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  كتاب International Petroleum Encyclopedia

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عدد المساهمات : 16265
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تاريخ التسجيل : 01/07/2009
العمر : 32
الدولة : مصر
العمل : مدير منتدى هندسة الإنتاج والتصميم الميكانيكى
الجامعة : المنوفية

 كتاب International Petroleum Encyclopedia  Empty
مُساهمةموضوع: كتاب International Petroleum Encyclopedia     كتاب International Petroleum Encyclopedia  Emptyالإثنين 24 أغسطس 2020, 1:36 am

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أحضرت لكم كتاب
International Petroleum Encyclopedia
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 كتاب International Petroleum Encyclopedia  I_p_e_10
و المحتوى كما يلي :


Guest Essay .iv
Chronology 2009 x
World Energy Markets:
The Big Picture xviii
Encyclopedia & Atlas
North America
United States . 1
Gulf of Mexico . 51
Alaska . 67
Canada 72
Latin America
Argentina 91
Bahamas . 96
Belize . 97
Bolivia . 98
Brazil . 98
Chile . 107
Colombia 108
Cuba 110
Ecuador 111
Guatemala 114
Jamaica .115
Mexico 116
Nicaragua . 123
Paraguay 124
Peru . 125
Trinidad & Tobago . 128
Uruguay 130
Venezuela . 131
Europe
Albania . 139
Austria . 141
Belgium . 143
Bulgaria . 143
Croatia . 144
Czech Republic . 145
Denmark 145
Finland . 148
France . 148
Germany 152
Greece . 154
Hungary 155
Republic of Ireland . 156
Italy 157
Malta 161
The Netherlands 162
Norway . 164
Poland 170
Portugal 170
Romania 171
Slovakia 171
Spain 172
Sweden . 173
Turkey .174
United Kingdom . 175
Middle East
Bahrain . 185
Iran 187
Iraq 191
Israel . 198
Jordan . 200
Kuwait 201
Oman 203
Qatar 204Saudi Arabia . 206
Syria . 209
United Arab Emirates . 209
Yemen 213
Africa
Algeria . 215
Angola . 223
Cameroon . 225
Chad . 226
Congo (Brazzaville) . 227
Congo (Former Zaire) . 227
Egypt 228
Equatorial Guinea 230
Gabon 231
Ghana . 232
Ivory Coast 235
Kenya 236
Libya . 236
Madagascar . 239
Mali . 240
Mauritania . 241
Morocco 241
Mozambique . 242
Nigeria . 243
South Africa . 248
Sudan 249
Tanzania 250
Tunisia . 250
Uganda . 251
Former Soviet Union
Armenia 257
Azerbaijan . 260
Georgia . 261
Kazakhstan 262
Kyrgyzstan . 265
Latvia 265
Lithuania 266
Russia 266
Tajikistan 277
Turkmenistan . 278
Ukraine . 279
Uzbekistan 281
China 282
Asia-Pacific
Afghanistan 301
Australia 302
Bangladesh 310
Brunei 311
India . 312
Indonesia 320
Japan 324
Malaysia 329
Mongolia 332
Myanmar 332
New Zealand . 333
Pakistan 335
Papua New Guinea 336
Philippines . 338
Singapore . 339
South Korea . 340
Taiwan . 342
Thailand 345
Timor-Leste 353
Vietnam . 346
Key Stats & Tables
Key Stats
Future energy supply . 348
Exploration and reserves 353
Drilling and production 357
Investment and markets . 371
Trade and tankers . 374
LNG—Industry outlook . 377
LNG—Liquefaction and receiving 382
LNG—Carrier fleet 383
LNG—Risks and opportunities 383
Refining and products 384
Gas processing and products . 396
Petrochemicals outlook . 402
Pipelines 408
Climate change issues 414
Statistical Tables
World reserves and production 422
Oil consumption, production, reserves,
and trade
World oil consumption . 424
World petroleum product
consumption 426
World oil production 428
Historical oil reserves . 432
World oil imports and exports . 433
World oil trade movements . 434
World oil balance 435
Oil refining
Summary of operating refineries
worldwide 437
World refining capacity 439
World refinery throughput 443
World refining margins 443
Natural gas consumption, production, and trade
World natural gas consumption 444
World natural gas production 445
World natural gas trade
movements: pipelines . 447
World natural gas trade
movements: LNG . 449
Petroleum prices
Crude oil prices . 449
Petroleum product prices . 450
Comparative energy prices . 450
Price history of oil, gas,
and gasoline 451
International rig count 452
Information Sources
National oil companies and energy
ministries 454
Companies and other organizations
cited in atlas section 472
Glossary of abbreviations
and acronyms 484
Index . 492
Fold-out Map Legend
This page has been reformatted by Knovel to provide easier navigation.
INDEX
Index Terms Links
A
Abreu e Lima refinery xvii 105 136
Abu Dhabi
carbon capture and
storage in 212
oil/natural gas reserves of 209
Abu Dhabi Gas Industries LTD. 211
Abu Dhabi Investment Authority
(ADIA) 210
Abu Dhabi National Energy Co. 79 163 274
Abu Khashab refinery 209
Abu Qir concession 228
Abyei region 249
Accra refinery 235
Addax Petroleum 198 247 299
Adriatic LNG terminal 160
Advance Technology Investment
Co. (ATIC) 210
Advanced Resources
International Inc. 26 368
advertising campaign viii
Aegean Energy SA 154
AES Sparrows Point LNG
LLC 35
Affleck fields xiv 178
Afghanistan 301
Afghan-Tajik basin 301
Aframax oil tanker 346
Africa
map of 216 219
oil drilling expenditures of 362
South 248
AGA Gas AB 173
Ahmadinejad, Mahmoud 189
Ahnet basin 218
Ain-Beni-Mathar 242Index Terms Links
This page has been reformatted by Knovel to provide easier navigation.
air quality standards 48
Aje field 246
Aker Solutions 262
Al Basant gas-condensate dis covery 229
Al Duqm complex 203
Al Gasant gas-condensate xii
Al Ghubar-Qarn Alam block 203
Al Jour refinery 202
Al Sadd G-Flex carrier 383
Al Shaheen refinery 205
Alaminos Canyon Block 380 57
Alaska
Denali gas pipelines of 71
drilling/production of 69
exploration/development of 67
map of 67 71
National Petroleum Reserve of 68
Natural Gas Development Authority of 71
natural gas pipeline of 88
pipeline proposals of 70
trans-Alaska oil pipeline of 70
Alaska Gas Pipeline LLC xi
Alaska Gasline Inducement Act (AGIA) 70
Alaska’s North Slope (ANS) 68 70
Alba field 231
Albania 139
nuclear power plant near 145
nuclear reactor in 141
Albanian Petroleum Corp. (APC) 139
al-Bashir, Omar 249
Albert basin xi
Alberta
Energy Resources
Conservation Board of 81
gas producer royalty incentives offered by 81
new resource royalty framework in 365
new tailings regulations in 81
oil sands of 72
Project Pioneer and 89
Quest carbon capture and
storage and 89Index Terms Links
This page has been reformatted by Knovel to provide easier navigation.
Alberta Clipper pipeline xv 36 86
Alberta Deep basin 79
Albertine Graben region 251
Albertine Rift 227
AleAnna Resources LLC 159
algae-based biofuels 46 352
Algeria
alternative energy of 221
exploration/development of 215
hybrid power plant in 222
map of 218
pipelines/transportation of 220
refining capacity of 221
Algyo oil field 156
Ali Khamenei, Ayatollah 189
al-Maliki, Nouri 191
al-Megrahi, Abdel Baset 237
Al-Sunna wal Jamma 245
alternative energy
of Algeria 221
of Australia 308
of Brazil 100 106
of Denmark 146
of Egypt 230
of France 150
of Germany 153
of India 319
of Israel 200
of Italy 160
of Jordan 201
of Netherlands 163
of Saudi Arabia 208
Taiwan’s wind farms and 342
of Turkey 175
of United Arab Emirates 212
of United Kingdom 179
of United States 45
Alve field xi
Am Darya basin 301
American Electric Power (AEP) 46
American Petroleum Institute (API) 22Index Terms Links
This page has been reformatted by Knovel to provide easier navigation.
American Recovery and
Reinvestment Act 12
American Shale Oil LLC
(Amso) 25
Americas Crude Marker 12
Ampasindava block 239
Anadarko basin 27
Anadarko Petroleum Corp. 53 56 68 234 254 255
Andasol Solar Power Station 172
Andrea Palladio power plant 160
Angola 223
drilling/production of 224
exploration/development of 223
map of 223
offshore discoveries of 223
Anqing refinery/chemical project 297
Antelope discovery 337
Antrim shale 398
Anza basin 236
Apache Corp. 91 107 178 228
Apko deepwater gas condensate field xi 245
appraisal wells
of Aegean Energy 154
in Bengara I 321
Bezzecca-1 159
on block BM-C-30 103
on Bo Rang B oil field 343
on Elsa discovery 157
of Etinde permit 225
on Green Canyon block 826 53
Hydra-5x 228
Hyedua-2 234
on Incahuasi gas-condensate field 98
L11-13 162
on Liwan 3-1 field 289
Mahogany-4 234
Oliver-2 304
on Ormen Lange field 164
Shenzi-9 53
Sillaro-2 159
Tamar-2 199Index Terms Links
This page has been reformatted by Knovel to provide easier navigation.
appraisal wells (Cont.)
on Te Giac Trang field 346
Aquila field 159
Arab oil embargo iv
Arabian Gulf 206
Arctic Circle
natural gas resources of 352
oil/gas resources in 351
Arctic Islands, map of 78
Arctic Sea, thinning ice of 420
Arctic Spirit 382
Ardent Resources Canada Ltd. 79
Argentina
exploration/development of 91
solar power plant in 96
Argus Sour Crude Index (ASCI) xxvii
Arias, Oscar 137
Armenia 257
Arous Al-Bahar prospect 237
Artic National Wildlife Refuge
(ANWR) 69
A/S Norske Shell 165
Asab Gas Development II (AGD-II) 211
Aseng gas-condensate field 231
?sgard field 166
Asia
map of 314
processing capability of 387
Asia-Pacific
demand/distillation in 394
energy industry in 394
LNG demand of 381
LNG import of 381
LNG market 339
oil product demand of 395
refinery utilization in 395
uncontracted LNG demand of 381
Asiman structures 260
Association of International Petroleum
Negotiators 384
Athabasca Oil Sands Corp. xv 290Index Terms Links
This page has been reformatted by Knovel to provide easier navigation.
Atlantic basin
natural gas pricing of 383
trade of 380
Atyrau-Samara pipeline 262
Atzam field 114
Australia 302
alternative energy in 308
basins of 303
drilling/production of 305
environmental issues of 309
exploration/development of 302
LNG projects of 307 308
Australia (Cont.)
map of 304
solar power in 309
Australia Pacific LNG (APLNG) 307
Australian Global Carbon Capture and
Storage Institute 309
Australian Petroleum Production &
Exploration Association Ltd. (APPEA) 303
Australian Worldwide Exploration Ltd. 333
Austria 141
automobile industry xxvii 12 288 327
Awali oil fields 187
Ayr Logistics Ltd. 243
Azerbaijan 260
Azeri-Chirag-Gunashli (ACG) 260
Azhar-1 well 229
Azulao-1 well 103
Azurite field xiv 227
B
Babbage field 178
Badajoz refinery 172
Bahamas 96 97
Bahrain 185
Bahrain Petroleum Co. (BAPCO) 185 187
Baker Hughes 50 362 367
Bakken formation 37 86
Bakken shale oil 16 49
Bakken well 13Index Terms Links
This page has been reformatted by Knovel to provide easier navigation.
Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline (BTC) 412
Balikpapan refinery 325
Balongan refinery 325
Bangladesh 310
Bangora field 311
Banyu Urip field 322
Baobab development 235
Baraka Petroleum Ltd. 241
Barbados 129
Barents Sea shelf 167 268
Barmer basin 316
Barnett gas shale composition 396
Barroso, Jose Manuel 281
basins
Afghan-Tajik 301
Ahnet 218
Albert xi
Alberta Deep 79
Am Darya 301
Anadarko 27
Anza 236
Atlantic 380 383
Australian 303
Barmer 316
Bass 302
Bay St. George 77
Berkine 220
Bonaparte 307
Browse 303 304 306
Cagayan 338
Caguan 109
Caguan-Putumayo 110
Cambay 313
Campos 99 103 104
Carnavon 305
Chicontepec 119 122
Colombus 129
Cooper-Eromanga 303
deepwater 333
Elk 21
Eromanga 303Index Terms Links
This page has been reformatted by Knovel to provide easier navigation.
basins (Cont.)
Flemish Pass 79
gas export 274
Ghaba salt 203
Ghadames 237 238
Gulf of Suez 229
Horn River 73 76 79
Illizi 215
intra-Atlantic trade 380
Jeanne d’Arc 72 79
Khorat 343
Krishna-Godavart 316 318
Kutei 321
Lake Albert Rift 252
Llanos 108 109
Los Angeles 32
Magallanes 107
Mannar 347
McArthur 302
Namibe 254
Neuquen 91
North Gabonese 232
Palmyride 209
Pearl River Mouth 289
Permian 21 22
Peten (Chapayal) 114
Piceance xi 16 31
Po 159
Potiguar 103
Punta del Este 131
Regane 218
Reinga 333
Rharb 241
Rocky Mountain region oil/gas 48
San Joachin xiii 13
Sandakan 338
Sandino 123
Santos 53 100 101
Sierra Leone-Liberian 255
Sirte xiii 238
Slyne 156Index Terms Links
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basins (Cont.)
South Falklands 91 95
South Sumatra 321
Southland 334
Surat 307
Taranaki 333 334
Thrace 174
Timimoun 215
Victoria 305
West Netherlands 162
Western Canada Sedimentary 72 79
Williston 14
Yinggehai 290
Bass basin 302
Bass Strait 305
Batam Island 323
Batumi refinery 264
Bay St. George basin 77
Bayfield Energy (Galeota) Ltd 128
Beach Petroleum Ltd 303
Beaufort Sea
leases in 67 68
map of 77
Beihai refinery 297
Belait field 311
Belarus, oil cut-off 265
Belgium 143
Belize 97
Belize Natural Energy Ltd. 97
Bell Creek EOR project 21
Bengara I appraisal well 321
Bengara-II block 321
benzene, toluene, and xylene (BTX) 341
Berdymukhamedov, Gurbanguly 278
Berkine basin 220
Bezzecca-1 appraisal well 159
Big Foot Oil pipeline 66
Big Foot ultradeepwater development 66
Binaloud oil field 188
biodiesel plant 163
bioethanol plant 146Index Terms Links
This page has been reformatted by Knovel to provide easier navigation.
biofuels
from algae 46 352
from sugar cane 100 106
Bioko Island 231
biorefinery projects 46
bitumen, crude 83
Blair, Tony 237
Block 2AB 129
Block 7 240
Block 7 survey 310
Block 07/03 346
Block 8 195 250
Block 9 236
Block 11 240
Block 17 225
Block 47 203
Block 915 61
Block 1003 63
block BM-C-30 103
Block BM-C-43 103
Block C17 238
Block C137 238
Block CB--ONN-2003/1 313
Block CI-105 235
Block EG-07 231
Block JPDA 06-103 305
Block L 311
Block L27/43 343
Block M 311
Block NC202 238
Block RJ-ON-90/1 316
Block SL 6/07 255
Block V 227
Block Z1 127
Block Z34 127
Blue Energy Ltd. 336
Bo Rang B oil field appraisal well 343
Bogd block IV 332
Bohai Bay 289
Bolivia 98
Bolivian hydrocarbons 124Index Terms Links
This page has been reformatted by Knovel to provide easier navigation.
Bonaparte basin 307
Bongkot field 343
Bonny Island LNG plant 246
Borouge 211
Bovanenkovskoye field 272
Bowleven PLC 225
Bozhong 28-2S field 290
BP Exploration & Production Inc. 57
BP Exploration (Alaska) Inc. 70
BP Products North America Inc. 49
BPC Ltd. 96 97
BPZ Energy Inc. 127
Bratstvo pipeline 171
Brazil
alternative energy of 100 106
drilling/production of 103
energy consumption of 98
exploration/development of 103
LNG regasification terminals in 105
presalt resource development of 100 101 102
refining in 105
Brent System pipeline 179
British Columbia 74
British Energy 182
Broadwater offshore LNG terminal 33
Browse basin 303 304 306
Brunei 311
Brunnsviksholme LNG terminal 173
Brunsmo wind power project 173
Bua Ban field 343 344
Bualuang field 343
Buckskin No. 1 well 56
Bulgaria 143
Greece/natural gas piped to 154
pipeline access of 409
Burgos field 56
Bush Administration 17
Bushwood-1 56
Business Monitor International Ltd. (BMI) 193 201 202 320
Butiaba region 251
Buzi block 242Index Terms Links
This page has been reformatted by Knovel to provide easier navigation.
C
Cabinda Gulf Oil Co. Ltd. (CABGOC) 224
Cabot Oil & Gas Corp. 30
Caesar Tonga development 56
Cagayan basin 338
Caguan basin 109
Caguan-Putumayo basin 110
Cairn India Ltd. 312 316
California
air quality standards of 48
map of 33
California Air Resources Board (CARB) 48
Camarupim gas field 104
Cambay basin 313
Camden Bay 67
Cameron LNG terminal 33
Cameroon 225
Camisea lines 128
Campos basin
Block BM-C-43 of 103
map of 99
natural gas production of 99
oil production of 104
Wahoo No. 2 well of 103
Canada
active development in 84
Arctic sea ice off 80
capital spending of 371
crude oil of 40
drilling activity data of 365
drilling activity outside 366
drilling expectations of 81
drilling rig count of xxii
drilling/production of 80 85
environmental issues of 89
exploration/development of 76
exploration/development (north) of 80
exploration/development
(west/central) of 79
gas production of 74
gas shale in 73Index Terms Links
This page has been reformatted by Knovel to provide easier navigation.
Canada (Cont.)
gas shale/horizontal well drilling of 74
Hebron offshore project area of 77 78
lease sales of 80
maps of 73 75
mining projects forecasts for 84
natural gas reserves of 72
oil reserves/exporting of 72
oil sands drilling/production of 81
oil sands regions in 82
pipeline operators in xxii
pipelines of 86
rig count/western 366
spending plans of 371
United States drilling compared to 23 365
United States importing from 72
United States pipelines with 40
United States/oil sands of 25 83
Canadian Arctic 80
Canadian Association of Petroleum
Producers (CAPP) 74
Canadian Energy Research Institute
(CERI) 72
Canadian Natural Resources Ltd. 235
Canaport LNG facility 86
Cango? gas field 104
Cangrejera complex 123
Cantarell field 115 120
decline of 121
enhanced oil recovery from 122
capital costs, downstream 388
capital spending/investment
budget plan reductions for 371
of Canada 371
in oil sands 84
of Pertamina 325
of United States xii 371
Carabobo project 134Index Terms Links
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carbon capture and storage (CCS) 46 182
in Abu Dhabi 212
European Commission grants for 415
in Finland 148
in France 151
high cost of 417
Lacq field pilot of xiii
Longannet pilot project of 183
under North Sea 168
NV Nuon investment in 164
Project Pioneer 89
Quest project for 89
scientific research in 47
source-specific costs of 417
Statoil project of 168
carbon dioxide (CO2)
Bahrain’s recovery plant for 187
capture/sequestration costs of 418 420
capturing/storage of 164
emissions 146 417
Encore projects of 21
enhanced oil recovery using 18 415 418 419
EOR fields 419
European Union permit prices of 421
from ExxonMobil 20
Gulf coast projects for 19 20
industrial 417
industrial sources of 418
injection/enhanced oil recovery using 18
Jackson Dome supply of 20
Permian Basin 21
refineries impacted by 392
in In Salah 222
sources of 18
transport guidelines of 421
United States annual emissions of 417
United States EOR projects of 418 419
United States sequestration of 46
carbon emissions xxii 12 85
carbon leakage 420
carbon legislation 37Index Terms Links
This page has been reformatted by Knovel to provide easier navigation.
carbon storage 66
carbon tax xvi 151
carbon trading market 48 151
Carigali-PTTEPI Operating Co. Sdn
Bhd 329
Carioca presalt discovery 104
Carnarvon basin 305
carrier fleet 383
Cascina San Pietro permit 159
“cash for clunkers” program 12
Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC) 262 412
Caspian Region
oil distribution from 413
oil pipelines of 414
oil shipments of 412
oil transport routes from 413
Caspian Sea 261
oil export pipeline from 190
oil transport and 412
Catlin Arctic Survey 420
Cay Sal area 96
CBM Asia Development Corp. 321
Ceiba field 231
cellulosic-based ethanol 46 394
Cenovus Energy Inc. 89
Center for Global Energy Studies 193
Central America, map of 118
Central Gulf of Mexico Oil and Gas Lease
Sale 208 57
Central Sulawesi plant 323
Centrica 130 182
Cepu block 322 325
Ceyhan refinery 264
CEZ AS 145
CGD-10 exploration well 241
Chad 226
Chad pipeline 294
Chad refinery 297
Chad-Cameroon pipeline 226
Chavez, Hugo xiii 131 135 136
Chesapeake Energy Corp. 26 29Index Terms Links
This page has been reformatted by Knovel to provide easier navigation.
Chevron Corp. 49 61 113 224
Chicontepec basin 119
Mexico wells in 122
oil development funding in 122
Chile 107
China 283
automobile sales of xxvii 288
drilling/production of 289
Ecuador’s oil deal with 292
energy consumption of xix
energy-related developments of 283
environmental issues of 298
ethylene production capacity of xiii
exploration/development of 289
Golden Sun initiative of 287
international activities of 290
Japan’s natural gas exploration with 292 326
Kazakhstan pipeline with 262 264 294 411
LNG of 293 306
loans/oil supply secured by 287
LPG consumption of 292 293
LPG import/output of 292
map of 284
oil company expenditures of 288
oil refinery plans of 297
oil supply-demand balance of 287
Petrobras deal with 105
petrochemicals of 298
Petroecuador agreement with 113
pipelines/transportation of 294
product balance of 394
refining/products of 295
Russia’s oil for loans deal with 272
strategic petroleum reserve phases in 286
tanker/ship orders in 374
trans-Himalayan pipeline to 190
Turkmenistan gas line with 278 281 294
Uganda interest of 252
Venezuelean deals with 134
Venezuelean exports to 135
China Datang Corp. 332Index Terms Links
This page has been reformatted by Knovel to provide easier navigation.
China Development Bank (CDB) 287
China Investment Corp. 265 299
China National Offshore Oil Corp.
(CNOOC) 172 283
China National Petroleum Corp. (CNPC) 226 283
China Petroleum & Chemical Corp.
See Sinopec
Chinese Petroleum Corp. (CPC) 342
Chirag oil project 260
Chiton-1 wildcat 303
Chongqing oil field 296
Chukchi Sea 69
Circum-Artic Resource Appraisal
(CARA) 351
Clarkson Research Services Ltd. 376
clathrate hydrate 268
Clean Air Act xvii 47
clean energy, investments in 374
Clean Global Energy Ltd. (CGE) 332
climate change xxiii
International Energy
Agency scenario for 415
issues in 414
legislation for 47
Climate Policy Initiative 415
coal
-based natural gas 298
gasification project 332
LNG emissions v. 384
-to-gas plant 298
unminable seams of 419
coalbed methane (CBM) 72
in India 305 313 316
Santos Ltd increasing assets in 309
tax exemption 280
in Xinjiang Province 289
Coastal Energy Co. 343
Colombia 108
exploration/develop ment of 109
map of 109
oil production of 108Index Terms Links
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Colorado 25
Columbus basin 129
Colville River Unit development 68
Comision Federal de Electricidad
(CFE) 123
Commodity Futures Trading Commission 13 372
Comperj project 106
compressed natural gas (CNG) 376
compressed natural gas corridor 318
Concerto-1 303 306
Conference of the Parties (COP) 145 415
Congo, Democratic Republic of (former
Zaire) 227
Congo (Brazzaville) 227
ConocoPhillips 49 68
construction costs, pipelines 409
Contact Exploration Inc. 79
Continental Shelf, Norwegian 165 167
Cooper-Eromanga basin 303
Copenhagen
Accord xxvii 415
Carbon dioxide emissions in 146
conference 414 415 421
Corcel block 110
corporate average fuel economy standards
(CAFE) 12
Correa, Rafael 112
Corrib field 156 157
Corridor Resources Inc 76 77
Corvina field 128
Costa Rica 137
Costayaco field 110
Cove Point LNG terminal 34
crack margins 395
Cretaceous Gas de Base formation 231
Croatia 144
Crown Estates 180
crude bitumen 83Index Terms Links
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crude oil
balance/exports of 275
of Canada 40
distillation profile of 391
drilling rigs/prices of 23
feedstock quality and 39
global prices of xxi
natural gas prices and 5
Peru’s production of 126
Petrobras’ production of 99
PetroChina output cuts of 286
pipeline agreement for 187
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price drop in iv
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Russian exports of 274 275
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United States imports of 38
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Crystal Gas Plant 152
Cuba 110
Cyprus 174
Czech Republic 145
D
da Silva, Lula 100 106
Daewoo International Corp. 332 341
Dalia Power Energies 199
Dalian oil storage 295
Dalit deepwater discovery 199
Dana Gas Egypt 228
Daniel Boone discovery well 62
Darfur, violence in 249
Darkhan-Uul refinery 332
Darkhowain oil field 188
Daugavpils refinery 265
David Wood & Associates (DWA) 373 374
Davy Jones project 53Index Terms Links
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Dawson Creek, BC 73
de Margerie, Christophe 348
decommissioning costs, on UKCS 178
Deen Dayal West field 313
Deep Bossier 31
deepwater exploration 58
discoveries and 65
expenditures 370
Pemex strategy of 121
production from 61
United States discoveries by 66
Delaware City refinery 37
Deloitte LLC 41
Delta Rufiji block 250
Deltana Platform 133
Denali Alaskan gas pipeline 71
Denbury Resources Inc 19 49
Denmark 145
alternative energy in 146
exploration/development of 145
wind power in 146
Dept. of Energy and Climate Change
(DECC) 181
Desertec Industrial Initiative (DII) 153 222 251 352
Det norske oljeselskap 169
Devil Creek plant 306
Devon Energy Corp. 49
Dickinson oil field 14
diesel sulfur 389
dilbit processing 39
Djarmaya refinery 226
Dolphin pipeline 209
Dominion Petroleum Ltd. 250
Don Southwest field 178
Dorado fields 61
Douglas-Westwood report 354 356 378
downstream capital costs 388
Dragon LNG terminal xiv 179
Dragon oil 182
Dreki area 169Index Terms Links
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Canadian data of 365
global 367
outside United States/Canada 366
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drilling and exploration
of Indonesia 322
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global 422
in Gulf of Mexico 58
of India 316
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of New Zealand 334
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Oil & Gas Journal drilling analysis of 357
Royal Dutch Shell platform for 61
of Saudi Arabia 207
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of United Kingdom 177
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drilling rigs
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counts/trends in 365
crude oil prices and 23
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outside United States/Canada 366
United States (by basin) count of 364
United States count trends of 24
United States trends of 362
weekly count of 23
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drillship 104
Druzhba pipeline 141 145 171
Dung Quat refinery 346
Dunkirk refinery 384
Durusu-1 exploration well 174
Dushanzi refinery 296
E
E. F. Durkee & Associates 338
E El Burullus exploration block 229
E10 unleaded gasoline 151
Eagle Ford shale 15 28 31
Eaglewood Energy Inc. 337
East Belumut oil field 328
East El Wastani 229
east Mediterranean hydrocarbons 199
East Patricia prospect 328
Eastern Siberia-Pacific Ocean pipeline
(ESPO) xii 267 273 294 295
Ebok field 245
Ebouri field 232
Economides, Michael v
The Economist xxiv
Ecuador 111
China’s oil deal with 292
map of 112
oil reserves of 111
oil tax of 114
EDF Energies Nouvelles SA 150
Egypt 228
alternative energy in 230
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Egypt (Cont.)
natural gas sales protest of 198
petrochemicals in 230
wind farm energy and 230
Egyptian Mediterranean Gas Co. 198 229
Egyptian Natural Gas Holding Co.
(EGAS) 230
Eider Rock refinery 88
El Aromo refinery 113
El Assel concession 215
El Merk production hub 220
Eldoret-to-Kampala pipeline 252
electric hybrid automobiles 327
electrical generators 352
Elk basin 21
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Ellice J-27 80
Elm Coulee field 16
E-LNG technology 384
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Emerald Energy PLC 109
Emirates National Oil Company 182
emissions
carbon xxii 12 85
carbon dioxide 146
carbon dioxide’s annual 417
coal v. LNG 384
Copenhagen’s carbon dioxide 146
life-cycle of 85
markets regulation 13
United States annual carbon dioxide 417
Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) 182 309 421
EnCana Corp. 14 31 89
Encore Acquisition Co. 21
Energia Provincial Sociedad del Estado
(EPSE) 96
energy
Brazil’s consumption of 98
China’s consumption of xix
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clean 374Index Terms Links
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demands xxiv 4 8 340
Egypt’s wind farm 230
global community outlook on xxiii
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Singapore’s demands of 340
United States consumption/efficiency and 5
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United States’ demand outlook of 4
Energy: China’s Choke Point (Economides) v
Energy and Resources Ministry 333
Energy Bridge regasification vessel
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“Energy Careers in Crisis? A Time For
Renaissance” iv
Energy Corp. of America 29
energy industry
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in Asia-Pacific 394
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Energy Information Association (EIA)
Arctic natural gas resources study of 352
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Energy Policy Act (EPACT) 17
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Energy Security Analysis Inc. 274Index Terms Links
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Energy Transfer Partners LP (ETP) 36
enhanced oil recovery (EOR) 19 20
from Cantarell field 122
carbon dioxide sequestration 418
carbon dioxide used in 18 415 418 419
in Kentucky 22
microbial 368
in United States 18
Eni Ghana Exploration & Production
Ltd. 235
Eni SpA 157 160 224 265
Enterprise Products Partners LP 49 53
EnVantage Inc. 42
environmental issues
of Australia 309
of Canada 89
Chevron Corp. lawsuit about 113
of China 298
of France 151
of Germany 154
of India 320
of Netherlands 164
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of United Kingdom 181
of United States 46
Environmental Protection Agency
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EON Ruhrgas AG 178
Epsilon field 154
Equatorial Guinea 230
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Essaouira Deep Offshore area 242
Etame Marin block 232
ethane
extraction capability/demand of 44
United States extraction capability for 44
ethanol
cellulosic-based 46 394
in gasoline 37
from sugar cane 106Index Terms Links
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ethanol (Cont.)
from wheat feedstocks 181
ethylene
China’s production capacity of xiii
closures 404
countries capacities for 404
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Etinde permit 225
EU-MENA power grid 208
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Europe; fuel demand trends in 393
gas market of 275
gas shale database from 149
gas/LNG supply/demand in 380
Libya oil supplier to 236
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net trade of 391
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Europe (Cont.)
refinery ownership profile in 390
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Russian gas dependence of 273
Russian oil supply threats to 145
European Commission grants 415
European Union; carbon dioxide permit
prices in 421
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European Wind Energy Association 180
Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) 148
exploration and development; of Alaska 67
Algeria 215
of Angola 223
of Argentina 91
of Australia 302
of Brazil 103
of Canada 76
of Canada (north) 80
of Canada (west/central) 79
of China 289
of Colombia 109
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of United Kingdom 176
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exploration and production xviii
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exploration wells; Bahamas offshore 96
CGD-10 241
cumulative success rates of 194
Durusu-1 174
Maramzai-1 335
Nashpa No. 1 335
Ttweneboa-1 234
export pipeline projects 86
extended well test (EWT) 102
ExxonMobil Canada Properties 77
ExxonMobil Corp. 79 88 165 226 338
algae-based biofuels from 46 352
Azulao-1 well and 103
carbon dioxide (for EOR) from 20
global energy demand findings of xxiv
Golden Pass terminal of 32
investment plans of 48
Point Thompson drilling of xii
XTO Energy bought by xvii
F
Falcon Oil & Gas Ltd. 155 248 302
Falcon-1x discovery 228
Falkland Islands 91 177
Fayetteville gas shale composition 396
Federal Trade Commission (FTC) 12
Fences area 170
FERC, natural gas pipeline report of 70
Ferrybridge 182
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oil companies and 372
Financial Times 374
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Firebag project 84Index Terms Links
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Fisherman’s Landing project 307
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Flemish Pass basin 79
floating drilling, production, storage, and
offloading facility (FDPSO) 227
floating liquefied natural gas (FLNG) 378 382 384
floating production market 370
floating storage and regasification unit
vessel (FSRU) 380
Florida; Gas Transmission Co. 36
LNG terminal offshore 32
oil/gas exploration/production off 15
Former Soviet Union 261
eastern map of 259
gas export basins of 274
map of 261
western map of 258
Formosa refinery 342
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fossil fuels xxiii 421
Foum Draa concessions 242
FPSO 59
Frade field 104
France 148
alternative energy in 150
carbon capture and storage in 151
carbon tax levied by 151
environmental issues of 151
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international activities of 149
Kazakhstan’s oil/gas agreements with 149
LNG in 150
nuclear power plant in 151
Friesian-2 well 56
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Frontline Ltd. 374
fuel demand, United States/Europe 393
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Fueling Mistrust: The need for transparency in
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Fujian terminal xii 293
Furqlus refinery 209
The Future of Global Oil Supply:
Understanding the Building Blocks xxiv
G
G8 Summit xxii xxvi
Gabon 231
Gadhafi, Muammar 237
GAIL Ltd. 312 317 318
Galeota block 128
Galsi pipeline 220
Garden Banks; Block 72 61
Block 463 56
Block 605 56
gas; condensate field 321
Europe’s supply/demand of 380
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flaring 247
Former Soviet Union export basins of 274
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Gazprom revenues from 277
global trends of 361
Indonesia imports of 325
-in-place 149
North America’s unconventional supply of 378
Prudhoe Bay field futures 69
Russia/European dependence on 273
Singapore prices of 340
-to-methanol plant 311
United States exploration of 26
Gas Cities Ltd 213
gas fields; Camarupim 104
Cango? 104
Frigate 149 309
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Hassi R’Mel 221
Kavarna 143
Kinsale 156Index Terms Links
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Kish 189 203
Longhorn 62
Lovaszi 155
Panda 240
PY-1 316
Reindeer 305
Risha 200
Salman 188
Schull 156
Shah Deniz 260
South Pars 291
Temane 240
Termokarstovoye 268
Turkmen Bagtyyarlyk 278
Ujfalu 155
Yam Tethys 199
Gas Natural SDG SA 272
gas processing 396
in global community 400
Khursaniyah 398
in United States 31 401
Wyoming Shute Creek plant for 20
gas production; of Alve field xi
of Canada 74
energy industry leaders in 51
of global community 369 400
of Gulf of Mexico 51 60
incentives for 81
of Israel 198
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of Longhorn field xvii
of Longtom field xvi
of oil companies 360
of Oyong field xvi
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unconventional 26
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of Egypt x
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of global community 401
Gulf Cooperation Council nation’s 187
of oil companies 360
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gas shale; Antrim composition of 398
Barnett composition of 396
British Columbia production from 74
in Canada 73
Canadian horizontal well drilling in 74
Canadian prospects of 75
Eagle Ford 28 31
eastern United States 28
European database on 149
Fayetteville composition of 396
in France 148
global community potential of 368
Haynesville formation of 31 183 398
Marcellus 29 30
Marcellus composition of 397
New Albany composition of 397
in North America 368
in Poland 170
production 27
United States’ emerging 29
United States plays of 368
United States processing of 396
United States regions with 26
gas-condensate field; Al Basant 229
Al Gasant xii
Apko deepwater xi 245
Aseng 231
Incahuasi 98
Itau 98
Khoja-Sartez 277
off Namibia 254
Point Thomson 68
Gasoducto Carrasco-Cochabamba pipeline
(GCC) 98Index Terms Links
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gasoline; cellulosic ethanol in 394
E10 unleaded 151
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price history of 451
Gazprom 142 160 221
Azerbaijan gas imported by 260
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investments reduced by 267 276
natural gas exports of 275
natural gas imports of xiv
in Nigeria 246
oil price expectations of xxv
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2008 statistics of 277
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Inc. 266
Geauxpher development 61
Genel Enerji 182 198
General Electric Co. 171
GeoPark Holdings Ltd. 107
Geophysical Co. 254
Georgia 261
German Research Centre for
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Germany 152
alternative energy in 153
carbon capture and storage development of 154
environmental issues of 154
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pipelines/transportation in 152
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solar industry of 153
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Gharaf oil field 325Index Terms Links
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GK3 gas pipeline 221
Gladstone 307 329
Global Carbon Capture and Storage
Institute 417
Global Carbon Trading Report 182
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crude sulfur 389
deepwater market expenditures of 379
drilling activitysupply/of 367
drilling outlook of 362
drilling rigs count in 366 452
drilling/production of 422
economy xviii
energy demands of xxiv
energy outlook of xxiii
ethylene capacity of 405
exploration/production spending of xviii
financial crisis of v xviii 371
floating production market of 370
gas processing in 400
gas production in 369 400
gas reserves of 401
gas shale potential of 368
gas trends in 361
Iraqi oil v. 194
largest gas producers in 400
largest refineries in 385 388
LNG demand/cost in 381
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LNG trade movements of 449
LPG market of 398
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global community (Cont.)
oil balance of 435
oil companies/recession and 372
oil consumption of xx xxiii 424
oil demand of xx xxii xxiv
oil production of xix xxii xxiv 361 428
oil production/onshore/offshore 361
oil reserves of 372 422
oil supply/demand of xxi
oil trade movements of 434
oil trends of 361
oil/gas deals of 372
oil/gas investments of 371
oil/gas IOC risk/opportunity index of 373
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petroleum product consumption of 426
pipeline construction forecast of 412
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refineries operating in 437
refinery margins of 442
refinery throughput of 443
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refining in 385
refining margins of 442
refining operations in 388
regional oil supply of 362
reserves/production of 422
rig count of 366
topping/cracking capacities of 393
upstream deal count of 372
upstream spending of 371
Global Geo Services (GGS) 168
Global Upstream Performance Review 371
GNL Quintero consortium 108
Golar Freeze 382
Golar Winter 382
Golden Pass terminal 32
Golden Sun initiative (China) 287
Goliat field 166
Graham, Lindsey 47Index Terms Links
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Grand Banks 77
Great Eastern Energy Corp. Ltd. 316
Great Wall Petroleum Group 283
Greater Gorgon 306 307
Greece 154
Greece-Bulgaria Interconnector pipeline
(GBI) 144 160
Green Canyon block 53 61
646 62
826 53
Heidelberg prospect in 56
Green Dragon Gas Ltd. 299
green jobs vii
green policy scenarios xxv
Green Road well 76
Greenfield refinery 247
greenhouse gases 47 298 328
Clean Air Act regulation of xvii
countries reducing 414
emissions life-cycle of 85
environmental Protection Agency study of 13
fossil fuel usage and 421
new rules proposed for xvi
oil sands processing creating 84
Royal Dutch Shell emissions of 85
Greenland, oil exploration in 146
Groningen natural gas field 162
Groundbirch pipeline 88
Groundstar Resources Ltd. 209
Guadalajara pipeline 122
Guangdong Province 293
Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
refinery 292
Guara presalt discovery well 102
Guatemala 114
Guendalina field 159
Guizhou Province 289
Gujarat State Petroleum Corp. 312
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Jurassic trend in 14
Gulf Cooperation Council 187Index Terms Links
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Gulf LNG terminal 33
Gulf of Guinea 254
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active/cumulative structures in 58
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destroyed structures production in 64
drilling/production in 58
exploration/development of 52
first FPSO in 59
gas production in 60
hurricane season in 51
lease sales in 17 56
Leek-1 well 121
LNG terminal offshore in 32
map of 54
marginal fields in 58
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oil/gas production forecast for 51
period-to-shore infrastructure in 62
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Gulf of Mexico Energy Security Act
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(GPIC) 187
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Habshan gas project 211
Hanwha Chemical Corp. 208
Hardisty terminal 87
Harper, Stephen 80Index Terms Links
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Harvest Energy Trust 89
Hasdrubal offshore facilities 250
Hassi R’Mel gas field 221
Haynesville gas shale formation 31 183 398
hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) 48
Hebron offshore project area 77 78
Hebron project 77
Heidelberg prospect 56
Henrique Lage refinery 105
Heritage Oil 175 182 195 198 240 252 253
Hess Corp. 49
Hibernia formation 76
Hidalgo State xv
Hindustan Petroleum Corp. Ltd. 319
Histria XVIII block 171
Hitachi LNG facility 326
Hitachi Ltd. 377
Hoang Long Joint Operating Co. 346
Hohhot refinery 296
Holly Corp. 37
Honda Insight 327
Horizon Taeyoung Korea Terminals
(HTKT) 341
Horizon Terminals Ltd. 341
Horn River basin 73 76 79
Huizhou oil refinery 296
humanitarian crisis 239
Hungary 155
hurricanes; Gustav 62 64
Ida 123
Ike 63 64
Husky Energy 76
Hussein, Saddam xxvi 191 195
hybrid power plant 222
hybrid solar power 242
Hydra-5x appraisal well 228
hydrocarbons 135 168
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Hyedua-2 appraisal well 234Index Terms Links
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Hyundai Engineering and Construction Co. 340
Hyundai Oilbank Co. Ltd. 341
I
Iago fields xi
Iara field 53
Iceland; exploration areas of 169
hydrocarbon potential near 168
Iceland’s National Energy Authority
(NEA) 169
Ichthys field 305
Ida (hurricane) 123
Iguacu well 103
IHS Cambridge Energy Research
Associates xxiv 354 388
Ike (hurricane) 63 64
Illizi basin 215
In Salah carbon storage 222
In situ production 83
In Situ Vapor Extraction (IVE) 242
Incahuasi gas-condensate field appraisal
well 98
India 312
alternative energy in 319
automobile sales of xxvii
coalbed methane in 305 313 316
drilling/production of 316
environmental issues of 320
exploration/development of 313
gas pipeline of 274 318 335
international activities of 317
LNG in 317
natural gas in 312
oil consumption outlook of 313
oil/gas companies of 312
product balance of 394
refining/products of 318
solar power in 319
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wind power in 319
Indian Oil Corp. 312 318Index Terms Links
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Indonesia 320
drilling/exploration of 322
exploration/development of 320
gas imports of 325
lease sales in 321
LNG in 322
LNG production of 323
map of 330
petrochemicals of 325
refining/products of 323
Indonesian National Shipowner’s
Association 323
industrial carbon dioxide 417 418
Ineos refinery 179
Inpex Corp. 323 326
Integrated Gas Development (IGD) 211
integrated gasification combined cycle
(IGCC) 384
InterContinental Exchange (ICE) 372
international activities; of China 290
of France 149
of India 317
of Iran 189
of Italy 160
of Japan 325
of Kazakhstan 263
of Kuwait 201
of Norway 167
of Russia 270
International Energy Agency (IEA) xx
climate change scenario of xxiii 415
global energy outlook of xxiii
peak oil view of xxiv 348
refinery outlook of 384
International energy outlook xxiii
International Gas Union xxv
International Oil Summit xxvi
International Petroleum Investment Co.
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International Renewable Energy
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InterOil Corp. xvii 337
intra-Atlantic basin trade 380
intrastate gas pipelines 71
investments; in carbon capture and storage 164
in clean energy 374
ExxonMobil plans of 48
Gazprom reducing 267 276
global communities oil/gas 371
Iraq needing 193
Italy’s solar power 161
Japan’s 135 325
markets and 371
Petrobras plans for 106
in pipelines 408
IPC Petroleum Consultants, Inc. 355
Iran 187
Armenian fuel pipeline
project with 257
drilling/production of 188
ethylene/propylene capacity of 407
exploration/development of 188
international activities of 189
nuclear development in 188
Pakistan’s pipeline agreement with xiii 190
pipelines/transportation of 190
refining/products of 190
Turkey’s agreement with 175 189
Venezuela’s relations with 135 189
Iran-Pakistan-India gas pipeline (IPI) 274 318 335
Iran’s Gasoline Imports and U.S. Politics: An
Update on Iran’s Refining Buildup 190
Iraq 191
blocks/bids for in 195
drilling/production of 196
exploration/development of 195
global community oil v. 194
investments needed by 193
oil drilling projects of x
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oil structure locations in 193Index Terms Links
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Iraq (Cont.)
oil/gas infrastructure of 197
oil/gas status in 191
pipeline
damage in 196
refining/products of 196
regional/global community oil v. 194
Irbil refinery 196
Ireland, Republic of 156
Irving Oil Corp. 88
Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps 188
Israel 198
alternative energy in 200
drilling/production of 199
exploration/development of 199
lease sales of 199
oil/natural gas production of 198
Italy 157
alternative energy in 160
drilling/production in 159
international activities of 160
LNG in 160
offshore wind power of 160
solar power investment of 161
Italy-Turkey-Greece Interconnector pipeline (ITGI) 144 160
Itau gas-condensate field 98
Ivanhoe Energy Inc. 112
Ivory Coast 235
J
Jabuti well 105
Jackson Dome 20
Jacky field 179
Jamaica 115
Jamnagar refinery 312 319
Jan Mayen Ridge 166 168
Japan 325
China’s natural gas exploration with 292 326
international activities of 325
LNG of 312 326
map of 324Index Terms Links
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Japan (Cont.)
petroleum demand of 327
refineries of 327
refining capacity of 326
refining/products of 326
solar power market share of 328
Venezuela hydrocarbon investment of 135
Venezuelan investmentpipeline in 325
Japan Energy Corp. 305
Japan Petroleum Exploration Co. 325
Jeanne d’Arc basin 72 79
Jiangsu Province 297
Jieyang City refinery 297
Jizan refinery 207
Jordan 200
alternative energy in 201
oil shale exploration of 200
Jordan Cove LNG terminal 37
Juan de Nova 240
Jubilee oil field 232
Jurassic trend 14
K
Kaliakra field 143
Kambesah field 122
Kambuna field 322
Kamchatka Peninsula 267
Kansai-Mitsubishi Carbon Dioxide
Recovery Process (KM CDR) 187
Karachaganak fields 262
Karak district 335
Karbala refinery 196
Karzai, Hamid 302
Kashagan oil field x 262 412
Kashiwazaki-Kariwa nuclear power
plant 328
Kavarna gas field 143
Kazakh oil field 149Index Terms Links
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Kazakhstan 262
-China pipeline 262 264 294 411
drilling/development in 263
Eni SpA oil/gas deal with 160
exploration/development of 262
France’s oil/gas agreements with 149
international activities of 263
pipelines/transportation of 264
KazMunaigas (KMG) 149 263 264 265
KazMunaiGas Exploration Production 299
KBR Inc 260
Kearl oil sands project 85
Keathley Canyon Block 52 56
Keathley Canyon Block 96 57
Kedah refinery 329
Kellogg Joint Venture Group 306
Kentucky 22
Kenya 236
Keppel Corp. 299
Keppel Shipyard 59
Kerry, John 47
Keystone gulf Coast Expansion Project 88
Keystone pipeline project 36 87 410
Khartoum refinery 250
Khoja-Sartez gas-condensate field 277
Khor Mor field 196
Khorat basin 343
Khurais oil field xiv 207 398
Khurmala Dome oil field 196
Khursaniyah gas processing 398
Khvalynskoye natural gas field 263
Kikeh field 328
Kinder Morgan Energy Partners LP 35
King South fields 61
Kinsale gas field 156
Kipper field 305
Kish gas field 189 203
Kitimat FLNG project 382
Kitimat LNG Inc. 86 341
Kitimat to Summit Lake Pipeline Looping
project (KSL) 86Index Terms Links
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Kochi Island 318
Kogas-Kitimat agreement 341
Korea Gas Corp (Kogas) 86 341
Korea National Oil Corp. 89 264 342
Kosmos Energy LLC 232 234
Kozmino Bay 295
Krasnapolianskoye field 280
Krechba treatment plant 222
Kremenchug refinery 281
Krishna-Godavari basin 316 318
Kuehtai II project 141
Ku-Maloob-Zaap (KMZ) 115 120
Kupe gas project 334
Kurdistan; oil fields xii
oil refinery of xiv
Kurdistan Regional Government
(KRG) 191
Kutei basin 321
Kuwait 201
international activities of 201
oil/gas production of 201
petrochemicals of 202
Kuwait Energy Co. 202 213 228
Kuwait Oil & Gas Report 202
Kuwait Petroleum Corporation (KPC) 202 295
Kyoto Protocol 414
Kyoto Treaty xxvii
Kyrgyzstan 265
L
L8-D field 162
L11-13 appraisal well 162
La Plata refinery 96
La Ventosa wind farm 123
Lac Da Nau well 346
Lacq field xiii
LaCrosse pipeline 31
Lagansky block 267
Lagos refinery 247
Lake Albert Rift basin 252
Lake Kivu 254Index Terms Links
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Lamu port project 236
Landana field 223 224
Latvia 265
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
(LLNL) 45
leadership skills v viii
lease sales; in Beaufort Sea 67 68
of Canada 80
in Gulf of Mexico 17 56
high bids in 57
of Indonesia 321
of Israel 199
of New Zealand 334
of Norway 166
of United States 16
of Wyoming 17
Ledong 22-1 field 290
Leek-1 well 121
Lekki FTZ refinery 247
Lelyaki oil field 280
Lezhe energy park 139
Liaodong bay 289
Libya 174 236
Europe’s oil supplied by 236
exploration areas off 238
exploration/development of 237
Ukraine’s wheat-for-oil deal with 280
Lieberman, Joe 47
Limau oil fields 322
Limay refinery 338
LionGas LNG terminal 162
liquefied petroleum gas (LPG); China’s consumption of 292 293
China’s import/output of 292
global market for 398
global supply/demand of 399
regional trade of 400
United States price trends of 401
liquid natural gas (LNG); Asia-Pacific demand of 381
Asia-Pacific importing of 381
Asia-Pacific market for 339
Australian projects of 307 308Index Terms Links
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liquid natural gas (LNG) (Cont.)
Bonny Island plant for 246
carrier fleet and 383
of China 293 306
coal emissions v. 384
Europe’s importers of 379
Europe’s prices of 378
Europe’s projects in 142
Europe’s sources of 379
Europe’s supply/demand of 380
floating platforms for 326
Florida’s terminal offshore for 32
in France 150
global demand/cost of 381
global production capacity of 377
global trade movements of 449
Gulf terminal for 32 33
in India 317
in Indonesia 322
Indonesia’s production of 323
industry outlook of 377
in Italy 160
of Japan 312 326
liquefaction/receiving of 382
Mashal project of 335
North West Shelf venture in 307
Pacific supply/demand of 383
of PetroChina 293
PNG project of 337
in Qatar 204
risks/opportunities of 383
in Russia 272
Sakhalin II liquefaction plant for xi 270
Shannon Ltd. 156
shifting trends in 378
Singapore and 339
Skikda plant for xi 220
of South Korea 340
in United States 32
United States imports of 34 35
Yemen facility for 213Index Terms Links
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liquids production 50
Lithuania 266
Liwan 3-1 field appraisal well 289
Liwan field 289
Llanos basin 108 109
L&M Petroleum Ltd. 334
LNG carrier 383
LNG facility; Canaport 86
Hitachi 326
Pampa Melchorita 128
in Port Moresby 337
LNG regasification terminals; Brazil 105
Chile 108
Croatia 144
Saggas 172
South Hook 179
LNG terminals; Adriatic 160
Broadwater offshore 33
Brunnsviksholme 173
Cameron 33
Dragon xiv 179
Europe’s import 378 379
Fos Faster 150
Gulf of Mexico’s offshore 32
LionGas 162
Manzanillo 122
MedGas 160
Ningbo 293
Revythousa 154
Shanghai 293
Sines 170
Trieste 160
Lodgepole expanse, postulated 14
Logbaba field 225
Long Lake oil sands facility 85
Longannet power plant 183
Longhorn field xvii 62
Longtom field xvi
Los Angeles basin 32
Louisiana Gulf coast 55
Lovaszi oil/gas fields 155Index Terms Links
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Luda 27-2 field 289
Lukoil 263 274
Lundin Petroleum AB 267
Lunskoye field 270
LyondellBasell 163 319
M
Maari field 333 334
Mackenzie Delta 72 80
Mad Dog field 53
Madagascar 239
Madhya Pradesh 318
Maersk Olie og Gas A/S 145
Mafumeira Norte oil project 225
Magallanes basin 107
Maghreb-Europe Gas pipeline 220
Mahogany-4 appraisal well 234
Majnoon field 195
Mako Trough 155
Malaysia 328 330
Malaysia-Thailand Joint Venture Area
(JDA) 329


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