurora, IL 60542
(630) 896-8700
(630) 892-2160 FAX
Peoria Area Office
2918 W. Willows Knolls Road
Peoria, IL 61614
(309) 589-7033
(309) 589-7326 FAX
Indiana
Indianapolis Area Office
46 East Ohio Street, Room 453
Indianapolis, IN 46204
(317) 226-7290
(317) 226-7292 FAX
Iowa
U.S. Department of Labor
Occupational Safety and Health AdministrationOSHA Regional and Area Offices 501
210 Walnut ST RM 815
Des Moines IA 50309-2015
(515) 284-4794
(515) 284-4058 FAX
Kansas
Wichita Area Office
271 W. 3rd Street North, Room 400
Wichita, KS 67202
(316) 269-6644
(316) 269-6646 Voice Mail
(316) 269-6185 FAX
Toll Free (Kansas Residents Only): 1-800-362-2896
Kentucky
Frankfort Area Office
John C. Watts Federal Office Building
330 West Broadway, Room 108
Frankfort, KY 40601-1922
(502) 227-7024
(502) 227-2348 FAX
Louisiana
Baton Rouge Area Office
9100 Bluebonnet Centre Blvd, Suite 201
Baton Rouge, LA 70809
(225) 298-5458
(225) 298-5457 FAX
Maine
Bangor District Office
382 Harlow Street
Bangor, ME 04401
(207) 941-8177
(207) 941-8179 FAX502 Safety Professional’s Reference and Study Guide
Augusta Area Office
E.S. Muskie Federal Bldg
40 Western Ave., Room G-26
Augusta, ME 04330
(207) 626-9160
(207) 622-8213 FAX
Maryland
Baltimore/Washington D.C. Area Office
OSHA Area Office
U.S. Department of Labor-OSHA
1099 Winterson Road, Suite 140
Linthicum, MD 21090
(410) 865-2055/2056
(410) 865-2068 FAX
Massachusetts
North Boston Area Office
Shattuck Office Center
138 River Road, Suite 102
Andover, MA 01810
(978) 837-4460
(978) 837-4455 FAX
South Boston Area Office
639 Granite Street, 4th Floor
Braintree, MA 02184
(617) 565-6924
(617) 565-6923 FAX
Springfield Area Office
1441 Main Street, Room 550
Springfield, MA 01103-1493
(413) 785-0123
(413) 785-0136 FAXOSHA Regional and Area Offices 503
Michigan
Lansing Area Office
U.S. Department of Labor
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
315 West Allegan Street, Suite 207
Lansing, MI 48933
(517) 487-4996
(517) 487-4997 FAX
Minnesota
Eau Claire Area Office
1310 W. Clairemont Avenue
Eau Claire, WI 54701
(715) 832-9019
(715) 832-1147 FAX
Mississippi
Jackson Area Office
3780 I-55 North, Suite 210
Jackson, MS 39211-6323
(601) 965-4606
(601) 965-4610 FAX
Missouri
Kansas City Area Office
2300 Main Street, Suite 168
Kansas City, MO 64108
(816) 483-9531
(816) 483-9724 FAX
Toll Free (Missouri Residents Only): 1-800-892-2674
St. Louis Area Office
1222 Spruce Street, Room 9.104
St. Louis, MO 63103
(314) 425-4249504 Safety Professional’s Reference and Study Guide
(314) 425-4255 Voice Mail
(314) 425-4289 FAX
Toll Free (Missouri Residents Only): 1-800-392-7743
Montana
Billings Area Office
2900 4th Avenue North, Suite 303
Billings, MT 59101
(406) 247-7494
(406) 247-7499 FAX
Nebraska
Omaha Area Office
Overland-Wolf Building
6910 Pacific Street, Room 100
Omaha, NE 68106
(402) 553-0171
(402) 551-1288 FAX
Toll Free (Nebraska Residents Only): 1-800-642-8963
Nevada
Division of Industrial Relations
Department of Business and Industry
400 W. King Street, Suite 400
Carson City, NV 89703
Donald Jayne, Director & State Designee
Nevada OSHA
1301 N. Green Valley Parkway, Suite 200
Henderson, NV 89074
(702) 486-9044
(702) 990-0365 FAX
Steve Coffield, Chief Administrative Officer
Reno Office
4600 Kietzke Lane, Suite F-153OSHA Regional and Area Offices 505
Reno, NV 89502
(775) 824-4600
(775) 688-1378 FAX
Nevada Safety Consultation and Training Section (SCATS)
1301 N. Green Valley Parkway, Suite 200
Henderson, NV 89074
(702) 486-9140
(702) 990-0362 FAX
Jan Rosenberg, Chief Administrative Officer
New Hampshire
Concord Area Office
J.C. Cleveland Federal Bldg
53 Pleasant Street, Room 3901
Concord, NH 03301
(603) 225-1629
(603) 225-1580 FAX
New Jersey
Avenel Area Office
1030 St. Georges Avenue
Plaza 35, Suite 205
Avenel, NJ 07001
(732) 750-3270
(732) 750-4737 FAX
Hasbrouck Heights Area Office
500 Route 17 South
2nd Floor
Hasbrouck Heights, NJ 07604
(201) 288-1700
(201) 288-7315 FAX
Marlton Area Office
Marlton Executive Park, Building 2
701 Route 73 South, Suite 120
Marlton, NJ 08053506 Safety Professional’s Reference and Study Guide
(856) 396-2594
(856) 396-2593 FAX
Parsippany Area Office
299 Cherry Hill Road, Suite 103
Parsippany, NJ 07054
(973) 263-1003
(973) 299-7161 FAX
New Mexico
Lubbock Area Office
1205 Texas Avenue, Room 806
Lubbock, TX 79401
(806) 472-7681
(806) 472-7686 FAX
New York
Albany Area Office
401 New Karner Road, Suite 300
Albany, NY 12205-3809
(518) 464-4338
(518) 464-4337 FAX
Queens District Office of the Manhattan Area Office
45-17 Marathon Parkway
Little Neck, NY 11362
(718) 279-9060
(718) 279-9057 FAX
Buffalo Area Office
U.S. Department of Labor/OSHA
130 S. Elmwood Avenue, Suite 500
Buffalo, NY 14202-2465
(716) 551-3053
(716) 551-3126 FAX
Long Island Area Office
1400 Old Country Road, Suite 208
Westbury, NY 11590OSHA Regional and Area Offices 507
(516) 334-3344
(516) 334-3326 FAX
Manhattan Area Office
201 Varick Street RM. 908
New York, NY 10014
(212) 620-3200
(212) 620-4121 FAX
Syracuse Area Office
3300 Vickery Road
North Syracuse, NY 13212
(315) 451-0808
(315) 451-1351 FAX
Tarrytown Area Office
660 White Plains Road, 4th Floor
Tarrytown, NY 10591-5107
(914) 524-7510
(914) 524-7515 FAX
North Carolina
Raleigh Area Office
4407 Bland Road
Somerset Park Suite 210
Raleigh, NC 27609
(919) 790-8096
(919) 790-8224 FAX
North Dakota
Bismarck Area Office
Federal Office Building
1640 East Capitol Avenue
Bismarck, ND 58501
(701) 250-4521
(701) 250-4520 FAX508 Safety Professional’s Reference and Study Guide
Ohio
Cincinnati Area Office
36 Triangle Park Drive
Cincinnati, OH 45246
(513) 841-4132
(513) 841-4114 FAX
Cleveland Area Office
1240 East 9th Street, Room 899
Cleveland, OH 44199
(216) 615-4266
(216) 615-4234 FAX
Columbus Area Office
200 North High Street, Room 620
Columbus, OH 43215
(614) 469-5582
(614) 469-6791 FAX
Toledo Area Office
420 Madison Avenue, Suite 600
Toledo, OH 43604
(419) 259-7542
(419) 259-6355 FAX
Oklahoma
Oklahoma City Area Office
55 North Robinson - Suite 315
Oklahoma City, OK 73102-9237
(405) 278-9560
(405) 278-9572 FAX
Oregon
Portland Area Office
Federal Office Building
1220 Southwest 3rd Avenue, Room 640
Portland, OR 97204OSHA Regional and Area Offices 509
(503) 326-2251
(503) 326-3574 FAX
Pennsylvania
Allentown Area Office
850 North 5th Street
Allentown, PA 18102
(610) 776-0592
(610) 776-1913 FAX
Erie Area Office
1128 State Street, Suite 200
Erie, PA 16501
(814) 461-1492
(814) 461-1498 FAX
Harrisburg Area Office
Progress Plaza
49 North Progress Avenue
Harrisburg, PA 17109-3596
(717) 782-3902
(717) 782-3746 FAX
Philadelphia Area Office
US Custom House, Room 242
Second and Chestnut Street
Philadelphia, PA 19106-2902
(215) 597-4955
(215) 597-1956 FAX
Pittsburgh Area Office
U.S. Department of Labor-OSHA
William Moorhead Federal Building, Room 905
1000 Liberty Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15222
(412) 395-4903
(412) 395-6380 FAX
Wilkes-Barre Area Office
The Stegmaier Building, Suite 410510 Safety Professional’s Reference and Study Guide
7 North Wilkes-Barre Boulevard
Wilkes-Barre, PA 18702-5241
(570) 826-6538
(570) 821-4170 FAX
Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico Area Office
Triple S Building
1510 FD Roosevelt Avenue, Suite 5B
Guaynabo, PR 00968
(787) 277-1560
(787) 277-1567 FAX
Rhode Island
Providence Area Office
Federal Office Building
380 Westminster Mall, Room 543
Providence, RI 02903
(401) 528-4669
(401) 528-4663 FAX
South Carolina
Columbia Area Office
Strom Thurmond Federal Building
1835 Assembly Street, Room 1472
Columbia, SC 29201-2453
(803) 765-5904
(803) 765-5591 FAX
South Dakota
Bruce Beelman, Area Director
U.S. Department of Labor
Occupational Safety and Health AdministrationOSHA Regional and Area Offices 511
Bismarck Area Office
1640 East Capitol Avenue
Bismarck, ND 58501
(701) 250-4521
Tennessee
Nashville Area Office
51 Century Boulevard Suite 340,
Nashville, TN 37214
(615) 232-3803
(615) 232-3827 FAX
Texas
Austin Area Office
La Costa Green Bldg.,
1033 La Posada Dr. Suite 375
Austin, TX 78752-3832
(512) 374-0271
(512) 374-0086 FAX
Corpus Christi Area Office
Wilson Plaza
606 N Carancahua, Ste. 700
Corpus Christi, TX 78476
(361) 888-3420
(361) 888-3424 FAX
Dallas Area Office
8344 East RL Thornton Freeway, Suite 420
Dallas, TX 75228
(214) 320-2400
(214) 320-2598 FAX
El Paso District Office
U.S. Dept. of Labor - OSHA
4849 N. Mesa, Suite 200
El Paso, TX 79912-5936512 Safety Professional’s Reference and Study Guide
(915) 534-6251
(915) 534-6259 FAX
Fort Worth Area Office
North Starr II, Suite 302
8713 Airport Freeway
Fort Worth, TX 76180-7610
(817) 428-2470
(817) 581-7723 FAX
Houston North Area Office
507 North Sam Houston Parkway East, Suite 400
Houston, TX 77060
(281) 591-2438
(281) 999-7457 FAX
Houston South Area Office
17625 El Camino Real, Suite 400
Houston, TX 77058
(281) 286-0583
(281) 286-6352 FAX
Toll Free: (800) 692-4202
Lubbock Area Office
1205 Texas Avenue, Room 806
Lubbock, TX 79401
(806) 472-7681 (7685)
(806) 472-7686 FAX
San Antonio District Office
Washington Square Blvd, Suite 203
800 Dolorosa Street
San Antonio, TX 78207-4559
(210) 472-5040
(210) 472-5045 FAX
Utah
Herb Gibson, Area Director
U.S. Department of Labor
Occupational Safety and Health AdministrationOSHA Regional and Area Offices 513
1391 Speer Blvd, Suite 210
Denver, CO 80204-2552
(303) 844-5285, Ext. 106
(303) 844-6676 FAX
Vermont
Vermont Department of Labor
5 Green Mountain Drive
P O Box 488
Montpelier, VT 05601-0488
(802) 828-4000
(802) 888-4022 FAX
Patricia Moulton Powden, Commissioner
(802) 828-4301
Workers’ Compensation and Safety Division
J. Stephen Monahan, Director
(802) 828-2138
VOSHA
Robert McLeod, Manager
(802) 828-5084
Virginia
Norfolk Area Office
Federal Office Building, Room 614
200 Granby Street
Norfolk, VA 23510-1811
(757) 441-3820
(No direct lines to staff)
(757) 441-3594 FAX
Virgin Islands
Virgin Islands Department of Labor
Albert Bryan, Jr., Commissioner
(340) 773-1994
Division of Occupational Safety and Health (VIDOSH)514 Safety Professional’s Reference and Study Guide
3012 Golden Rock
Christiansted, St. Croix VI 00890
(340) 772-1315
(340) 772-4323 FAX
Jannette Barbosa, Acting Director
(340) 772-1315
Washington DC
Bellevue Area Office
505 106th Avenue NE, Suite 302
Bellevue, Washington DC 98004
(425) 450-5480
Facsimile Number: (425) 450-5483
West Virginia
Charleston Area Office
405 Capitol Street, Suite 407
Charleston, WV 25301-1727
(304) 347-5937
(No direct lines to staff)
(304) 347-5275 FAX
Wisconsin
Appleton Area Office
1648 Tri Park Way
Appleton, WI 54914
(920) 734-4521
(920) 734-2661 FAX
Eau Claire Area Office
1310 W. Clairemont Avenue
Eau Claire, WI 54701
(715) 832-9019
(715) 832-1147 FAX
Madison Area Office
4802 E. BroadwayOSHA Regional and Area Offices 515
Madison, WI 53716
(608) 441-5388
(608) 441-5400 FAX
Milwaukee Area Office
310 West Wisconsin Avenue, Room 1180
Milwaukee, WI 53203
(414) 297-3315
(414) 297-4299 FAX
Wyoming
Herb Gibson, Area Director
U.S. Department of Labor
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
1391 Speer Blvd, Suite 210
Denver, CO 80204-2552
(303) 844-5285, Ext. 106


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