كتاب Composite Materials Handbook - Volume 4
منتدى هندسة الإنتاج والتصميم الميكانيكى
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

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 كتاب Composite Materials Handbook - Volume 4

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عدد المساهمات : 14273
التقييم : 22960
تاريخ التسجيل : 01/07/2009
العمر : 28
الدولة : مصر
العمل : مدير منتدى هندسة الإنتاج والتصميم الميكانيكى
الجامعة : المنوفية

مُساهمةموضوع: كتاب Composite Materials Handbook - Volume 4   الأحد 13 نوفمبر 2011, 12:07 am





أخوانى فى الله
أحضرت لكم كتاب
Composite Materials Handbook - Volume 4
ويتناول المواضيع الآتية :
FOREWORD ................................................................................................................................................. ii
SUMMARY OF CHANGES...........................................................................................................................xi
1. GUIDELINES.......................................................................................................................................... 1
1.1 GENERAL INFORMATION.............................................................................................................. 1
1.1.1 INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................ 1
1.1.2 PURPOSE .......................................................................................................................... 1
1.1.3 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................... 1
1.1.3.1 Section 1: Guidelines............................................................................................... 2
1.1.3.2 Section 2: Utilization of data .................................................................................... 3
1.1.3.3 Section 3: Material property data............................................................................. 3
1.1.4 USE OF THE DOCUMENT AND LIMITATIONS................................................................. 3
1.1.4.1 Source of information ............................................................................................... 3
1.1.4.2 Use of data and guidelines in applications ............................................................... 3
1.1.4.3 Strength properties and allowables terminology....................................................... 4
1.1.4.4 Use of References.................................................................................................... 4
1.1.4.5 Use of tradenames and product names ................................................................... 4
1.1.4.6 Toxicity, health hazards, and safety.......................................................................... 4
1.1.4.7 Ozone depleting chemicals ...................................................................................... 4
1.1.5 APPROVAL PROCEDURES............................................................................................... 5
1.1.6 SYMBOLS, ABBREVIATIONS, AND SYSTEMS OF UNITS............................................... 5
1.1.6.1 Symbols and abbreviations ...................................................................................... 5
1.1.6.1.1 Constituent properties ...........................................................................11
1.1.6.1.2 Laminae and laminates.........................................................................11
1.1.6.1.3 Subscripts ............................................................................................ 12
1.1.6.1.4 Superscripts ......................................................................................... 13
1.1.6.1.5 Acronyms ............................................................................................. 13
1.1.6.2 Material system codes............................................................................................ 15
1.1.6.3 System of units ....................................................................................................... 15
1.1.7 DEFINITIONS................................................................................................................... 17
REFERENCES .............................................................................................................................. 31
1.2 INTRODUCTION TO MMC MATERIALS ...................................................................................... 32
1.2.1 INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................. 32
1.2.2 MMC SYSTEMS ............................................................................................................... 32
1.2.2.1 Systems definitions................................................................................................. 32
1.2.2.2 Distinction from other materials/composites .......................................................... 32
1.2.3 MATRIX MATERIALS ....................................................................................................... 32
1.2.3.1 Role of matrix materials.......................................................................................... 33
1.2.3.2 Forms of matrix materials....................................................................................... 33
1.2.3.3 Types of matrix materials ....................................................................................... 34
1.2.3.3.1 Aluminum ............................................................................................. 34
1.2.3.3.2 Copper ................................................................................................. 36
1.2.3.3.3 Iron ....................................................................................................... 36
1.2.3.3.4 Magnesium........................................................................................... 36
1.2.3.3.5 Nickel ................................................................................................... 36
1.2.3.3.6 Titanium................................................................................................ 36
1.2.4 REINFORCEMENT MATERIALS ..................................................................................... 36
1.2.4.1 Types of reinforcement........................................................................................... 37
1.2.4.2 Role of reinforcement ............................................................................................. 37
1.2.5 REINFORCEMENT COATINGS....................................................................................... 37
1.2.5.1 Role of coatings...................................................................................................... 37
1.2.5.2 Types of coatings.................................................................................................... 37
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1.2.6 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES................................................................................... 38
1.2.6.1 Overview and General Information......................................................................... 38
1.2.6.2 Assembly and consolidation ................................................................................... 38
1.2.6.2.1 Powder blending and consolidation...................................................... 38
1.2.6.2.2 Consolidation diffusion bonding ........................................................... 38
1.2.6.2.3 Vapor deposition................................................................................... 38
1.2.6.2.4 Squeeze casting and squeeze infiltration............................................. 39
1.2.6.2.5 Spray deposition................................................................................... 39
1.2.6.2.6 Slurry casting (compocasting).............................................................. 39
1.2.6.2.7 Reactive processing (in-situ composites) ............................................ 39
1.2.6.3 Thermomechanical processing .............................................................................. 39
1.2.6.4 Near net shape manufacturing processes ............................................................. 40
1.2.7 PRODUCT FORMS.......................................................................................................... 40
1.2.7.1 Intermediate............................................................................................................ 40
1.2.7.2 Standard ................................................................................................................. 40
1.2.7.3 Selectively reinforced components......................................................................... 40
1.2.8 SECONDARY MANUFACTURING PROCESSES ........................................................... 40
1.2.8.1 Overview and general information.......................................................................... 40
1.2.8.2 Forming .................................................................................................................. 40
1.2.8.3 Machining ............................................................................................................... 40
1.2.8.4 Joining .................................................................................................................... 40
1.2.8.4.1 Qualitative assessment for MMC joining methods............................... 40
1.2.8.4.2 Potential issues in joining MMCs ......................................................... 41
1.2.8.4.3 Classification and discussion of selected joining methods .................. 43
1.2.8.5 Thermal treatment ................................................................................................. 47
1.2.8.6 Coatings and surface treatments ........................................................................... 47
1.2.9 QUALITY ASSURANCE ................................................................................................... 48
1.2.9.1 Constituents............................................................................................................ 48
1.2.9.2 Preform................................................................................................................... 48
1.2.9.3 Final product........................................................................................................... 48
1.2.9.4 Statistical process control ....................................................................................... 48
1.2.10 REPAIR............................................................................................................................. 48
1.2.10.1 In-process ............................................................................................................ 48
1.2.10.2 In-service ............................................................................................................. 48
REFERENCES .............................................................................................................................. 49
1.3 TEST PLANS FOR MATERIALS CHARACTERIZATION.............................................................. 51
1.3.1 INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................. 51
1.3.1.1 Objective................................................................................................................. 51
1.3.1.2 Classes of data....................................................................................................... 51
1.3.2 REQUIREMENTS............................................................................................................. 51
1.3.2.1 Test method selection............................................................................................. 51
1.3.2.2 Test conditions selection ........................................................................................ 52
1.3.2.3 Specimen number and sampling ............................................................................ 52
1.3.2.4 Specimen preparation............................................................................................. 53
1.3.2.5 Data documentation Requirements Checklist ........................................................ 58
1.3.3 MATERIALS PEDIGREE .................................................................................................. 63
1.3.3.1 Reinforcement ........................................................................................................ 63
1.3.3.2 Reinforcement sizing.............................................................................................. 63
1.3.3.3 Reinforcement coatings.......................................................................................... 63
1.3.3.4 Matrix...................................................................................................................... 63
1.3.3.5 Intermediate forms characterization ....................................................................... 63
1.3.3.5.1 Metallized fibers ................................................................................... 63
1.3.3.5.2 Monotapes ........................................................................................... 63
1.3.3.5.3 Lamina other than monotapes ............................................................. 63
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1.3.3.5.4 Specialized forms ................................................................................. 63
1.3.3.6 Composite materials............................................................................................... 63
1.3.4 CONTINUOUS FIBER REINFORCED MMC CONSTITUENT MATERIAL
PROPERTIES................................................................................................................... 64
1.3.4.1 Screening ............................................................................................................... 64
1.3.4.2 Acceptance testing of composite materials ............................................................ 64
1.3.4.2.1 Composite static properties tests......................................................... 64
1.3.4.2.2 Composite fatigue properties tests ...................................................... 65
1.3.4.2.3 Composite thermal mechanical tests ................................................... 65
1.3.4.2.4 Composite physical properties tests .................................................... 66
1.3.4.3 Intermediate forms characterization ....................................................................... 66
1.3.4.3.1 Metallized fibers ................................................................................... 66
1.3.4.3.2 Monotapes ........................................................................................... 66
1.3.4.3.3 Lamina other than monotapes ............................................................. 66
1.3.4.3.4 Specialized forms ................................................................................. 66
1.3.4.4 Constituent characterization ................................................................................... 66
1.3.4.4.1 Fiber properties tests ........................................................................... 67
1.3.4.4.2 Matrix ................................................................................................... 67
1.3.5 DISCONTINUOUS REINFORCED MMC & CONSTITUENT MATERIAL
PROPERTIES................................................................................................................... 68
1.3.5.1 Screening ............................................................................................................... 68
1.3.5.2 Acceptance testing of composite materials ............................................................ 68
1.3.5.2.1 Composite static properties tests......................................................... 68
1.3.5.2.2 Composite fatigue properties tests ...................................................... 68
1.3.5.2.3 Composite thermal mechanical tests ................................................... 68
1.3.5.2.4 Composite physical properties tests .................................................... 68
REFERENCES .............................................................................................................................. 69
1.4 COMPOSITE TESTING AND ANALYTICAL METHODS............................................................... 70
1.4.1 INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................. 70
1.4.2 CONTINUOUS FIBER REINFORCED MMC MECHANICAL PROPERTY
TEST METHODS.............................................................................................................. 70
1.4.2.1 Tension ................................................................................................................... 70
1.4.2.2 Compression .......................................................................................................... 70
1.4.2.3 Shear (in-plane)...................................................................................................... 71
1.4.2.4 Fatigue.................................................................................................................... 71
1.4.2.4.1 Scope ................................................................................................... 71
1.4.2.4.2 Specimen design.................................................................................. 71
1.4.2.4.3 Waveforms........................................................................................... 71
1.4.2.4.4 Control mode........................................................................................ 71
1.4.2.4.5 Compressive loading............................................................................ 72
1.4.2.4.6 Failure .................................................................................................. 72
1.4.2.4.7 Data reporting ...................................................................................... 72
1.4.2.5 Fatigue crack growth rate....................................................................................... 72
1.4.2.6 Creep/stress rupture............................................................................................... 77
1.4.2.7 Pin bearing tension................................................................................................. 77
1.4.2.8 Pin bearing compression........................................................................................ 77
1.4.2.9 Filled hole tension................................................................................................... 77
1.4.2.10 Open hole tension/notch sensitivity ..................................................................... 77
1.4.2.11 Flexure (three-point bend) ................................................................................... 77
1.4.2.12 Filled hole compression ....................................................................................... 77
1.4.2.13 Fiber pushout tests .............................................................................................. 77
1.4.2.13.1 Background .......................................................................................... 77
1.4.2.13.2 General................................................................................................. 78
1.4.2.13.3 Description of the method .................................................................... 79
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1.4.2.13.4 Significance and use ............................................................................ 79
1.4.2.13.5 Apparatus ............................................................................................. 79
1.4.2.13.6 Indenter ................................................................................................ 80
1.4.2.13.7 Support plate ........................................................................................ 82
1.4.2.13.8 Acoustic emission sensor..................................................................... 82
1.4.2.13.9 Displacement sensor............................................................................ 82
1.4.2.13.10Remote viewing using a microscope/camera ...................................... 83
1.4.2.13.11Test specimen preparation ................................................................... 83
1.4.2.13.12Test procedure ..................................................................................... 85
1.4.2.13.13Effects of environment ......................................................................... 85
1.4.2.13.14Analysis of results ................................................................................ 86
1.4.2.14 Microhardness ..................................................................................................... 89
1.4.2.15 Thermomechanical fatigue (TMF) (in-phase/out-of-phase)................................. 89
1.4.2.15.1 Scope ................................................................................................... 89
1.4.2.15.2 Specimen design.................................................................................. 89
1.4.2.15.3 Temperature control and measurement............................................... 89
1.4.2.15.4 Waveforms........................................................................................... 90
1.4.2.15.5 Phasing ................................................................................................ 90
1.4.2.15.6 Pre-test measurements........................................................................ 91
1.4.2.15.7 Starting the test .................................................................................... 92
1.4.2.15.8 Data reporting....................................................................................... 92
1.4.2.16 Residual strength and stiffness............................................................................ 93
1.4.2.17 Bearing fatigue..................................................................................................... 93
1.4.2.18 Open hole fatigue................................................................................................. 93
1.4.2.19 Filled hole fatigue................................................................................................. 93
1.4.2.20 Corrosion fatigue.................................................................................................. 93
1.4.2.21 Stress corrosion cracking..................................................................................... 93
1.4.2.22 Wear .................................................................................................................... 93
1.4.2.23 Impact .................................................................................................................. 93
1.4.2.24 Damping............................................................................................................... 93
1.4.3 DISCONTINUOUS REINFORCED MMC MECHANICAL PROPERTY
TEST METHODS.............................................................................................................. 93
1.4.3.1 Tension ................................................................................................................... 93
1.4.3.2 Compression .......................................................................................................... 94
1.4.3.3 Shear (in-plane)...................................................................................................... 94
1.4.3.4 Fracture toughness ................................................................................................ 94
1.4.3.5 Fatigue.................................................................................................................... 94
1.4.3.6 Fatigue crack growth .............................................................................................. 94
1.4.3.7 Creep/stress rupture............................................................................................... 94
1.4.3.8 Corrosion fatigue .................................................................................................... 94
1.4.3.9 Stress corrosion cracking ....................................................................................... 94
1.4.3.10 Wear .................................................................................................................... 94
1.4.3.11 Impact .................................................................................................................. 94
1.4.3.12 Damping............................................................................................................... 94
1.4.4 PHYSICAL PROPERTY TEST METHODS ...................................................................... 94
1.4.4.1 Density.................................................................................................................... 94
1.4.4.2 Fiber volume fraction.............................................................................................. 94
1.4.5 MICROSTRUCTURAL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES........................................................... 95
1.4.5.1 Titanium matrix composites.................................................................................... 95
1.4.6 CHEMICAL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES............................................................................. 97
1.4.6.1 Analysis of carbon and sulfur ................................................................................. 97
1.4.6.2 Analysis for oxygen and nitrogen by inert gas fusion ............................................. 98
1.4.7 NON-DESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION TEST METHODS................................................... 98
1.4.8 ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS TEST METHODS............................................................. 99
1.4.9 INTERPHASES AND INTERFACES TEST METHODS ................................................... 99
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REFERENCES ............................................................................................................................ 100
1.5 INTERMEDIATE FORMS TESTING AND ANALYTICAL METHODS.......................................... 105
1.5.1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ 105
1.5.2 MECHANICAL PROPERTY TEST METHODS............................................................... 105
1.5.3 PHYSICAL PROPERTY TEST METHODS .................................................................... 105
1.5.4 MICROSTRUCTURAL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES......................................................... 105
1.5.5 CHEMICAL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES........................................................................... 105
1.5.6 NON-DESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION TEST METHODS................................................. 105
1.6 FIBER TESTING AND ANALYTICAL METHODS........................................................................ 106
1.6.1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ 106
1.6.2 MECHANICAL PROPERTY TEST METHODS............................................................... 106
1.6.2.1 Tensile tests.......................................................................................................... 106
1.6.2.2 Creep and creep rupture ...................................................................................... 106
1.6.2.3 Bend stress relaxation .......................................................................................... 107
1.6.3 PHYSICAL PROPERTY TEST METHODS .................................................................... 107
1.6.3.1 Density.................................................................................................................. 107
1.6.4 MICROSTRUCTURAL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES......................................................... 107
1.6.5 CHEMICAL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES........................................................................... 107
1.6.6 ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS TEST METHODS........................................................... 107
REFERENCES ............................................................................................................................ 108
1.7 FIBER SIZING TESTING AND ANALYTICAL METHODS........................................................... 109
1.7.1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ 109
1.7.2 PHYSICAL PROPERTY TEST METHODS .................................................................... 109
1.7.3 CHEMICAL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES........................................................................... 109
1.8 FIBER COATINGS, INTERFACES AND INTERPHASES TESTING AND ANALYTICAL
METHODS...................................................................................................................................110
1.8.1 INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................110
1.8.2 MECHANICAL PROPERTY TEST METHODS................................................................110
1.8.3 PHYSICAL PROPERTY TEST METHODS .....................................................................110
1.8.4 MICROSTRUCTURAL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES..........................................................110
1.8.5 CHEMICAL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES............................................................................110
1.9 MATRIX TESTING AND ANALYTICAL METHODS......................................................................111
1.9.1 INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................111
1.9.2 MECHANICAL TEST METHODS ....................................................................................111
1.9.2.1 Tension ..................................................................................................................111
1.9.2.2 Creep.....................................................................................................................111
1.9.2.3 Stress relaxation ....................................................................................................111
1.9.2.4 Fatigue...................................................................................................................112
1.9.3 PHYSICAL TEST METHOD.............................................................................................112
1.9.3.1 Density...................................................................................................................112
1.9.4 MICROSTRUCTURAL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES..........................................................112
1.9.4.1 Microstructural analysis techniques titanium .........................................................112
1.9.4.2 Microstructural analysis techniques aluminum......................................................112
1.9.5 CHEMICAL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES............................................................................112
1.9.6 ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS TEST METHODS............................................................112
REFERENCES .............................................................................................................................113
1.10 STRUCTURE SENSITIVE PROPERTIES CHARACTERIZATION ..............................................114
1.10.1 INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................114
1.10.2 MECHANICALLY-FASTENED JOINTS............................................................................114
1.10.3 BONDED, BRAZED, AND WELDED JOINTS.................................................................114
1.10.4 CURVED SHAPES ..........................................................................................................114
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1.10.5 STRUCTURAL DESIGN DETAILS ..................................................................................114
1.10.6 TRANSITION AND OTHER SPECIAL REGIONS ...........................................................114
1.10.7 SIZE EFFECTS................................................................................................................114
1.10.8 OTHER TOPICS..............................................................................................................114
1.11 ANALYSIS OF DATA.....................................................................................................................115
1.11.1 GENERAL........................................................................................................................115
1.11.2 PROCEDURES OF CALCULATION OF STATISTICALLY-BASED
MATERIAL PROPERTIES ...............................................................................................115
1.11.3 SAMPLES OF COMPUTATIONAL PROCEDURES........................................................115
1.11.4 STATISTICAL TABLES ....................................................................................................115
2. DESIGN GUIDELINES FOR METAL MATRIX MATERIALS...............................................................116
2.1 GENERAL INFORMATION...........................................................................................................116
2.1.1 INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................116
2.1.2 PURPOSE, SCOPE, AND ORGANIZATION OF SECTION 2 .........................................116
2.2 USE OF DATA...............................................................................................................................116
2.3 STRUCTURAL DESIGN AND ANALYSIS.....................................................................................116
2.3.1 Introduction ......................................................................................................................116
2.3.1.1 Analysis methodology classifications ....................................................................117
2.3.1.2 Basic concepts ......................................................................................................117
2.3.2 GENERAL DESIGN GUIDELINES ..................................................................................119
2.3.3 ANALYSIS APPROACHES (CONTINUOUS FIBER MMC)............................................ 120
2.3.3.1 Micromechanics ................................................................................................... 120
2.3.3.1.1 General relationships ......................................................................... 120
2.3.3.1.2 Effective elastic properties ................................................................. 122
2.3.3.1.3 Residual stresses............................................................................... 126
2.3.3.1.4 Fiber-matrix bond strength................................................................. 126
2.3.3.1.5 Overall inelastic strain ........................................................................ 127
2.3.3.2 Viscoplastic constitutive relations ......................................................................... 127
2.3.3.2.1 Axial tensile response ........................................................................ 127
2.3.3.2.2 Axial compressive response .............................................................. 127
2.3.3.2.3 Transverse tensile response.............................................................. 127
2.3.3.2.4 Transverse compressive response .................................................... 127
2.3.3.3 Macromechanics .................................................................................................. 127
2.3.3.3.1 Effective elastic properties ................................................................. 127
2.3.3.3.2 Effective strength ............................................................................... 127
2.3.3.3.3 Creep ................................................................................................. 127
2.3.3.3.4 Multiaxial effects................................................................................. 127
2.3.3.4 Damage tolerance ................................................................................................ 127
2.3.3.5 Durability............................................................................................................... 127
2.3.3.6 Life prediction ....................................................................................................... 127
2.3.4 DESIGN GUIDELINES (DISCONTINUOUS FIBER REINFORCED MMC).................... 128
2.3.4.1 Micromechanics ................................................................................................... 128
2.3.4.1.1 General relationships ......................................................................... 128
2.3.4.1.2 Effective elastic properties ................................................................. 128
2.3.4.1.3 Fiber-matrix bond strength................................................................. 128
2.3.4.1.4 Inelastic mechanisms and damage.................................................... 128
2.3.4.2 Viscoplastic constitutive relations ......................................................................... 128
2.3.4.2.1 Tensile response ................................................................................ 128
2.3.4.2.2 Compressive response ...................................................................... 128
2.3.4.2.3 Shear response.................................................................................. 128
2.3.4.3 Crack growth behavior.......................................................................................... 128
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2.3.4.4 Durability............................................................................................................... 128
2.3.4.5 Life prediction ....................................................................................................... 128
2.4 APPLICATIONS AND CASE STUDIES ....................................................................................... 129
2.4.1 COMPONENTS FOR STRUCTURAL APPLICATIONS ................................................. 129
2.4.2 COMPONENTS FOR TRIBOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS............................................... 129
2.4.3 COMPONENTS FOR THERMAL MANAGEMENT APPLICATIONS.............................. 129
2.4.4 COMPONENTS FOR THERMAL EXPANSION CONTROL........................................... 129
2.4.5 OTHER MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS................................................................. 129
REFERENCES ............................................................................................................................ 130
3. MATERIALS PROPERTIES DATA..................................................................................................... 131
3.1 GENERAL INFORMATION.......................................................................................................... 131
3.1.1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ 131
3.1.2 PURPOSE, SCOPE, AND ORGANIZATION OF SECTION........................................... 131
3.1.3 PRESENTATION OF DATA ............................................................................................ 131
3.1.3.1 Properties and definitions ..................................................................................... 131
3.1.3.1.1 Sign convention.................................................................................. 131
3.1.3.2 Table formats........................................................................................................ 131
3.1.3.3 Fatigue data.......................................................................................................... 142
REFERENCES ............................................................................................................................ 142
3.2 REINFORCEMENT PROPERTIES ............................................................................................. 143
3.2.1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ 143
3.2.2 ALUMINA FIBERS .......................................................................................................... 143
3.2.2.1 Introduction........................................................................................................... 143
3.2.2.2 Virgin Nextel TM 610 fiber ...................................................................................... 144
3.2.3 BORON FIBERS............................................................................................................. 147
3.2.4 BORON CARBIDE FIBERS............................................................................................ 147
3.2.5 CARBON AND GRAPHITE FIBERS............................................................................... 147
3.2.6 SILICON CARBIDE FIBERS........................................................................................... 147
3.2.6.1 Virgin SCS-6 Fiber* .............................................................................................. 148
3.2.7 STEEL FIBERS............................................................................................................... 150
3.2.8 TUNGSTEN FIBERS ...................................................................................................... 151
3.2.9 OTHER FIBERS ............................................................................................................. 151
3.2.10 OTHER REINFORCEMENTS ........................................................................................ 151
3.3 PROPERTIES OF MATRIX MATERIALS .................................................................................... 152
3.3.1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ 152
3.3.2 ALUMINUMS .................................................................................................................. 152
3.3.3 COPPERS ...................................................................................................................... 152
3.3.4 MAGNESIUMS ............................................................................................................... 152
3.3.5 TITANIUMS..................................................................................................................... 152
3.3.5.1 Ti-15V-3Cr-3Al-3Sn (NASA-GRC)........................................................................ 152
3.3.6 OTHERS......................................................................................................................... 165
3.4 FIBER COATING PROPERTIES................................................................................................. 166
3.4.1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ 166
3.4.2 CARBON......................................................................................................................... 166
3.4.3 TITANIUM DIBORIDE..................................................................................................... 166
3.4.4 YTTRIA ........................................................................................................................... 166
3.4.5 OTHERS......................................................................................................................... 166
3.5 ALUMINUM MATRIX COMPOSITE PROPERTIES..................................................................... 167
3.5.1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ 167
3.5.2 ALUMINA/ALUMINUM.................................................................................................... 167
MIL-HDBK-17-4A
Volume 4, Table of Contents
PARAGRAPH PAGE
x
3.5.2.1 Nextel 610/pure Al panel ...................................................................................... 167
3.5.3 BORON/ALUMINUM....................................................................................................... 172
3.5.4 BORON CARBIDE/ALUMINUM...................................................................................... 172
3.5.5 GRAPHITE/ALUMINUM ................................................................................................. 172
3.5.6 SILICON CARBIDE/ALUMINUM .................................................................................... 172
3.5.7 STEEL/ALUMINUM ........................................................................................................ 172
3.5.8 TUNGSTEN/ALUMINUM................................................................................................ 172
3.5.9 OTHERS/ALUMINUM..................................................................................................... 172
3.6 COPPER MATRIX COMPOSITE PROPERTIES......................................................................... 173
3.6.1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ 173
3.6.2 GRAPHITE/COPPER ..................................................................................................... 173
3.6.3 OTHERS/COPPER......................................................................................................... 173
3.7 MAGNESIUM MATRIX COMPOSITE PROPERTIES.................................................................. 174
3.7.1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ 174
3.7.2 GRAPHITE/MAGNESIUM .............................................................................................. 174
3.7.3 ALUMINA/MAGNESIUM................................................................................................. 174
3.7.4 OTHER/MAGNESIUM .................................................................................................... 174
3.8 TITANIUM MATRIX COMPOSITE PROPERTIES....................................................................... 175
3.8.1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ 175
3.8.2 SILICON CARBIDE/TITANIUM....................................................................................... 175
3.8.2.1 SiC/Ti-15-3 ........................................................................................................... 175
3.8.2.1.1 SiC/Ti-15-3 Tension............................................................................ 175
3.8.2.1.2 SiC/Ti-15-3 Fatigue ............................................................................ 199
3.8.2.2 TRIMARC-1/Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo wire/fiber wound plate*.................................... 206
3.8.2.2.1 TRIMARC-1/Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo tension .......................................... 206
3.8.2.2.2 TRIMARC-1/Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo compression ................................. 228
3.8.3 ALUMINA/TITANIUM ...................................................................................................... 243
3.8.4 OTHER/TITANIUM ......................................................................................................... 243
3.9 OTHER MATRIX COMPOSITES................................................................................................. 243
APPENDIX A. TYPICAL PUSHOUT TEST DATA............................................................................... 244
A1. FIBER PUSHOUT ................................................................................................................ 244
APPENDIX B. RAW DATA TABLES FOR MATRIX MATERIALS ....................................................... 247
B1. ALUMINUMS ........................................................................................................................ 247
B2. COPPERS............................................................................................................................ 247
B3. MAGNESIUMS..................................................................................................................... 247
B4. TITANIUMS .......................................................................................................................... 247
B4.1 Ti 15V 3Cr 3Al-3Sn (Section 3.3.5.1) ...................................................................... 248
APPENDIX C. RAW DATA TABLES FOR METAL MATRIX COMPOSITE MATERIALS.................... 252
C1. ALUMINUMS........................................................................................................................ 252
C1.1 Nextel 610 / SP Al (Section 3.5.2.1)........................................................................ 253
C2. COPPER .............................................................................................................................. 263
C3. MAGNESIUMS..................................................................................................................... 263
C4. TITANIUMS .......................................................................................................................... 264
C4.1 SiC/TI-15-3 (Section 3.8.2.1.1 and 3.8.2.1.2) ......................................................... 264
C4.2. TRIMARC-1/Ti 6-2-4-2 (Section 3.8.2.2.1 and 3.8.2.2.2) ...................................... 286

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