كتاب Maintenance Engineering Handbook - Seventh Edition
منتدى هندسة الإنتاج والتصميم الميكانيكى
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منتدى هندسة الإنتاج والتصميم الميكانيكى
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

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وتسعدونا بالأراء والمساهمات
إذا كنت أحد أعضائنا يرجى تسجيل الدخول
أو وإذا كانت هذة زيارتك الأولى للمنتدى فنتشرف بإنضمامك لأسرتنا
وهذا شرح لطريقة التسجيل فى المنتدى بالفيديو :
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وشرح لطريقة التنزيل من المنتدى بالفيديو:
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الرئيسيةالبوابةأحدث الصورالتسجيلدخولحملة فيد واستفيدجروب المنتدى

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 كتاب Maintenance Engineering Handbook - Seventh Edition

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عدد المساهمات : 18717
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تاريخ التسجيل : 01/07/2009
الدولة : مصر
العمل : مدير منتدى هندسة الإنتاج والتصميم الميكانيكى

كتاب Maintenance Engineering Handbook - Seventh Edition Empty
مُساهمةموضوع: كتاب Maintenance Engineering Handbook - Seventh Edition   كتاب Maintenance Engineering Handbook - Seventh Edition Emptyالأربعاء 27 سبتمبر 2023, 1:30 am

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أحضرت لكم كتاب
Maintenance Engineering Handbook
Seventh Edition
R. Keith Mobley Editor in Chief
Lindley R. Higgins , Darrin J. Wikoff , Seventh Edition

كتاب Maintenance Engineering Handbook - Seventh Edition M_e_h_22
و المحتوى كما يلي :


CONTENTS
Contributors ix
Foreword xi
Preface xii
SI Units and Conversion Factors xiii
Section 1 Organization and Management of the Maintenance
Function
Chapter 1. Redefining Maintenance—Delivering Reliability Scott Franklin 1.3
Chapter 2. Introduction to the Theory and Practice of Maintenance
R. Keith Mobley 1.9
Chapter 3. Maintenance and Reliability Engineering R. Keith Mobley 1.17
Chapter 4. Cooperative Partnerships Jeff Nevenhoven 1.23
Chapter 5. Effective Maintenance Organizations Randy Heisler 1.31
Chapter 6. Operating Policies of Effective Maintenance Tom Dabbs 1.39
Chapter 7. Six Sigma Safety: Applying Quality Management Principles
to Foster a Zero-Injury Safety Culture Michael Williamsen 1.55
Section 2 The Horizons of Maintenance Management
Chapter 1. Corrective Maintenance R. Keith Mobley 2.3
Chapter 2. Reliability-Based Preventive Maintenance R. Keith Mobley 2.7
Chapter 3. Predictive Maintenance R. Keith Mobley 2.19
For more information about this title, click hereChapter 4. Reliability-Centered Maintenance Darrin Wikoff 2.35
Chapter 5. Total Productive Maintenance R. Keith Mobley 2.41
Chapter 6. Maintenance Repair and Operations—Storeroom Excellence
Wally Wilson 2.59
Chapter 7. Computerized Planning and Scheduling Thomas A. Gober 2.79
Chapter 8. Computer-Based Maintenance Management Systems
R. Keith Mobley 2.91
Section 3 Engineering and Analysis Tools
Chapter 1. Economics of Reliability Robert Fei 3.3
Chapter 2. Work Measurement Bruce Wesner 3.19
Chapter 3. Rating and Evaluating Maintenance Workers Robert (Bob) Call 3.65
Chapter 4. Work Simplification in Maintenance Al Emeneker 3.89
Chapter 5. Estimating Repair and Maintenance Costs Tim Kister 3.107
Chapter 6. Key Performance Indicators John Cray 3.121
Chapter 7. Maintenance Engineer’s Toolbox Shon Isenhour 3.133
Chapter 8. Root Cause Analysis Darrin Wikoff 3.153
Section 4 Maintenance of Plant Facilities
Chapter 1. Maintenance of Low-Sloped Membrane Roofs
Donald R. Mapes and Dennis J. McNeil 4.3
Chapter 2. Concrete Industrial Floor Surfaces: Design, Installation,
Repair, and Maintenance Robert F. Ytterberg 4.17
iv CONTENTSChapter 3. Maintenance and Cleaning of Brick Masonry Structures
Brian E. Trimble 4.27
Chapter 4. Maintenance of Elevators and Special Lifts Jerry Robertson 4.43
Chapter 5. Air-Conditioning Equipment Martin A. Scicchitano 4.53
Chapter 6. Ventilating Fans and Exhaust Systems R. Keith Mobley 4.87
Chapter 7. Dust-Collecting and Air-Cleaning Equipment
Lee Twombly and Samuel G. Dunkle 4.111
Section 5 Maintenance of Mechanical Equipment
Chapter 1. Plain Bearings R. Keith Mobley 5.3
Chapter 2. Rolling-Element Bearings Daniel R. Snyder 5.19
Chapter 3. Flexible Couplings for Power Transmission Terry Hall 5.45
Chapter 4. Chains for Power Transmission Frank B. Kempf 5.73
Chapter 5. Cranes: Overhead and Gantry William S. Chapin 5.83
Chapter 6. Chain Hoists R. C. Dearstyne 5.91
Chapter 7. Belt Drives Dan Parsons and Tim Taylor 5.99
Chapter 8. Mechanical Variable-Speed Drives Carl March 5.145
Chapter 9. Gear Drives and Speed Reducers Robert G. Smith 5.161
Chapter 10. Reciprocating Air Compressors R. Keith Mobley 5.185
Chapter 11. Valves Terry Hall 5.197
Chapter 12. Pumps: Centrifugal and Positive Displacement Carl March 5.213
CONTENTS vSection 6 Maintenance of Electrical Equipment
Chapter 1. Electric Motors Shon Isenhour 6.3
Chapter 2. Maintenance of Motor Control Components Shon Isenhour 6.39
Chapter 3. Maintenance of Industrial Batteries (Lead-Acid,
Nickel-Cadmium, Nickel-Iron) Terry Hall 6.79
Section 7 Instruments and Reliability Tools
Chapter 1. Mechanical Instruments for Measuring Process Variables
R. Keith Mobley 7.3
Chapter 2. Electrical Instruments for Measuring, Servicing, and Testing
R. Keith Mobley 7.43
Chapter 3. Vibration: Its Analysis and Correction R. Keith Mobley 7.69
Chapter 4. An Introduction to Thermography R. Keith Mobley 7.105
Chapter 5. Tribology R. Keith Mobley 7.127
Section 8 Lubrication
Chapter 1. The Organization and Management of Lubrication
F. Alverson, T. C. Mead, W. H. Stein, and A. C. Witte 8.3
Chapter 2. Lubricating Devices and Systems Duane C. Allen 8.13
Chapter 3. Planning and Implementing a Good Lubrication Program
R. Keith Mobley 8.27
Section 9 Chemical Corrosion Control and Cleaning
Chapter 1. Corrosion Control Denny Bardoliwalla and Klaus Wittel 9.3
Chapter 2. Industrial Chemical Cleaning Methods
Robert Haydu, W. Emerson Brantley III, and Jerry Casenhiser 9.17
vi CONTENTSChapter 3. Painting and Protective Coatings Bryant (Web) Chandler 9.35
Chapter 4. Piping Tyler G. Hicks 9.55
Chapter 5. Scaffolds and Ladders Colin P. Bennett 9.91
Section 10 Maintenance Welding
Chapter 1. Arc Welding in Maintenance J. E. Hinkel 10.3
Chapter 2. Gas Welding in Maintenance
Engineers of L-TEC Welding and Cutting Systems 10.63
Index I.1
A3 process, 3.155–3.159
form for, 3.158–3.159
steps of, 3.156–3.158
Ability, in law of intelligent action, 3.91
Abrasion, with ventilating fans, 4.99–4.100
Abrasion method, 9.30
Abrasion resistance, 4.21
Abrasive wear, 10.43–10.44
ABS, for corrosion control, 9.10
Absolute-pressure elements, 7.18
Absorbers, gas, 4.113, 4.114
Absorption, atmospheric, 7.113
Absorption machines:
leak testing for, 4.66
leaktightness, 4.65
maintenance of, 4.64–4.65
pumps, 4.66
purge units, 4.66
safeties, 4.66
service valves, 4.66
Absorptivity, 7.113
AC (alternating current), 7.115
AC induction motors, 6.3–6.9
construction of, 6.6
design of, 6.7
insulation for, 6.7–6.8
speed-torque characteristics of, 6.6–6.7
temperature of, 6.8–6.9
theory for, 6.6
troubleshooting, 6.20–6.25
AC instruments, 7.56
AC motors, 6.3–6.6
AC volts, 7.53–7.55
Accelerating voltages, 7.66
Acceleration, of vibration, 7.75, 7.77
Accelerometers, 7.97
Acceptable operating envelope, 3.171
Acceptance testing, 7.69
Accessory equipment, 10.52–10.55
Accounting function, 2.106–2.107
Acetal homopolymers, 9.10
Acid(s):
citric, 9.20
cleaning with, 9.20–9.21
inhibited muriatic acid (HCl), 9.20
inhibited sulfuric acid, 9.20–9.21
inorganic, 9.20–9.21
cleaning with, 9.20–9.21
inhibited muriatic acid (HCl), 9.20
inhibited sulfuric acid, 9.20–9.21
nitric acid, 9.21
Acid(s): inorganic (Cont.)
phosphoric acids, 9.21
sulfuric acid, 9.21
monoammoniated citric acids, 9.20
nitric, 9.21
organic, 9.20
phosphoric, 9.21
sulfuric, 9.21
Acid cleaning, 9.86, 9.87
Acid number, 8.31
Across-the-flex element:
of flexible couplings, 5.67–5.71
horizontal alignment solution for, 5.70–5.71
vertical alignment solution for, 5.67–5.70
Action item matrix (AIM), 1.58–1.60
Active descriptions, 3.140
A/D conversion, 7.113
Adjustable pulleys, 4.74
Adjustable while in motion (nonenclosed)
friction drives, 5.145–5.151
Adjustable-type relays, 6.68
Administrative skills, 1.35
Aesthetics, painting for, 9.37–9.38
Aftercoolers, 5.193
AIM (action item matrix), 1.58–1.60
Air, entrained, 5.217–5.218
Air compressors, 5.185–5.196
and aftercoolers, 5.193
and air filters, 5.186, 5.187
and air receivers, 5.187
bearings in, 5.192–5.193
capacity of, 5.187
cleaning, 5.193
foundation of, 5.185–5.186
and intercoolers, 5.193
location of, 5.185, 5.187
lubrication of, 5.188–5.189
nonlubricated cylinders in, 5.189
packing, 5.193–5.196
piston rings in, 5.191–5.192
starting new, 5.188
and suction lines, 5.186, 5.187
unloading, 5.193
valves of, 5.189–5.191
Air conditioners (see Air-conditioning equipment)
Air filters, 4.76–4.77, 5.186, 5.187
Air motors, 4.84
Air receivers, 5.187
Air washers, 4.66–4.67
cleaning, 4.66
fans in, 4.66
Air washers (Cont.)
lubrication of, 4.66–4.67
maintenance of, 4.66–4.67
Air-acetylene appliances, 10.63–10.71
applications of, 10.70–10.71
automobile body soldering, 10.67
electrical connections, 10.67–10.68
paint burning, 10.69–10.70
precautions with, 10.63–10.64
safety considerations with, 10.63–10.64
sheet metal working, 10.65–10.67
soldering, 10.64–10.65
sweat-type fittings, 10.68–10.69
Air-carbon arc cutting (CAC-A), 10.27–10.30
Air-cleaning (dust control) equipment,
4.111–4.124
electrostatic precipitators, 4.117–4.118
fans in, 4.121–4.122
maintenance of, 4.120–4.122
sludge settling tanks, 4.121
exhaust ducts
maintenance of, 4.122
preventative maintenance of, 4.123
exhaust hoods
maintenance of, 4.122
preventative maintenance of, 4.123
fabric filtration, 4.116–4.117, 4.120
fans in, 4.121–4.122
gas absorbers, 4.113, 4.114
inertial (dry centrifugal), 4.112, 4.119
maintenance of, 4.118–4.124
electrostatic precipitators, 4.120–4.122
exhaust ducts, 4.122
exhaust hoods, 4.122
fabric filtration, 4.120
inertial equipment, 4.119
wet collectors, 4.119–4.120
orifice type scrubbers, 4.120
packed scrubbers, 4.119
particulate scrubbers, 4.114, 4.115
and sludge settling tanks, 4.121
types of, 4.112–4.118
wet centrifugal scrubbers, 4.119–4.120
wet collectors (scrubbers), 4.112, 4.113
maintenance of, 4.119–4.120
orifice type, 4.120
packed scrubbers, 4.119
wet centrifugal, 4.119–4.120
wet dynamic, 4.120
wet dynamic scrubbers, 4.120
Air-compressor check valve, 5.201–5.202
Air-conditioning equipment, 4.53–4.85
absorption machines, 4.64–4.65
and air motors, 4.84
air washers, 4.66–4.67
air-cooled condensers, 4.69
belt drives, 4.73–4.74
centrifugal compressors, 4.67–4.68
coils, 4.68–4.69, 4.84
components of, 4.57–4.58
and compressed-air lines, 4.84
and condensers, 4.70, 4.84
coolers, 4.71
cooling loads, 4.53–4.55
latent loads, 4.54
from lights, 4.54
occupancy loads, 4.54
outside-air loads, 4.54
removal of, 4.54
size of, 4.54–4.55
sun loads, 4.53
transmission loads, 4.53–4.54
cooling towers, 4.71–4.73
dampers, 4.73
dehumidifiers, 4.80
economizers, 4.74–4.75
equipment for, 4.57
evaporative condensers, 4.69–4.70, 4.84
fans, 4.75–4.76
filters, 4.76–4.78
freezing issues with
air motors, 4.84
coils, 4.68–4.69, 4.84
compressed-air lines, 4.84
condensers, 4.70, 4.71, 4.84
damage from, 4.83
evaporative condensers, 4.70, 4.84
prevention of, 4.83–4.84
susceptible areas, 4.84
water coils, 4.84
water lines, 4.84
water-cooled condensers, 4.71
well pumps, 4.84
heat pumps, 4.79–4.80
heaters, 4.78–4.79
and heating loads, 4.55
humidifiers, 4.80
installation of, 4.61
latent loads, 4.54
loads on, 4.53–4.55
cooling, 4.53–4.55
heating, 4.55
maintenance of, 4.61–4.85
absorption machines, 4.64–4.65
air washers, 4.66–4.67
air-cooled condensers, 4.69
belt drives, 4.73–4.74
centrifugal compressors, 4.67–4.68
coils, 4.68–4.69
coolers, 4.71
cooling towers, 4.71–4.73
dampers, 4.73
dehumidifiers, 4.80
economizers, 4.74–4.75
evaporative condensers, 4.69–4.70
fans, 4.75–4.76
filters, 4.76–4.78
with freeze protection, 4.83–4.84
heat pumps, 4.79–4.80
heaters, 4.78–4.79
Air-conditioning equipment, maintenance of
(Cont.)
humidifiers, 4.80
operating logs for, 4.63
pumps, 4.80–4.81
requirements for, 4.63, 4.64
responsibility for, 4.61
rooftop units, 4.81–4.82
room air conditioners, 4.82–4.83
self-contained units, 4.83
spare parts, 4.63
training for, 4.63
and water conditioning, 4.84–4.85
water-cooled condensers, 4.70–4.71
occupancy loads, 4.54
and operating logs, 4.63
outside-air loads, 4.54
preventative maintenance for, 4.61
pumps, 4.80–4.81
refrigeration, 4.55–4.56
equipment for, 4.58–4.61
measuring, 4.55–4.56
and oil, 4.58
and refrigerant, 4.58
responsibility for, 4.61
rooftop units, 4.81–4.82
room air conditioners, 4.82–4.83
self-contained, 4.83
spare parts for, 4.63
sun loads, 4.53
training for, 4.63
transmission loads, 4.53–4.54
and water coils, 4.84
water conditioning, 4.84–4.85
corrective measures for, 4.85
definitions of, 4.85
problems with, 4.84–4.85
and water lines, 4.84
water-cooled condensers, 4.70–4.71
and well pumps, 4.84
Air-cooled condensers:
cleaning of, 4.69
inspection of, 4.69
lubrication of, 4.69
maintenance of, 4.69
Aircraft engines, 7.71
Air-receivers, 5.187
Alarm (alert) limits, 7.94–7.95
Algae, in cooling towers, 4.72
Alignment:
of belt drives, 4.74
of cooling towers, 4.72
of face/rim, 5.63, 5.66, 5.67
of fans, 4.76
of flexible couplings, 5.54–5.56
horizontal, 5.61–5.63, 5.66, 5.67, 5.70–5.71
vertical, 5.59–5.61, 5.63, 5.66–5.70
Alkaline cleaners, 9.20
Alkyd coatings, 9.43
Alligatoring, 9.47
Allowance determination, 3.59, 3.60
Alloy steels, 10.36–10.39
high-manganese steels, 10.39
high-tensile low-alloy steels, 10.36
stainless clad steels, 10.38
stainless steels, 10.36, 10.38
straight chromium steels, 10.38
and welding, 10.36–10.39
Alterations, maintenance for, 1.10
Alternate displays, 7.66
Alternating current (ac), 7.115 (See also AC)
Alternating current-instruments, 7.56
Alternators:
defined, 7.115
motor, 7.116
Aluminum:
for corrosion control, 9.9
and welding, 10.39
Aluminum complex soaps, 8.10
Aluminum ladders, 9.92
Aluminum scaffolding, 9.101–9.103, 9.105,
9.106
Aluminum soaps, 8.9
Ambient measurements, 7.110
Ambient temperature, 7.113
American National Standards Institute (ANSI),
9.93
Ammeters, 7.51–7.52
Ampacity, 7.115
Amperage, 7.115
Amperes, 7.53, 7.115
Amplitude, 7.77
Analog infrared equipment, 7.110
Analog multimeters, 7.44–7.48
Analogue data, 7.113
Analysis(-es):
break-even, 3.14
broadband data for, 7.104
cause-and-effect, 3.138–3.139
computerized systems for, 2.88–2.90
cost-benefit, 7.135
for lubricating oil analysis, 7.135
for tribology, 7.135
cost-effectiveness, 3.14
electric motor analysis, 2.29–2.30
insulation resistance, 2.29–2.30
testing, 2.30
of equipment, 2.90
failure analysis
for FSIs, 2.11–2.12
root-cause, 7.104
first level logic tree analysis, 2.12–2.13
fuel, 8.31–8.32
infrared, 8.32
life cycle cost analyses, 3.136
logic tree analysis, 2.12–2.14
first level, 2.12–2.13
second level, 2.14
lubricant, 8.30–8.32
and microorganisms, 8.32
and sediment, 8.32
and sugar, 8.32
and sulfur, 8.32
and viscosity, 8.32
and viscosity index, 8.32
and water, 8.32
lubricating oil analysis, 2.25–2.26, 7.128–7.129
contamination, 2.25, 7.128
cost-benefit analysis for, 7.135
fuel dilution, 2.25, 7.128
fuel soot, 2.26, 7.128
nitration, 2.26, 7.129
oxidation, 2.26, 7.128
particle count, 2.26, 7.129
solids content, 2.25, 7.128
total acid number, 2.26, 7.129
total base number, 2.26, 7.129
viscosity, 7.128
I.2 INDEXAnalysis(-es) (Cont.)
in lubrication programs, 8.29–8.30
maintainability, 3.136–3.137
narrowband data for, 7.104
oil, 7.129
operating dynamics analysis, 2.31
Pareto, 3.141–3.142
of parts inventory, 2.89
root cause analysis (RCA), 153–3.176
A3 process, 3.155–3.159
for acceptable operating envelope, 3.171
analysis for, 3.159
application review, 3.172–3.174
capacity restrictions, 3.176
for clarifying problems, 3.166–3.168
concept of, 3.154–3.155
damage, 3.175–3.176
data for, 3.168–3.169
design review, 3.169–3.172
for economic performance, 3.176
for equipment damage/failure,
3.175–3.176
event-reporting format for, 3.165–3.166
and facts, 3.168–3.169
failure, 3.175–3.176
and five whys (5W), 3.161
formal process for, 3.161–3.163
identifying events with, 3.163–3.166
incident classification, 3.174–3.176
for incoming-project specifications, 3.171
methodology for, 3.154–3.155, 3.163
objectives of, 3.171
for operating performance, 3.176
for output-product specifications, 3.171
personnel requirements for, 3.163
physical evidence for, 3.168–3.169
problem solving with, 3.174
process for, 3.159–3.163
for product quality, 3.176
and regulatory compliance, 3.176
reporting for, 3.165–3.166
requirement of, 3.169
for safety, 3.176
for system damage/failure, 3.175–3.176
and visual inspection, 3.159–3.161
for work performed, 3.171
root-cause failure analysis, 7.104
second level logic tree analysis, 2.14
sequence-of-events analysis, 3.139–3.141
active descriptions in, 3.140
in logical order, 3.139
precision of, 3.140
qualifiers in, 3.141
SFMEA, 3.133–3.137
and life cycle cost analyses, 3.136
and maintainability analysis, 3.136–3.137
and mean time between failures (MTBF),
3.136
and reliability block diagram (RBD), 3.136
and reliability predictions, 3.136
and Simplified Failure Mode, Effect, and
Criticality Analysis (SFMECA),
3.135
SFMECA, 3.135
signature, 2.23
spectrographic, 7.129
statistical analyses tools, 3.141–3.152
techniques for, 7.104
for tribology, 7.135
Analysis(-es) (Cont.)
of vibration, 7.69–7.71
wear particle analysis, 2.26–2.28,
7.129–7.134
cost-benefit analysis for, 7.135
cutting wear, 2.27, 7.131, 7.132
monitoring and trending, 7.130
for particulate matter, 7.130–7.134
rolling fatigue, 2.27
rolling wear, 2.27
rubbing wear, 2.27
sliding wear, 2.27
of work controls, 2.89
of work orders, 2.88
Analytical cost estimate model, 3.15
Analytical ferrography, 8.31
Analytical models, 3.15
Angular (face) solution, 5.63, 5.66
ANSI (American National Standards
Institute), 9.93
Application review, 3.172–3.174
installation, 3.172
maintenance history, 3.173
maintenance procedures, 3.174
operating envelope, 3.172
operating procedures, 3.173
Aqueous solutions, 9.14–9.15
Arc chambers, 6.45–6.46
Arc welding, 10.3–10.60
flux-cored (FCAW), 10.10
gas-shielded metal (GMAW), 10.11–10.13
role of, 10.3–10.6
shielded metal (SMAW), 10.6–10.9
submerged (SAW), 10.10–10.11
Armature, 7.115
Arresters, 7.115, 7.116
Ash, 8.31
Asset care, 1.19
Asset management, life cycle, 1.18
Assignment maintenance mechanics, 3.58–3.59
Astigmatism, 7.66
ASTM standards, 9.51–9.54
Atmospheric absorption, 7.113
Atmospheric attenuation, 7.113
Atmospheric emission, 7.113
Atmospheric pressure, 7.8–7.10
Atmospheric radiance, 7.113
Atmospheric reflectance, 7.113
Atomic hydrogen welding, 10.34
Attenuation, atmospheric, 7.113
Attenuators, 7.66, 7.115
Authority, 1.48–1.49
Automatic costs allocation, 2.106–2.107
Automatic dampers, 4.73
Automatic lubrication system, 8.13–8.26
centralized, 8.14–8.16
duoline systems, 8.20, 8.21
ejection systems, 8.23–8.24
injection systems, 8.24
injector systems, 8.17
oil mis systems, 8.16
orifice-control systems, 8.16–8.17
pump-to-point systems, 8.20–8.21
selection of, 8.25–8.26
series-progressive systems, 8.17–8.19
twin-line systems, 8.19–8.20
types of, 8.16
zone-control systems, 8.21, 8.22
Automatic triggering, 7.66
Automobile body soldering, 10.67
Autoranging, 7.50
Averages/ratios, 3.111
Averaging bulbs, 7.23
Awareness, painting for, 9.37–9.38
Axial fans, 4.95
Backlash, 7.83
Backlogs, 2.79
Backward-curved-blade centrifugal fans, 4.96
Balanced scorecard (BSC), 3.124–3.127
Ball check valve, 5.201–5.202
Ball valves, 5.207–5.208
Banded (joint) belts, 5.120–5.121
Bands, 7.113, 7.114
Bandwidth:
defined, 7.113
of oscilloscopes, 7.66–7.67
Bar coding, 2.71–2.73
Base metals, 10.35–10.39
alloy steels, 10.36–10.39
carbon steels, 10.35–10.36
nonferrous metals, 10.39
and welding, 10.35–10.39
Base numbers, 8.31
Basic gear drives, 5.164
Batteries, 6.79–6.103
charging
lead-acid batteries, 6.81–6.85
nickel-cadmium batteries, 6.93–6.94
nickel-iron batteries, 6.100–6.101
of standby-power batteries, 6.100–6.101
cleaning, 6.101–6.102
constant-current method for, 6.84
cycled, 6.100
and electrolytes, 6.102–6.103
equalizing charge for, 6.95
float charging, 6.94
for infrared equipment, 7.110
installation of
lead-acid batteries, 6.80–6.81
nickel-cadmium batteries, 6.92–6.93
internal inspection for, 6.86–6.87
lead-acid, 6.80–6.89
charging, 6.81–6.85
condition of, 6.86–6.87
constant-current method for, 6.84
installation of, 6.80–6.81
internal inspection for, 6.86–6.87
maintenance of, 6.85–6.86
modified constant-voltage method for,
6.82–6.83
operation of, 6.80–6.81
overdischarging, 6.86
placement of, 6.81
records for, 6.86
repairs to, 6.88–6.89
taper method for, 6.84
test discharge for, 6.86
troubleshooting, 6.87–6.88
two-rate method for, 6.84
life expectancy for, 6.91–6.92
maintenance of
lead-acid, 6.85–6.86
nickel-cadmium, 6.95–6.99
nickel-iron batteries, 6.101–6.103
modified constant-voltage method for,
6.82–6.83
nickel-cadmium, 6.89–6.99
INDEX I.3Batteries, nickel-cadmium (Cont.)
charging, 6.93–6.94
construction of, 6.90
equalizing charge for, 6.95
float charging, 6.94
installation of, 6.92–6.93
life expectancy for, 6.91–6.92
maintenance of, 6.95–6.99
performance of, 6.91
plate processing for, 6.90
and pocket plates, 6.90–6.91
selection of, 6.92
and sintered plates, 6.91
trickle charging, 6.94–6.95
voltage of, 6.91
nickel-iron, 6.99–6.103
charging, 6.100–6.101
cleaning, 6.101–6.102
cycling, 6.100, 6.102
and electrolytes, 6.102–6.103
laying up, 6.102
maintenance for, 6.101–6.103
operation of, 6.99–6.100
watering, 6.101
and overdischarging, 6.86
performance of, 6.91
plate processing for, 6.90
and pocket plates, 6.90–6.91
and sintered plates, 6.91
standby-power, 6.100–6.101
taper method for, 6.84
test discharge for, 6.86
trickle charging, 6.94–6.95
troubleshooting, 6.87–6.88
two-rate method for, 6.84
voltage of, 6.91
watering, 6.101
Beam finders, 7.67
Beams, dual, 7.67
Bearing mountings, 5.28–5.32
Bearings:
in air compressors, 5.192–5.193
antifriction, 6.12
of centrifugal compressors, 4.68
dismounting, 5.38–5.39
dynamics of, 7.80–7.82
fan, 4.75–4.76
grease-lubricated antifriction bearings, 6.12
hot, 5.118, 5.123, 5.137, 5.142
oil-lubricated sleeve bearings, 6.12–6.13
overheated, 4.110
plain, 5.3–5.18
bimetals for, 5.5
cleaning, 5.3–5.4
conformability of, 5.4
corrosion resistance of, 5.4
design of, 5.6–5.9
embedability of, 5.4
fatigue strength of, 5.4
inspection of, 5.9–5.15
location of, 5.7–5.8
and lubrication, 5.8–5.9
materials for, 5.4–5.5
monometals for, 5.5
preventative maintenance for, 5.3–5.4
reconditioning, 5.9, 5.15–5.18
rolling-element, 5.19–5.44, 7.80–7.81
bearing mountings, 5.28–5.32
boundary dimensions for, 5.20, 5.23
Bearings: rolling-elemen (Cont.)
design for, 5.20
dismounting of, 5.33, 5.38–5.40
failure of, 5.19
fit of, 5.25–5.26
housing of, 5.25–5.26
load ratings for, 5.24–5.25
lubrication for, 5.41–5.44
mounting of, 5.33–5.38
nomenclature for, 5.20
series, 5.23, 5.24
shafts of, 5.25–5.26
sleeve, 6.12–6.13, 7.81–7.82
used, 5.9–5.14
ventilating fans, 4.107, 4.110
vibration of, 7.80–7.82
Beautification, painting for, 9.37–9.38
Behavioral expectations, 2.111
Bellows-actuated flowmeters, 7.5–7.7, 7.16–7.18
design of, 7.5–7.6
operation of, 7.6–7.7
Belt drives, 4.73–4.74
adjustable pulleys in, 4.74
alignment of, 4.74
and conventional mount synchronous
sprockets, 5.130
couplings in, 4.74
curvilinear, 5.124
direct-connected, 4.74
dynamics of, 7.83–7.84
friction-type, 5.145–5.147
maintenance of, 4.73–4.74
modified curvilinear, 5.124
packaged, 5.155–5.156
replacement of, 4.74
and reverse mount synchronous sprockets,
5.130
service life of, 4.73, 4.74
synchronous, 5.123–5.127, 5.129–5.142
application guidelines for, 5.129
curvilinear belts, 5.124
guidelines for, 5.129
installation of, 5.129–5.131
maintenance of, 5.131–5.135
modified curvilinear belts, 5.124
nomenclature for, 5.126–5.127
and QD bushings, 5.130–5.131
tensioning, 5.135–5.136
timing belts, 5.124
tooth pitch, 5.124
tooth profiles, 5.124–5.125
troubleshooting, 5.136–5.142
synchronous sprockets, 5.127–5.129
conventional mount, 5.130
diameter of, 5.127
guidelines for, 5.129
reverse mount, 5.130
and tensioning, 4.74
in synchronous belts, 5.135–5.136
in V-belt drives, 5.115–5.116
timing belts, 5.124
troubleshooting
synchronous belts, 5.136–5.142
V-belt drives, 5.117–5.123
V-, 5.99–5.143
application guidelines for, 5.103–5.108
datum length of, 5.101
dimensions of, 5.99–5.103
effective length of, 5.101, 5.102
Belt drives, V- (Cont.)
length of, 5.101–5.102
maintenance of, 5.112–5.115
QD bushings, 5.111
tension of, 5.115–5.116
tensioning, 5.115–5.116
and TL bushings, 5.111
troubleshooting, 5.117–5.123
and V-belt sheaves, 5.102–5.103,
5.108–5.112
and ventilating fans, 4.106, 4.108
vibration of, 7.83–7.84
Belt guards, 4.106
Belt transmissions, 5.153–5.155
Belts (see Belt drives)
Benefit-cost method, 3.14
Bent shafts, 7.89
Best practices:
inventory management, 2.61
for key performance indicators (KPIs), 3.129
BHP (brake horsepower), 5.220
Bills of material, 2.94
Bimetals, for plain bearings, 5.5
Bi-modal histograms, 3.149
Bipolar input, 7.49
Bitumen roofing membranes, modified, 4.4
Blades, 7.83
Blanking, 7.67
Blisters, 4.12, 9.47
Block-and-jaw (Oldham) couplings, 5.49–5.50
Blowers, 7.91
Bolt tension (see Tensioning)
Bolting, 9.83–9.86
Bourdon tubes, 7.15–7.18
Braided shunts, 6.46
Brake horsepower (BHP), 5.220
Braze welding, 10.74–10.75
Brazing, 10.71–10.72
Breakdown maintenance, 1.41–1.42, 2.3
Break-even analysis, 3.14
Brick masonry structures, 4.27–4.40
bronze stains on, 4.38
brown (manganese) stains on, 4.36–4.37
cleaning, 4.31–4.40
failures of, 4.31–4.32
hand washing, 4.35
procedures for, 4.32–4.36
of stains, 4.36–4.40
copper stains on, 4.38
cracked walls, 4.30–4.31
replacing units for, 4.30–4.31
and vertical expansion joints, 4.31
dirt stains on, 4.38
and efflorescence, 4.36
egg splatter on, 4.39
face grouting for, 4.29
failures of, 4.31–4.32
flashings, 4.29
green stain (vanadium salts) on, 4.36
hand washing for, 4.35
and high-pressure cold water, 4.33
and high-pressure steam, 4.33
historic structures, 4.40
inspection of, 4.27
iron stains on, 4.37–4.38
ivy stains on, 4.39
leaky walls, 4.27–4.30
face grouting, 4.29
flashings, 4.29
I.4 INDEXBrick masonry structures, leaky walls (Cont.)
tuckpointing, 4.28–4.29
water repellents for, 4.30
oil stains on, 4.38
paint stains on, 4.37
paper stains on, 4.39
plant growth on, 4.39
and poultice, 4.37
routine inspection of, 4.27
sandblasting, 4.33, 4.35
smoke stains on, 4.38
stains on, 4.36–4.40
from bronze, 4.38
brown (manganese) stain, 4.36–4.37
cleaning of, 4.36–4.40
from copper, 4.38
from dirt, 4.38
from egg splatter, 4.39
green stain (vanadium salts), 4.36
from iron, 4.37–4.38
from ivy, 4.39
from oil, 4.38
from paint, 4.37
from paper, 4.39
from plant growth, 4.39
from poultice, 4.37
from smoke, 4.38
from straw, 4.39
from tar, 4.38
of unknown origin, 4.39–4.40
from welding splatter, 4.38
from white scum, 4.39
straw stains on, 4.39
tar stains on, 4.38
tuckpointing, 4.28–4.29
and vertical expansion joints, 4.31
water repellents, 4.30
welding splatter on, 4.38
white scum on, 4.39
Brightness, 7.67
Broadband data, 7.104
Broadband trending, 2.22–2.23
Broken strands, 7.112
Bronze check valves, 5.201–5.203
air-compressor check valve, 5.201–5.202
ball check valve, 5.201–5.202
nonmetallic-disk lift-check valve, 5.201
regrinding lift-check valve, 5.201
Renewo lift-check valve, 5.201
swing-check valve, 5.201
Bronze gate valves, 5.203–5.204
double-wedge rising-stem, 5.204
renewable-wedge-and-seat bronze, 5.204
screw-and-yoke rising-stem, 5.204
single-wedge nourishing-stem, 5.204
solid-wedge rising-stem, 5.204
Bronze globe valves, 5.200–5.201
600-Brinnel flat-seat, 5.201
nonmetallic-disk, 5.201
plug-type Renewo, 5.201
threaded-bonnet, 5.200
union-bonnet regrinding valve, 5.200
Bronze stains, 4.38
Bronze valves, 5.199–5.204
check valves, 5.201–5.203
gate valves, 5.203–5.204
globe valves, 5.200–5.201
Brown (manganese) stains, 4.36–4.37
Brushes, 7.115
BSC (balanced scorecard), 3.124–3.127
Bubbling, 9.47
Budget:
CMMS for, 2.102
preparation of, 2.102
tracking, 2.102, 2.107
Building maintenance, 1.10
Built-up roofing membranes, 4.4, 4.11
Bulbs, 7.23
Bulk storage, 8.7
Burning, of gear-tooth, 5.182
Bus support insulators, 6.75
Bushings:
QD, 5.111, 5.130–5.131
TL, 5.111, 5.131
of transformers, 7.112
Business plan, 1.36
Busy ducts, 7.111
Butterfly valves, 5.208
Bypass operation, 5.222
°C (Celsius degree), 7.113
CAC-A (air-carbon arc cutting), 10.27–10.30
Calcium complex soaps, 8.11
Calcium soaps, 8.10
Calibration:
field calibration, 7.38–7.39
of flowmeters, 7.33–7.35
of pressure gages, 7.38–7.40
of relative-humidity-measuring instruments,
7.40
shop calibration, 7.39–7.40
of thermometers, 7.36
Capacitors:
defined, 7.115
and infrared technology, 7.112
Capacity:
of air compressors, 5.187
of air-receivers, 5.187
of fans, 4.75
in law of intelligent action, 3.91–3.92
and predictive maintenance, 2.33
restrictions, 3.176
of ventilating fans, 4.109
Capital cost, 7.134
Carbon steels, 10.35–10.36
cast iron, 10.36
and welding, 10.35–10.36
Cascade method, 9.23–9.24
Cast iron:
carbon steels, 10.36
fusion welding, 10.78
hard facing for, 10.85
welding, 10.36
Cathodic protection, 9.13
Cause-and-effect analysis, 3.138–3.139
Cause-&-effect diagrams, 1.64–1.67
Caustic soda plus potassium permanganate, 9.20
Caustic soda-surfactant alkalies, 9.20
Cavitation:
corrosion, 9.6
and plain bearings, 5.14
Celsius degrees (°C), 7.113
Centralization, 1.45–1.46
Centralized automatic lubrication system,
8.14–8.16
efficiency with, 8.15
and housekeeping, 8.16
and operating costs, 8.16
Centralized automatic lubrication system (Cont.)
productivity with, 8.16
safety with, 8.14
Centrifugal compressors, 4.67–4.68
bearings of, 4.68
leak testing for, 4.68
lubrication of, 4.67–4.68
maintenance of, 4.67–4.68
oil heater of, 4.68
purge unit, 4.68
and refrigerant, 4.68
safeties of, 4.68
shutdown of, 4.68
Centrifugal fans, 4.97
Centrifugal pumps, 5.213–5.222
brake horsepower (BHP) for, 5.220
bypass operation of, 5.222
configuration of, 5.213–5.215
impeller orientation in, 5.214
impeller types in, 5.213
in-line, 5.214
with opposed impellers, 5.215
and discharge-piping configuration,
5.221–5.222
and entrained air, 5.217–5.218
foundation of, 5.221
hydraulic curve of, 5.218–5.220
impeller orientation in, 5.214
impeller types in, 5.213
and inlet-piping configuration, 5.221
in-line configuration of, 5.214
installation of, 5.220–5.222
net positive suction head, 5.215–5.216
operating conditions for, 5.222
operating methods for, 5.222
with opposed impellers, 5.215
performance of, 5.215
and piping, 5.221
startup procedures for, 5.222
suction conditions of, 5.215–5.218
and entrained air, 5.217–5.218
net positive suction head, 5.215–5.216
volume, 5.216–5.217
total dynamic head (TDH) requirement for,
5.218
total system head (TSH) requirement of,
5.218
and volume, 5.216–5.217
Ceramics, 9.9
Cetane number, 8.31
Chain couplings, 5.45–5.46
Chain drives, 5.78–5.80
and contamination, 5.79
and heat, 5.79
installation of, 5.78–5.79
lubrication of, 5.79–5.80
and oil viscosity, 5.79, 5.80
precision, 5.79–5.82
and windage, 5.79
Chain hoists, 5.91–5.98
design of, 5.98
hand-chain manually operated,
5.91–5.92
manually lever-operated, 5.91
performance of, 5.98
powered, 5.93–5.96
preventative maintenance for, 5.98
selection of, 5.96–5.98
types of, 5.91–5.96
INDEX I.5Chains, for power transmissions:
bath lubrication for, 5.80
and chain drives, 5.78–5.82
and contamination, 5.79
disk lubrication for, 5.80
drip lubrication for, 5.80
lubrication for, 5.80
manual lubrication for, 5.80
oil-stream lubrication for, 5.80
service factors for, 5.75–5.76
special inverted-tooth chains, 5.76–5.78
Chalking, 9.47
Change(s):
to density, 4.91
documentation of, 1.25
KPIs for, 3.124
to plant engineering, 1.25
resistance to, 1.35
Charging:
with constant current, 6.94
of cycled batteries, 6.100
equalizing charge, 6.95
float charging, 6.94
for lead-acid batteries, 6.81–6.85
of nickel-cadmium batteries, 6.93–6.95
nickel-iron batteries, 6.100–6.101
of standby-power batteries, 6.100–6.101
and trickle charges, 6.94–6.95
trickle charging, 6.94–6.95
Chart(s):
control, 3.145–3.147
application of, 3.146
example of, 3.146, 3.147
key points of, 3.146
flow, 3.144–3.145
flow process, 3.95–3.98
multiple-activity process, 3.99–3.102
for work simplification, 3.95–3.102
Check valves, 9.68
air-compressor, 5.201–5.202
ball, 5.201–5.202
bronze, 5.201–5.203
iron, 5.204
nonmetallic-disk lift-, 5.201
regrinding lift-, 5.201
Renewo lift-, 5.201
swing-, 5.201
Check welding procedure, 10.48–10.49
Checking (coating failure), 9.47
Chemical cleaning, 9.17–9.33
abrasion method, 9.30
cascade method, 9.23–9.24
and circulation, 9.23
and copper complexers, 9.21–9.22
with crawlers, 9.26–9.30
and degradation, 9.18–9.19
environmental concerns with, 9.32–9.33
fill and soak method, 9.24
foam cleaning, 9.24–9.25
gel cleaning, 9.25
high-pressure water jetting, 9.25, 9.26
hydrodrilling, 9.26
and mechanical cleaning, 9.25–9.30
abrasion method, 9.30
with crawlers, 9.26–9.30
high-pressure water jetting, 9.25, 9.26
hydrodrilling, 9.26
with pigs, 9.26–9.30
with plugs, 9.26–9.30
Chemical cleaning (Cont.)
onstream cleaning, 9.24–9.25
foam cleaning, 9.24–9.25
gel cleaning, 9.25
passivating, 9.25
pickling, 9.25
steam vapor phase cleaning, 9.24
organic solvents, 9.21–9.23
copper complexers, 9.21–9.22
oxidizing agents, 9.22
and oxidizing agents, 9.22
passivating, 9.25
pickling, 9.25
with pigs, 9.26–9.30
with plugs, 9.26–9.30
for preoperational deposits, 9.19
process selection for, 9.31–9.33
solvents for, 9.19–9.23
alkaline cleaners, 9.20
copper complexers, 9.21–9.22
inorganic acids, 9.20–9.21
organic acids, 9.20
organic solvents, 9.21–9.23
oxidizing agents, 9.22
steam vapor phase cleaning, 9.24
Chipping (flaking), 9.47
Chloride ion concentration, 8.31
Choice, theory of, 3.3
Chopped display, 7.67
Chopping transient blanking, 7.67
Circuit breakers, 6.57
defined, 7.115
distribution panels, 7.111
and infrared technology, 7.111, 7.112
Circuit interrupters, 6.56
Circuit protectors, 7.115
Circuits, 7.115
Circulation, 9.23
Clamp-on instruments, 7.51–7.52
ammeter, 7.51–7.52
power-factor meter, 7.52
wattmeter, 7.52
Clamp-on wattmeters, 7.52
Cleaning:
abrasion method, 9.30
after plant growth, 4.39
of air compressors, 5.193
of air washers, 4.66
of air-cooled condensers, 4.69
brick masonry structures, 4.31–4.40
failures of, 4.31–4.32
procedures for, 4.32–4.36
stains in, 4.36–4.40
bronze stains, 4.38
of brown (manganese) stain, 4.36–4.37
cascade method for, 9.23–9.24
chemical, 9.17–9.33
cascade method for, 9.23–9.24
and circulation, 9.23
and degradation, 9.18–9.19
environmental concerns with, 9.32–9.33
fill and soak method for, 9.24
and mechanical cleaning, 9.25–9.30
onstream cleaning, 9.24–9.25
organic solvents, 9.21–9.23
for preoperational deposits, 9.19
process selection for, 9.31–9.33
solvents for, 9.19–9.23
coils, 4.69
Cleaning (Cont.)
concrete floor surfaces, 4.24–4.25
control components, 6.42
cooling towers, 4.72
copper stains, 4.38
for corrosion control, 9.12
dehumidifiers, 4.80
dirt stains, 4.38
of efflorescence, 4.36
egg splatter, 4.39
environmental concerns with, 9.32–9.33
of evaporative condensers, 4.70
fans, 4.75
fill and soak method for, 9.24
filters, 4.77
foam cleaning, 9.24–9.25
gel cleaning, 9.25
of green stain (vanadium salts), 4.36
hand washing, 4.35
high-pressure cold water, 4.33
high-pressure steam, 4.33
high-pressure water jetting, 9.25, 9.26
of historic structures, 4.40
humidifiers, 4.80
hydrodrilling, 9.26
iron stains, 4.37–4.38
ivy stains, 4.39
of low-sloped roofs, 4.14–4.15
mechanical cleaning, 9.25–9.30
nickel-iron batteries, 6.101–6.102
oil stains, 4.38
onstream cleaning, 9.24–9.25
paint stains, 4.37
paper stains, 4.39
passivating, 9.25
pickling, 9.25
for piping, 9.86, 9.87
plain bearings, 5.3–5.4
of poultice, 4.37
for preoperational deposits, 9.19
procedures for, 4.32–4.36
hand washing, 4.35
high-pressure cold water, 4.33
high-pressure steam, 4.33
sandblasting, 4.33, 4.35
reasons for, 4.40
rooftop air-conditioning units, 4.82
sandblasting, 4.33, 4.35
smoke stains, 4.38
of stains, 4.36–4.40
from bronze, 4.38
from copper, 4.38
from dirt, 4.38
from egg splatter, 4.39
from iron, 4.37–4.38
from ivy, 4.39
from oil, 4.38
from paint, 4.37
from paper, 4.39
from plant growth, 4.39
from poultice, 4.37
from smoke, 4.38
from straw, 4.39
from tar, 4.38
of unknown origin, 4.39–4.40
from welding splatter, 4.38
from white scum, 4.39
steam vapor phase cleaning, 9.24
straw stains, 4.39
I.6 INDEXCleaning (Cont.)
tar stains, 4.38
water-cooled condensers, 4.70–4.71
welding splatter, 4.38
white scum, 4.39
Closed circuits, 7.115
Closed tanks, 7.10–7.11
Cloud points, 8.31
CMMS (see Computer-based maintenance
management system)
Coal-tar epoxy coatings, 9.44
Coated smooth-surfaced roofs, 4.11
Coatings, 9.42–9.44
alkyd, 9.43
application of, 9.46
ASTM standards for, 9.51–9.54
coal-tar epoxy, 9.44
conversion, 9.12–9.13
corrosion control with, 9.12–9.13
discoloration of, 9.47
epoxy, 9.43–9.44
epoxy mastics, 9.44
inorganic zinc, 9.43
inspections of, 9.46–9.49
lead-based, 9.39–9.40
liquid-resin type epoxy, 9.44
organic, 9.13
and personnel, 9.49–9.50
removal of, 9.39–9.40
safety considerations with, 9.49–9.50
silicones, 9.43
surface preparation for, 9.44–9.46
surface-tolerant, 9.41–9.42
urethanes, 9.44
waterborne, 9.42
zinc, 9.43
zinc silicate, 9.43
Coiled bulbs, 7.23
Coils, 4.68–4.69
cleaning, 4.69
defined, 7.115
freeze protection for, 4.68–4.69
freezing of, 4.68–4.69, 4.84
heating, 4.79
maintenance of, 4.68–4.69
preheating, 4.84
tightness of, 4.68
water, 4.84
Cold mounting, 5.33
Collaboration, 2.112
Color test, 8.31
Comb histograms, 3.149
Common-mode rejection, 7.49
Common-mode signals, 7.67
Communications:
for control, 1.50–1.51
KPIs for, 3.124
operating policies for, 1.50–1.51
Comparative job standards, 3.111, 3.114
Comparative time estimating, 3.130–3.131
Compensation program, 3.65–3.66
Compound-wound motors, 6.9
Compressed-air lines, 4.84
Compressors:
air, 5.185–5.196
and aftercoolers, 5.193
and air filters, 5.186, 5.187
and air receivers, 5.187
bearings in, 5.192–5.193
Compressors: air (Cont.)
capacity of, 5.187
cleaning, 5.193
foundation of, 5.185–5.186
and intercoolers, 5.193
location of, 5.185, 5.187
lubrication of, 5.188–5.189
nonlubricated cylinders in, 5.189
packing, 5.193–5.196
piston rings in, 5.191–5.192
starting new, 5.188
and suction lines, 5.186, 5.187
unloading, 5.193
valves of, 5.189–5.191
centrifugal, 4.67–4.68
bearings of, 4.68
leak testing for, 4.68
lubrication of, 4.67–4.68
maintenance of, 4.67–4.68
oil heater of, 4.68
purge unit, 4.68
and refrigerant, 4.68
safeties of, 4.68
shutdown of, 4.68
vibration of, 7.91–7.92
Computer-based maintenance management
system (CMMS), 2.91–2.113
for accounting function, 2.106–2.107
for automatic costs allocation,
2.106–2.107
and behavioral expectations, 2.111
and collaboration, 2.112
communications affecting, 2.112
and confrontation, 2.112
and consultants, 2.112
cost accounting data, 2.96–2.97
for cost history evaluation, 2.107
craft/skill data, 2.97
for data management, 2.107
and deliverables, 2.111
downtime scheduling, 2.103–2.104
effort affecting, 2.111
for engineering function, 2.102–2.103
equipment/asset bills of material, 2.94
equipment/asset hierarchies, 2.92–2.94
equipment/asset identification and
specifications, 2.92
equipment/asset repair history, 2.104
and expectations, 2.111
and expertise, 2.112
failure of, 2.109–2.113
and behavioral expectations, 2.111
and collaboration, 2.112
communications affecting, 2.112
and confrontation, 2.112
and consultants, 2.112
and deliverables, 2.111
effort affecting, 2.111
and expectations, 2.111
and expertise, 2.112
from lack of resources, 2.110–2.111
from partial implementation, 2.110
from staffing issues, 2.111
and work culture, 2.113
for files, 2.92–2.99
cost accounting data, 2.96–2.97
craft/skill data, 2.97
equipment/asset bills of material, 2.94
equipment/asset hierarchies, 2.92–2.94
Computer-based maintenance management
system (CMMS), for files (Cont.)
equipment/asset identification and
specifications, 2.92
preventative maintenance plans, 2.96
purchase orders, 2.98–2.99
purchase requisitions, 2.98
repetitive maintenance plans, 2.96
spare parts, 2.94–2.95
stores inventory, 2.94–2.95
work order history, 2.97
work orders, 2.95–2.96
for finance function, 2.106–2.107
functionality of, 2.91
functions of, 2.107–2.109
for inventory function, 2.104–2.105
for direct-buy items, 2.105
material safety data sheets (MSDS), 2.105
parts requirements for planned work,
2.105
parts to equipment/asset, 2.104–2.105
parts usage history, 2.104
purchase orders, 2.105
reorder/stocking requirements, 2.105
repositioning parts, 2.105
work orders, 2.105
for inventory replenishment program,
2.108
for inventory to equipment/asset
where-used, 2.94–2.95
for job scheduling, 2.108
for maintenance function, 2.99–2.102
budget preparation and tracking, 2.102
craft utilization, 2.102
equipment/asset repair history, 2.101–2.102
preventative maintenance planning,
2.100–2.101
requisition of parts and services, 2.101
resource scheduling, 2.101
work order initiation, 2.99–2.100
work order planning, 2.100
work order scheduling, 2.101
and maintenance managers, 2.108
for management function, 2.107
modification of, 2.112–2.113
and planners, 2.108–2.109
preventative maintenance plans, 2.96
for preventative maintenance programs,
2.107–2.108
and product quality, 2.109
for production function, 2.103–2.104
downtime scheduling, 2.103–2.104
equipment/asset repair history, 2.104
repair request backlog, 2.104
purchase orders, 2.98–2.99
purchase requisitions, 2.98
for purchasing function, 2.105–2.106
and reliability, 2.109
repair request backlog, 2.104
repetitive maintenance plans, 2.96
and resources, 2.110–2.111
spare parts, 2.94–2.95
staffing issues with, 2.111
stores inventory, 2.94–2.95
usage for, 2.99–2.107
and work assignments, 2.109
and work culture, 2.113
work order history, 2.97
work orders, 2.95–2.96
INDEX I.7Computerized systems, 2.79–2.90
for analysis, 2.88–2.90
of equipment, 2.90
of parts inventory, 2.89
of work controls, 2.89
of work orders, 2.88
for equipment, 2.90
implementation of, 2.81–2.82
for on-line inquiries, 2.82–2.83
operating characteristics of, 2.82–2.84
on-line inquiries, 2.82–2.83
performance reports, 2.84
report generation, 2.83–2.84
work orders, 2.82–2.83
organizing for, 2.81
for parts inventory, 2.89
for performance reports, 2.84
and planning, 2.86–2.87
priority system, 2.85
purpose for, 2.80–2.81
for report generation, 2.83–2.84
for reports, 2.88–2.90
and scheduling, 2.87
for work controls, 2.89
work order system, 2.84–2.85
for work orders, 2.82–2.83, 2.88
Concrete floor surfaces, 4.17–4.26
abrasion resistance, 4.21
cleaning, 4.24–4.25
corrosion-resistant, 4.26
cost of, 4.18
creak control for, 4.20
design for, 4.19
dusting floors, 4.25
finishes for, 4.25–4.26
joints of, 4.19–4.20
maintenance of, 4.24–4.25
monolithically finished, 4.21
new, 4.18–4.23
reinforcement of, 4.20
repair of, 4.25
resurfacing, 4.24
sealers for, 4.25–4.26
separate, 4.21–4.23
shrinkage of, 4.19–4.20
slab design for, 4.19
subgrade for, 4.19
superflat floors, 4.23
toppings for, 4.21–4.23, 4.26
corrosion-resistant, 4.26
separate, 4.21–4.23
water-cement ratio of, 4.18–4.19
Condensers:
air-cooled, 4.69
evaporative, 4.69–4.70
cleaning of, 4.70
fan section of, 4.70
and freezing, 4.70
freezing of, 4.70, 4.84
lubrication of, 4.70
refrigerant joints, 4.70
freezing of, 4.70, 4.84
water-cooled, 4.70–4.71
cleaning, 4.70–4.71
freeze protection for, 4.71
freezing of, 4.71
maintenance of, 4.70–4.71
and refrigerated joints, 4.71
and water treatment, 4.71
Conduction, 7.109
defined, 7.113
and infrared technology, 7.109
Conductivity, thermal, 5.4
Conductors:
ground, 7.113
and infrared technology, 7.112, 7.113
Configuration management, 1.18–1.19
Confrontation, 2.112
Connecting rods, 5.17
Constant current, 6.94
Constant voltage, 6.93–6.94
Constant-current method, 6.84
Consultants, 2.112
Consumer Product Safety Commission, 9.94
Contact(s), 6.47–6.51
bounce, 6.47
dressing for, 6.49–6.51
and motor controllers, 6.47–6.51
overtravel measurement, 6.49
pressure of, 6.48–6.49
vacuum contactors, 6.51
wear of, 6.49
Contactors, 6.51–6.56
inspection of, 6.51–6.55
troubleshooting, 6.52–6.55
vacuum, 6.51
Contactor-type control relays, 6.65
Contamination:
and chains, 5.79
of fuel, 8.31
lubricating oil analysis for, 7.128
of lubricating oils, 2.25
and painting, 9.39
in power transmissions, 5.79
and precision chain drives, 5.79
product, 9.39
of solids, 8.32
Continuous improvement:
reliability for, 1.7
and self-directed work teams, 1.35
Six Sigma for, 1.58
Six Sigma safety for, 1.58
Continuously wound rheostats, 6.60–6.61
Continuous-process systems, 7.79, 7.93
Contract maintenance, 4.49
Contractors, outside, 1.43–1.44
Control(s):
communications for, 1.50–1.51
of coolers, 4.71
KPIs for, 3.124
and operating policies, 1.50–1.51
(See also related topics, e.g.: Cost control)
Control charts, 3.145–3.147
application of, 3.146
example of, 3.146, 3.147
key points of, 3.146
Control components, 6.39–6.77
adjustable-type relays, 6.68
cleaning, 6.42
contactors, 6.51–6.55
contactor-type control relays, 6.65
and contacts, 6.47–6.51
control circuit components, 6.64–6.72
dashpots, 6.66
DC relay maintenance, 6.71
disconnect devices, 6.56–6.57
drum controllers, 6.62–6.63
enclosures for, 6.40–6.41
Control components (Cont.)
equipment grounding, 6.63–6.64
lubrication for, 6.42
magnetic circuit modification, 6.70–6.71
and magnetic hysteresis, 6.70
magnetic overload relays, 6.66
maintenance of, 6.72–6.73
manual/machine-operated, 6.64
mechanical checks, 6.42
motor controllers, 6.43–6.51
and personnel, 6.39–6.40
power circuit components, 6.43
preventative maintenance for, 6.41–6.42
rheostats, 6.57–6.61
solid-state overload relays, 6.66–6.68
thermal overload relays, 6.65–6.66
time-tactors, 6.68–6.70
Control reports, 2.79
Controllers, motor, 6.43–6.51
Convection, 7.109
defined, 7.113
and infrared technology, 7.109
Conventional built-up roofing membranes, 4.4
Conventional modes, 7.67
Conventional mount, 5.110
Conventional mount synchronous sprockets,
5.130
Conversion coatings, 9.12–9.13
Coolers, 4.71
Cooling, for motors, 6.3–6.4
Cooling loads, 4.53–4.55
and air-conditioning equipment,
4.53–4.55
from lights, 4.54
occupancy loads, 4.54
outside-air loads, 4.54
removal of, 4.54
size of, 4.54–4.55
sun loads, 4.53
transmission loads, 4.53–4.54
Cooling towers, 4.71–4.73
algae in, 4.72
alignment of, 4.72
cleaning, 4.72
eliminators, 4.72
exposure of, 4.72
fans, 4.72
lubrication of, 4.72
maintenance of, 4.71–4.73
water distribution in, 4.72
water level of, 4.72
winter protection for, 4.73
Cooperative partnerships, 1.23–1.30
with engineering function, 1.29
interdependency, 1.26–1.27
with maintenance function, 1.24–1.25, 1.28
with management function, 1.25
with operations, 1.27–1.28
with plant engineering, 1.25
with procurement function, 1.25, 1.29–1.30
with production function, 1.24
and responsibilities, 1.23–1.25, 1.27–1.30
with sales function, 1.23–1.24
Copper, 10.39
Copper alloys, 10.39
Copper complexers, 9.21–9.22
Copper corrosion, 8.31
Copper stains, 4.38
Corona, 7.113
I.8 INDEXCorrective maintenance, 2.3–2.6
maintenance history database for, 2.5
planning for, 2.4–2.5
prerequisites of, 2.4
role of, 2.6
trained maintenance planners for, 2.5
Corrosion, 9.3–9.8
cavitation corrosion, 9.6
copper, 8.31
crevice corrosion, 9.7
and defects, 9.6–9.8
defined, 9.3
dezincification, 9.7–9.8
dissolution, 9.7–9.8
erosion corrosion, 9.6
forms of, 9.6–9.8
galvanic corrosion, 9.6
interfilm corrosion, 9.8
intergranular corrosion, 9.7
localized, 9.5–9.6
in low-sloped roofs, 4.15
mechanisms of, 9.4–9.6
of metals, 4.15
microbiological corrosion, 9.7
of piping, 9.55–9.56
pitting corrosion, 9.6–9.7
of polymeric materials, 9.8
selective leaching, 9.7
stress-cracking corrosion, 9.7
types of, 9.4–9.6
uniform, 9.5, 9.6
and ventilating fans, 4.99
Corrosion control, 9.3–9.4, 9.8–9.15
and ABS, 9.10
and acetal homopolymers, 9.10
and aluminum, 9.9
in aqueous solutions, 9.14–9.15
cathodic protection, 9.13
and ceramics, 9.9
cleaning practices for, 9.12
with conversion coatings, 9.12–9.13
defined, 9.3–9.4
design for, 9.11–9.12
and galvanized steel, 9.9
and graphite, 9.9
and inhibitors, 9.13–9.15
material selection for, 9.8–9.11
ABS, 9.10
acetal homopolymers, 9.10
aluminum, 9.9
ceramics, 9.9
galvanized steel, 9.9
graphite, 9.9
polyethersulfone, 9.10
polyethylene (PE), 9.10
polymers, 9.9–9.10
polystyrene, 9.10
polyurethane, 9.9–9.10
polyvinylchloride (PVC), 9.9
rubber elastomers, 9.10
stainless steel, 9.9
steel, 9.9
synthetic elastomers, 9.10
zinc, 9.9
for new surfaces, 9.12–9.13
with organic coatings, 9.13
painting for, 9.38–9.39
of plain bearings, 5.4
with plating, 9.12
Corrosion control (Cont.)
and polyethersulfone, 9.10
and polyethylene (PE), 9.10
and polymers, 9.9–9.10
and polystyrene, 9.10
and polyurethane, 9.9–9.10
and polyvinylchloride (PVC), 9.9
and rubber elastomers, 9.10
with rust-preventive oils, 9.14
and stainless steel, 9.9
and steel, 9.9
and synthetic elastomers, 9.10
and zinc, 9.9
Corrosion-resistant floors, 4.26
Corrosion-resistant piping, 9.83
Corrosive wear, 5.182
Cost(s):
capital, 7.134
of concrete floor surfaces, 4.18
for elevators, 4.51
of maintenance, 2.57
for predictive maintenance, 2.31
production unit costs, 1.5
and reliability, 1.5
for repair, 3.107
of tribology, 7.134
Cost accounting, for reliability, 3.16–3.17
Cost accounting data, 2.96–2.97
Cost control:
indexes for, 1.52–1.53
standard-practice sheets for, 1.52–1.53
systems for, 1.53
Cost estimate model, 3.15
Cost estimates, 3.107–3.110
for emergency services, 3.108
from engineers, 3.109–3.110
from foreman, 3.109
and job classifications, 3.107–3.108
labor, 3.110–3.117
and deferring maintenance, 3.116
with factor development, 3.115
judgment for, 3.110–3.111
PERT approach to, 3.116
quickread factors for, 3.115–3.116
with rule of seven, 3.115
and slotting, 3.111, 3.115
standards per unit, 3.111, 3.114–3.116
technique selection for, 3.116–3.117
for materials, 3.117–3.118
for overhead, 3.118–3.119
for planned maintenance, 3.108
from planners, 3.110
preparation of, 3.109–3.110
prerequisites for, 3.107
from rate setters, 3.110
for repetitive maintenance, 3.108
usage of, 3.108–3.109
Cost estimation methods, 3.14–3.16
Cost history evaluation, 2.107
Cost-benefit analysis, 7.135
Cost-effectiveness analysis, 3.14
Counterflashings, 4.13
Counters, 7.63–7.65
Counter-timers, 7.64
Coupler scaffolds, 9.105
Coupling(s):
in belt drives, 4.74
chain, 5.45–5.46
diaphragm, 5.51, 5.52
Coupling(s) (Cont.)
in direct-connected drives, 4.74
elastomeric, 5.52–5.53
flexible (see Flexible couplings)
floating-shaft gear, 5.46
gear, 5.46
laminated disk-ring, 5.50–5.51
metallic-grid, 5.48–5.49
Oldham (block-and-jaw), 5.49–5.50
for power transmissions (see Flexible
couplings)
spindle, 5.46, 5.48
and ventilating fans, 4.107–4.108
Coupling guards, 4.106
Coverage, for work force, 1.44–1.45
Cracked walls, 4.31
Cracks, grinding, 5.182, 5.183
Craft personnel:
formal instruction for, 1.15
informal instruction for, 1.15
on-the-job training for, 1.15
selection of, 1.14–1.15
training of, 1.15
utilization of, 2.102
Craft/skill data, 2.97
Cranes, 5.83–5.89
governmental regulations for, 5.89
inspection of, 5.85
installation of, 5.83–5.85
maintenance of, 5.85–5.89
Crankcase:
distortion of, 5.14
reconditioning, 5.17–5.18
Crankshaft distortion, 5.14
Crawlers, cleaning with, 9.26–9.30
Crazing, 9.47
Creak control, 4.20
Crevice corrosion, 9.7
Critical speeds, 7.84–7.85
Criticality ranking, 2.11
Cross-craft supervision, 1.14
Cross-training, 1.35
Crush, 5.14
Cryogenic-liquid-level measurement, 7.12–7.13
Culture:
and CMMS failure, 2.113
for Six Sigma, 1.55–1.56
Current transformers, 7.57
Currents:
AC volts, 7.53–7.55
alternating current (ac), 7.115
alternating current-instruments, 7.56
and amperage, 7.53
constant, 6.94
DC volts, 7.53
defined, 7.115
direct current (dc), 7.115
direct current-instruments, 7.53, 7.54
and single-function instruments, 7.53–7.56
and wattage, 7.53
Curvilinear belts, 5.124
Cutting:
oxyacetylene, 10.27
and oxyacetylene appliances, 10.72
oxygen, 10.78–10.82
oxygen cutting, 10.78–10.82
plasma arc cutting, 10.30–10.31
Cutting wear, 2.27, 7.131, 7.132
Cycled batteries, 6.100
INDEX I.9Cycling nickel-iron batteries, 6.100, 6.102
Cylinders, nonlubricated, 5.189
Dampers, 4.73
automatic, 4.73
in fans, 4.76
fire, 4.73
hand, 4.73
maintenance of, 4.73
outlet, 4.102
relief, 4.73
splitter, 4.73
and ventilating fans, 4.106
vortex, 4.76
Dashpots, 6.66
Data:
analogue, 7.113
broadband, 7.104
cost accounting data, 2.96–2.97
craft/skill data, 2.97
elemental basic data, 3.114
methods-time measurement (MTM) data,
3.41–3.52
nameplate data, 3.170
narrowband data, 7.104
for piping, 9.57, 9.58
Data management, 2.107
Data-acquisition frequency, 7.93–7.94
Databases:
for predictive maintenance program,
7.93–7.95, 7.101–7.102
for vibration, 7.93–7.95
DC (direct current), 7.115
DC motors, 6.3–6.6, 6.9–6.11
AC motors vs., 6.3–6.6
application data for, 6.9–6.11
design of, 6.9
insulation for, 6.9–6.11
theory for, 6.9
troubleshooting, 6.26–6.36
types of, 6.9
DC relay maintenance, 6.71
DC volts, 7.53
Decentralization, 1.45–1.46
Decision logic tree analysis (see Logic tree
analysis)
Decision-making, 3.105
Default logic, 2.14–2.17
Deflection blanking, 7.67
Deflection factors, 7.67
Degradation, 9.18–9.19
Dehumidifiers, 4.80
Delay pickoff, 7.67
Delayed sweep, 7.67
Delays, signal, 7.68
Deliverables, 2.111
Deliveries:
late, 1.25
and procurement function, 1.25
and sales function, 1.24
unrealistic, 1.24
Delta temperature (∆T), 7.113
Density, of supervisory personnel, 1.14
Design:
of AC induction motors, 6.7
of Bellows-actuated flowmeters, 7.5–7.6
of chain hoists, 5.98
of concrete floor surfaces, 4.19
for corrosion control, 9.11–9.12
Design (Cont.)
of DC motors, 6.9
for lubrication, 5.8–5.9
of machines, 7.71
of motors, 6.7, 6.9
of plain bearings, 5.6–5.9
plant engineering, 1.25
for rolling-element bearings, 5.20
slab, 4.19
thermal-system bulb designs, 7.22–7.23
and vibration, 7.71
Desire, in law of intelligent action, 3.90–3.91
Dew-point measurement, 7.25
Dezincification, 9.7–9.8
Diagrams, flow, 3.98
Diaphragm couplings, 5.51, 5.52
Diaphragm-actuated flowmeter transmitters, 7.26
Digital infrared equipment, 7.110
Digital instruments:
long-term stability of, 7.49
resolution of, 7.49
response time of, 7.49
temperature coefficient of, 7.50
Digital multimeters, 7.48–7.50
Digits, number of, 7.49
Diodes, 7.115
Direct current (dc), 7.115
Direct current-instruments, 7.53, 7.54
Direct reading ferrography, 8.31
Direct-buy items, 2.105
Direct-connected drives, 4.74
Dirt:
on brick masonry structures, 4.38
and plain bearings, 5.9–5.10
Discharge-piping configuration, 5.221–5.222
Discoloration, of coatings, 9.47
Disconnect devices, 6.56–6.57
circuit breakers, 6.57
circuit interrupters, 6.56
disconnect switches, 6.56
motor circuit protectors, 6.57
Disconnect switches, 4.106, 6.56
Dismounting, of rolling-element bearings,
5.33, 5.38–5.40
Dispatching, 1.41
Dispension, of lubricants, 8.33
Displacement, of vibration, 7.75, 7.77
Displacement (eddy-current) probes, 7.96–7.97
Displays, alternate, 7.66
Disposal:
of lubricants, 8.6
as maintenance, 1.11
of waste, 1.11
Dissolution, 9.7–9.8
Distillation, 8.31
Distortion:
harmonic, 7.116
and welding, 10.39–10.40
Distribution, 7.115
Documentation, 1.25
Do-it-yourself maintenance, 4.49
Double-wedge rising-stem gate valve, 5.204
Downtime scheduling, 2.103–2.104
Drainage, 9.56
Drivers, 4.110
Drives:
basic gear, 5.164
belt, 4.73–4.74
adjustable pulleys in, 4.74
Drives: belt (Cont.)
alignment of, 4.74
and conventional mount synchronous
sprockets, 5.130
couplings in, 4.74
curvilinear belts, 5.124
direct-connected drives, 4.74
maintenance of, 4.73–4.74
modified curvilinear belts, 5.124
replacement of, 4.74
and reverse mount synchronous
sprockets, 5.130
service life of, 4.73, 4.74
synchronous belts, 5.123–5.127
synchronous sprockets, 5.127–5.129
and tensioning, 4.74
timing belts, 5.124
troubleshooting, 5.117–5.123, 5.136–5.142
V-belt drives, 5.99–5.143
and V-belt sheaves, 5.102–5.103
couplings in, 4.74
direct-connected, 4.74
epicyclic gear, 5.164, 5.165, 5.167
flat-belt, 5.160
friction-disk-type, 5.156–5.157
gear, 5.161
basic, 5.164
epicyclic, 5.164, 5.165, 5.167
gear-tooth wear and failure, 5.177–5.184
installation of, 5.169, 5.172
lubrication of, 5.174–5.177
maintenance of, 5.177
selection of, 5.167–5.169
shutdown of, 5.177
geared differential, 5.157–5.159
mechanical variable-speed, 5.145–5.160
friction drives, 5.145–5.160
friction-type belts, 5.145–5.147
packaged belt, 5.155–5.156
selection of, 5.167–5.169
shutdown of, 5.177
start-up, 5.174
troubleshooting, 5.177
types of, 5.161–5.164
start-up, 5.174
static-adjustment type, 5.151–5.153
traction-type, 5.157
Drum controllers, 6.62–6.63
Dry centrifugal air-cleaning equipment
(see Inertial air-cleaning equipment)
Dry dynamic air-cleaning equipment, 4.112,
4.119
Dry type transformers, 7.112
Dry-bulb thermometers, 7.24, 7.25
Dry-water column procedure, 7.33–7.35
Dual beams, 7.67
Dual traces, 7.67
Ducts:
busy, 7.111
exhaust, 4.122, 4.123
and infrared technology, 7.111
Duoline systems, 8.20, 8.21
Dust control equipment (see Air-cleaning
equipment)
Dusting floors, 4.25
Economizers, 4.74–4.75
Eddy-current (displacement) probes, 7.96–7.97
Edge-peaked histograms, 3.150
I.10 INDEXEfficiency:
with centralized automatic lubrication
system


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